Makita DUC252 manual

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  • Brand: Makita
  • Product: Chain saw
  • Model/name: DUC252
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: English, Dutch

Table of Contents

Page: 0
IMPORTANT: Read Before Using.
Cordless Chain Saw
Page: 1
ENGLISH (Original instructions)
Model DUC252 DUC302
Guide bar length 250 mm 300 mm
Cutting length 23 cm 24 cm 28 cm
Standard guide bar
Type Sprocket nose bar Carving bar Sprocket nose bar
Type 91PX 25AP 90PX
Pitch 9.5 mm (3/8") 6.35 mm (1/4") 9.5 mm (3/8")
Gauge 1.3 mm (0.05") 1.3 mm (0.05") 1.1 mm (0.043")
Standard saw chain
No. of drive links 40 60 46
Number of teeth 6 9 6
Pitch 9.5 mm (3/8") 6.35 mm (1/4") 9.5 mm (3/8")
Overall length (without guide bar) 316 mm
*1 4.1 kg
Net weight
*2 4.6 kg 4.7 kg
Chain speed per minute 8.3 m/s (500 m/min)
Chain oil tank volume 85 cm
Rated voltage D.C. 36 V D.C. 36 V
• Due to our continuing program of research and development, the specifications herein are subject to change without notice.
• Specifications and battery cartridge may differ from country to country.
*1 Weight, with largest battery cartridge, without guide bar and chain, empty oil tank, according to EN ISO 11681-2.
*2 Weight, with battery cartridge, guide bar, and chain, filled oil tank, according to EPTA-Procedure 01/2003.
WARNING: Use appropriate combination of the guide bar and saw chain. Otherwise personal injury may result.
The following show the symbols used for the equipment.
Be sure that you understand their meaning before use.
・ Read instruction manual.
・ Wear eye protection.
・ Wear ear protection.
・ Wear a helmet, goggles and ear
・ Use appropriate protection for foot-leg
and hand-arm.
・ This saw is to be used by properly
trained operators only.
・ Do not expose to rain.
・ Maximum permissible cut length
・ Direction of chain travel
・ Saw chain oil adjustment
・ Only for EU countries
Do not dispose of electric equipment or
battery pack together with household
waste material!
In observance of the European
Directives, on Waste Electric and
Electronic Equipment and Batteries and
Accumulators and Waste Batteries and
Accumulators and their implementation
in accordance with national laws,
electric equipment and batteries and
battery pack(s) that have reached the
end of their life must be collected
separately and returned to an
environmentally compatible recycling
Intended use
The tool is intended for cutting branches / pruning trees.
It is also suitable for tree service.
The typical A-weighted noise level determined
according to EN60745:
Sound pressure level (LpA) : 84.4 dB (A)
Sound power level (LWA) : 95.4 dB (A)
Uncertainty (K) : 2.5 dB (A)
Wear ear protection
Page: 2
The vibration total value (tri-axial vector sum)
determined according to EN60745:
Model DUC252
Work mode : cutting wood
Vibration emission (ah) : 4.7 m/s2
Uncertainty (K) : 1.5 m/s2
Model DUC302
Work mode : cutting wood
Vibration emission (ah) : 6.3 m/s2
Uncertainty (K) : 1.5 m/s2
• The declared vibration emission value has been
measured in accordance with the standard test
method and may be used for comparing one tool
with another.
• The declared vibration emission value may also be
used in a preliminary assessment of exposure.
• The vibration emission during actual use of the power
tool can differ from the declared emission value
depending on the ways in which the tool is used.
• Be sure to identify safety measures to protect the
operator that are based on an estimation of
exposure in the actual conditions of use (taking
account of all parts of the operating cycle such as
the times when the tool is switched off and when it
is running idle in addition to the trigger time).
For European countries only
EC Declaration of Conformity
Makita declares that the following Machine(s):
Designation of Machine:
Cordless Chain Saw
Model No./ Type: DUC252, DUC302
Specifications: see "SPECIFICATIONS" table.
Conforms to the following European Directives:
2000/14/EC, 2006/42/EC
They are manufactured in accordance with the following
standard or standardized documents:
EN ISO 11682-2
The EC-Type Examination Certificate No.4814056.14007
The EC-Type Examination per 2006/42/EC was
performed by:
DEKRA Testing and Certification GmbH
Enderstraße 92b
01277 Dresden
Identification No. 2140
The technical file in accordance with 2006/42/EC is
available from:
Makita, Jan-Baptist Vinkstraat 2, 3070, Belgium
The conformity assessment procedure required by
Directive 2000/14/EC was in Accordance with annex V.
Measured Sound Power Level: 95.4 dB (A)
Guaranteed Sound Power Level: 98 dB (A)
Yasushi Fukaya
Makita, Jan-Baptist Vinkstraat 2, 3070, Belgium
General Power Tool Safety
WARNING Read all safety warnings and all
instructions. Failure to follow the warnings and
instructions may result in electric shock, fire and/or
serious injury.
Save all warnings and
instructions for future reference.
The term "power tool" in the warnings refers to your
mains-operated (corded) power tool or battery-operated
(cordless) power tool.
