Samsung NX20 manual

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  • Brand: Samsung
  • Product: Digital Camera
  • Model/name: NX20
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: Dutch, English

Table of Contents

Page: 0
See the world in perfect detail
This user manual includes detailed usage instructions for your camera.
Please read this manual thoroughly.
ENG
User Manual
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1
Copyright information
PlanetFirst represents Samsung Electronics' commitment to
sustainable development and social responsibility through
eco-driven business and management activities.
• Microsoft Windows and the Windows logo are registered trademarks
of the Microsoft Corporation.
• Mac is a registered trademark of the Apple Corporation.
• microSD™, microSDHC™, and microSDXC™ are registered
trademarks of the SD Association.
• HDMI, the HDMI logo, and the term “High Definition Multimedia
Interface” are trademarks or registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing
LLC.
• Wi-Fi®
, the Wi-Fi CERTIFIED logo, and the Wi-Fi logo are registered
trademarks of the Wi-Fi Alliance.
• Trademarks and trade names used in this manual are the property of
their respective owners.
• Camera specifications or contents of this manual may be changed
without prior notice due to upgrade of camera functions.
• You are not allowed to reuse or distribute any part of this manual
without prior permission.
• We recommend using your camera within the country where you
purchase it.
• Use this camera responsibly and adhere to all laws and regulations
concerning its use.
• For Open Source License information, refer to the
“OpenSourceInfo.pdf” in the provided CD-ROM.
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Health and safety information
Prevent damage to subjects’ eyesight.
Do not use the flash in close proximity (closer than 1 m/3 ft) to people
or animals. If you use the flash too close to your subject’s eyes, this can
cause temporary or permanent eyesight damage.
Keep your camera away from small children and pets.
Keep your camera and all accessories out of the reach of small
children and animals. Small parts may cause choking or serious injury
if swallowed. Moving parts and accessories may present physical
dangers as well.
Do not expose the camera to direct sunlight or high
temperatures for an extended period of time.
Prolonged exposure to sunlight or extreme temperatures can cause
permanent damage to your camera’s internal components.
Avoid covering the camera with blankets or clothes.
The camera may overheat, which may distort the camera or cause a
fire.
Do not handle the power supply cord or go near the
charger during a thunderstorm.
This may result in electric shock.
Always comply with the following precautions and usage tips to avoid
dangerous situations and ensure peak performance of your camera.
Warning—situations that could cause injury to
yourself or others
Do not disassemble or attempt to repair your camera.
This may result in electric shock or damage to the camera.
Do not use your camera near flammable or explosive
gases and liquids.
This may cause a fire or explosion.
Do not insert flammable materials into the camera or store
these materials near the camera.
This may cause a fire or electric shock.
Do not handle your camera with wet hands.
This may result in electric shock.
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Health and safety information
If liquid or foreign objects enter your camera, immediately
disconnect all power sources, such as the battery, and
then contact a Samsung service center.
Comply with any regulations that restrict the use of a
camera in a certain area.
• Avoid interference with other electronic devices.
• Turn off the camera when in an aircraft. Your camera can cause
interference with aircraft equipment. Follow all airline regulations and
turn off your camera when directed by airline personnel.
• Turn off the camera near medical equipment. Your camera can
interfere with medical equipment in hospitals or health care facilities.
Follow all regulations, posted warnings, and directions from medical
personnel.
Avoid interference with pacemakers.
Maintain a minimum of 15 cm between this camera and all pacemakers
to avoid potential interference, as recommended by the manufacturer
and the independent research group, Wireless Technology Research.
If you have any reason to suspect that your camera is interfering with
a pacemaker or other medical device, turn off the camera immediately
and contact the manufacturer of the pacemaker or medical device for
guidance.
Caution—situations that could cause damage to your
camera or other equipment
Remove the batteries from your camera when storing it for
an extended period of time.
Installed batteries may leak or corrode over time and cause serious
damage to your camera.
Use only authentic, manufacturer-recommended,
Lithium-ion replacement batteries. Do not damage or heat
the battery.
Inauthentic, damaged, or heated batteries may cause a fire or personal
injury.
Use only Samsung-approved batteries, chargers, cables
and accessories.
• Using unauthorized batteries, chargers, cables or accessories can
cause batteries to explode, damage your camera, or cause injury.
• Samsung is not responsible for damage or injuries caused by
unapproved batteries, chargers, cables or accessories.
Use the battery only for its intended purpose.
Misusing the battery may cause a fire or electric shock.
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Health and safety information
Do not touch the flash while it fires.
The flash is very hot when fired and may burn your skin.
Do not use a damaged power supply cord, plug, or loose
outlet when you charge batteries.
This may cause a fire or electric shock.
Do not force the camera’s parts or apply pressure to the
camera.
This may cause your camera to malfunction.
Exercise caution when you connect cables and install
batteries and memory cards.
If you force the connectors, improperly connect cables, or improperly
install batteries and memory cards, you can damage ports, connectors,
and accessories.
Keep cards with magnetic strips away from the camera
case.
Information stored on the card may be damaged or erased.
Never use a damaged battery, or memory card.
This may result in electric shock or camera malfunction or cause a fire.
Check that the camera is operating properly before use.
The manufacturer takes no responsibility for any loss of files or damage
that may result from camera malfunction or improper use.
You must plug the small end of the USB cable into your
camera.
If the cable is reversed, it may damage your files. The manufacturer is
not responsible for any loss of data.
Protect your camera’s lens.
Do not expose the lens to direct sunlight, as this may discolor the image
sensor or cause it to malfunction.
If the camera overheats, remove the battery and allow it to
cool down.
• Prolonged usage of the camera may overheat the battery and raise
the internal temperature of the camera. If the camera stops operating,
remove the battery and allow it to cool down.
• High internal temperatures may result in noise in your photos. This is
normal and does not affect your camera’s overall performance.
