Olympus XA manual

User manual for the Olympus XA in English. This PDF manual has 24 pages.

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INSTRUCTIONS
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DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS Rangefinder Window Exposure Counter Film Winder Self-Timer/ Battery Check Lamp Strap Eyelet Aperture Lever Distance Scale Window Lens Shutter Release Self-Timer/Battery Check Beeper Non-Slip Finger Grip Rewind Crank Rewind Knob/ Camera Back Release Dust Barrier Viewfinder CdS Light Sensor ASA Film Speed Lever Focusing Lever X-Synchro Contacts Flash Retaining Socket Flash Guide Pin Hole (Side View) 1
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Film Rewind Shaft Film Chamber Sprocket Film Take-Up Spool ASA Film Speed Window Film Speed Adjustment Lever Auto Flash Sensor Battery Chamber Tripod Socket Rewind Release Button Control Lever Camera Back Flash Clamping Screw Film Pressure Plate Flash Diffuser Window Flashtube Charge Lamp 2
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TABLE OF CONTENTS The Olympus XA is an aper- ture priority auto-exposure rangefinder camera setting new standards for function and feel, appearance and performance. Please read the following pages carefully and your new camera will provide maximum per- formance and satisfaction. DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 1•2 PREPARATION Installing the Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Loading the Film . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5•6 SIMPLE STEPS FOR TAKING PICTURES Setting the Aperture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Focusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Releasing the Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Unloading the Film . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Self-Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Automatic Flash Photography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11•12 PHOTOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES Aperture and Depth of Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13•14 Shutter-Speed Priority Photography . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16 Backlighting Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Daylight Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 HELPFUL HINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 CARE AND STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 MAIN SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21•22 3
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If the beeper doesn't signal, the batteries are inserted incorrectly or are exhausted. The batteries will last about one year and must be replaced with two 1.5V silver oxide batteries (SR 44, EPX-76 or equivalent). Do not press the shutter release during battery check operation, or the battery will run down quickly, leaving the shutter open- ed. Return the lever to the normal position. 2. Check the batteries. Set the control lever to "CHECK". The beeper emits a tone and the check lamp glows brightly. Installing the Batteries PREPARATION 1. Insert the batteries correctly. SR 44 (EPX-76, MS-76 or equivalent) 4
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Loading the Film 1. Open the camera back and in- sert the film cartridge. (Dust Bar- rier is in closed position.) Never load the film in direct sun- light. 2. Attach the film end to the take-up spool. The film end must not stick out of the slot excessively. 3. Start winding the film and close the camera back. Film perforations must engage with sprocket teeth and the film must be drawn flat. 5
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4. Open the Dust Barrier. If the Dust Barrier is not fully opened, the shutter cannot be released. 5. Wind and expose two blank shots until the exposure counter shows "1". The lens should be aimed toward a bright light when shooting. 6. Set the ASA film speed. 6
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SIMPLE STEPS FOR TAKING PICTURES Setting the Aperture 1. Open the Dust Barrier and set the aperture lever ( mark) to the F-number required. 2. Confirm the shutter speed in the viewfinder, aiming at the sub- ject. (The arrows indicate parallax cor- rection marks.) If the shutter speed nee- dle enters the striped, over- exposure warning zone, push the aperture lever downward so thatthe nee- dle points to "500" (1/ 500 sec) or under. If the needle points to "30" (1/30 sec) or under, be careful not to shake the camera. (To make full use of aperture con- trol, see pages 13 & 14.) Aperture guideline (ASA 100) 7
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Focusing 3. Looking through the view- finder, compose and focus. If the subject distance is 0.85 ~ 1 meter (2.8 ~ 3.3 feet), frame the subject in the area under the 2 parallax correction marks. Turn the focusing lever until the double image in the central rec- tangle fuses into one. Focusing can also be done with the knurled mount (e.g. when a tripod is in use). Out of focus In focus 8