Work area safety
1. Keep work area clean and well lit. Cluttered or
dark areas invite accidents.
2. Do not operate power tools in explosive
atmospheres, such as in the presence of
flammable liquids, gases or dust. Power tools
create sparks which may ignite the dust or fumes.
3. Keep children and bystanders away while
operating a power tool. Distractions can cause
you to lose control.
Electrical safety
4. Power tool plugs must match the outlet. Never
modify the plug in any way. Do not use any
adapter plugs with earthed (grounded) power
tools. Unmodified plugs and matching outlets will
reduce risk of electric shock.
5. Avoid body contact with earthed or grounded
surfaces such as pipes, radiators, ranges and
refrigerators. There is an increased risk of
electric shock if your body is earthed or grounded.
Page: 3
6. Do not expose power tools to rain or wet
conditions. Water entering a power tool will
increase the risk of electric shock.
7. Do not abuse the cord. Never use the cord for
carrying, pulling or unplugging the power tool.
Keep cord away from heat, oil, sharp edges or
moving parts. Damaged or entangled cords
increase the risk of electric shock.
8. When operating a power tool outdoors, use an
extension cord suitable for outdoor use. Use
of a cord suitable for outdoor use reduces the risk
of electric shock.
9. If operating a power tool in a damp location is
unavoidable, use a ground fault circuit
interrupter (GFCI) protected supply. Use of an
GFCI reduces the risk of electric shock.
Personal safety
10. Stay alert, watch what you are doing and use
common sense when operating a power tool.
Do not use a power tool while you are tired or
under the influence of drugs, alcohol or
medication. A moment of inattention while
operating power tools may result in serious
personal injury.
11. Use personal protective equipment. Always
wear eye protection. Protective equipment such
as dust mask, non-skid safety shoes, hard hat, or
hearing protection used for appropriate conditions
will reduce personal injuries.
12. Prevent unintentional starting. Ensure the
switch is in the off-position before connecting
to power source and/or battery pack, picking
up or carrying the tool. Carrying power tools
with your finger on the switch or energising power
tools that have the switch on invites accidents.
13. Remove any adjusting key or wrench before
turning the power tool on. A wrench or a key
left attached to a rotating part of the power tool
may result in personal injury.
14. Do not overreach. Keep proper footing and
balance at all times. This enables better control
of the power tool in unexpected situations.
15. Dress properly. Do not wear loose clothing or
jewellery. Keep your hair, clothing, and gloves
away from moving parts. Loose clothes,
jewellery or long hair can be caught in moving
16. If devices are provided for the connection of
dust extraction and collection facilities,
ensure these are connected and properly
used. Use of dust collection can reduce dust-
related hazards.
Power tool use and care
17. Do not force the power tool. Use the correct
power tool for your application. The correct
power tool will do the job better and safer at the
rate for which it was designed.
18. Do not use the power tool if the switch does
not turn it on and off. Any power tool that
cannot be controlled with the switch is dangerous
and must be repaired.
19. Disconnect the plug from the power source
and/or the battery pack from the power tool
before making any adjustments, changing
accessories, or storing power tools. Such
preventive safety measures reduce the risk of
starting the power tool accidentally.
20. Store idle power tools out of the reach of
children and do not allow persons unfamiliar
with the power tool or these instructions to
operate the power tool. Power tools are
dangerous in the hands of untrained users.
21. Maintain power tools. Check for misalignment
or binding of moving parts, breakage of parts
and any other condition that may affect the
power tool’s operation. If damaged, have the
power tool repaired before use. Many accidents
are caused by poorly maintained power tools.
22. Keep cutting tools sharp and clean. Properly
maintained cutting tools with sharp cutting edges
are less likely to bind and are easier to control.
23. Use the power tool, accessories and tool bits
etc. in accordance with these instructions,
taking into account the working conditions
and the work to be performed. Use of the
power tool for operations different from those
intended could result in a hazardous situation.
Battery tool use and care
24. Recharge only with the charger specified by
the manufacturer. A charger that is suitable for
one type of battery pack may create a risk of fire
when used with another battery pack.
25. Use power tools only with specifically
designated battery packs. Use of any other
battery packs may create a risk of injury and fire.
26. When battery pack is not in use, keep it away
from other metal objects, like paper clips,
coins, keys, nails, screws or other small metal
objects, that can make a connection from one
terminal to another. Shorting the battery
terminals together may cause burns or a fire.
27. Under abusive conditions, liquid may be
ejected from the battery; avoid contact. If
contact accidentally occurs, flush with water.
If liquid contacts eyes, additionally seek
medical help. Liquid ejected from the battery
may cause irritation or burns.
Page: 4
28. Have your power tool serviced by a qualified
repair person using only identical
replacement parts. This will ensure that the
safety of the power tool is maintained.
29. Follow instruction for lubricating and
changing accessories.
30. Keep handles dry, clean and free from oil and
Cordless Chain saw safety
1. Keep all parts of the body away from the saw
chain when the chain saw is operating. Before
you start the chain saw, make sure the saw
chain is not contacting anything. A moment of
inattention while operating chain saws may cause
entanglement of your clothing or body with the
saw chain.
