E-410

Olympus E-410 manual

E-410

User manual for the Olympus E-410 in English. This PDF manual has 132 pages.

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Basic guide Mastering the E-410 Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides Shooting functions Playback functions Customizing the settings/functions of your camera Printing Using the OLYMPUS Master software Getting to know your camera better Information Interchangeable lenses Others INSTRUCTION MANUAL INSTRUCTION MANUAL z We recommend that you take test shots to get accustomed to your camera before taking important photographs. z The screen and camera illustrations shown in this manual were produced during the development stages and may differ from the actual product. z The contents in this manual are based on firmware version 1.0 for this camera. If there are addition and/or modification of functions due to firmware update for the camera, the contents will differ. For the latest information, please visit the Olympus website. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 1 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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2 EN Structure of this manual This section explains the preparations and settings for the camera, and basic camera operation from easy techniques for shooting to playback and erase functions. Read chapter 1 to master the basic camera operation before proceeding to use the various functions available on this camera. Operating the camera g “Mastering the E-410” (P. 17) Learn how to use the functions in the shooting guides g “Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides” (P. 24) Proceed to the pages on the various functions. Locating the information you need g “Shooting tips and information” (P. 90), “Menu directory” (P. 102), “Names of parts” (P. 108), “Index” (P. 130) Indications used in this manual Basic camera operation Basic guide Attaching the strap ........................................... 3 Adjusting the viewfinder’s diopter .....................7 Preparing the battery........................................ 3 Setting the date/time.........................................8 Attaching a lens to the camera......................... 5 Shooting .........................................................10 Loading the card .............................................. 6 Playback/Erasing............................................12 Power on.......................................................... 7 Mastering the E-410 P. 13 Important information on factors which may lead to a malfunction or operational problems. Also warns of operations that should be absolutely avoided.  TIPS Useful information and hints that will help you get the most out of your camera. g Reference pages describing details or related information. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 2 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 3 Basic guide Basic guide Thread the strap as indicated by the arrows (1, 2). Lastly, pull the strap tight making sure that it is fastened securely (3). Attach the other end of the strap to the other eyelet in the same way. 1 Charging the battery Attaching the strap Preparing the battery 1 2 3 1 2 3 Lithium ion battery (BLS-1) AC wall outlet Lithium ion charger (BCS-1) Charging indicator Red light: Charging in progress Green light: Charging completed (Charging time: Approx. 210 minutes) AC cable s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 3 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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4 EN Basic guide 2 Loading the battery • Close the battery compartment cover until a click is heard. Unloading the battery Press the battery lock to unlock and remove the battery. • It is recommended to set aside a backup battery for prolonged shooting in case the battery in use drains. 1 2 3 Battery compartment lock Direction indicating mark Battery compartment cover Battery lock s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 4 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 5 Basic guide 1 Remove the body cap from the camera and the rear cap from the lens 2 Attaching a lens to the camera • Align the lens attachment mark (red) on the camera with the alignment mark (red) on the lens, then insert the lens into the camera’s body (1). Rotate the lens in the direction indicated by the arrow until you hear it click (2). • Do not press the lens release button. 3 Remove the lens cap Removing the lens from the camera While pressing the lens release button (1), rotate the lens in the direction as indicated by (2). Attaching a lens to the camera 1 2 1 2 Rear cap Body cap 1 2 Lens cap Alignment mark (Red) Lens attachment mark (Red) 2 1 Lens release button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 5 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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6 EN Basic guide Open the card cover and insert the card Removing the card • Never open the card cover while the card access lamp is blinking. Loading the card CompactFlash/Microdrive xD-Picture Card Insert the card until it is locked into place. Insert the card’s contact area into the slot as far as it can go. xD-Picture Card slot Card cover CF card slot Card access lamp W Mark CompactFlash/Microdrive xD-Picture Card • Press the inserted card lightly and it will be ejected. • Pull out the card. • Press the eject button all the way in and let it pop out, then press it all the way in again to eject the card. • Pull out the card. Eject button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 6 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 7 Basic guide Dust reduction function operation The dust reduction function is automatically activated when the camera is turned on. Ultrasonic vibrations are used to remove dust and dirt from the image pickup device’s filter surface. The SSWF (Super Sonic Wave Filter) indicator blinks while dust reduction is working. Adjust the viewfinder’s diopter in accordance with your vision. While looking through the viewfinder, rotate the diopter adjustment dial little by little. When you can see the AF frame clearly, adjustment is complete. Power on Adjusting the viewfinder’s diopter Set the camera’s power switch to ON. To turn off the power, set the power switch to OFF. SSWF indicator Set the mode dial to AUTO. INFO button LCD monitor When the camera is turned on, the control panel screen is displayed on the monitor. If the control panel screen does not appear, press the INFO button. Control panel screen 2007.08.16 Viewfinder Diopter adjustment dial AF frame s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 7 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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8 EN Basic guide Date and time information is recorded on the card together with the images. The file name is also included with the date and time information. Be sure to set the correct date and time before using the camera. 1 Press the MENU button 2 Use ac to select [Z], then press d 3 Use ac to select [X], then press d 4 Use ac to select the year [Y], then press d 5 Repeat this procedure until the date and time are completely set • The time is displayed in the 24-hour format. Setting the date/time CUSTOMRESET SETTING MENU a d c Y/M/D a d c a d c Y/M/D Y/M/D a d c s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 8 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 9 Basic guide 6 Use ac to select the date format 7 Press the i button 8 Press the MENU button to exit a c Y/M/D i s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 9 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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10 EN Basic guide 1 Holding the camera Keep your fingers and the strap away from the lens and the flash. 2 Place the AF frame on the subject while viewing through the viewfinder 3 Adjust the focus Press the shutter button gently (halfway). • The focus is locked when a beep tone is output. The AF confirmation mark and the AF focusing frame light up in the viewfinder. • The shutter speed and aperture value that have been set automatically by the camera are displayed. • The control panel screen is not displayed when the shutter button is pressed. 4 Release the shutter Press the shutter button all the way (fully). • The shutter sounds and the picture is taken. • The card access lamp blinks and the camera starts recording the picture. • Never remove the battery or card while the card access lamp mark is blinking. Doing so could destroy stored pictures and prevent storage of pictures you have just taken. Shooting Horizontal grip Vertical grip Shutter button Card access lamp Halfway down 2007.08.16 AF confirmation mark Aperture value Shutter speed All the way down s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 10 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 11 Basic guide Taking a picture while viewing the monitor It is possible to use the LCD monitor as a viewfinder and check the subject’s composition, or shoot while viewing an enlarged display on the LCD monitor. g “Live view” (P. 22) 1 Press the u (live view) button • The subject is displayed on the LCD monitor. 2 Press the shutter button all the way down • The picture is taken with the focus adjusted. When the camera stops operating If no operations are performed for approximately 8 seconds while the camera is on, the monitor backlight turns off to save battery power. If no operations are performed for approximately one minute thereafter, the camera enters the sleep mode (stand-by) and stops operating. The camera activates again when you touch any button (the shutter button, arrow pad, etc.). g “Backlight timer” (P. 75), “Sleep timer” (P. 75) u button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 11 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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12 EN Basic guide Playing back images Pressing the q (playback) button displays the last picture taken. Close-up playback Each time you rotate the control dial towards U, the image is enlarged in steps of 2× - 14×. Erasing images Playback the image you want to erase and press the S (erase) button. Use ac to select [YES] and press the i button to erase. Playback/Erasing Displays the previous frame Displays the next frame Arrow pad q button Control dial S button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 12 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 13 How to use the mode dial......................................................................................................17 Easy shooting modes...........................................................................................17 Advanced shooting modes...................................................................................17 How to set the functions ........................................................................................................18 How to make function settings .............................................................................18 Setting functions using the control panel screen..................................................18 Setting functions using direct buttons ..................................................................19 Setting on the menu.............................................................................................20 Descriptions in this manual ..................................................................................21 Live view................................................................................................................................22 Switching the information display.........................................................................22 Enlarged display operation...................................................................................23 Ruled lines display ...............................................................................................23 Basic function guides.............................................................................................................24 Focus: Operating the shutter button.....................................................................24 Brightness: Exposure compensation....................................................................24 Color: White balance............................................................................................25 A guide to functions for different subjects..............................................................................25 Taking landscape pictures ...................................................................................25 Taking flower pictures ..........................................................................................26 Taking night scene pictures .................................................................................28 Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions Scene mode ..........................................................................................................................29 P: Program shooting .............................................................................................................30 A: Aperture priority shooting.................................................................................................31 S: Shutter priority shooting....................................................................................................32 M: Manual shooting...............................................................................................................33 Preview function ....................................................................................................................34 Various shooting functions If correct focus cannot be obtained (Focus lock)...................................................................35 AE bracketing ........................................................................................................................35 Flash shooting .......................................................................................................................37 Flash mode ..........................................................................................................37 Manual flash.........................................................................................................38 Setting the flash mode .........................................................................................39 Using the built-in flash..........................................................................................40 Flash intensity control ..........................................................................................40 External electronic flashes (optional) ...................................................................41 Using the external electronic flash .......................................................................41 Table of Contents 1 Mastering the E-410 ................................................................................17 Describes the camera’s functions and how to operate them. 2 Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides..................................24 Describes the shooting methods suitable for individual situation. 3 Shooting functions ...................................................................................29 Categorizes and describes the shooting functions according to the shooting modes; shooting functions; focusing; exposure, color and image. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 13 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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14 EN Super FP flash .....................................................................................................42 Using commercially available flashes ..................................................................42 Non-specified commercial flashes .......................................................................42 Sequential shooting/Self-timer/Remote control .....................................................................43 Setting the functions ............................................................................................43 Sequential shooting .............................................................................................43 Using the self-timer..............................................................................................43 Using the remote control......................................................................................44 Panorama shooting ...............................................................................................................46 Focusing functions AF frame selection ................................................................................................................47 Focus mode...........................................................................................................................47 Simultaneous use of S-AF mode and MF mode (S-AF+MF) ...............................49 Simultaneous use of C-AF mode and MF mode (C-AF+MF)...............................49 AF illuminator ........................................................................................................................49 Exposure, image and color Selecting the record mode ....................................................................................................50 Types of record modes ........................................................................................50 RAW data.............................................................................................................50 How to select the record mode ............................................................................51 SQ k Setting the number of pixels and compression rate..................................51 Metering mode k Changing the metering system................................................................52 Exposure compensation k Varying the image brightness ...................................................53 AE lock k Locking the exposure ..........................................................................................54 ISO k Setting the desired sensitivity to light ........................................................................54 White balance k Adjusting the color tone ............................................................................54 Setting the auto/preset/custom white balance .....................................................55 WB Compensation...............................................................................................56 Setting the one-touch white balance....................................................................57 Picture mode .........................................................................................................................58 Gradation...............................................................................................................................59 Noise reduction .....................................................................................................................59 Noise filter k Setting the noise filter level.............................................................................60 Color space ...........................................................................................................................60 Anti-shock..............................................................................................................................60 Single-frame/Close-up playback ...........................................................................................61 Index display/Calendar display..............................................................................................62 Information display ................................................................................................................63 Slideshow ..............................................................................................................................64 Rotating images ....................................................................................................................64 Playback on TV .....................................................................................................................65 Editing still images.................................................................................................................65 Copying images.....................................................................................................................66 Copying all the frames .........................................................................................66 Copying selected frames .....................................................................................67 Single-frame copy................................................................................................67 Protecting images k Preventing accidental erasure ............................................................67 Single-frame protect.............................................................................................67 Protecting selected frames ..................................................................................67 Canceling all protections......................................................................................68 Erasing images......................................................................................................................68 4 Playback functions...................................................................................61 Describes the functions used when playing back images that have been taken. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 14 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 15 Single-frame erase...............................................................................................68 All-frame erase.....................................................................................................69 Erasing selected frames.......................................................................................69 Custom reset setting..............................................................................................................70 AEL/AFL mode ......................................................................................................................72 Other function settings...........................................................................................................72 AEL/AFL memo....................................................................................................72 AEL metering .......................................................................................................73 Compensating all WB...........................................................................................73 Auto pop up..........................................................................................................73 7 FUNCTION......................................................................................................73 Live view boost ....................................................................................................74 File name .............................................................................................................74 Rec view k Checking the picture immediately after shooting.............................75 Setting the beep sound ........................................................................................75 Monitor brightness adjustment.............................................................................75 Sleep