DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS
Battery Check Lamp
Self-Timer/Battery Check Beeper
Non-Slip Finger Grip
Camera Back Release
CdS Light Sensor
ASA Film Speed Lever
Guide Pin Hole
Film Rewind Shaft
Film Take-Up Spool
ASA Film Speed Window
Tripod Socket Rewind Release Button
Film Pressure Plate
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Olympus XA is an aper-
ture priority auto-exposure
rangefinder camera setting new
standards for function and feel,
appearance and performance.
Please read the following pages
carefully and your new camera
will provide maximum per-
formance and satisfaction.
DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 1•2
Installing the Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Loading the Film . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5•6
SIMPLE STEPS FOR TAKING PICTURES
Setting the Aperture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Focusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Releasing the Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Unloading the Film . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Self-Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Automatic Flash Photography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11•12
Aperture and Depth of Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13•14
Shutter-Speed Priority Photography . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16
Backlighting Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Daylight Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
HELPFUL HINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
CARE AND STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
MAIN SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21•22
If the beeper doesn't signal, the
batteries are inserted incorrectly
or are exhausted.
The batteries will last about one
year and must be replaced with
two 1.5V silver oxide batteries
(SR 44, EPX-76 or equivalent).
Do not press the shutter release
during battery check operation,
or the battery will run down
quickly, leaving the shutter open-
ed. Return the lever to the normal
2. Check the batteries.
Set the control lever to "CHECK".
The beeper emits a tone and the
check lamp glows brightly.
Installing the Batteries
1. Insert the batteries correctly.
Loading the Film
1. Open the camera back and in-
sert the film cartridge. (Dust Bar-
rier is in closed position.)
Never load the film in direct sun-
2. Attach the film end to the
The film end must not stick out
of the slot excessively.
3. Start winding the film and close
the camera back.
Film perforations must engage
with sprocket teeth and the film
must be drawn flat.
4. Open the Dust Barrier.
If the Dust Barrier is not fully
opened, the shutter cannot be
5. Wind and expose two blank
shots until the exposure counter
The lens should be aimed toward
a bright light when shooting.
6. Set the ASA film speed.
SIMPLE STEPS FOR TAKING PICTURES
Setting the Aperture
1. Open the Dust Barrier and set
the aperture lever ( mark) to the
2. Confirm the shutter speed in
the viewfinder, aiming at the sub-
(The arrows indicate parallax cor-
If the shutter speed nee-
dle enters the striped, over-
exposure warning zone,
push the aperture lever
downward so thatthe nee-
dle points to "500" (1/
500 sec) or under.
If the needle points to
"30" (1/30 sec) or under,
be careful not to shake the
(To make full use of aperture con-
trol, see pages 13 & 14.)
Aperture guideline (ASA 100)
3. Looking through the view-
finder, compose and focus.
If the subject distance is 0.85 ~
1 meter (2.8 ~ 3.3 feet), frame
the subject in the area under the
2 parallax correction marks.
Turn the focusing lever until the
double image in the central rec-
tangle fuses into one. Focusing can
also be done with the knurled
mount (e.g. when a tripod is in
Out of focus In focus
Take care not to block the lens, flash dif-
fuser window or auto flash sensor.
Releasing the Shutter
4. Hold the camera steady and
lightly press the shutter release.
The release requires a minimum of
finger pressure, reducing chance of
image blur due to camera shake.
Unloading the Film Self-Timer
5. When the film ends, rewind and remove it.
Close the Dust Barrier, depress the rewind release button and
rewind the film. When the crank turns freely, open the camera
back and remove the film in the shade.
Set the control lever to "SELF
TIMER" and release the shutter.
The beeper emits a tone and the
check lamp glows intermittently.
The shutter will release after a
delay of about 12 sec. The lever
also serves as a camera support.
To stop the timer midway, return
the lever to its normal position.
Automatic Flash Photography (Only the Electronic Flash A11 can be used.)