2. When holding with both hands, always hold
the chain saw with your right hand on the rear
handle and your left hand on the front handle.
Holding the chain saw with a reversed hand
configuration increases the risk of personal injury
and should never be done.
3. Hold the power tool by insulated gripping
surfaces only, because the saw chain may
contact hidden wiring. Saw chains contacting a
"live" wire may make exposed metal parts of the
power tool "live" and could give the operator an
electric shock.
4. Wear safety glasses and hearing protection.
Further protective equipment for head, hands,
legs and feet is recommended. Adequate
protective clothing will reduce personal injury by
flying debris or accidental contact with the saw
5. Always keep proper footing. Slippery or
unstable surfaces may cause a loss of balance or
control of the chain saw.
6. When cutting a limb that is under tension be
alert for spring back. When the tension in the
wood fibers is released the spring loaded limb
may strike the operator and/or throw the chain
saw out of control.
7. Use extreme caution when cutting brush and
saplings. The slender material may catch the
saw chain and be whipped toward you or pull you
off balance.
8. Carry the chain saw by the front handle with
the chain saw switched off and away from
your body. When transporting or storing the
chain saw always fit the guide bar cover.
Proper handling of the chain saw will reduce the
likelihood of accidental contact with the moving
saw chain.
9. Follow instructions for lubricating, chain
tensioning and changing accessories.
Improperly tensioned or lubricated chain may
either break or increase the chance for kickback.
10. Keep handles dry, clean, and free from oil and
grease. Greasy, oily handles are slippery causing
loss of control.
11. Cut wood only. Do not use chain saw for
purposes not intended. For example: do not
use chain saw for cutting plastic, masonry or
non-wood building materials. Use of the chain
saw for operations different than intended could
result in a hazardous situation.
12. Causes and operator prevention of kickback:
Kickback may occur when the nose or tip of the
guide bar touches an object, or when the wood
closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut.
Tip contact in some cases may cause a sudden
reverse reaction, kicking the guide bar up and
back towards the operator.
Pinching the saw chain along the top of the guide
bar may push the guide bar rapidly back towards
the operator.
Either of these reactions may cause you to lose
control of the saw which could result in serious
personal injury. Do not rely exclusively upon the
safety devices built into your saw. As a chain saw
user, you should take several steps to keep your
cutting jobs free from accident or injury.
Kickback is the result of tool misuse and/or
incorrect operating procedures or conditions and
can be avoided by taking proper precautions as
given below:
− Maintain a firm grip, with thumbs and
fingers encircling the chain saw handles,
with both hands on the saw and position
your body and arm to allow you to resist
kickback forces. Kickback forces can be
controlled by the operator, if proper
precautions are taken. Do not let go of the
chain saw.
Page: 5
− Do not overreach and do not cut above
shoulder height. This helps prevent
unintended tip contact and enables better
control of the chain saw in unexpected
− Only use replacement bars and chains
specified by the manufacturer. Incorrect
replacement bars and chains may cause
chain breakage and/or kickback.
− Follow the manufacturer’s sharpening
and maintenance instructions for the saw
chain. Decreasing the depth gauge height
can lead to increased kickback.
13. Before starting work, check that the chain saw is
in proper working order and that its condition
complies with the safety regulations. Check in
particular that:
• The chain brake is working properly;
• The run-down brake is working properly;
• The bar and the sprocket cover are fitted
• The chain has been sharpened and tensioned
in accordance with the regulations;
14. Do not start the chain saw with the chain
cover being installed on it. Starting the chain
saw with the chain cover being installed on it may
cause the chain cover to thrown out forward
resulting in personal injury and damage to objects
around the operator.
Top handle chainsaw specific safety
1. This chain saw is designed especially for tree
care and surgery. The chain saw is intended to be
used by properly trained persons only. Observe
all instructions, procedures and recommendations
from the relevant professional organization.
Otherwise fatal accidents may occur. It is
recommend that always using a rising platform
(cherry picker, lift) for sawing in trees. Rappelling
techniques are extremely dangerous and require
special training. The operators must be trained to
become familiar with safety equipment usage and
climbing techniques. Always use the appropriate
belts, ropes and carabiners when working in trees.
Always use restraining equipment for both the
operator and the saw.
2. Perform cleaning and maintenance before
storage in accordance with the instruction manual.
3. Ensure safe positioning of the chain saw during
car transportation to avoid fuel or chain oil
leakage, damage to the tool and personal injury.
4. Regularly check the functionality of chain brake.
5. Do not fill the chain oil near fire. Never smoke
when you fill the chain oil.
6. National regulation may restrict the use of the
chain saw.
7. If the equipment gets heavy impact or fall, check
the condition before continuing work. Check the
controls and safety devices for malfunction. If
there is any damage or doubt, ask our authorized
service center for the inspection and repair.
8. Always activate the chain brake before starting
the chain saw.
9. Hold the saw firmly in place to avoid skating (skid
movement) or bouncing of the saw when starting
a cut.
10. At the end of the cut, be careful to keep your
balance due to the “drop”.