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Health and safety information
Avoid interference with other electronic devices.
Your camera emits radio frequency (RF) signals that may interfere
with unshielded or improperly shielded electronic equipment, such
as pacemakers, hearing aids, medical devices, and other electronic
devices in homes or vehicles. Consult the manufacturers of your
electronic devices to solve any interference problems you experience.
To prevent unwanted interference, use only Samsung-approved devices
or accessories.
Use your camera in the normal position.
Avoid contact with your camera’s internal antenna.
Data transference and your responsibilities
• Data transferred via WLAN could be leaked, so avoid transferring
sensitive data in public areas or on open networks.
• The camera manufacturer is not liable for any data transfers that
infringe on copyrights, trademarks, intellectual property laws, or public
decency ordinances.
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Indications used in this manual
Shooting mode indications
Shooting mode Indication
Smart Auto t
Program P
Aperture Priority A
Shutter Priority S
Manual M
Custom T
Lens Priority i
Scene s
Movie v
Wi-Fi B
Icons used in this manual
Icon Function
Additional information
Safety warnings and precautions
[ ]
Camera buttons. For example, [Shutter] represents the
shutter button.
( ) Page number of related information
→
The order of options or menus you must select to
perform a step; for example: Select 1 → Quality
(represents select 1, and then Quality).
The number next to the icon may vary depending on
the shooting mode. That is, some options may be
located under 2 or 3.
This manual is based on Program mode.
* Annotation
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Contents
Chapter 1
My Camera
Getting started ............................................................................ 29
Unpacking..................................................................................... 29
Camera layout ............................................................................. 30
Display icons ............................................................................... 33
In Shooting mode.......................................................................... 33
Capturing photos ............................................................................ 33
Recording videos ............................................................................ 34
About the level gauge...................................................................... 34
In Playback mode.......................................................................... 35
Viewing photos ............................................................................... 35
Playing videos................................................................................. 35
Lenses.......................................................................................... 36
Lens layout.................................................................................... 36
Locking or unlocking the lens.......................................................... 37
Lens markings............................................................................... 39
Accessories................................................................................. 40
External flash layout....................................................................... 40
Connecting the flash...................................................................... 41
GPS module layout (optional)......................................................... 42
Attaching the GPS module ............................................................ 42
Tips
Concepts in Photography
Shooting postures....................................................................... 13
Holding the camera.......................................................................... 13
Standing photography...................................................................... 13
Crouching photography ................................................................... 14
Using the display.............................................................................. 14
Low-angle shot ................................................................................ 15
High-angle shot................................................................................ 15
Aperture....................................................................................... 16
Aperture value and the depth of field................................................ 17
Shutter speed.............................................................................. 18
ISO sensitivity.............................................................................. 19
How the aperture setting, shutter speed, and ISO
sensitivity control exposure........................................................ 20
Correlation between focal length, angle, and perspective....... 21
Depth of field............................................................................... 22
What controls out-of-focus effects? ................................................. 22
DOF preview .................................................................................... 24
Composition ................................................................................ 24
Rule of Thirds................................................................................... 24
Photos with two subjects ................................................................. 25
Flash............................................................................................. 26
Flash guide number.......................................................................... 26
Bounce Photography ....................................................................... 27
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Contents
Shooting modes.......................................................................... 44
t Smart Auto mode ........................................................... 44
P Program mode........................................................................... 45
Program Shift.................................................................................. 45
A Aperture Priority mode .............................................................. 46
S Shutter Priority mode................................................................. 46
M Manual mode............................................................................ 47
Framing mode................................................................................. 47
Using bulb....................................................................................... 47
T Custom mode........................................................................... 48
Saving custom modes .................................................................... 48
Selecting custom modes................................................................. 49
i Lens Priority mode................................................................... 50
Using the E mode ................................................................ 50
Using i-Function in PASM modes ................................................. 51
Using Z.................................................................................. 52
s Scene mode ......................................................................... 53
v Movie mode............................................................................ 56
Available functions by shooting mode............................................ 57
Chapter 2
Shooting Functions
Size .............................................................................................. 59
Photo size options......................................................................... 59
Video size options ......................................................................... 60
Quality.......................................................................................... 61
Photo quality options..................................................................... 61
Video quality options ..................................................................... 61
ISO sensitivity.............................................................................. 62
White Balance (light source)....................................................... 63
White Balance options................................................................... 63
Customizing preset options............................................................. 64
Picture Wizard (photo styles)...................................................... 66
AF mode ...................................................................................... 67
Single AF....................................................................................... 67
Continuous AF............................................................................... 68
Manual focus................................................................................. 68
AF area......................................................................................... 69
Selection AF.................................................................................. 69
Multi AF......................................................................................... 70
Face detection AF ......................................................................... 70
Self-portrait AF .............................................................................. 71
MF assist ..................................................................................... 72
Optical Image Stabilization (OIS)................................................ 73
OIS options ................................................................................... 73
Drive (shooting method) ............................................................. 74
Single............................................................................................ 74
Continuous.................................................................................... 74
Burst ............................................................................................. 75
Timer............................................................................................. 75
Auto Exposure Bracketing (AE Bracket)......................................... 76
White Balance Bracketing (WB Bracket) ........................................ 76
Picture Wizard Bracketing (P Wiz Bracket)..................................... 77
Bracketing setting.......................................................................... 77
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Contents
Flash............................................................................................. 78
Flash options................................................................................. 78
Correcting the red-eye effect ......................................................... 79
Using the built-in flash ................................................................... 79
Adjusting the flash intensity............................................................ 80
Metering....................................................................................... 81
Multi .............................................................................................. 81
Center-weighted............................................................................ 82
Spot.............................................................................................. 82
Measuring the exposure value of the focus area ............................ 83
Smart Range................................................................................ 84
Smart Filter .................................................................................. 85
Selective Color ............................................................................ 86
Color space ................................................................................. 87