2. Connect the flash unit to the
Insert the guide pin into the guide
pin hole and turn the clamping
After connecting, do not twist
1.5V AA battery
1. Set the ASA film speed.
If the ASA speed of the film to be
used is close to "100" or "400",
use the nearest setting. (ASA 80
or 125 "100").
3. Set the aperture lever to"Flash".
The charge lamp pops up and the
A11 turns on automatically.
The flash setting has been design-
ed to require a stronger pressure
than the aperture setting.
4. When the charge lamp glows,
you are ready to fire.
Do not move the lever once it
has been set for auto flash, or in-
correct flash exposure may result.
5. At the end of flash
depress the charge
lamp to turn the
flash unit off.
distance 2.5m (8.2
ft.) at ASA 100, 5m
(16.4 ft.) at ASA
Aperture and Depth of Field
Depth of field is the area of accept-
able sharpness in front of and be-
hind the subject in focus. The larg-
er the F-number used (from F2.8
to F22), the deeper the depth of
field. On the contrary, the smaller
the F-number (from F22 to F2.8),
the shallower this zone of accept-
The table on the opposite page
shows that when the camera-to-
subject distance is 1m, the depth
of field at F4 ranges from 0.91m
Making use of "out of
focus" background or
(Camera-to-subject distances with are indicated on the
camera's distance scale.)
Depth of field table
Circle of least confusion 1/30 mm.
Depth of field table
Circle of least confusion 1/760 in.
(in meters) (in feet)
To emphasize motion To stop movement
Shutter-Speed Priority Photography
When photographing fast moving
subjects, the impression of move-
ment can be emphasized by inten-
tionally allowing the image to be
blurred using a stow shutter speed.
On the contrary, the movement
can be "frozen" using a fast shut-
Move the aperture lever until the
needle points to the shutter speed
If the shutter speed needle en-
ters the striped zone, push the
aperture lever downward so that
the needle points to "500" or un-
An aperture-priority auto-expo-
sure camera, the XA lets you select
the aperture freely, then automati-
cally sets the right shutter speed
for correct exposure. The shutter
scale is visible in the viewfinder, so
you can pick exactly the speed and
aperture you like.
If the needle points to "30" or
under, hold the camera steady or
support with a tripod; or use a
faster shutter speed by pushing
the lever upward; or use autoflash. 16
When shooting against the light
(bright sky, beach, snow, or facing
a window), the face tends to ap-
pear dark on the image. In this
case, use the control lever to pro-
perly expose the most important area.
Turn the lever to "BACK LIGHT
+1.5" and release the shutter.
You can get the same effect by
reducing the ASA film speed set-
Back Lighting Compensation
In situations like these, compen-
sate for the back lighting by using
the control lever.
Manual flash method is recom-
mended for daylight fill-in. Set
the A11 film speed lever to
"FULL" and the aperture lever to
the F-number (after having set to
the flash symbol) obtained from
the guide number formula.
Opening the Dust Barrier fully switches the
power ON, and all camera functions are ready
to shoot. Closing the Dust Barrier switches
the power OFF, and all camera functions are
Foolproof electronic circuit
With the Dust Barrier closed and camera func-
tions locked, the foolproof electronic circuit
nonetheless allows the camera back to be
opened for film loading, unlocking all relat-
Electronic feather-touch shutter release
The release (pressure conductive polymer)
responds to very light pressure. Pressing with
a stroke as you normally do with other cam-
eras is not needed.
Treat the camera with care!
Do not exert stronger pressure on moving
parts than needed (Dust Barrier, levers,
knobs). When attaching a tripod, care should
be taken not to tighten the screw excessively
and not to rotate the camera on the screw.
Filters cannot be used with the XA.
CARE AND STORAGE
At the completion of photography, com-
pletely close the Dust Barrier to prevent bat-
tery drain and dust.