11. Take into account the direction and speed of the
wind. Avoid sawdust and chain oil mist.
Protective equipment
1. In order to avoid head, eye, hand or foot
injuries as well as to protect your hearing the
following protective equipment must be used
during operation of the chain saw:
− The kind of clothing should be appropriate, i.
e. it should be tight-fitting but not be a
hindrance. Do not wear jewelry or clothing
which could become entangled with bushes
or shrubs. If you have long hair, always wear
a hairnet!
− It is necessary to wear a protective helmet
whenever working with the chain saw. The
protective helmet is to be checked in
regular intervals for damage and is to be
replaced after 5 years at the latest. Use only
approved protective helmets.
− The face shield of the protective helmet (or
the goggles) protects against sawdust and
wood chips. During operation of the chain
saw always wear a goggle or a face shield to
prevent eye injuries.
− Wear adequate noise protection
equipment. (ear muffs, ear plugs, etc.)
− The protective jacket consists of 22 layers
of nylon and protects the operator against
cuts. It is always to be worn when working
from elevated platforms (cherry pickers, lifts),
from platforms mounted on ladders or when
climbing with ropes.
− The protective brace and bib overall is
made of a nylon fabric with 22 layers and
protects against cuts. We strongly
recommend its use.
− Protective gloves made of thick leather are
part of the prescribed equipment and must
always be worn during operation of the chain
Page: 6
− During operation of the chain saw safety
shoes or safety boots fitted with anti skid
sole, steel toe caps and protection for the leg
must always to be worn. Safety shoes
equipped with a protective layer provide
protection against cuts and ensure a secure
footing. For working in trees the safety boots
must be suitable for climbing techniques.
1. Individuals with poor circulation who are exposed
to excessive vibration may experience injury to
blood vessels or the nervous system. Vibration
may cause the following symptoms to occur in the
fingers, hands or wrists: “Falling asleep”
(numbness), tingling, pain, stabbing sensation,
alteration of skin colour or of the skin. If any of
these symptoms occur, see a physician! To
reduce the risk of “white finger disease”, keep
your hands warm during operation and well
maintain the equipment and accessories.
DO NOT let comfort or familiarity with product
(gained from repeated use) replace strict adherence
to safety rules for the subject product. MISUSE or
failure to follow the safety rules stated in this
instruction manual may cause serious personal
1. Before using battery cartridge, read all
instructions and cautionary markings on (1)
battery charger, (2) battery, and (3) product
using battery.
2. Do not disassemble battery cartridge.
3. If operating time has become excessively
shorter, stop operating immediately. It may
result in a risk of overheating, possible burns
and even an explosion.
4. If electrolyte gets into your eyes, rinse them
out with clear water and seek medical
attention right away. It may result in loss of
your eyesight.
5. Do not short the battery cartridge:
(1) Do not touch the terminals with any
conductive material.
(2) Avoid storing battery cartridge in a
container with other metal objects such
as nails, coins, etc.
(3) Do not expose battery cartridge to water
or rain.
A battery short can cause a large current flow,
overheating, possible burns and even a
6. Do not store the tool and battery cartridge in
locations where the temperature may reach or
exceed 50 ゚ C (122 ゚ F).
7. Do not incinerate the battery cartridge even if
it is severely damaged or is completely worn
out. The battery cartridge can explode in a fire.
8. Be careful not to drop or strike battery.
9. Do not use a damaged battery.
10. Follow your local regulations relating to
disposal of battery.
Tips for maintaining maximum battery life
1. Charge the battery cartridge before
completely discharged.
Always stop tool operation and charge the
battery cartridge when you notice less tool
2. Never recharge a fully charged battery
Overcharging shortens the battery service life.
3. Charge the battery cartridge with room
temperature at 10 ゚ C - 40 ゚ C (50 ゚ F - 104 ゚ F).
Let a hot battery cartridge cool down before
charging it.
4. Charge the battery cartridge once in every six
months if you do not use it for a long period
of time.
Page: 7
Front hand guard Top handle
Battery cartridge
(rope attachment point)
Guide bar
Saw chain
- -
Sprocket cover Adjusting dial
Chain catcher
Switch trigger Front handle Spike bumper
Guide bar cover Lock-off button
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
11 12
15 16
Adjusting screw for oil
pump (at the bottom)
Page: 8
• Always be sure that the tool is switched off and the
battery cartridge is removed before adjusting or
checking function on the tool.
Installing or removing battery cartridge
1 2
• Always switch off the tool before installing or
removing of the battery cartridge.
• Hold the tool and the battery cartridge firmly
when installing or removing battery cartridge.
Failure to hold the tool and the battery cartridge
firmly may cause them to slip off your hands and
result in damage to the tool and battery cartridge
and a personal injury.
To remove the battery cartridge, slide it from the tool
while sliding the button on the front of the cartridge.
To install the battery cartridge, align the tongue on the
battery cartridge with the groove in the housing and slip
it into place. Insert it all the way until it locks in place
with a little click. If you can see the red indicator on the
upper side of the button, it is not locked completely.
