Dell PowerEdge R610 manual

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  • Brand: Dell
  • Product: Server
  • Model/name: PowerEdge R610
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: English

Table of Contents

Page: 0
Dell™
POWEREDGE™
R610
technical guidebook
Inside the poweredge R610
Page: 1
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R710 Technical Guidebook
Section 1. system overview	 7
A. Overview / Description	 7
A. Product Features Summary	 7
Section 2. mechanical	 8
A. Chassis Description	 8
B. Dimensions and Weight	 8
C. Front Panel View and Features	 8
D. Back Panel View and Features	 9
E. Power Supply Indicators	 9
F. NIC Indicators	 9
G. Side Views and Features	 10
H. Rails and Cable Management	 10
	 Rails	 10
	 CMAs	 10
I. Fans		 11
J. Control Panel / LCD	 11
K. Security	 12
	 I. Cover Latch	 12
	 II. Bezel	 12
	 III. Hard Drive	 12
	 IV. TPM	 12
	 V. Power Off Security	 12
	 VI. Intrusion Alert	 12
	 VII. Secure Mode	 12
L. USB Key	 13
M. Battery	 13
N. Field Replaceable Units (FRU)	 13
Section 3. Electrical	 13
A. Volatility	 13
B. ePPID (Electronic Piece Part Identification)	 13
Section 4. Power, Thermal, Acoustic	 14
A. Power Efficiencies	 14
B. Power Supplies	 14
	 I. Main Power Supply	 14
C. Power Supply Specifications	 15
D. Environmental Specifications	 15
E. Power Consumption Testing	 16
F. Maximum Input Amps	 16
G. EnergySMART Enablement	 17
H. Acoustics	 17
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page: 2
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R710 Technical Guidebook
Section 5. Block Diagram	 19
Section 6. Processors	 21
A. Overview / Description	 21
B. Features	 21
C. Supported Processors	 22
D. Processor Configurations	 22
	 Single CPU Configuration	 22
	 CPU Power Voltage Regulation Modules (EVRD 11.1)	 23
Section 7. Memory	 23
A. Overview / Description	 23
B. DIMMs Supported	 24
C. Speed	 25
D. Supported Configurations	 28
E. Slots / Risers	 29
F. Mirroring	 29
G. Advanced ECC (Lockstep) Mode	 29
H. Optimizer (Independent Channel) Mode	 30
Section 8. Chipset	 30
A. Overview / Description	 30
	 Intel 5220 Chipset (cade named Tylersburg) I/O Hub (IOH)	 30
	 IOH QuickPath Interconnect (QPI)	 30
	 Intel Direct Media Interface	 31
	 PCI Express Generation 2	 31
	 Intel I/O Controller Hub 9 (ICH9)	 31
Section 9. BIOS	 31
A. Overview / Description	 31
B. Supported ACPI States	 32
C. I C (Inter-Integrated Circuit)	 33
Section 10. Embedded NICs / LAN on Motherboard (LOM)	 33
A. Overview / Description	 33
Section 11. I/O Slots	 33
A. Overview / Description	 33
B. Boot Order	 36
Section 12. Storage	 36
A. Overview / Description	 36
	 I. 2.5” SAS BACKPLANE SUBSYSTEM	 36
	 II. Cabling	 36
2
Page: 3
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R710 Technical Guidebook
B. Drives	 36
	 I. Internal Hard Disk Drives	 37
		 I. Hard Disk Drive Carriers	 37
		 II. Empty Drive Bays	 37
		 III. Diskless Configuration Support	 37
		 IV. Hard Drive LED Indicators	 37
C. RAID Configurations	 38
D. Storage Controllers	 40
	 I. SAS 6/iR	 40
	 II. PERC 6i	 40
E. LED Indicators	 41
F. Optical Drives	 41
G. Tape Drives	 41
Section 13. Video	 41
A. Overview / Description	 41
Section 14. Audio	 41
A. Overview / Description	 41
Section 15. Rack Information	 42
A. Overview / Description	 42
B. Cable Management Arm (CMA)	 42
C. Rails		 43
Section 16. Operating Systems	 43
A. Overview / Description	 43
B. Operating Systems Supported	 43
	 Windows Support	 43
	 Linux Supported	 45
Section 17. Virtualization	 45
A. Operating Systems Supported	 45
Section 18. Systems Management	 45
A. Overview / Description	 45
B. Server Management	 46
	 Dell Systems Buil and Update Utility	 46
	 OpenManage Srever Administrator	 46
	 Management Console	 46
	 Active Directory Snap-in Utility	 46
	 Dell Systems Service Diagnostics Tools	 46
	 eDocks	 46	
	 Dell Management Console DVD	 46
	 Server Update Utility	 46
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R710 Technical Guidebook
C. Embedded Server Management	 46
	 I. Unmanaged Persistent Storage	 47
	 II. Lifecycle Controller / Unified Server Configurator	 47
	 III. iDRAC6 Express	 47
	 IV. iDRAC6 Enterprise	 48
Section 19. Peripherals	 50
A. USB peripherals	 50
B. External Storage	 50
Section 20. Documentation	 51
A. Overview, Description, and List	 51
Section 21. Packaging Options	 51
Appendix	 52
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
6
The Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610
Inspired by customer feedback, the Dell PowerEdge R610 server is engineered to simplify data
center operations, improve energy efficiency, and lower total cost of ownership. System commonality,
purposeful design, and service options combine to deliver a rack server solution that can help you
better manage your enterprise.
Strong IT Foundation
The Dell PowerEdge R610 is a key building block for today’s data center. Designed for versatility and high performance,
it provides many of the virtualization, system management, and energy-efficiency features you need now and the
scalability necessary to change as your business grows. This general-purpose Intel®
-based 2-socket 1U server is ideal
for corporate data centers and remote sites that require a dense, highly available single- or dual-processor server at an
excellent value.
Enhanced Virtualization
Featuring Intel®
Xeon®
-based architecture, embedded hypervisors, expanded memory footprint, and I/O, the Dell
PowerEdge R610 delivers exceptional overall system performance and significant virtual machine-per-server capacity
versus the previous generation. With optional factory-integrated virtualization capabilities, you get tailored solutions –