Exposure compensation............................................................. 88
Exposure/Focus lock .................................................................. 89
Video functions............................................................................ 90
Movie AE mode............................................................................. 90
Multi Motion .................................................................................. 90
Fader............................................................................................. 91
Voice ............................................................................................. 91
Chapter 3
Playback/Editing
Searching and managing files.................................................... 93
Viewing photos.............................................................................. 93
Viewing image thumbnails ............................................................. 93
Viewing files by category in Smart Album....................................... 94
Viewing files as a folder.................................................................. 94
Protecting files............................................................................... 95
Deleting files.................................................................................. 95
Deleting a single file......................................................................... 95
Deleting multiple files....................................................................... 96
Deleting all files................................................................................ 96
Viewing photos............................................................................ 97
Enlarging a photo .......................................................................... 97
Viewing a slide show ..................................................................... 97
Auto rotating.................................................................................. 98
Playing videos ............................................................................. 99
Trimming a video during playback.................................................. 99
Capturing an image during playback ........................................... 100
Editing photos ........................................................................... 101
Options ....................................................................................... 101
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Contents
Chapter 4
Wireless network
Connecting to a WLAN and configuring network settings ..... 104
Connecting to a WLAN................................................................ 104
Setting network options ................................................................ 105
Manually setting the IP address..................................................... 105
Using the login browser............................................................... 106
Network connection tips.............................................................. 107
Entering text................................................................................ 108
Sending photos or videos to a smart phone ........................... 109
Using a smart phone as a remote shutter release .................. 110
Using photo or video sharing websites ................................... 112
Accessing a website.................................................................... 112
Uploading photos or videos......................................................... 112
Sending photos or videos via email......................................... 114
Changing email settings .............................................................. 114
Storing your information ................................................................ 114
Setting an email password ............................................................ 115
Changing the email password ....................................................... 115
Sending photos or videos via email.............................................. 116
Uploading photos to a cloud server......................................... 118
Using Auto Backup to send photos or videos......................... 119
Installing the program for Auto Backup on your PC ..................... 119
Sending photos or videos to a PC............................................... 119
Viewing photos or videos on a TV Link-enabled TV ............... 121
Sending photos using Wi-Fi Direct .......................................... 123
About the Wake on LAN (WOL) feature.................................... 124
Setting the PC to wake up from sleep mode .................................. 124
Setting the PC to turn on ............................................................... 125
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Contents
Chapter 6
Connecting to external devices
Viewing files on a TV or HDTV.................................................. 138
Viewing files on a TV.................................................................... 138
Viewing files on an HDTV............................................................. 139
Viewing files on a 3D TV .............................................................. 140
Printing photos.......................................................................... 141
Printing photos with a PictBridge photo printer............................ 141
Configuring print settings .............................................................. 142
Creating a print order (DPOF)....................................................... 142
DPOF options ............................................................................... 143
Transferring files to your computer.......................................... 144
Transferring files to your Windows computer ............................... 144
Connecting the camera as a removable disk................................. 144
Disconnecting the camera (for Windows XP) ................................. 145
Transferring files to your Mac computer ....................................... 145
Using programs on a PC........................................................... 146
Installing software........................................................................ 146
Programs contained on the CD..................................................... 146
Using Intelli-studio ....................................................................... 147
Requirements................................................................................ 147
Using the Intelli-studio Interface..................................................... 148
Transferring files using Intelli-studio................................................ 149
Using Samsung RAW Converter.................................................. 150
Requirements for Windows ........................................................... 150
Requirements for Mac................................................................... 150
Using the Samsung RAW Converter Interface ............................... 151
Editing RAW format files................................................................ 151
Chapter 5
Camera settings menu
User settings ............................................................................. 127
ISO Customizing.......................................................................... 127
ISO step........................................................................................ 127
Auto ISO range ............................................................................. 127
Noise Reduction.......................................................................... 127
Bracket Set ................................................................................. 127
DMF (Direct Manual Focus).......................................................... 128
AF Priority.................................................................................... 128
Save as Custom Mode................................................................ 128
iFn Customizing........................................................................... 128
Key Mapping............................................................................... 129
Display Select.............................................................................. 129
User Display ................................................................................ 130
Grid Line...................................................................................... 131
Distortion Correct ........................................................................ 131
AF Lamp ..................................................................................... 131
E-Shutter..................................................................................... 131
Setting 1..................................................................................... 132
Setting 2..................................................................................... 134
Setting 3..................................................................................... 135
GPS............................................................................................ 136
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Contents
Before contacting a service center.......................................... 163
Camera specifications .............................................................. 166
Glossary..................................................................................... 171
Optional accessories ................................................................ 177
Index .......................................................................................... 179
FCC notice................................................................................. 182
Declaration sentence in official languages.............................. 185
Chapter 7
Appendix
Error messages ......................................................................... 154
Maintaining the camera ............................................................ 155
Cleaning the camera.................................................................... 155
Camera lens and display............................................................... 155
Image sensor ................................................................................ 155
Camera body................................................................................ 155
Using or storing the camera......................................................... 156
Inappropriate places to use or store the camera............................ 156
Using on beaches or shores.......................................................... 156
Storing for extended period of time ............................................... 156
Using the camera with caution in humid environments .................. 157
Other cautions .............................................................................. 157
About memory card..................................................................... 158
Supported memory card ............................................................... 158
Memory card capacity................................................................... 158
Cautions when using memory cards ............................................. 160
About the battery......................................................................... 161
Battery specifications .................................................................... 161
Battery life..................................................................................... 162
Low battery message.................................................................... 162
Notes about using the battery ....................................................... 162
Notes about charging the battery.................................................. 162
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Concepts in Photography
Standing photography
Compose your shot; stand up straight with your feet shoulder-length
apart, and keep your elbows pointed down.