timer...........................................................................................................75 Backlight timer......................................................................................................75 USB mode............................................................................................................76 Changing the display language............................................................................76 Selecting the video signal type before TV connection .........................................76 HI (Underwater mode)..................................................................................77 Firmware ..............................................................................................................77 Print reservation (DPOF).......................................................................................................78 Print reservation...................................................................................................78 Single-frame reservation......................................................................................78 All-frame reservation............................................................................................79 Resetting the print reservation data .....................................................................79 Direct printing (PictBridge).....................................................................................................80 Connecting the camera to a printer......................................................................81 Easy printing ........................................................................................................81 Custom printing....................................................................................................82 Flowchart...............................................................................................................................84 Using the provided OLYMPUS Master software ...................................................................84 What is OLYMPUS Master?.................................................................................84 Connecting the camera to a computer ..................................................................................85 Start up the OLYMPUS Master software...............................................................................86 Displaying camera images on a computer ............................................................................86 Downloading and saving images .........................................................................86 Disconnecting the camera from your computer ...................................................87 Viewing still images ...............................................................................................................88 5 Customizing the settings/functions of your camera .................................70 Describes the other different types of functions. The settings or functions can be changed to suit the environment in which the camera is used. 6 Printing ....................................................................................................78 Describes how to print images that have been taken. 7 Using the OLYMPUS Master software ....................................................84 Describes how to transfer and store the camera’s images to your computer. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 15 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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16 EN To increase the number of languages...................................................................................88 Transferring images to your computer without using OLYMPUS Master..............................89 Shooting tips and information................................................................................................90 Tips before you start taking pictures....................................................................90 Shooting tips ........................................................................................................90 Additional shooting tips and information ..............................................................93 Playback tips........................................................................................................95 Viewing pictures on a computer...........................................................................95 When error messages are displayed.....................................................................................96 Camera maintenance ............................................................................................................98 Cleaning and storing the camera.........................................................................98 Cleaning mode k Removing dust.......................................................................99 Pixel mapping k Checking the image processing functions...............................99 Card basics .........................................................................................................................100 Usable cards......................................................................................................100 Formatting the card............................................................................................100 Battery and charger.............................................................................................................101 Using your charger abroad ................................................................................101 Menu directory.....................................................................................................................102 Functions that can be set by shooting mode.......................................................................105 List of record modes............................................................................................................107 Names of parts ....................................................................................................................108 Camera ..............................................................................................................108 Viewfinder indications ........................................................................................110 Control panel screen..........................................................................................111 LCD monitor indications (during live view).........................................................113 LCD monitor indications (during playback) ........................................................114 Glossary ..............................................................................................................................115 Specifications ......................................................................................................................118 Lens.....................................................................................................................................121 ZUIKO DIGITAL interchangeable lens ................................................................................121 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ...................................................................................................124 Index....................................................................................................................................130 8 Getting to know your camera better ........................................................90 Reference for help or when you wish to know more about the camera. 9 Information.............................................................................................100 Describes how to handle the cards and rechargeable battery, and contains a directory of the camera’s functions and displays. 10 Interchangeable lenses .........................................................................121 Describes how to handle interchangeable lenses. 11 Others....................................................................................................124 Describes precautions regarding the use of the camera and accessories. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 16 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 17 Mastering the E-410 1 1 Mastering the E-410 The mode dial allows you to change the camera settings easily according to the subject. Easy shooting modes • Select according to the shooting scene. The camera sets the appropriate shooting conditions automatically. • When rotating the mode dial or turning off the power in the easy shooting modes, functions with changes made to their settings are restored to the factory default settings. Advanced shooting modes • For more advanced shooting and greater creative control, you can set the aperture value and shutter speed. • The settings made in the advanced shooting modes are retained even if the camera is turned off. How to use the mode dial AUTO AUTO Allows you to shoot using an optimum aperture and shutter speed that the camera sets. The built-in flash pops up automatically in low-light conditions. i PORTRAIT Suitable for shooting a portrait-style image of a person. l LANDSCAPE Suitable for shooting landscapes and other outdoor scenes. & MACRO Suitable for taking close-up pictures (macro shooting). j SPORT Suitable for capturing fast-moving action without blurring. / NIGHT+PORTRAIT Suitable for shooting both the main subject and background at night. g Scene mode 20 different scene modes are available to suit a wide range of shooting situations. (gP. 29) P Program shooting Allows you to shoot using an aperture and shutter speed that the camera sets. (gP. 30) A Aperture priority shooting Allows you to set the aperture manually. The camera sets the shutter speed automatically. (gP. 31) S Shutter priority shooting Allows you to set the shutter speed manually. The camera sets the aperture automatically. (gP. 32) M Manual shooting Allows you to set the aperture and shutter speed manually. (gP. 33) s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 17 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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18 EN Mastering the E-410 1 How to make function settings There are three basic ways to make function settings with this camera. • Setting while looking at the control panel screen (See below) • Setting using direct buttons (gP. 19) • Setting on the menu (gP. 20) Setting functions using the control panel screen Select an item on the control panel screen and change the setting. 1 When the power switch is set to ON, the control panel screen (shooting information and setting screen) is displayed on the LCD monitor. • The display changes each time the INFO button is pressed. • You can also display the control panel screen and change the setting when using live view. 2 Press the i button. • The cursor (function being selected) on the control panel screen lights. 3 Use p to move the cursor to the function you want to set. 4 Turn the control dial to change the setting. • Pressing the i button while the item is being selected displays the direct menu for that function. Turn the control dial to change the setting. • If you press the i button or you do not operate the control dial within a few seconds, your setting will be confirmed and the control panel screen will be restored. How to set the functions Power switch Control dial i button p Arrow pad INFO button 2007.08.16 2007.08.16 Control panel screen Basic Display OFF Detailed Cursor Direct menu e.g.) When setting Sequential/Self-timer/Remote control shooting s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 18 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 19 Mastering the E-410 1 Functions on the control panel screen The functions that can be set on the basic display and detailed display vary. 3: Can be set k: Cannot be set Setting functions using direct buttons This camera is equipped with direct buttons where functions have been assigned and can be set quickly. 