• Always install the battery cartridge fully until the
red indicator cannot be seen. If not, it may
accidentally fall out of the tool, causing injury to
you or someone around you.
• Do not install the battery cartridge forcibly. If the
cartridge does not slide in easily, it is not being
inserted correctly.
• The tool does not work with only one battery
Tool / battery protection system
The tool is equipped with a tool/battery protection
system. This system automatically cuts off power to the
motor to extend tool and battery life.
The tool will automatically stop during operation if the
tool or battery are placed under one of the following
conditions. In some conditions, the indicators light up.
Overload protection
When the tool is operated in a manner that causes it to
draw an abnormally high current, the tool automatically
stops without any indication. In this situation, turn the
tool off and stop the application that caused the tool to
become overloaded. Then turn the tool on to restart.
Overheat protection for battery / tool
When the battery / tool is overheated, the tool stops
automatically without any indication. The tool does not
start even if pulling the switch trigger. In this situation,
let the battery / tool cool before turning the tool on again.
The battery overheat protection works only with a
battery cartridge with a star marking.
Overdischarge protection
When the remaining battery capacity gets low, the
battery indicator blinks on the applicable battery side.
By further use, the tool stops and the battery indicator
lights up about 10 seconds. In this situation, charge the
battery cartridge.
Switch action
• Before installing the battery cartridge into the tool,
always check to see that the switch trigger
actuates properly and returns to the "OFF"
position when released.
1. Battery indicator
1. Star marking
1. Red indicator
2. Button
3. Battery cartridge
Page: 9
To prevent the switch trigger from being accidentally
pulled, a lock-off button is provided.
To start the tool, depress the lock-off button and pull the
switch trigger. Release the switch trigger to stop.
Checking the chain brake
• If the chain saw fails to start, the chain brake must
be released. Pull the front hand guard backwards
firmly until you feel it engage.
Hold the chain saw with both hands when switching it
on. Hold the top handle with your right hand, the front
handle with your left. The bar and the chain must not be
in contact with any object.
First press the lock-off button, then the switch trigger.
The saw chain starts immediately.
Press the front hand guard forwards using the back of
your hand. The saw chain must come to an immediate
• Should the saw chain not stop immediately when
this test is performed, the saw may not be used
under any circumstances. Consult a MAKITA
specialist repair shop.
Checking the run-down brake
Switch on the chain saw.
Release the switch trigger completely. The saw chain
must come to a standstill within one second.
• Should the saw chain not come to a stop within
one second when this test is performed, the saw
must not be used. Consult a MAKITA specialist
repair shop.
Adjusting the chain lubrication
You can adjust the oil pump feed rate with the adjusting
screw. The amount of oil can be adjusted using the
universal wrench.
Carabiner (rope attachment point)
Carabiner (Rope attachment point) is for use of tool hanging.
Before using carabiner, pull it out and tie it with a rope.
• Always be sure that the tool is switched off and the
battery cartridge is removed before carrying out
any work on the tool.
Removing or installing saw chain
• Always wear gloves when installing or removing
the saw chain.
• The saw chain and the guide bar are still hot just
after the operation. Let them cool down enough
before carrying out any work on the tool.
To remove the saw chain, perform the following steps:
1. Press and fully open the lever until it stops.
1. Sprocket cover
2. Lever
1. Adjusting screw
1. Front hand
2. Lock
3. Unlock
1. Lock-off button
2. Switch trigger
Page: 10
2. Turn the adjusting dial to "-" direction to release
the saw chain tension.
3. Turn the lever counterclockwise to loosen the
sprocket cover until it comes off.
4. Remove the sprocket cover.
5. Remove the saw chain and guide bar from the
chain saw.
To install the saw chain, perform the following steps:
6. Make sure the direction of the chain. The arrow
mark on the chain shows the direction of the
7. Fit in one end of the saw chain on the top of the
guide bar and the other end of it around the
8. Rest the guide bar in place on the chain saw.
9. Turn the adjusting dial to "-" direction to slide the
adjusting pin in the direction of arrow.
10. Place the sprocket cover on the chain saw so that
the adjusting pin is positioned in a small hole in
the guide bar.
11. Turn the lever clockwise fully and a quarter turn
back to keep looseness for adjusting chain
12. Turn the adjusting dial, and adjust the chain
13. Turn the lever clockwise to secure the sprocket cover.
14. Press and return the lever to its original position.
Adjusting saw chain tension
The saw chain may become loose after many hours of
use. From time to time check the saw chain tension
before use.
1. Press and fully open the lever until it clicks. Turn
it counterclockwise a little to loosen sprocket
cover lightly.
2. Lift up the guide bar tip slightly.
1 2
1. Loosen
2. Tighten
3. Adjusting dial
4. Guide bar
5. Saw chain
1. Sprocket cover
2. Lever
1. Sprocket cover
2. Lever
1. Hole
2. Guide bar
1. Adjusting pin
1. Sprocket
1. Adjusting dial
Page: 11
3. Turn the adjusting dial to adjust the saw chain
tension. Tighten the saw chain until the lower side
of the saw chain fits in the guide bar rail (see
circle in the figure).