Shooting postures
A correct posture for stabilizing the camera is necessary for taking a
good photo. Even if you hold a camera correctly, the wrong posture
can cause the camera to shake. Stand up straight and remain still to
maintain a steady base for your camera. When shooting with a low
shutter speed, hold your breath to minimize body movement.
Holding the camera
Hold the camera with your right hand and place you right index finger
on the shutter button. Place your left hand under the lens for support.
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Concepts in Photography
Crouching photography
Compose your shot, crouch with one knee touching the ground, and
keep a straight posture.
Using the display
Swing the display outwards 180° and rotate it up or down for
high- and low-angle photos or self portraits ( ). You can rotate the
display a maximum of 90° downward or 180° upward ( ). You can
also rotate the display 180° upward and fold it ( ).
• Fold the display when not in use.
• Rotate the display only within the angle allowed.
• Use the Wi-Fi functions when the display is set as shown in
illustrations and .
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Concepts in Photography
Low-angle shot
A low-angle shot is a shot from a camera positioned below the eyeline,
looking up the subject.
High-angle shot
A high-angle shot is a shot from a camera positioned above the eyeline,
looking down on the subject.
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Concepts in Photography
Aperture
The aperture, a hole that controls the amount of light that enters the
camera, is one of the three factors that determine the exposure. The
aperture housing contains thin, metal plates that open and close to let
light through the aperture and into the camera. The size of the aperture
is closely related to the brightness of a photo: the larger the aperture,
the brighter the photo; the smaller the aperture, the darker the photo.
Aperture sizes
Minimum aperture Medium aperture Maximum aperture
Darker photo
(aperture opened slightly)
Brighter photo
(aperture opened wide)
The size of the aperture is represented by a value known as an
“F-number.” The f-number represents the focal length divided by the
diameter of the lens. For example, if a lens with a 50 mm focal length
has an f-number of F2, the diameter of the aperture is 25 mm.
(50 mm/25 mm=F2) The smaller the f-number, the greater the size of
the aperture.
The opening in the aperture is described as the Exposure Value (EV).
Increasing the Exposure Value (+1 EV) means the amount of light
doubles. Decreasing the Exposure Value (-1 EV) means the amount of
light halves. You can also use the exposure compensation feature to
fine-tune the amount of light by subdividing exposure values into 1/2,
1/3 EV, and so on.
+1 EV
F1.4 F2 F2.8 F4 F5.6 F8
-1 EV
Exposure Value Steps
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Concepts in Photography
Aperture value and the depth of field
You can blur or sharpen the background of a photo by controlling the
aperture. It is closely related to the depth of field (DOF), which can be
expressed as small or large.
A photo with a large DOF A photo with a small DOF
The aperture housing contains several blades. These blades move together
and control the amount of light passing through the center of the aperture.
The number of blades also affects the shape of light when shooting night
scenes. If an aperture has an even number of blades, light divides into an
equal number of sections. If the number of blades is odd, the number of
sections is double the number of blades.
For example, an aperture with 8 blades divides light into 8 sections and an
aperture with 7 blades into 14 sections.
7 blades 8 blades
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Concepts in Photography
Shutter speed
Shutter speed refers to the amount of time it takes to open and close
the shutter, and it is an important factor in the brightness of a photo, as
it controls the amount of light which passes through the aperture before
it reaches the image sensor.
Usually, the shutter speed is manually adjustable. The measurement
of the shutter speed is known as the “Exposure Value” (EV), which is
marked in intervals of 1 s, 1/2 s, 1/4 s, 1/8 s, 1/15 s, 1/1000 s,
1/2000 s, and so on.
Exposure
+1 EV
-1 EV
1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/15 s 1/30 s
Shutter Speed
Therefore, the faster the shutter speed, the less light will be let in.
Likewise, the slower the shutter speed, the more light will be let in.
As the photos below illustrate, a slow shutter speed allows more time
to let light in, so the photo becomes brighter. On the other hand, a fast
shutter speed allows less time to let light in and the photo becomes
darker and more easily freezes subjects in motion.
0.8 s 0.004 s
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Concepts in Photography
ISO sensitivity
The exposure of an image is determined by the sensitivity of the
camera. This sensitivity is based on international film standards, known
as ISO standards. On digital cameras, this sensitivity rating is used
to represent the sensitivity of the digital mechanism that captures the
image.
ISO sensitivity doubles as the number doubles. For example, an
ISO 200 setting is capable of capturing images at twice the speed of an
ISO 100 setting. However, higher ISO settings can result in “noise”—
small specks, spots, and other phenomena in a photo that give the shot
a noisy or dirty appearance. As a general rule, it is best to use a low
ISO setting to prevent noise in your photos, unless you are shooting in
darkened environments or at night.
Changes in the quality and brightness according to ISO sensitivity
Because a low ISO sensitivity means the camera will be less sensitive
to light, you need more light to have an optimal exposure. When using
a low ISO sensitivity, open the aperture more or reduce the shutter
speed to allow more light to enter the camera. For example, on a sunny
day when light is abundant, a low ISO sensitivity does not require a low
shutter speed. However, in a dark place or at night, a low ISO sensitivity
and a fast shutter speed will result in a blurry photo.
A photo captured with a tripod and
high sensitivity
A blurred photo with a low ISO sensitivity
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Concepts in Photography
How the aperture setting, shutter speed,
and ISO sensitivity control exposure
The aperture setting, shutter speed, and ISO sensitivity are closely
interconnected in photography. The aperture setting controls the
opening that regulates the light that enters the camera, while the shutter
speed determines the length of time that light is allowed to enter.
ISO sensitivity determines the speed at which the film reacts to light.
Together, these three aspects are described as the triangle of exposure.
A change in shutter speed, aperture value, or ISO sensitivity can be
offset by adjustments to the others to maintain the amount of light.