Do not drop or hit the camera. Cameras
that have been submerged in water are gen-
Do not touch the lens, viewfinder and range-
finder window. If touched, wipe the surface
lightly with a clean, soft cotton cloth. Fin-
gerprints, if not wiped off immediately, will
eventually be unremovable.
Never leave the camera near radios, TV sets,
Store the camera in a dry, well-ventilated
Never store the camera where temperatures
exceed 50°C (122°F) or below -20°C (-4°
F). When you use the camera in temperatures
under -10°C (14°F), it may sometimes fail
to operate properly. To avoid this, warm the
camera before use.
Have all repairs performed by an authorized
OLYMPUS Service Center. You may send it
directly or through the store where your
camera was purchased. 20
MAIN SPECIFICATIONS (OLYMPUS XA)
Camera type: 35mm rangefinder electronic lens-shut-
Film format: 35mm standard cassette (24 x 36mm).
Lens: F. Zuiko 35mm F2.8, 6 elements in 5 groups.
Shutter: Electronic between-lens shutter.
Viewfinder: Bright frame finder, 0.55x.
Shutter speed readout and over-exposure warning
zone visible in finder.
Focusing: Double-image coupled rangefinder, 0.85m
(2.8 ft.) ~ infinity.
Exposure control: Aperture-priority automatic ex-
posure. Automatic shutter speed range 10 sec. to
1/500 sec. Backlighting compensation + 1.5EV.
Film speed range: ASA 25 ~ 800.
Aperture range: F2.8 ~ F22.
Film advance: Rear winding thumbwheel.
Exposure counter: Progressive type with automatic
Film rewind: Crank type with rewind release button.
Shutter release: Electromagnetic feather touch
Self-timer: Electronic self-timer with 12 second delay.
Blinking LED and electronic beeper (Piezoelectric
Ceramic Vibrator) during self-timer operation.
Flash mounting: Exclusive automatic Electronic
Flash A11 attaches to (or detaches from) the cam-
era in seconds.
Setting camera's aperture lever to flash symbol
switches the A11 on, and sets the XA for autoflash.
Lens/finder cover: Sliding Dust Barrier. When opened,
power is switched on and shutter release unlocks.
When closed, power is switched off and shutter
Power source: Two 1.5V silver oxide batteries
SR 44 (Eveready EPX-76 or equivalent).
Dimensions: 102 (W) x 64.5 (H) x 40 (D) mm (4" x
2.54" x 1.6").
Weight: 225 grams or 7.9 oz. (less batteries).
MAIN SPECIFICATIONS (ELECTRONIC FLASH A11)
Unit type: Automatic electronic flash unit exclusively
for use with Olympus XA and XA2.
Guide number: 10 (ASA 100, meters) or 33 (ASA
Applicable ASA film speeds: ASA 100 and 400.
Flash modes: Normal auto (XA, XA2) and manual
mode (XA only) with switch lever.
F stop for auto flash: F4
Angle of coverage: Picture area of 35mm focal-length
lens. (XA and XA2 utilize 35mm Zuiko lens.)
Number of flashes: Approx. 150 with AA 'penlight'
Recycling time: Approx. 7 sec with AA alkaline bat-
Max. working distance: 2.5m (8.2 ft.) at ASA 100,
5m (16.4 ft.) at ASA 400.
Connection to camera: Fitted onto left-hand edge of
Power switch: The flash unit is activated by setting
camera's lever to flash symbol, popping up the
charge lamp and initiating electrical charge. The
flash unit turns off when the charge lamp is
Power source: One 1.5V AA 'penlight' battery (in-
cluding Ni-Cd battery).
Dimensions: 60 (H) x 36 (W)* x 33 (D) mm (2.4" x
1.4" x 1.3").
* Measured from interface.
Weight: 65 grams or 2.3 oz. (less battery).
OLYMPUS CAMERA CORPORATION
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO. (EUROPA) GMBH
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO. (U.K.) LTD.
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