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Take care not to block the lens, flash dif- fuser window or auto flash sensor. Releasing the Shutter 4. Hold the camera steady and lightly press the shutter release. The release requires a minimum of finger pressure, reducing chance of image blur due to camera shake. 9
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Unloading the Film Self-Timer 5. When the film ends, rewind and remove it. Close the Dust Barrier, depress the rewind release button and rewind the film. When the crank turns freely, open the camera back and remove the film in the shade. Set the control lever to "SELF TIMER" and release the shutter. The beeper emits a tone and the check lamp glows intermittently. The shutter will release after a delay of about 12 sec. The lever also serves as a camera support. To stop the timer midway, return the lever to its normal position. 10
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Automatic Flash Photography (Only the Electronic Flash A11 can be used.) 2. Connect the flash unit to the camera. Insert the guide pin into the guide pin hole and turn the clamping screw clockwise. After connecting, do not twist the A11. 1.5V AA battery (Alkaline preferred) 1. Set the ASA film speed. If the ASA speed of the film to be used is close to "100" or "400", use the nearest setting. (ASA 80 or 125 "100"). 11
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3. Set the aperture lever to"Flash". The charge lamp pops up and the A11 turns on automatically. The flash setting has been design- ed to require a stronger pressure than the aperture setting. 4. When the charge lamp glows, you are ready to fire. Do not move the lever once it has been set for auto flash, or in- correct flash exposure may result. 5. At the end of flash photography, fully depress the charge lamp to turn the flash unit off. Maximum working distance 2.5m (8.2 ft.) at ASA 100, 5m (16.4 ft.) at ASA 400. 12
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PHOTOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES Aperture and Depth of Field Depth of field is the area of accept- able sharpness in front of and be- hind the subject in focus. The larg- er the F-number used (from F2.8 to F22), the deeper the depth of field. On the contrary, the smaller the F-number (from F22 to F2.8), the shallower this zone of accept- able sharpness. The table on the opposite page shows that when the camera-to- subject distance is 1m, the depth of field at F4 ranges from 0.91m to 1.12m. Making use of "out of focus" background or foreground effects Deep-focus effects 13
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(Camera-to-subject distances with are indicated on the camera's distance scale.) Depth of field table Circle of least confusion 1/30 mm. Depth of field table Circle of least confusion 1/760 in. (in meters) (in feet) 14
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To emphasize motion To stop movement Shutter-Speed Priority Photography When photographing fast moving subjects, the impression of move- ment can be emphasized by inten- tionally allowing the image to be blurred using a stow shutter speed. On the contrary, the movement can be "frozen" using a fast shut- ter speed. 15
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Move the aperture lever until the needle points to the shutter speed required. If the shutter speed needle en- ters the striped zone, push the aperture lever downward so that the needle points to "500" or un- der. An aperture-priority auto-expo- sure camera, the XA lets you select the aperture freely, then automati- cally sets the right shutter speed for correct exposure. The shutter scale is visible in the viewfinder, so you can pick exactly the speed and aperture you like. If the needle points to "30" or under, hold the camera steady or support with a tripod; or use a faster shutter speed by pushing the lever upward; or use autoflash. 16
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Compensated +1.5EV When shooting against the light (bright sky, beach, snow, or facing a window), the face tends to ap- pear dark on the image. In this case, use the control lever to pro- perly expose the most important area. Turn the lever to "BACK LIGHT +1.5" and release the shutter. You can get the same effect by reducing the ASA film speed set- ting. Back Lighting Compensation Before compensation 17
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In situations like these, compen- sate for the back lighting by using the control lever. Manual flash method is recom- mended for daylight fill-in. Set the A11 film speed lever to "FULL" and the aperture lever to the F-number (after having set to the flash symbol) obtained from the guide number formula. Daylight Synchronization 18