The results, however, change according to the settings. For example,
shutter speed is useful in expressing movement, aperture can control
the depth of field, and ISO sensitivity can control the graininess of a
photo.
Settings Results
Aperture
Wide aperture
= more light
Narrow aperture
= less light
Wide = small depth of field
Narrow = large depth of field
Settings Results
Shutter speed
Fast speed
= less light
Slow speed
= more light
Fast = still
Slow = blurry
ISO sensitivity
High sensitivity
= more sensitive to light
Low sensitivity
= less sensitive to light
High = more grainy
Low = less grainy
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Concepts in Photography
Correlation between focal length, angle,
and perspective
Focal length, which is measured in millimeters, is the distance between
the middle of the lens to its focal point. It affects the angle and
perspective of captured images. A short focal length translates into a
wide angle, which allows you to capture a wide shot. A long focal length
translates into a narrow angle, which allows you to capture telephoto
shots.
Short focal length
wide shot
wide angle
wide-angle lens
Long focal length
telephoto shot
narrow angle
telephoto lens
Look at these photos below and compare the changes.
18 mm angle 55 mm angle 200 mm angle
Normally, a lens with a wide angle is suitable for shooting landscapes and
a lens with a narrow angle is recommended for shooting sports events or
portraits.
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Concepts in Photography
Depth of field
Portraits or still-life photos mostly acclaimed by people are the ones on
which the background is out of focus so the subject looks pronounced.
Depending on the focused areas, a photo can be blurred or sharpened.
This is called ‘a low DOF’ or ‘a high DOF’.
The depth of field is the focused area around the subject. Therefore,
a small DOF signifies that the focused area is narrow and a large DOF
means the focused area is wide.
A photo with a small DOF, which stresses the subject and makes the
rest of it blurred, can be obtained by using a telescope lens or selecting
a low aperture value. Conversely, a photo with a large DOF which
shows all the elements on the photo sharply focused can be achieved
by using a wide angle lens or selecting a high aperture value.
Small Depth of Field Large Depth of Field
What controls out-of-focus effects?
DOF depends on aperture value
The wider the aperture is (namely the lower the aperture value), the
lower the DOF becomes. Under the condition where the other values
including shutter speed and ISO sensitivity are equal, a low aperture
value leads to a photo with a low DOF.
55 mm F5.7 55 mm F22
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Concepts in Photography
DOF depends on focal length
The longer the focal length is, the lower the DOF gets. A telescope lens
with a longer focal length than a telescope lens with a short focal length
is better to capture a photo of a low DOF.
A photo captured with a 18 mm
telescope lens
A photo captured with a 100 mm
telescope lens
DOF depends on the distance between the subject and
the camera
The shorter the distance between the subject and the camera is, the
lower the DOF gets. Therefore, taking a photo close to a subject can
result in a photo of low DOF.
A photo captured with a 100 mm telescope lens
A photo captured close to the subject
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Concepts in Photography
DOF preview
You can use the Depth preview button to get an idea of what your shot
will look like before shooting. When you press the button, the camera
adjusts the aperture to the predefined settings and shows the results on
the screen. (p. 129)
Composition
It is fun to capture a photo of the beauty of world with a camera. No
matter how the world is beautiful, however, a poor composition cannot
capture the beauty of it.
When it comes to composition, it is very important to prioritize subjects.
Composition in photography means arranging objects in a photo.
Usually, abiding by the rule of thirds leads to a good composition.
Rule of Thirds
To use the rule of thirds, divide the image into a 3x3 pattern of equal
rectangles.
To compose photos that best emphasize the subject, make sure the
subject is located at one of the corners of the center rectangle.
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Concepts in Photography
Using the rule of thirds will create photos with stable and compelling
compositions. Below are a few examples.
Photos with two subjects
If your subject is in one corner of the photo, it creates an unbalanced
composition. You can stabilize the photo by capturing a second subject
in the opposite corner to balance the weight of the photo.
Subject 1
Subject 2
Subject 1
Subject 2
Unstable Stable
When taking landscape photos, centering the horizon will create an
unbalanced effect. Give more weight to the photo by moving the
horizon up or down.
Subject 1
Subject 2
Subject 1
Subject 2
Unstable Stable
Page: 26
26
Concepts in Photography
Flash guide number
The model number of a flash refers to the flash’s power, and the
maximum amount of light created is represented by a value known
as a “guide number.” The bigger the guide number, the more light is
emitted from the flash. The guide number is achieved by multiplying the
distance from the flash to the subject and the aperture value when the
ISO sensitivity is set to 100.
Guide number = Flash to Subject Distance X Aperture value
Aperture value = Guide number / Flash to Subject Distance
Flash to Subject Distance = Guide number / Aperture value
Therefore, if you know the guide number of a flash, you can estimate an
optimum flash to subject distance when setting the flash manually. For
example, if a flash has a guide number of GN 20 and is 4 meters away
from the subject, the optimal aperture value is F5.0.
Flash
Light is one of the most important components in photography. It’s
not easy, however, to have an enough amount of light anytime and
anywhere. Making use of a flash allows you to optimize light settings
and create a variety of effects.
Flash, also known as strobe or speed light, helps to create adequate
exposure in low-light conditions. It is also useful in light-abundant
situations. For example, flash can be used in compensating the
exposure of a subject’s shadow or capturing clearly both the subject
and the background in backlit conditions.
Before correction After correction
Page: 27
27
Concepts in Photography
Bounce Photography
Bounce photography refers to the method of bouncing light off of
the ceiling or walls so that the light spreads evenly over the subject.
Normally, photos captured with flash may appear unnatural and cast
shadows. Subjects in photos captured with bounce photography cast
no shadows and look smooth due to evenly spread light.
Page: 28
Chapter 1
My Camera
Learn about your camera’s layout, display icons, basic functions, supplied lens,
and optional accessories.