4. Keep holding the guide bar lightly and tighten the
sprocket cover after adjusting the chain tension.
Make sure that the saw chain does not loose at
lower side.
5. Press and return the lever to its original position.
Make sure the saw chain fits snugly against the lower
side of the bar.
• Do not tighten the saw chain too much.
Excessively high tension of saw chain may cause
breakage of saw chain, wear of the guide bar and
breakage of the adjusting dial.
• A chain which is too loose can jump off the bar,
and therefore presents an accident risk.
• Carry out the procedure of installing or removing
saw chain in a clean place free from sawdust and
the like.
Spike bumper (optional accessory)
To install spike bumper, perform the following steps:
1. Remove the sprocket cover, saw chain and guide
bar as described in this instruction manual.
2. Fit the holes of spike bumper along with the holes
on the chainsaw.
3. Tighten them firmly with screws.
Do not cover vents, or it may cause overheating and
damage to the tool.
Saw chain is automatically lubricated when the tool is in
Check the amount of remaining oil in the oil tank
through the oil inspection window.
To refill the tank, remove the cap from the oil tank
After refilling the tank, always screw the provided oil
tank cap on the chain saw.
• When filling the chain saw with chain oil for the
first time, or refilling the tank after it has been
completely emptied, add oil up to the bottom edge
of the filler neck. The oil delivery may otherwise be
• As a saw chain oil, use oil exclusively for Makita
chain saws or oil available in market.
• Never use oil including dust and particles or
volatile oil.
• When pruning trees, use botanical oil. Mineral oil
may harm trees.
• Never force the chain saw when pruning trees.
• Before cutting out, make sure that the provided oil
tank cap is screwed in place.
Hold the chain saw away from the tree. Start it and wait
until lubrication on saw chain is adequate.
1. Oil tank cap
2. Oil inspection
window ( for
refilling the tank
with oil)
3. Oil inspection
1. Sprocket cover
2. Lever
Page: 12
Bring the spike bumper into contact with the branch to
be cut before switching on. Otherwise it may cause the
guide bar to wobble, resulting in injury to operator.
Saw the wood to be cut by just moving it down.
• The first time user should, as a minimum practice,
do cutting logs on a saw-horse or cradle.
• When sawing precut timber use a safe support
(saw horse or cradle). Do not steady the
workpiece with your foot, and do not allow anyone
else to hold or steady it.
• Secure round pieces against rotation.
Pruning trees
• Keep all parts of the body away from the saw
chain when the motor is operating.
• Hold the chain saw firmly with both hands when
the motor is running.
• Do not overreach. Keep proper footing and
balance at all times.
Bring the spike bumper into contact with the branch to
be cut before switching on. Cutting without bringing the
spike bumper into contact with the branch may cause
the guide bar to wobble, resulting in injury to operator.
When cutting thick branches, first make a shallow
undercut and then make the finish cut from the top.
If you try to cut off thick branches from the bottom, the
branch may close in and pinch the saw chain in the cut.
If you try to cut off thick branches from the top without a
shallow undercut, the branch may splinter.
If you cannot cut the timber right through with a single
Apply light pressure to the handle and continue sawing
and draw the chain saw back a little; then apply the
spike a little lower and finish the cut by raising the
For bucking cuts, rest the spike bumper shown in the
figure on the wood to be cut.
With the saw chain running, saw into the wood, using
the top handle to raise the saw and the front one to
guide it. Use the spike bumper as a pivot.
Continue the cut by applying slight pressure to the front
handle, easing the saw back slightly. Move the spike
bumper further down the timber and raise the front
handle again.
When making several cuts, switch the chain saw off
between cuts.
1. Spike bumper
Page: 13
• If the upper edge of the bar is used for cutting, the
chain saw may be deflected in your direction if the
chain becomes trapped. For this reason, cut with
the lower edge, so that the saw will be deflected
away from your body.
Cut wood under tension on the pressure side (A) first.
Then make the final cut on the tension side (B). This
prevents the bar from becoming trapped.
• Limbing may only be performed by trained
persons. A hazard is presented by the risk of kick-
When limbing, support the chain saw on the trunk if
possible. Do not cut with the tip of the bar, as this
presents a risk of kickback.
Pay particular attention to branches under tension. Do
not cut unsupported branches from below.
Do not stand on the felled trunk when limbing.
Burrowing and parallel-to-grain cuts
• Burrowing and parallel-to-grain cuts may only be
carried out by persons with special training. The
possibility of kickback presents a risk of injury.
Perform parallel-to-grain cuts at as shallow an angle as
possible. Carry out the cut as carefully as possible, as
the spike bumper cannot be used.
• Felling work may only be performed by trained
persons. The work is hazardous.
Observe local regulations if you wish to fell a tree.
2 1
− Before starting felling work, ensure that:
(1) Only persons involved in the felling operation
are in the vicinity;
(2) Any person involved has an unhindered path
of retreat through a range of approximately
45 ° either side of the felling axis. Consider
the additional risk of tripping over electrical
(3) The base of the trunk is free of foreign
objects, roots and ranches;
(4) No persons or objects are present over a
distance of 2 1/2 tree lengths in the direction
in which the tree will fall.