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HELPFUL HINTS Dust Barrier Opening the Dust Barrier fully switches the power ON, and all camera functions are ready to shoot. Closing the Dust Barrier switches the power OFF, and all camera functions are locked. Foolproof electronic circuit With the Dust Barrier closed and camera func- tions locked, the foolproof electronic circuit nonetheless allows the camera back to be opened for film loading, unlocking all relat- ed functions. Electronic feather-touch shutter release The release (pressure conductive polymer) responds to very light pressure. Pressing with a stroke as you normally do with other cam- eras is not needed. Treat the camera with care! Do not exert stronger pressure on moving parts than needed (Dust Barrier, levers, knobs). When attaching a tripod, care should be taken not to tighten the screw excessively and not to rotate the camera on the screw. Filters cannot be used with the XA. 19
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CARE AND STORAGE At the completion of photography, com- pletely close the Dust Barrier to prevent bat- tery drain and dust. Do not drop or hit the camera. Cameras that have been submerged in water are gen- erally irreparable. Do not touch the lens, viewfinder and range- finder window. If touched, wipe the surface lightly with a clean, soft cotton cloth. Fin- gerprints, if not wiped off immediately, will eventually be unremovable. Never leave the camera near radios, TV sets, or magnets. Store the camera in a dry, well-ventilated place. Never store the camera where temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) or below -20°C (-4° F). When you use the camera in temperatures under -10°C (14°F), it may sometimes fail to operate properly. To avoid this, warm the camera before use. Have all repairs performed by an authorized OLYMPUS Service Center. You may send it directly or through the store where your camera was purchased. 20
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MAIN SPECIFICATIONS (OLYMPUS XA) Camera type: 35mm rangefinder electronic lens-shut- ter camera. Film format: 35mm standard cassette (24 x 36mm). Lens: F. Zuiko 35mm F2.8, 6 elements in 5 groups. Shutter: Electronic between-lens shutter. Viewfinder: Bright frame finder, 0.55x. Shutter speed readout and over-exposure warning zone visible in finder. Focusing: Double-image coupled rangefinder, 0.85m (2.8 ft.) ~ infinity. Exposure control: Aperture-priority automatic ex- posure. Automatic shutter speed range 10 sec. to 1/500 sec. Backlighting compensation + 1.5EV. Film speed range: ASA 25 ~ 800. Aperture range: F2.8 ~ F22. Film advance: Rear winding thumbwheel. Exposure counter: Progressive type with automatic reset. Film rewind: Crank type with rewind release button. Shutter release: Electromagnetic feather touch shutter release. Self-timer: Electronic self-timer with 12 second delay. Blinking LED and electronic beeper (Piezoelectric Ceramic Vibrator) during self-timer operation. Flash mounting: Exclusive automatic Electronic Flash A11 attaches to (or detaches from) the cam- era in seconds. Setting camera's aperture lever to flash symbol switches the A11 on, and sets the XA for autoflash. Lens/finder cover: Sliding Dust Barrier. When opened, power is switched on and shutter release unlocks. When closed, power is switched off and shutter release locks. Power source: Two 1.5V silver oxide batteries SR 44 (Eveready EPX-76 or equivalent). Dimensions: 102 (W) x 64.5 (H) x 40 (D) mm (4" x 2.54" x 1.6"). Weight: 225 grams or 7.9 oz. (less batteries). 21
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MAIN SPECIFICATIONS (ELECTRONIC FLASH A11) Unit type: Automatic electronic flash unit exclusively for use with Olympus XA and XA2. Guide number: 10 (ASA 100, meters) or 33 (ASA 100, feet). Applicable ASA film speeds: ASA 100 and 400. Flash modes: Normal auto (XA, XA2) and manual mode (XA only) with switch lever. F stop for auto flash: F4 Angle of coverage: Picture area of 35mm focal-length lens. (XA and XA2 utilize 35mm Zuiko lens.) Number of flashes: Approx. 150 with AA 'penlight' alkaline battery. Recycling time: Approx. 7 sec with AA alkaline bat- tery. Max. working distance: 2.5m (8.2 ft.) at ASA 100, 5m (16.4 ft.) at ASA 400. Connection to camera: Fitted onto left-hand edge of XA (XA2). Power switch: The flash unit is activated by setting camera's lever to flash symbol, popping up the charge lamp and initiating electrical charge. The flash unit turns off when the charge lamp is pressed down. Power source: One 1.5V AA 'penlight' battery (in- cluding Ni-Cd battery). Dimensions: 60 (H) x 36 (W)* x 33 (D) mm (2.4" x 1.4" x 1.3"). * Measured from interface. Weight: 65 grams or 2.3 oz. (less battery). 22
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OLYMPUS OPTICALCO.,LTD OLYMPUS CAMERA CORPORATION OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO. (EUROPA) GMBH OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO. (U.K.) LTD. Printed in Japan IELEE22 © 0382·37MS San-Ei Building, 22-2, Nishi Shinjuku 1-chome, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Tel. 03-3340-2211 Crossways Park, Woodbury, New York, 11797, U.S.A. Tel. 516-364-3000 Postfach 104908, Wendenstrasse 14-16, 20097 Hamburg, Germany. Tel. 040-237730 2-8 Honduras Street, London EC1Y OTX, United Kingdom. Tel. 0171-253-2772

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