Page: 29
My Camera
29
Getting started
Unpacking
Check your product box for the following items.
Camera
(including the body cap, eye-cup,
and hot-shoe cover)
USB cable Rechargeable battery Battery cradle/AC power cable
Software CD-ROM
(User manual included)
User manual Basic Operation Strap
• The illustrations may differ from your actual items.
• You can purchase optional accessories at a retailer or a Samsung service center. Samsung is not responsible for any
problems caused by using unauthorized accessories. For information about accessories, refer to page 177.
Page: 30
My Camera
30
Camera layout
No. Name
1
Jog dial
• In the Menu screen: Move to a
desired menu item.
• In Shooting mode: Adjust shutter
speed or aperture value in some
shooting modes and change the size
of a focus area.
• In Playback mode: Enlarge or
reduce a photo, view thumbnails,
adjust the volume level.
2
Mode dial
• t: Smart Auto mode (p. 44)
• P: Program mode (p. 45)
• A: Aperture Priority mode (p. 46)
• S: Shutter Priority mode (p. 46)
• M: Manual mode (p. 47)
• T: Custom mode (p. 48)
• i: Lens Priority Mode (p. 50)
• s: Scene mode (p. 53)
• v: Movie mode (p. 56)
• B: Wi-Fi (p. 103)
3 Microphone
No. Name
4 Hot-shoe cover
5 Hot-shoe
6 Built-in flash (p. 79)
7 Flash pop-up button (p. 79)
8
Internal antenna
* Avoid contact with the internal antenna while
using the wireless network.
9 Eyelet for camera strap
10 Image sensor
11 Speaker
12 Lens release button
13 Lens mount
14 Depth preview button (p. 129)
15 Lens mount index
16 AF-assist light/Timer lamp
17 Power switch
18 Shutter button
1 2 3
4 5
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
6
3
8
17
18
16
15
Page: 31
My Camera > Camera layout
31
No. Name
5
AEL button (p. 129)
• In Shooting mode: Lock the adjusted
exposure value or focus.
• In Playback mode: Protect the
displayed file.
6
Fn button
Access major functions and fine-tune
some settings.
7
o button
• In the Menu screen: Save the
selected options.
• In Shooting mode: Allow you to
select a focus area manually in some
shooting modes.
8
Delete/Custom button
• In Shooting mode: Perform the
assigned function. (p. 129)
• In Playback mode: Delete files.
9
Navigation button (Smart dial)
• In Shooting mode
- D: View camera settings and
change options
- I: Select an ISO value
- C: Select a drive option
- F: Select an AF mode
• In other situations
Move up, down, left, right, respectively.
(You can also rotate the navigation
button.)
No. Name
10
Playback button
Enter Playback mode.
11
Status lamp
Indicate the status of the camera.
• Blinking: When saving a photo,
shooting a video, sending data to a
computer or printer, or connecting to
WLAN or sending a photo.
• Steady: When there is no data transfer
or when data transfer to a computer or
printer is complete.
12
MENU button
Access options or menus.
13 Viewfinder
14 Eye-cup
15
Diopter adjustment dial
If the image is not shown clearly
through the viewfinder, scroll the diopter
adjustment dial to improve the view.
No. Name
1 Metering button (p. 81)
2
Green button
Reset the value of Program Shift,
Picture Wizard, White Balance, Color
Temperature, Display Brightness, Display
Color, Timer, Flash EV, Selection AF (a
repositioned focus area is moved back
to the center).
3
Video recording button
Start recording a video.
4
EV adjust button (p. 88)
Press and hold the button, and then
scroll the jog dial or rotate the navigation
button to adjust the exposure value.
5
6
1
13
14
15
2
3
4
7
8
9
10
11
12
Page: 32
My Camera > Camera layout
32
No. Name
1 Proximity sensor (p. 129)
2
USB, A/V, and shutter release port
Connect the camera to a computer,
TV, or shutter release. Use a shutter
release cable with a tripod to minimize
camera movement.
3 HDMI port
4
Battery chamber/Memory card cover
Insert a memory card and battery.
5
Display
Swing the display outwards 180° and
rotate it up or down for high- and low-
angle photos or self portraits. (p. 14)
6 Tripod mount
1
2
3
4
5
6
Page: 33
My Camera
33
Display icons
In Shooting mode
Capturing photos
1
2
3
London
1. Shooting options (left)
Icon Description
Photo size
Photo quality
Focus area
Face detection
AF mode (p. 67)
Color space
Smart range (p. 84)
Optical Image Stabilization (OIS) (p. 73)
2. Shooting options (right)
Icon Description
Drive mode
Flash option
Icon Description
Flash intensity
Panorama mode (p. 53)
Metering (p. 81)
White Balance (p. 63)
White Balance micro adjustment
Face tone
Face retouch
Picture Wizard (p. 66)
Smart filter (p. 85)
Selective color (p. 86)
3. Shooting information
Icon Description
Z on
Z ratio
GPS activated*
Date
Time
Location information*
Focus aid bar (p. 72)
Auto focus frame
Spot metering area
Distance Scale (p. 130)
Level gauge (p. 34)
Icon Description
Camera shake
Histogram (p. 130)
Shooting mode
Focus
Flash indicator
Shutter speed
Aperture value
Exposure value
ISO sensitivity (p. 62)
Auto exposure Lock (p. 89)
Auto focus Lock (p. 89)
Memory card not inserted**
Available number of photos
• : Fully charged
• : Partially charged
• (Red): Empty (recharge
the battery)
* These icons appear when you attach an optional
GPS module.
** Photos that were captured without inserting a memory
card cannot be printed, or transferred to a memory card
or a computer.
The icons displayed will change according to
the mode you select or the options you set.