− Consider the following with respect to each tree:
• Direction of lean;
• Loose or dry branches;
• Height of the tree;
• Natural overhang;
• Whether or not the tree is rotten.
− Consider the wind speed and direction. Do not
carry out felling work if the wind is gusting strongly.
− Trimming of root swellings: Begin with the largest
swellings. Make the vertical cut first, then the
horizontal cut.
1. Felling area
Page: 14
− Cut a scarf: The scarf determines the direction in
which the tree will fall, and guides it. It is made on
the side towards which the tree is to fall. Cut the
scarf as close to the ground as possible. First
make the horizontal cut to a depth of 1/5 -1/3 of
the trunk diameter. Do not make the scarf too
large. Then make the diagonal cut.
− Cut any corrections to the scarf across its entire
− Make the back cut a little higher than the base cut
of the scarf. The back cut must be exactly
horizontal. Leave approximately 1/10 of the trunk
diameter between the back cut and the scarf.
The wood fibers in the uncut trunk portion act as a
hinge. Do not cut right through the fibers under
any circumstances, as the tree will otherwise fall
unchecked. Insert wedges into the back cut in time.
− Only plastic or aluminum wedges may be used to
keep the back cut open. The use of iron wedges is
− Stand to the side of the falling tree. Keep an area
clear to the rear of the falling tree up to an angle of
45 ° either side of the tree axis (refer to the "
felling area " figure). Pay attention to falling
− An escape path should be planned and cleared as
necessary before cuts are started. The escape
path should extend back and diagonally to the rear
of the expected line of fall as illustrated in figure.
3 3
Carrying tool
Always remove the battery cartridge from the tool and
overlap the guide bar with the guide bar cover before
carrying the tool. Also cover the battery cartridge with
the battery cover.
• Always be sure that the tool is switched off and the
battery cartridge is removed before attempting to
perform inspection or maintenance.
• Always wear gloves when performing any
inspection or maintenance.
• Never use gasoline, benzine, thinner, alcohol or
the like. Discoloration, deformation or cracks may
Sharpening the saw chain
• Always remove the battery cartridge and wear
safety gloves when performing work on the saw
1. Guide bar cover
2. Battery cover
1. Felling direction
2. Danger zone
3. Escape route
Page: 15
Sharpen the saw chain when:
− Mealy sawdust is produced when damp wood is cut;
− The chain penetrates the wood with difficulty, even
when heavy pressure is applied;
− The cutting edge is obviously damaged;
− The saw pulls to the left or right in the wood. The
reason for this behaviour is uneven sharpening of
the saw chain, or damage to one side only.
Sharpen the saw chain frequently, but remove only
a little material each time.
Two or three strokes with a file are usually sufficient for
routine resharpening. When the saw chain has been
resharpened several times, have it sharpened in a
MAKITA specialist repair shop.
Sharpening criteria:
− All cutter length must be equal. Cutters of differing
length prevent the chain from running smoothly,
and may cause the chain to break.
− Do not sharpen the chain once a minimum cutter
length of 3 mm has been reached. A new chain
must then be fitted.
− The chip thickness is determined by the distance
between the depth gauge (round nose) and the
cutting edge.
− The best cutting results are obtained with following
distance between cutting edge and depth gauge.
Chain blade 90PX: 0.5 mm
Chain blade 91PX: 0.65 mm
Chain blade 25AP: 0.65 mm
1 1
3 1
• An excessive distance increases the risk of kick-
− The sharpening angle of 30 ° must be the same on
all cutters. Differences in angle cause the chain to
run roughly and unevenly, accelerate wear, and
lead to chain breaks.
− The side plate angle of the cutter is determined by
the depth of penetration of the round file. If the
specified file is used properly, the correct side
plate angle is produced automatically.
− Side plate angle for each saw chain are as follows:
Chain blade 90PX: 75 °
Chain blade 91PX: 80 °
Chain blade 25AP: 85 °
File and file guiding
− Use a special round file (optional accessory) for
saw chains to sharpen the chain. Normal round
files are not suitable.
− Diameter of the round file for each saw chain is as
Chain blade 90PX: 4.5 mm
Chain blade 91PX: 4.0 mm
Chain blade 25AP: 4.0 mm
− The file should only engage the cutter on the
forward stroke. Lift the file off the cutter on the
return stroke.
− Sharpen the shortest cutter first. Then the length
of this shortest cutter becomes the standard for all
other cutters on the saw chain.
− Guide the file as shown in the figure.
− The file can be guided more easily if a file holder
(optional accessory) is employed. The file holder
has markings for the correct sharpening angle of
30 ° (align the markings parallel to the saw chain)
and limits the depth of penetration (to 4/5 of the
file diameter).
1. Side plate angle
1. Cutting length
2. Distance between
cutting edge and
depth gauge
3. Minimum 3 mm
Page: 16
− After sharpening the chain, check the height of the
depth gauge using the chain gauge tool (optional
− Remove any projecting material, however small,
with a special flat file (optional accessory).
− Round off the front of the depth gauge again.