1 Press the button for the function you want to set. • The direct menu is displayed. No. Items Basic Detailed Ref. page 1 ISO 3 3 P. 54 2 WB 3 3 P. 55 White balance compensation k 3 P. 56 3 Metering mode 3 3 P. 52 4 Card 3 3 P. 100 5 Record mode 3 3 P. 50 6 AF frame 3 3 P. 47 7 Focus mode 3 3 P. 47 8 Sequential shooting/Self-timer/ Remote control 3 3 P. 43 9 Flash mode 3 3 P. 39 Flash intensity control k 3 P. 40 10 Picture mode 3 3 P. 58 11 Color space Sharpness Contrast Saturation Gradation k 3 P. 60 P. 58 P. 58 P. 58 P. 59 Basic Detailed 2007.08.16 10 11 5 4 1 2 9 3,6,7,8 2007.08.16 10 9 8 7 6 5 3 4 2 1 Direct menu Control dial e.g.) Setting Sequential/Self-timer/ Remote control shooting 2 1 4 3 s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 19 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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20 EN Mastering the E-410 1 2 Turn the control dial to change the setting. • Press the i button to confirm your setting. Or if you do not operate the control dial within a few seconds, your setting will be confirmed and the control panel screen will be restored. List of direct buttons The functions assigned to buttons are as shown below. Setting on the menu 1 Press the MENU button. • The menu is displayed on the LCD monitor. No. Direct buttons Function Ref. page 1 </Y/j Remote control/Self-timer/ Sequential shooting button Remote control/Self-timer/ Sequential shooting P. 43 2 F Exposure compensation button Exposure compensation P. 53 3 u Live view button Turns live view on or off P. 22 4 # Flash button Pops up the flash and sets flash mode P. 39 CUSTOMRESET SETTING Operation guide is displayed at the bottom of the screen. CANCEL Ja : Press MENU to cancel the setting. SELECT J/ : Press dac to select the item. The illustration displayed corresponds to the arrow pad shown below. :a :c :d :b GO Jf : Press i to confirm your settings. MENU button p Arrow pad i button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 20 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 21 Mastering the E-410 1 2 Use p to set a function. Types of tabs W Sets shooting functions. X Sets shooting functions. q Sets playback functions. Y Customizes shooting functions. Z Sets functions that allow you to use the camera efficiently. 3 Press i repeatedly until the menu disappears. • The normal shooting screen is restored. • For the menu lists, see “Menu directory” (g P. 102). Descriptions in this manual The operating instructions of the control panel screen, direct buttons and menu are described as follows in this manual. e.g.: When setting Remote control/Self-timer/Sequential shooting ip: j/</Yi e.g.: When setting Remote control/Self-timer/Sequential shooting </Y/j Control dial e.g.: When setting white balance MENU[W][WB] Control panel screen Direct buttons Menu Tab The current setting is displayed CUSTOMRESET SETTING NOISE FILTER STANDARD NOISE REDUCT. Function Moves to the functions under the tab you have selected. Select a function and go to the setting screen. Control panel setting screen Direct buttons setting screen Menu setting screen NOISE FILTER STANDARD NOISE REDUCT. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 21 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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22 EN Mastering the E-410 1 It is possible to use the LCD monitor as a viewfinder and check the subject’s composition, or shoot while viewing an enlarged display on the LCD monitor. 1 Press the u button. • The subject is displayed on the LCD monitor. 2 Press the shutter button all the way down to focus and shoot. • To focus in advance, hold down the AFL button and press the shutter button. The focus is locked when the AFL button is pressed. • The image display on the monitor freezes as the mirror goes down during focusing. The picture you just took is briefly displayed on the monitor so you can check the picture. To focus using MF 1 Set [AF MODE] to [MF]. g “Focus mode” (P. 47) • Turn the focus ring and focus on the subject. For MF shooting method, refer to “Focus mode” (P. 47). • You can also press the AFL button to activate auto focus. Switching the information display You can press the INFO button to switch the information displayed on the monitor. *1 Displayed when [FRAME ASSIST] is set. *2 For operation in the enlarged display, refer to “Enlarged display operation” on the next page. Live view Control dial AFL button u button INFO button Information display ON Information display ON + Ruled lines display *1 Information display ON + Histogram Enlarged display *2 Information display OFF s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 22 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 23 Mastering the E-410 1 Enlarged display operation It is possible to enlarge the subject 7 or 10 times for display. Enlarging the image during MF makes focus confirmation and adjustment easier. 1 Use p to move the frame and press the i button. • Area inside the frame is enlarged and displayed. • Press and hold the i button to return the shifted enlargement frame to the center. 2 Turn the control dial to change the magnification (7×/10×). • Pressing i cancels enlarged display operation. Ruled lines display You can display the ruled lines on the LCD monitor as a guide when confirming the composition. MENU[Y][FRAME ASSIST] [OFF]/[GOLDEN SECTION]/[GRID]/[SCALE]  TIPS Brightening the monitor to get a clear view of the subject: J Refer to “Live view boost” (P. 74) x Notes • If there is a high-intensity light source within the screen, the image may be displayed darker but will be recorded normally. • If the live view function is used over a long period, the temperature of the image pickup device rises causing images with high ISO sensitivity to appear noisy and unevenly colored. Either lower the ISO sensitivity or turn off the camera for some time. • Replacing the lens will cause live view to stop. • The following functions are not available during live view. C-AF/AE lock/[AEL/AFL] s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 23 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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24 EN Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides 2 2 Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides Take pictures frequently to familiarize yourself with the camera. You can start off by taking pictures of your surrounding subjects like children, flowers or pets. And from the poor quality pictures you have taken, try to figure out what went wrong. The problems can often be resolved just by being more observant during shooting. Focus: Operating the shutter button Out of focus seems to be the common cause when pictures taken do not turn out well. In many cases, instead of the intended focus on the subject, the back or front of the subject or other objects are focused. The shutter button can be half-pressed and full pressed. Once you are able to operate the half-press and full press effectively, you can even focus accurately on moving subjects. g “Shooting” (P. 10), “If correct focus cannot be obtained (Focus lock)” (P. 35) However, even if the subject is in focus, the picture can become blurred if the camera moves while the shutter button is being pressed. Make sure to hold the camera properly so that it does not shake. The camera is particularly subject to shaking when using live view to take pictures while viewing the subject on the monitor. In addition, it may be necessary to use a tripod to prevent camera shake even when you feel there is sufficient lighting. g “Holding the camera” (P. 10) Besides out of focus and camera shake problems, the motion of the subject will also cause the picture to blur. Ability to shoot at a shutter speed that matches the motion of the subject is essential. You can confirm the shutter speed and aperture on the displays of the viewfinder and monitor when taking pictures by pressing the shutter button halfway. Check out these displays during your shooting practices. g “How to use the mode dial” (P. 17), “Preview function” (P. 34), “Live view” (P. 22) Brightness: Exposure compensation The camera automatically determines the aperture value and shutter speed according to the brightness level. This is known as auto exposure. However, auto exposure alone may not result in pictures of your expectations. At times like this, you can adjust the exposure through increasing or decreasing the exposure value set by the camera’s auto exposure during shooting. Increase the exposure when you want the dazzling sensation of the summer beach or the whiteness of the snow to stand out. And decrease the exposure when the area to be shot is smaller and brighter compared to its surrounding area. If you are unsure how much exposure compensation is required, it is better to take the picture with various settings. g “Exposure compensation k Varying the image brightness” (P. 53) Basic function guides Halfway down: All the way down: s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 24 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 25 Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides 2 Color: White balance There are other sources of lighting like tungsten light and fluorescent light, besides the sunlight, illuminating the subject. Unlike the sunlight, these lights contain particular colors. Hence, the same white object shot under different lighting conditions turns out in different colors. Even for sunlight, the outcome differs depending on the sky conditions, shadow of trees or buildings etc. White balance automatically corrects the effects from these lighting and enables shooting with the right colors. Though the right colors can be obtained when the white balance is set to [AUTO], depending on the shooting situations, it may not be possible to get the intended colors. In such cases, change to an appropriate setting. g “White balance k Adjusting the color tone” (P. 54) This section describes the functions suitable under different shooting conditions depending on the subject. Taking landscape pictures Outdoor scenes such as flower scenery and night scenery are landscape pictures. There are different things to take note of when taking different landscape pictures. This section describes taking outdoor scenery pictures such as forests and lakes in daylight. Changing shooting mode Outdoor scenery includes both motion and still sceneries. The shooting method changes accordingly in order to capture a realistic movement of the subject. • To take a picture that focuses on a certain point among a wider range of the image such as bringing out the depth of a forest, use A (Aperture priority shooting) mode and close the aperture (increase the aperture value) as much as possible. • To capture the instant where waves smash against the seashore, use S (Shutter priority shooting) mode and select a fast shutter speed. To shoot a flowing waterfall or river, set a slow shutter speed to capture a scene different from the actual scene. Exposure compensation can be used even under different shooting modes. Check the image that you have shot and use + or - to compensate. A guide to functions for different subjects Fluorescent light Tungsten light Shade of tree s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 25 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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26 EN Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides 2 Using white balance The color of water is different depending on whether it is a lake surrounded by forests or a tropical sea. To capture the subtle difference in color, try changing the white balance setting. It may be difficult to use auto settings to capture the subtle colors of a lake reflecting the