Page: 34
My Camera > Display icons
34
Recording videos
2. Shooting options (right)
Icon Description
Timer
Metering (p. 81)
White Balance (p. 63)
Picture Wizard (p. 66)
Selective color (p. 86)
3. Shooting information
Icon Description
Date
Time
Histogram (p. 130)
Movie AE mode
Shutter speed
Aperture value
Exposure value
ISO sensitivity
Auto exposure Lock (p. 89)
Auto focus Lock (p. 89)
Memory card not inserted
Icon Description
Available recording time
•	 : Fully charged
•	 : Partially charged
•	 (Red): Empty (recharge the
battery)
The icons displayed will change according to
the mode you select or the options you set.
About the level gauge
The level gauge helps you align the camera with
the horizontal and vertical lines on the display.
If the level gauge is not level, calibrate the level
gauge using the Horizontal Calibration function.
(p. 134)
Vertical
Horizontal
▲ Level ▲ Unlevel
1
2
3
1. Shooting options (left)
Icon Description
Auto focus activated
Video size
Video quality
Multi Motion
AF mode (p. 67)
Fader (p. 91)
Voice recording on (p. 91)
Optical Image Stabilization (OIS)
(p. 73)
Page: 35
My Camera > Display icons
35
In Playback mode
Viewing photos
Mode
Metering
Flash
Focal Length
White Balance
EV
Picture Wizard
Size
Date
Information
London
Icon Description
Volume
Continuously captured file
Location information
RAW file
3D file
Print information added to file (p. 142)
Protected file
Sound picture file (p. 55)
Folder number - File number
Location information
Shutter speed
Aperture value
ISO value
Current file/The total number of files
1
2
3
4
No. Description
1 Captured photo
2 RGB histogram (p. 130)
3
Shooting mode, Metering, Flash,
White Balance, Picture Wizard,
Focus range, Exposure value,
Photo size, Date
4
Shutter speed, Aperture value,
ISO value, Current file/The total number
of files
Playing videos
Pause
Movie Size
Date
Stop
Icon Description
Playback speed
Volume
Folder number - File number
Multi Motion
Current playback time
Video length
Page: 36
My Camera
36
Lenses
You can purchase optional lenses made exclusively for your NX series
camera. Learn about the functions of each lens and select one that suits
your needs and preferences.
Lens layout
SAMSUNG 18-55 mm F3.5-5.6 OIS III lens (example)
1
2
3
5
4
6 7
8
No. Description
1 Lens mount index
2 Zoom ring
3 Focus ring (p. 72)
4 Lens hood mount index
5 Lens
6 i-Function button (p. 51)
7 AF/MF switch (p. 67)
8 Lens contacts
When not using the lens, attach the lens cap and lens mount cover to protect
the lens from dust and scratches.
Page: 37
My Camera > Lenses
37
SAMSUNG 20-50 mm F3.5-5.6 ED II lens (example)
7
1
2
3 5
6
4
No. Description
1 Lens mount index
2 Zoom lock switch
3 Lens
4 Focus ring (p. 72)
5 i-Function button (p. 51)
6 Zoom ring
7 Lens contacts
Locking or unlocking the lens
To lock the lens, pull and hold the zoom lock switch away from the
camera body and rotate the zoom ring clockwise.
Page: 38
My Camera > Lenses
38
To unlock the lens, rotate the zoom ring counter-clockwise until you hear
the click.
You cannot capture a photo when the lens is locked.
SAMSUNG 16 mm F2.4 lens (example)
5
2
1
4
3
No. Description
1 i-Function button (p. 51)
2 Lens mount index
3 Focus ring (p. 72)
4 Lens
5 Lens contacts
Page: 39
My Camera > Lenses
39
Lens markings
Find out what the numbers on the lens signify.
SAMSUNG 18-200 mm F3.5-6.3 ED OIS lens (example)
1 2 3 4 5
No. Description
1
Aperture value
A range of supported aperture values. For example, 1:3.5-6.3
means the maximum aperture value range from 3.5 to 6.3.
2
Focal length
The distance from the middle of the lens to its focal point
(in millimeters). This figure is expressed in a range: minimum
focal length to maximum focal length of the lens.
Longer focal lengths result in narrower angles of view and the
subject is magnified. Shorter focal lengths result in wider angles
of view.
3
ED
ED stands for Extra-low Dispersion. Extra-low dispersion glass is
effective in minimizing chromatic aberration (a distortion that occurs
when a lens fails to focus all colors to the same convergence point).
4
OIS (p. 73)
Optical Image Stabilization. Lenses with this feature can detect
camera shake and effectively cancel out the movement inside the
camera.
5
Ø
The lens diameter. When you attach a filter to the lens, make sure
that the diameters of the lens and the filter are the same.
Page: 40
My Camera
40
Accessories
You can use accessories including external flash and GPS module that
can help you capture better and more convenient photos.
For more information about optional accessories, refer to the manual for
each accessory.
• The illustrations may differ from the actual items.
• You can purchase Samsung-approved accessories at a retailer or a
Samsung service center. Samsung is not responsible for damage caused
by using another manufacturer's accessories.
External flash layout
SEF220A (example) (optional)
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
No. Description
1 Display icons
2 READY lamp/Test button
3 MODE button
4 Flash release button
5 POWER button
6 Battery cover
7 Bulb
8 TELE/WIDE mode switch
9 Hot-shoe connection
Page: 41
My Camera > Accessories
41
Connecting the flash
1 Remove the hot-shoe cover from the camera.
2 Mount the flash by sliding it into the hot-shoe.
• To release the flash, gently pull the flash while you press the
PUSH button.
3 Press the power button on the flash.
• You can capture a photo with a flash that is not fully charged, but it is
recommended to use a fully charged flash.
• Refer to the optional accessories page for available external flashes.
(p. 177)
• The available options may differ depending on the shooting mode.