Cleaning guide bar
Chips and sawdust will build up in the guide bar groove,
clogging it and impairing oil flow. Always clean out the
chips and sawdust when sharpening or replacing the
saw chain.
Cleaning the oil discharge hole
Small dust or particles may be built up in the oil
discharge hole during operation.
Small dust or particles built up in the oil discharge hole
may impair the oil discharge flow and cause an
insufficient lubrication on the whole saw chain.
When a poor chain oil delivery occurs at the top of
guide bar, clean the oil discharge hole as follows.
Remove the battery cartridge from the tool.
Remove the sprocket cover and saw chain from the tool.
(Refer to the section titled " Installing or removing saw
chain ".)
Remove the small dust or particles using a slotted
screwdriver with a slender shaft or the like.
Insert the battery cartridge into the tool.
Pull the switch trigger to flow built-up dust or particles
off the oil discharge hole by discharging chain oil.
Remove the battery cartridge from the tool.
Reinstall the sprocket cover and saw chain on the tool.
Replacing the sprocket
Before fitting a new saw chain, check the condition of
the sprocket.
• A worn sprocket will damage a new saw chain.
Have the sprocket replaced in this case. The
sprocket needs to be installed so that it always
faces as shown in the figure.
Always fit a new locking ring when replacing the
Replacing carbon brushes
Remove and check the carbon brushes regularly.
Replace when they wear down to the limit mark. Keep
the carbon brushes clean and free to slip in the holders.
Both carbon brushes should be replaced at the same
time. Use only identical carbon brushes.
1. Limit mark
1. Locking ring
2. Sprocket
1. Sprocket
2. Locking ring
1. Slotted
Page: 17
Use a screwdriver to remove the brush holder caps.
Take out the worn carbon brushes, insert the new ones
and secure the brush holder caps.
Storing tool
Clean the tool before storing. Remove any chips and
sawdust from the tool after removing the sprocket cover.
After cleaning the tool, run it under no load to lubricate
the saw chain and guide bar.
Cover the guide bar with the guide bar cover.
Remove oil from the oil tank to empty it and place the
chain saw.
To maintain product SAFETY and RELIABILITY, repairs,
any other maintenance or adjustment should be
performed by Makita Authorized Service Centers,
always using Makita replacement parts.
Instructions for periodic maintenance
To ensure long life, prevent damage and ensure the full
functioning of the safety features the following
maintenance must be performed regularly.
Warranty claims can be recognized only if this work is
performed regularly and properly. Failure to perform the
prescribed maintenance work can lead to accidents!
The user of the chain saw must not perform
maintenance work which is not described in the
instruction manual. All such work must be carried out by
authorized service centre.
Remove from the chain
Guide bar
Chain brake
Chain lubrication
Switch trigger
Lock-off button
Oil tank cap
Chain catcher
Screws and nuts
Chain saw
Saw chain
Every 3
Check at authorized service
Sharpening if necessary.
Check the function.
Have it inspected regularly
at authorized service center.
Check the oil feed rate.
Check tightness.
1. Brush holder
2. Screwdriver
Page: 18
Before asking for repairs, conduct your own inspection
first. If you find a problem that is not explained in the
manual, do not attempt to dismantle the tool. Instead,
ask Makita Authorized Service Centers, always using
Makita replacement parts for repairs.
Adjust the guide bar and saw chain
Ask your local authorized service
center for repair.
Malfunction status Cause Action
Chain saw does not start.
Chain does not run.
Motor stops running after a little use.
No oil on the chain.
It does not reach maximum RPM.
Chain does not stop even the chain
brake is activated:
Stop the machine immediately!
Abnormal vibration:
Stop the machine immediately!
Two battery cartridges are not installed.
Battery problem (under voltage).
Battery's charge level is low.
Chain brake activated.
Oil tank is empty.
Oil guide groove is dirty.
Oil delivery is not adjusted properly.
Battery cartridge is installed improperly.
Battery power is dropping.
The drive system does not work
Brake band worn down.
Loose guide bar or saw chain.
Tool malfunction.
Install the charged battery cartridges.
Recharge the battery cartridge. If
recharging is not effective, replace
battery cartridge.
Release chain brake.
Recharge the battery cartridge. If
recharging is not effective, replace
battery cartridge.
Fill the oil tank.
Clean the groove.
Adjust amount of oil delivery.
Install the battery cartridge as
described in this manual.
Recharge the battery cartridge. If
recharging is not effective, replace
battery cartridge.
Ask your local authorized service
center for repair.
Ask your local authorized service
center for repair.
• These accessories or attachments are recommended
for use with your Makita tool specified in this manual.
The use of any other accessories or attachments
might present a risk of injury to persons. Only use
accessory or attachment for its stated purpose.
If you need any assistance for more details regarding
these accessories, ask your local Makita Service Center.
• Makita genuine battery and charger
• Saw chain
• Guide bar
• Guide bar cover
• File
• Tool bag
• Some items in the list may be included in the tool
package as standard accessories. They may differ
from country to country.
Page: 19
Makita Jan-Baptist Vinkstraat 2, 3070, Belgium
Makita Corporation Anjo, Aichi, Japan

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