leafy green of the trees or a sea surrounded by corals. Try changing the settings for different situations such as 5300K for sunny days and 7500K for an outdoor shaded area during sunny days. Changing metering mode Depending on the depth and the direction of the sun, the brightness of the sea differs significantly even in the same composition. There is also a difference in the brightness of forests depending on the way the trees overlap each other. If you know which are the areas to emphasize the compensation in the image composition, you can change the metering mode. The metering mode is set in ESP as long as the camera settings remain unchanged. The camera automatically assesses the brightness in the composition and the ESP determines the exposure. To emphasize on specific partial exposure in the composition, change to center weighted metering or spot metering, adjust the AF frame to the locations that you wish to adjust the exposure and measure the exposure. Changing saturation There may be times when you could not reproduce the same color as what you have seen even when you have used white balance or exposure compensation. You can set the saturation to achieve the color that you want. You can select high or low setting for saturation. When the setting is high, a vivid color will be used. However, as the image will be recorded with this setting during shooting, it is recommended to avoid over-setting. g “A: Aperture priority shooting” (P. 31), “S: Shutter priority shooting” (P. 32), “Metering mode k Changing the metering system” (P. 52), “Exposure compensation k Varying the image brightness” (P. 53), “White balance k Adjusting the color tone” (P. 54), “[SATURATION] : Vividness of the color” (P. 58) Taking flower pictures Flower scenery ranges from a bunch of flowers in the wild to a field of flowers. The way of shooting differs depending on how you wish to capture the image. Using white balance There are many colors of flowers ranging from light to vivid ones. Depending on the colors, subtle color shades may not be captured as seen. When beautiful color shades are not reproduced, check the light condition and change the white balance setting. The default setting of white balance is auto as long as the camera settings are not changed. Auto setting is fine but changing the settings for different situations such as 5300K for sunny days and 7500K for an outdoor shaded area during sunny days will bring out subtle color shades more effectively. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 26 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 27 Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides 2 Using exposure compensation When shooting a picture with background, select a background that will bring out the shape and color of the flower. A simple background will enhance the subject. When shooting bright and whitish flowers, adjust the exposure compensation toward – (minus) so that the flower stands out from the dark background. Changing shooting mode The method to capture a subject changes according to the type of subject you wish to emphasize, be it a field or a bunch of flowers. To change the focus area, set to A (aperture priority shooting) mode and select the aperture value. • When you open the aperture (decrease the aperture value), the camera will focus within a shorter range (shallow depth of field), producing an emphasized subject with a blurred background. • When you close the aperture (increase the aperture value), the camera will focus over a wider range (more depth of field), producing a picture with clear focus. You can use the preview function to confirm the changes in the depth of field when the aperture is changed. Using live view When using a conventional single-lens reflex camera with interchangeable lens system, if you want to take pictures with different exposure compensation and white balance settings, you have to view the pictures later to check the results. With the live view function of this camera, you can use the monitor to display and check the subject you want to capture when taking the picture. Changing lenses When the blooming flowers are few and sparse, attach a telephoto lens to take the picture. A picture taken with a telephoto lens will appear as though the flowers are blooming thickly and the distance seen is closer. Using telescopic feature of the zoom lens also achieves the same effect but it is easier to achieve the effect when the focus distance is longer such as 150 mm or 200 mm, rather than 54 mm. g “A: Aperture priority shooting” (P. 31), “Live view” (P. 22), “Preview function” (P. 34), “Exposure compensation k Varying the image brightness” (P. 53), “White balance k Adjusting the color tone” (P. 54) s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 27 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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28 EN Improving your shooting skills k Shooting guides 2 Taking night scene pictures There are different types of night scenes, ranging from the afterglow of a sunset to city lights at night. Sunset and fireworks sceneries are also a type of night scene. Using a tripod A tripod is a must when shooting night scenes as the shutter speed is slow due to the darkness. Even when a tripod is not available, you should also place the camera on a stable ground such that it does not shake. Even when the camera is secured, you may also move the camera when pressing the shutter button. Hence, use the remote control or self timer to activate the shutter as far as possible. Changing shooting mode When taking night scenes, the balance of the brightness in the composition is not uniform due to the intensity of brightness. As there are many dark areas, using P (program shooting) mode will take a whitish picture that is overexposed. First of all, use A (aperture priority shooting) mode to take the picture. Set the aperture to the medium setting (about F8 or F11) and leave the shutter speed to the camera. As it is common for the picture to turn out too bright, adjust the exposure compensation to -1 or -1.5. Check the aperture and exposure compensation in the [REC VIEW] image and change it if necessary. Noise may occur easily when shooting at slow shutter speeds. Set [NOISE REDUCT.] to [ON] to reduce the occurrence of noise. Using manual focus For cases when the subject is dark and you cannot focus using AF (auto focus) or when you cannot focus in time for pictures such as fireworks, set the focus mode to MF (manual focus) and focus manually. For night scenes, turn the focus ring of the lens and check whether you can see the street lights clearly. For fireworks, as long as the long focus lens is not used, it is okay to adjust to infinite. If you know the approximate distance, you can also focus on something that is found at the same distance in advance. g “P: Program shooting” (P. 30), “A: Aperture priority shooting” (P. 31), “Sequential shooting/Self-timer/Remote control” (P. 43), “Focus mode” (P. 47), “Noise reduction” (P. 59), “Rec view k Checking the picture immediately after shooting” (P. 75) s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 28 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 29 Shooting functions k Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions 3 3 Shooting functions When you select a mode to suit the shooting situation, the camera optimizes the settings for the shooting conditions. Unlike the mode dial’s scene mode, most functions cannot be changed. 1 Set the mode dial to g. • The scene menu is displayed. 2 Use ac to select the scene mode. • The sample image followed by a description of the selected mode is displayed. 3 Press the i button. • The camera enters the shooting stand-by mode. • To change the setting, press the i button again. The scene menu is displayed. Types of scene modes Scene mode Icon Mode Icon Mode I 1 PORTRAIT J 11 MACRO L 2 LANDSCAPE r 12 NATURE MACRO K 3 LANDSCAPE+PORTRAIT & 13 CANDLE G 4 NIGHT SCENE * 14 SUNSET U 5 NIGHT+PORTRAIT ( 15 FIREWORKS G 6 CHILDREN @ 16 DOCUMENTS J 7 SPORT s 17 PANORAMA H 8 HIGH KEY g 18 BEACH & SNOW I 9 LOW KEY I 19 UNDER WATER WIDE q 10 DIS MODE H 20 UNDER WATER MACRO Selecting the appropria PORTRAIT For taking a portrait-style shot. 1 s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 29 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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30 EN Shooting functions k Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions 3 The camera sets the optimum aperture value and shutter speed automatically according to the subject brightness. Set the mode dial to P. • When the shutter button is half-pressed, the shutter speed and aperture value are displayed on the viewfinder. Releasing the shutter button displays the shutter speed and aperture value on the control panel screen. Aperture values and shutter speeds in the P mode In the P mode, the camera is programmed such that the aperture value and shutter speed are automatically selected according to the subject’s brightness as shown below. The program line diagram varies with the type of lens mounted. Program shift (%) By turning the control dial in the P mode, you can change the combination of aperture and shutter speed as illustrated above while maintaining the optimum exposure. The program shift setting will not be canceled after shooting. To cancel program shift setting, turn the control dial so that the viewfinder’s or control panel screen’s exposure mode indication % changes to P or turn off the power. Program shift is not available when you are using a flash. P: Program shooting When using the 14 - 42 mm f3.5 - 5.6 zoom lens (focal length: 14 mm) Program shift Control panel screen display 2007.08.16 Viewfinder Exposure mode AF confirmation mark Shutter speed Aperture value s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 30 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 31 Shooting functions k Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions 3 The camera sets the optimum shutter speed automatically for the aperture value you have selected. When you open the aperture (decrease the aperture value), the camera will focus within a shorter range (shallow depth of field) and produce a picture with a blurred background. When you close the aperture (increase the aperture value), the camera will focus within a longer range. Use this mode when you wish to add changes to the background representation. Before shooting, you can use the preview function to check how the background will look in your picture. g “Preview function” (P. 34) Set the mode dial to A and turn the control dial to set the aperture value. Display in the viewfinder when the shutter button is pressed halfway  TIPS The shutter speed indication does not stop blinking after the aperture value is changed: J If the shutter speed indication is blinking when set to a high speed, set the ISO sensitivity to a lower value or use a commercially available ND filter (for adjusting the amount of light). g “ISO k Setting the desired sensitivity to light” (P. 54) J If the shutter speed indication is blinking when set to a lower speed, set the ISO sensitivity to a higher value. g “ISO k Setting the desired sensitivity to light” (P. 54) To check the depth of field with the selected aperture value: J Refer to “Preview function” (P. 34). A: Aperture priority shooting • Overexposed when the shutter speed indication is blinking. Increase the aperture value (f-number). • Underexposed when the shutter speed indication is blinking. Decrease the aperture value (f-number). When the aperture value (f-number) is decreased When the aperture value (f-number) is increased Open the aperture (f-number is decreased) Close the aperture (f-number is increased) Viewfinder Shutter speed Aperture value AF confirmation mark Exposure mode s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 31 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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32 