• There is an interval between two bursts of the flash. Do not move until the
flash fires a second time.
• For more details about optional flashes, refer to the user manual for the
flash.
Use only Samsung-approved flashes. Using incompatible flashes may
damage your camera.
Page: 42
My Camera > Accessories
42
GPS module layout (optional)
1
2
3
4
5
No. Description
1 Status lamp
2 POWER button
3 Hot-shoe fastening dial
4 Hot-shoe connection
5 Battery cover
Attaching the GPS module
1 Remove the hot-shoe cover from the camera.
2 Mount the GPS module by sliding it into the hot-shoe.
Page: 43
My Camera > Accessories
43
3 Lock the GPS module into place by turning the hot-shoe
fastening dial towards LOCK.
4 Press the power button of the GPS module.
Page: 44
My Camera
44
Shooting modes
Two simple shooting modes—Smart Auto and Scene mode—help you
capture photos with numerous automatic settings. Additional modes
allow for greater customization of settings.
Icon Description
t Smart Auto mode (p. 44)
P Program mode (p. 45)
A Aperture Priority mode (p. 46)
S Shutter Priority mode (p. 46)
M Manual mode (p. 47)
T Custom mode (p. 48)
i Lens Priority Mode (p. 50)
s Scene mode (p. 53)
v Movie mode (p. 56)
B Wi-Fi (p. 103)
t Smart Auto mode
In Smart Auto mode, the camera recognizes surrounding conditions
and automatically adjusts factors that contribute to exposure, including
shutter speed, aperture value, metering, White Balance, and exposure
compensation. As the camera controls most of the functions, some
shooting functions are limited. This mode is useful for capturing quick
snapshots with the least amount of adjustment.
The camera may detect different scenes, even the same subjects, depending
on external factors such as camera shake, lighting, and distance to the
subject.
Page: 45
My Camera > Shooting modes
45
P Program mode
The camera automatically adjusts shutter speed and aperture value so
that an optimal exposure value can be achieved.
This mode is useful when you want to capture shots of constant
exposure while being able to adjust other settings.
Program Shift
Program Shift function lets you adjust the shutter speed and aperture
value while the camera maintains the same exposure. When you scroll
the jog dial to the left or rotate the navigation button counter-clockwise,
the shutter speed decreases and the aperture value increases. When
you scroll the jog dial to the right or rotate the navigation button
clockwise, the shutter speed increases and the aperture value
decreases.
Page: 46
My Camera > Shooting modes
46
A Aperture Priority mode
In Aperture Priority mode, the camera automatically calculates shutter
speed according to the aperture value you choose. You can adjust the
depth of field (DOF) by changing the aperture value. This mode is useful
for taking portraits and landscape shots.
Large Depth of Field Small Depth of Field
In low-light settings, you may need to increase the ISO sensitivity to prevent
blurred photos.
S Shutter Priority mode
In Shutter Priority mode, the camera automatically adjusts the aperture
value according to the shutter speed you choose. This mode is useful
for capturing photos of fast-moving subjects or for creating tracer
effects in a photo.
For example, set the shutter speed to over 1/500 s to freeze the
subject. To make the subject appear blurred set the shutter speed to
below 1/30 s.
Slow shutter speed Fast shutter speed
In order to compensate for the reduced amount of light allowed by fast
shutter speeds, open the aperture and let in more light. If your photos are still
too dark, increase the ISO value.
Page: 47
My Camera > Shooting modes
47
M Manual mode
Manual mode lets you adjust the shutter speed and aperture value
manually. In this mode, you can fully control the exposure of your
photos.
This mode is useful in controlled shooting environments, such as a
studio, or when it is necessary to fine-tune camera settings. The Manual
mode is also recommended for shooting night scenes or fireworks.
Framing mode
When you adjust the aperture value or shutter speed, the exposure
changes according to the settings, so the display may darken. With this
function on, the brightness of the display is constant regardless of the
settings, so you can better frame your shot.
To use Framing
Mode,
In Shooting mode, press [m] → 3 →
Framing Mode → an option.
Using bulb
Use a bulb to shoot night scenes or the night sky. While you are
pressing [Shutter], the shutter is left open so you can create moving
light effects.
To use a bulb,
Completely scroll the jog dial to the left to Bulb. →
Press and hold [Shutter] for the desired time.
• If you set a high ISO value or open the shutter for a long time, image noise
may increase.
• The continuous shooting function cannot be used with the Bulb function.
Page: 48
My Camera > Shooting modes
48
T Custom mode
Custom mode lets you create your own shooting modes by adjusting
options and saving them.
Saving custom modes
1 Rotate the mode dial to P, A, S, M, T, or v.
2 Set shooting options.
3 Press [m], and then select 5 → Save as Custom
Mode.
• You can also use this function by pressing [f].
4 Scroll to , , or to select a location, and then
press [o].
• You can replace the existing custom mode with current settings.
5 Use the jog dial or the navigation button to scroll to a
desired key, and then press [o] to enter a name for the
mode.
Back Backspace
Done
Page: 49
My Camera > Shooting modes
49
Icon Description
Delete the last letter.
Move the cursor.
In ABC mode, change the case.
Enter ".com".
Switch between Symbol mode and ABC mode.
Enter a space.
Done Save the displayed text.
View the entering text guide.
• You can use only the English alphabet, regardless of the display
language.
• To move to Done directly, press [y].
• You can enter up to 64 characters.
6 Select Done to save a mode.
Selecting custom modes
1 Rotate the mode dial to T.
2 Scroll the jog dial or rotate the navigation button, or press
[C/F] to select a mode, and then press [o].
• To select another custom mode, press [m], and then select
1 or 6 → Custom → a mode.
• You can change the shooting options in the selected custom mode,
and save them as a new custom mode.
• To reset a custom mode, press [m], and then select
1 or 6 → Reset Custom Mode → the custom mode.

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