EN Shooting functions k Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions 3 The camera sets the optimum aperture value automatically for the shutter speed you have selected. Set the shutter speed depending on the type of effect you want. A higher speed shutter allows you to capture a fast-moving subject without blur, and a slower shutter speed blurs a moving subject, creating a feeling of speed or motion. Set the mode dial to S and turn the control dial to set the shutter speed. Display in the viewfinder when the shutter button is pressed halfway  TIPS The picture looks blurred: J The possibility of camera shake spoiling your picture increases greatly during macro or ultra- telephoto shooting. Raise the shutter speed or use a monopod or tripod to stabilize the camera. The aperture value indication does not stop blinking after the shutter speed is changed: J If the aperture value indication at the maximum value is blinking, set the ISO sensitivity to a lower value or use a commercially available ND filter (for adjusting the amount of light). g “ISO k Setting the desired sensitivity to light” (P. 54) J If the aperture value indication at the minimum value is blinking, set the ISO sensitivity to a higher value. g “ISO k Setting the desired sensitivity to light” (P. 54) S: Shutter priority shooting • If the aperture value indication at the minimum value is blinking*, the correct exposure has not been attained (underexposed). Lower the shutter speed. • If the aperture value indication at the maximum value is blinking*, the correct exposure has not been attained (overexposed). Raise the shutter speed. * The aperture value at the moment when its indication blinks varies with the lens type and focal length of the lens. A fast shutter speed can freeze a fast action scene without any blur. A slow shutter speed will blur a fast action scene. This blurring will give the impression of dynamic motion. Slower shutter speed Faster shutter speed Viewfinder Shutter speed Aperture value AF confirmation mark Exposure mode s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 32 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 33 Shooting functions k Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions 3 Allows you to set the aperture and shutter speed manually. You can check how much it differs from the appropriate exposure by using the exposure level indicator. This mode gives you more creative control, allowing you to make whatever settings you like, regardless of the correct exposure. Bulb shooting is also possible, allowing you to take astronomical or fireworks pictures. g “Bulb shooting” (P. 34) Set the mode dial to M and turn the control dial to set the value. • To set the shutter speed: Turn the control dial. To set the aperture value:Turn the control dial while holding down the F (exposure compensation) button. • The range of aperture values available varies with the lens type. • The shutter speed can be set to 1/4000 - 60" (sec.) or [BULB]. • The aperture value and shutter speed change in 1/3 EV increments as the dial is turned. • The exposure level indicator appears on the control panel screen, showing the difference (ranging from -3 EV to +3 EV) between the exposure value calculated by the currently selected aperture and shutter speed compared to the exposure value considered optimum by the camera. M: Manual shooting Open the aperture (f-number is decreased) Slower shutter speed Close the aperture (f-number is increased) Faster shutter speed F button 2007.08.16 Exposure level indicator Underexposure Optimum exposure Overexposure s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 33 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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34 EN Shooting functions k Selecting the appropriate mode for shooting conditions 3 Noise in images During shooting at slow shutter speeds, noise may appear on-screen. These phenomena are caused when current is generated in those sections of the image pickup device that are not normally exposed to light, resulting in a rise in temperature in the image pickup device or image pickup device drive circuit. This can also occur when shooting with a high ISO setting in an environment exposed to heat. To reduce this noise, the camera activates the noise reduction function. g “Noise reduction” (P. 59) Bulb shooting J You can take a picture with a bulb exposure time in which the shutter stays open as long as you hold down the shutter button. Set the shutter speed to [BULB] in the M mode. Bulb shooting can also be done using an optional remote control (RM-1). g “Bulb shooting on the remote control” (P. 45)  TIPS The picture looks blurred: J The use of a monopod or tripod is recommended when taking a picture at slow shutter speed. The viewfinder shows the focused area (depth of field) with the selected aperture value. For the preview function to work by pressing the b button, it is necessary to set the function of the b button on the menu beforehand. g “7 FUNCTION” (P. 73) Press the b button to use the preview function. • When [7 FUNCTION] is assigned to [LIVE PREVIEW], pressing the b button automatically switches the camera to live view for a preview of the picture on the monitor. Preview function b button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 34 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 35 Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 The camera’s auto focus may not be able to focus on the subject in situations such as when the subject is not in the center of the frame. If this happens, the easiest solution is to use focus lock. 1 Adjust the AF frame with the subject to be focused and press the shutter button halfway until the AF confirmation mark lights up. • The focus is locked. The AF confirmation mark and the AF focusing frame light up in the viewfinder. • If the AF confirmation mark blinks, press the shutter button halfway again. • The control panel screen disappears. 2 While pressing the shutter button halfway, move to the desired composition and press the button all the way. • The card access lamp blinks while the picture is being stored on the card. If the subject has lower contrast than its surroundings If the contrast of the subject is weak, such as when the lighting is insufficient or the subject cannot be seen clearly because of fog, the focus may not be achieved. Focus (focus lock) on a high-contrast object the same distance away as the intended subject, recompose your shot and then take the picture. The camera automatically shoots a number of pictures at different exposure values for each frame. Even in conditions where correct exposure is difficult to obtain (such as a backlit subject or a scene at dusk), you can pick the picture you prefer from a selected number of frames with a variety of different exposure settings (exposure and compensation values). The pictures are taken in the following order: Picture with optimum exposure, picture adjusted in - direction, and picture adjusted in + direction. If correct focus cannot be obtained (Focus lock) AE bracketing Various shooting function Card access lamp Shutter button AF confirmation mark AF frame s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 35 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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36 EN Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 e.g.) When BKT is set to [3F 1.0EV] Compensation value: 0.3, 0.7 or 1.0 Number of frames: 3 MENU[X][AE BKT] [OFF]/[3F 0.3EV]/[3F 0.7EV]/[3F 1.0EV] Start shooting. • The shooting method varies depending on the setting of single-frame or sequential shooting. g “Sequential shooting” (P. 43) Single-frame shooting Each time the shutter button is pressed fully, a picture is taken at a different exposure. • The setting for the next shot is displayed in the viewfinder. Sequential shooting Hold down the shutter button until the selected number of frames are taken. The camera shoots each frame at a different exposure. • Releasing the shutter button stops auto bracketing shooting. When it stops, [BKT] on the control panel is displayed in blue. How AE bracketing compensates exposure in each exposure mode Depending on the selected exposure mode, exposure is compensated in the following way: P mode : Aperture value and shutter speed A mode : Shutter speed S mode : Aperture value M mode : Shutter speed  TIPS To apply AE bracketing to the exposure value you have compensated: J Compensate the exposure value, then use the AE bracketing feature. AE bracketing is applied to the exposure value you have compensated. Menu x Notes • During sequential shooting, if the battery check blinks due to low battery, the camera stops shooting and starts saving the pictures you have taken on the card. The camera may not save all of the pictures depending on how much battery power remains. -1.0EV +1.0EV ±0 CANCEL GO SELECT Viewfinder Exposure compensation value of the next shooting frame s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 36 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 37 Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 Flash mode The camera sets the flash mode according to various factors such as firing pattern and flash timing. Available flash modes depend on the exposure mode. The flash modes are available to optional external flashes. Auto flash AUTO The flash fires automatically in low light or backlight conditions. To shoot a subject with backlighting, position the AF frame over the subject. Red-eye reduction flash ! In the red-eye reduction flash mode, a series of pre-flashes are emitted just before the regular flash fires. This helps accustom the subject’s eyes to the bright light and minimizes the red- eye phenomenon. Slow synchronization (1st curtain) #SLOW The slow synchronization flash is designed for slow shutter speeds. Normally, when shooting with a flash, shutter speeds cannot go below a certain level to prevent camera movement. But when shooting a subject against a night scene, fast shutter speeds can make the background too dark. Slow synchronization allows you to capture both the background and the subject. Since the shutter speed is slow, be sure to stabilize the camera by using a tripod so as not to cause the picture to be blurred. 1st curtain Usually, the flash fires right after the shutter fully opens. This is called 1st curtain. Unless you change it, this is how the flash always fires. Slow synchronization (2nd curtain) #SLOW2 2nd curtain flash fires just before the shutter closes. Changing the flash timing can create interesting effects in your picture, such as expressing the movement of a car by showing the tail-lights streaming backwards. The slower the shutter speed, the better the effects turn out. The slowest possible shutter speed depends on the shooting mode. Flash shooting x Notes • After the pre-flashes, it takes about 1 second before the shutter is released. Hold the camera firmly to avoid camera movement. • Effectiveness may be limited if the subject is not looking directly at pre-flashes, or if the shooting range is too far. Individual physical characteristics may also limit effectiveness. The subject’s eyes appear red s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 37 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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38 EN Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 When the shutter speed is set to 2 sec. Slow synchronization (1st curtain)/Red-eye reduction flash !SLOW While using slow synchronization with flash shooting, you can also use this function to achieve red-eye reduction. When shooting a subject against a night scene, this function allows you to reduce the red-eye phenomenon. As the time from emitting pre-flashes to shooting is long in 2nd curtain synchronization, it is difficult to achieve red-eye reduction. Hence, only 1st curtain synchronization setting is available. Fill-in flash # The flash fires regardless of the light conditions. This mode is useful for eliminating shadows on the subject’s face (such as shadows from tree leaves), in a backlight situation, or for correcting the color shift produced by artificial lighting (especially fluorescent light). Flash off $ The flash does not fire. Even in this mode, the flash can be used as an AF illuminator when it is raised. g “AF illuminator” (P. 49) Manual flash This allows the built-in flash to output a fixed amount of light. To shoot with manual flash, set the f value on the lens based on the distance to the subject. x Notes • When the flash fires, the shutter speed is set to 1/180 sec. or less. When shooting a subject against a bright background with the fill-in flash, the background may be overexposed. In this case, use the optional FL-50 or FL-36 external flash and shoot in the Super FP flash mode. g “Super FP flash” (P. 42) Ratio of amount of light GN: Guide number (Equivalent to ISO 100) FULL (1/1) 12 1/4 6 1/16 3 1/64 1.5 0 2 seconds 2nd curtain 1st curtain 2nd curtain flash fires 1st curtain flash fires Shutter closes Shutter fully opens 2 seconds Calculate the f value on the lens using the following formula. Aperture (f value) = GN × ISO sensitivity Distance to the subject (m) s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 38 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 39 Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 ISO sensitivity Flash modes available in different exposure modes *1 When the flash is set to the Super FP mode, it detects backlight with longer duration than for normal flash before emitting light. g “Super FP flash” (P. 42) *2 AUTO, !, # cannot be set in NIGHT+PORTRAIT mode. Setting the flash mode # Control dial ip: FLASH MODEi ISO value 100 200 400 800 1600 ISO sensitivity 1.0 1.4 2.0 2.8 4.0 Exposure mode Control panel screen display Flash mode Conditions to timing Conditions to fire the flash Shutter speed restrictions AUTO P A i & l /*2 j AUTO Auto flash 1st curtain Fires automatically in dark/backlit *1 conditions 1/30 sec. - 1/180 sec. ! Auto flash (red-eye reduction) # Fill-in flash Always fires 60 sec. - 1/180 sec. $ Flash off k k k !SLOW Slow synchronization (red-eye reduction) 1st curtain Fires automatically in dark/backlit *1 conditions 1/30 sec. - 1/180 sec. #SLOW Slow synchronization (1st curtain) #SLOW2 Slow synchronization (2nd curtain) 2nd curtain #FULL Manual flash (FULL) 1st curtain Always fires 60 sec. - 1/180 sec. #1/4 Manual flash (1/4) #1/16 Manual flash (1/16) #1/64 Manual flash (1/64) S M # Fill-in flash H Fill-in flash (red-eye reduction) $ Flash off k k k #SLOW2 Fill-in flash/Slow synchronization (2nd curtain) 2nd curtain Always fires 60 sec. - 1/180 sec. #FULL Manual flash (FULL) 1st curtain #1/4 Manual flash (1/4) #1/16 Manual flash (1/16) #1/64 Manual flash (1/64) Direct buttons Control panel screen s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 39 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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40 EN Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 Using the built-in flash If you shoot a subject using a lens that is wider than 14 mm (equivalent to 28 mm on a 35 mm film camera), the light emitted by the flash may produce a vignette effect. Whether or not vignetting occurs also depends on lens type and shooting conditions (such as distance to the subject). 1 Press the # button to raise the built- in flash. • The built-in flash will pop up automatically and fire in low light conditions under the following modes. AUTO/i/&///I/U/G/J/r/g 2 Press the shutter button halfway. • The # (flash stand-by) mark lights when the flash is ready to fire. If the mark is blinking, the flash is charging. Wait until charging is complete. 3 Press the shutter button all the way.  TIPS When you do not want the flash to pop up automatically: J Set [AUTO POP UP] on the menu to [OFF]. g “Auto pop up” (P. 73) Flash intensity control This adjusts the amount of light emitted by the flash. In some situations (e.g., when shooting small subjects, distant backgrounds, etc.), you may get better results by adjusting light emission. It is useful when you intend to increase the contrast (distinction between light and dark) of images to make the images more vivid. MENU[X][w] Use bd to set the compensation value.  TIPS To call up the flash compensation screen quickly: J Hold down the # button and the F (exposure compensation) button at the same time until the w screen appears. Use the control dial to set. x Notes • This does not work when the flash control mode on the electronic flash is set to MANUAL. • If light emission is adjusted on the electronic flash, it will be combined with the camera’s light emission setting. • The amount of light emitted by the flash is interlocked with exposure compensation. # button Flash stand-by mark Viewfinder s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 40 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 41 Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 External electronic flashes (optional) In addition to the camera’s built-in flash capabilities, you can use any of the external flash units specified for use with this camera. This enables you to take advantage of a wider variety of flash shooting techniques to suit different shooting conditions. The external flashes communicate with the camera, allowing you to control the camera’s flash modes with various available flash control modes, such as TTL-AUTO and Super FP flash. The flash can be mounted on the camera by attaching it to the camera’s hot shoe. Refer to the external flash’s manual as well. Functions available with external flash units Using the external electronic flash Be sure to attach the flash to the camera before turning on the flash’s power. 1 Remove the hot shoe cover by sliding it in the direction indicated by the arrow in the illustration. • Keep the shoe cover in a safe place to avoid losing it, and put it back on the camera after flash shooting. 2 Attach the electronic flash to the hot shoe on the camera. • If the lock pin is protruding, turn the shoe lock ring as far as it will go in the direction opposite to LOCK. This will pull the lock pin back inside. 3 Turn on the flash. • When the charge lamp on the flash lights up, charging is complete. • The flash will be synchronized with the camera at a speed of 1/180 sec. or less. 4 Select a flash mode. 5 Select the flash control mode. • TTL-AUTO is recommended for normal use. 6 Press the shutter button halfway. • Shooting information such as ISO sensitivity, aperture value, and shutter speed is communicated between the camera and flash. 7 Press the shutter button all the way. Optional flash FL-50 FL-36 FL-20 RF-11 TF-22 Flash control mode TTL-AUTO, AUTO, MANUAL, FP TTL AUTO, FP MANUAL TTL-AUTO, AUTO, MANUAL TTL-AUTO, MANUAL GN (Guide number) (ISO100) GN50 (85 mm*) GN28 (24 mm* ) GN36 (85 mm*) GN26 (24 mm* ) GN20 (35 mm*) GN11 GN22 * The focal length of the lens that can be covered (Calculated based on 35 mm film camera) x Notes • The FL-40 optional flash cannot be used. x Notes • The built-in flash cannot be used when an external flash is attached to the hot shoe. Lock pin Lock ring s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 41 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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42 EN Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 Super FP flash Super FP flash is available with the FL-50 or FL-36. Use the Super FP flash where normal flashes cannot be used with high shutter speed. Fill-in flash shooting with the aperture open (such as in outdoor portrait shooting) is also possible with Super FP flash. For details, refer to the external flash’s manual. Using commercially available flashes Use the M shooting mode on the camera when using any commercially available flash except for the flashes specified for this camera. For details on non-specified commercial flashes, see “Non-specified commercial flashes” (g P. 42). 1 Remove the hot shoe cover to connect the flash unit to the camera. 2 Set the shooting mode to M mode, then set the aperture value and shutter speed. • Set the shutter speed to 1/180 sec. or slower. If the shutter speed is faster than this, commercially available flashes cannot be used. • A slower shutter speed may produce blurred images. 3 Turn on the flash. • Be sure to turn on the flash after attaching the flash unit to the camera. 4 Set the ISO value and aperture value on the camera to match the flash control mode on the flash. • Refer to the flash’s manual for instructions on how to set its flash control mode. Non-specified commercial flashes 1) Exposures when using a flash require that adjustments be made on the flash. If a flash is used in the auto mode, match it with the f value and ISO sensitivity settings on the camera. 2) Even if the flash auto f value and ISO sensitivity are set the same as on the camera, the correct exposure may not be obtained depending on the shooting conditions. In such a case, adjust the auto f value or ISO on the flash or calculate the distance in the manual mode. 3) Use a flash with an illumination angle that matches the focal length of the lens. The focal length of the lens for 35 mm film is approximately twice as long as the focal length of the lenses designed for this camera. 4) Do not use a flash unit or other accessory TTL flash that has additional communication functions other than the specified flashes, since it may not only fail to function normally, but may also cause damage to the camera’s circuitry. x Notes • The flash fires each time the shutter is released. When you do not need to use the flash, turn off the flash’s power. • Check beforehand that the flash you are using is synchronized with the camera. Super FP flash Detailed display on the control panel 2007.08.16 s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 42 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 43 Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 Setting the functions </Y/jControl dial ip: j/</Yi • When settings are made with the </Y/j button, the information is also displayed on the viewfinder. Sequential shooting Single-frame shooting o 1 frame at a time when the shutter button is pressed (normal shooting mode). Sequential shooting j Shoots 7 frames or more at 3 frames/sec. for as long as the shutter button is pressed (during JPEG). Focus and exposure are locked at the first frame (during S-AF, MF). • Press the shutter button fully and keep it pressed. The camera will take pictures in sequence until you release the button. Using the self-timer This function lets you take pictures using the self-timer. You can set the camera to release the shutter after either 12 or 2 seconds. Fix the camera securely on a tripod for self-timer shooting. Sequential shooting/Self-timer/Remote control Direct buttons Control panel screen x Notes • During sequential shooting, if the battery check blinks due to low battery, the camera stops shooting and starts saving the pictures you have taken on the card. The camera may not save all of the pictures depending on how much battery power remains. </Y/j button Control dial i button : Single-frame shooting : Sequential shooting Sequential shooting Self-timer : 12-second self-timer : 2-second self-timer Remote control : 0 second : 2 seconds s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 43 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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44 EN Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 Press the shutter button all the way. • A picture is taken. • When Y12s is selected: First, the self-timer lamp lights up for approximately 10 seconds, then it blinks for approximately 2 seconds and the picture is taken. • When Y2s is selected: The self-timer lamp blinks for approximately 2 seconds, then the picture is taken. • To cancel the activated self-timer, press the </Y/j button. Eyepiece cover When shooting without looking through the viewfinder, attach the eyepiece cover to the viewfinder so that light does not enter the viewfinder. Attach the eyepiece cover after removing the eyecup as illustrated. The same applies when replacing with an optional eyecup. Using the remote control By using the optional remote control (RM-1), you can take a picture with yourself in it or a night scene without touching the camera. The camera can be set to release the shutter either right away or 2 seconds after the shutter button on the remote control is pressed. Bulb shooting is also possible when using the optional remote control. Mount the camera securely on a tripod, point the remote control at the remote control receiver on the camera and press the shutter button on the remote control. • When <0s is selected: The focus and exposure are locked, the remote control lamp blinks and the picture is taken. • When <2s is selected: The focus and exposure are locked, the remote control lamp blinks, then after approximately 2 seconds the picture is taken. x Notes • Do not press the shutter button while standing in front of the camera; this could result in the subject being out of focus since focusing is performed when the shutter button is pressed halfway. Self-timer lamp Eyepiece cover Eyecup Remote control lamp Remote control receiver s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 44 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 45 Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 Transmitted signal effective area Point the remote control at the remote control receiver of the camera within the effective area as shown below. Powerful lighting such as direct sunlight, fluorescent light or devices emitting electrical or radio waves could narrow the effective area.  TIPS The remote control lamp does not blink after the shutter button on the remote control is pressed: J The transmitted signal may not be effective if the remote control receiver is exposed to powerful lighting. Move the remote control closer to the camera and press the shutter button on the remote control again. J The transmitted signal may not be effective if the remote control is too far from the camera. Move the remote control closer to the camera and press the shutter button on the remote control again. J There is signal interference. Change the channel as described in the remote control’s manual. To cancel the remote control shooting mode: J The remote control shooting mode will not be canceled after shooting. Press the </Y/j button to set to o (single-frame shooting) etc. To use the shutter button on the camera in the remote control shooting mode: J The shutter button on the camera still works even in the remote control shooting mode. Bulb shooting on the remote control Set the mode dial to M, then set the shutter speed to [BULB]. x Notes • The shutter will not be released if the subject is not in focus. • Under bright light conditions, the remote control lamp may be difficult to see, making it hard to determine whether or not the picture has been taken. • Zoom is not available on the remote control. Remote control Remote control receiver Press the W button on the remote control to open the shutter. If 8 minutes elapse after pressing the W button, the shutter closes automatically. Press the T button to close the shutter. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 45 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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46 EN Shooting functions k Various shooting functions 3 You can enjoy panorama shooting easily using the OLYMPUS xD-Picture Card. Using OLYMPUS Master (provided CD-ROM) to join a few images shot where the subject’s edges overlap, you can create a single panorama composite image. Panorama shooting is possible up to a maximum of 10 images. • Try your best to include the common parts of the overlapping images when shooting the subject. 1 Set the mode. g “Scene mode” (P. 29) • Live view is activated. 2 Use p to specify the direction for joining, then shoot the subject with the edges overlapping. d : Joins the next image to the right. b : Joins the next image to the left. a : Joins the next image to the top. c : Joins the next image to the bottom. • Shoot while changing the composition such that the subject overlaps. • The focus, exposure, etc. will be determined in the first image. • The g (warning) mark will be displayed after you have finished taking 10 shots. • Pressing the i button before shooting the first frame returns to the scene mode selection menu. • Pressing the i button in the midst of shooting ends the sequence of panorama shooting, and allows you to continue with the next one. Panorama shooting x Notes • Panorama shooting cannot be done if the OLYMPUS xD-Picture Card is not loaded in the camera. • During panorama shooting, the image previously taken for position alignment will not be retained. With the frames or other markers for display in the images as a guide, set the composition such that the edges of the overlapping images overlap within the frames. s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 46 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 47 Shooting functions k Focusing functions 3 Normally, the camera measures the distance to the subject using the 3 AF frames in the viewfinder and selects the most appropriate point. This function allows you to select only one AF frame. [AUTO] or P (Auto) Focuses using the 3 AF frames. Q Focuses using the left AF frame. R Focuses using the center AF frame. S Focuses using the right AF frame. ip: AF AREAi MENU[X]P The following three focus modes are available with this camera. You can take pictures by combining S-AF or C-AF mode with MF mode. g “Simultaneous use of S-AF mode and MF mode (S-AF+MF)” (P. 49), “Simultaneous use of C-AF mode and MF mode (C-AF+MF)” (P. 49) S-AF (single AF) Focusing is performed once when the shutter button is pressed halfway. If focusing fails, release your finger from the shutter button and press it halfway again. This mode is suitable for taking pictures of still subjects or subjects with limited movement. Press the shutter button halfway. • When the focus is locked, the AF confirmation mark lights up. • A beep sound is output when the subject is in focus. C-AF (continuous AF) The camera repeats focusing while the shutter button remains pressed halfway. When the subject is in motion, the camera focuses on the subject in anticipation of its movement (Predictive AF). Even if the subject moves or you change the composition of the picture, the camera continues trying to focus. AF frame selection Control panel screen Menu Focus mode Focusing functions Viewfinder Center AF frame Left AF frame Right AF frame i button MENU button AF confirmation mark Viewfinder s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 47 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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48 EN Shooting functions k Focusing functions 3 Press the shutter button halfway and keep it in this position. • When the subject is in focus and locked, the AF confirmation mark lights up. • The AF frame does not light up, even when the subject is in focus. • The camera repeats focusing. Even if the subject moves or even if you change the composition of the picture, focusing is tried continuously. • A beep sound is output when the subject is in focus. The beep sound is not output after the third continuous AF operation, even when the subject is in focus. MF (manual focus) This function allows you to manually focus on any subject while looking through the viewfinder. Adjust the focus using the focus ring. Focus aid When you focus the lens on a subject manually (by turning the focus ring), the AF confirmation mark lights. When P is selected, the camera performs focusing in the center AF frame. ip: AF MODEi [S-AF]/[C-AF]/[MF]/[S-AF+MF]/[C-AF+MF] MENU[X][AF MODE] Control panel screen Menu Focus ring ) Near Shutter button i button MENU button s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 48 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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EN 49 Shooting functions k Focusing functions 3 Simultaneous use of S-AF mode and MF mode (S-AF+MF) This function allows you to fine-adjust focus manually by turning the focus ring after AF is performed in the S-AF mode. When the shutter button is not pressed, MF operation is available. • You can fine-adjust the focus with the focus ring if you have pressed the shutter button halfway and AF is confirmed. You can also fine-adjust the focus with the focus ring when the shutter button is not pressed halfway. Simultaneous use of C-AF mode and MF mode (C-AF+MF) Focus with the focus ring and press the shutter button halfway to activate C-AF mode. • While the shutter button is kept pressed, MF mode is not activated. • When the shutter button is not pressed, MF mode is available.  TIPS Another way to adjust focus manually in C-AF mode: J You can set the AEL/AFL button to operate C-AF with the AEL/AFL mode settings. g “AEL/AFL mode” (P. 72) The built-in flash can function as an AF illuminator. This helps with focusing in low-light conditions in the AF mode. To use this function, raise the flash. MENU[Y][AF ILLUMINAT.] x Notes • If the shutter button is pressed again after fine-adjusting focus with the focus ring, the AF is activated and your adjustments are canceled. x Notes • If the shutter button is pressed again after fine-adjusting focus with the focus ring, the AF is activated and your adjustments are canceled. AF illuminator Focus ring ) Near Shutter button AELMetering AF ILLUMINAT. LIVE VIEW BOOST 8 FUNCTION ON OFF s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 49 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM
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50 EN Shooting functions k Exposure, image and color 3 You can select a record mode in which to take pictures. Choose the record mode that’s best for your purpose (printing, editing on a PC, website editing, etc.). For details about record modes and number of pixels, refer to the table on “List of record modes” (g P. 107). Types of record modes Record mode allows you to select a combination of pixel count and compression rate for the images you record. An image consists of pixels (dots). When you enlarge an image with a low pixel count, it will be displayed as a mosaic. If an image has a high pixel count, the file size (amount of data) will be larger and the number of storable still pictures will be lower. The higher the compression, the smaller the file size. However, the image will have less clarity when played back. RAW data This is unprocessed data that has not undergone changes in white balance, sharpness, contrast or color. To display as an image on the computer, use OLYMPUS Master. RAW data cannot be displayed on a different camera or by using common software, and it cannot be selected for print reservation. It is possible to edit images taken with the record mode set to RAW data using this camera. g “Editing still images” (P. 65) Selecting the record mode Image becomes clearer Application Number of pixels Quality (Compression) Low compression 1/2.7 High compression 1/4 High compression 1/8 High compression 1/12 Select for the print size 3648 × 2736 SHQ k HQ k 3200 × 2400 2560 × 1920 1600 × 1200 1280 × 960 1024 × 768 SQ For small- sized print and website 640 × 480 Exposure, image and color Image with a high pixel count Image with a low pixel count Number of pixels increases s0013_e_00_unified.book Page 50 Monday, March 5, 2007 10:04 AM

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  • Brand: Olympus
  • Product: Digital cameras
  • Model/name: E-410
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: Finnish, English, Spanish