built with the latest technologies from Dell and our trusted partners – which allow you to streamline deployment and
simplify virtual infrastructures. Choose your hypervisor from market leaders such as VMware®
, Citrix®
, and Microsoft®
,
and enable virtualization with a few mouse clicks.
Energy-Optimized Technologies
Dell’s advanced thermal control helps optimize performance while minimizing system power consumption, ultimately
driving energy efficiency across our latest core data center servers. These enhancements, over previous generations,
include efficient power supply units right-sized for system requirements, improved system-level design efficiency,
policy-driven power and thermal management, and highly efficient standards-based Energy Smart components. Dell's
advanced thermal control is designed to deliver optimal performance at minimum system and fan power consumption
resulting in our quietest mainstream 1U servers to date.
Purposeful Design
The R610 takes advantage of Dell’s system commonality. Once your IT managers learn one system, they understand
how to manage next-generation Dell servers. Logical component layout and power supply placement also provide a
straightforward installation and redeployment experience.
Simplified Systems Management
Gain more control with the next-generation Dell OpenManage™ suite of management tools. These tools provide efficient
operations and standards-based commands designed to integrate with existing systems.
Dell Management Console (DMC) helps simplify operations and create stability by shrinking infrastructure management
to one console. This console delivers a single view and a common data source into the entire infrastructure management.
Built on Symantec®
Management Platform, it has an easily extensible, modular foundation that can provide basic hardware
management all the way up to more advanced functions such as asset and security management. DMC is designed to
reduce or eliminate manual processes enabling you to save time and money for more strategic technology usage.
Secure, efficient, and more user friendly than its predecessors, the Dell Unified Server Configurator (USC) delivers “Instant On”
integrated manageability through a single access point. You get quick, persistent access to the tool because it is embedded
and integrated into the system for increased flexibility and capabilities. The USC is a one-stop shop for deploying operating
systems with built-in driver installations, firmware updates, hardware configuration, and issue diagnoses.
Page: 6
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
7
Feature Details
Processor Nehalem EP
Front Side Bus Intel QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) @ maximum 6.GT/s
# Procs 2S
# Cores 4 cores
L2/L3 Cache 4MB and 8MB
Chipset Tylersberg
DIMMs RDIMM or UDIMM DDR3 (12 DIMMs – 6 per processor)
Min/Max RAM 1GB – 96GB
HD Bays
Internal hard drive bay and hot-plug backplane
Up to six 2.5" SAS, SATA or SSD Drives
HD Types SAS, SATA, Near-line SAS, and SSD
Ext Drive Bay(s)
External USB floppy.
Optional SATA half-height optical drives such as DVD-ROM or DVD+RW.
Int. HD Controller PERC 6i and SAS 6/iR
Optional HD Controller PERC 5/E and PERC 6/E
BIOS 4MB flash for system BIOS, SAS, and Video BIOS
Video Integrated Matrox G200, 8MB shared video memory
Availability
HP hard drives, HP power; memory SDDC, ECC, control line parity, optional
redundant cooling.
Server Management Dell Embedded Server Management provides IPMI 2.0 compliance.
I/O Slots Two x8 Gen2 slots
RAID PERC 6i utilizing battery backed 256MB DDRII 667
NIC/LOM Broadcom 5809C (2 cards/4ports)
USB Five USB ports (2 front, 2 rear, 1 internal)
Power Supplies
Two hot-plug high-efficient 502W PSU (Energy Smart)
Two hot-plug 717W PSUs (High Output)
Front Control Panel
The system control panel is located on the front of the system chassis to
provide user access to buttons, display, and I/O interfaces.
System ID Front and Rear (0x0235)
Fans
Six
Single processor configurations will only have five fans
Chassis 1U rackmount
Section 1. System Overview
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 will lead Dell's 11th Generation PowerEdge portfolio in key areas of differentiation,
primarily:
	 • 
Virtualization,
	 • 
Power, thermal, efficiency
	 • 
Systems management, and usability
B. Product Features Summary
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
8
Section 2. Mechanical
A. Chassis Description
The PowerEdge R610 is a 1U rackmount chassis. The updated design includes a new LCD, bezel and
hard-drive carriers. Additional changes include tool-less rack latches, a pull out tray for customer labels,
and LOM0/iDRAC MAC address; labels; support persistent storage (internal USB and SD card slots and
external SD card slots); updated power supplies and removal process.
B. Dimensions and Weight
	 Height	 4.26cm (1.68”)
	 Width	 48.24cm (18.99” – includes rack latches)
	 Depth	 77.2cm (30.39” – includes bezel and power supply handles)
	 Weight (maximum config) 	 17.69kg (39lbs)
.
C. Front Panel View and Features
Front I/O panel access including USB and VGA interfaces. The following components are located on
the front:
	 • 
System Identification panel (Information tag). A slide-out panel for system identification labels
including the Express Service tag, embedded NIC MAC address and iDRAC6 Enterprise card
MAC address. Space has been provided for an additional label.
	 • 
Power on indicator, power button
	 • 
NMI indicator (Nonmaskable interrupt). A device sends an NMI to signal the processor about
hardware errors. It is used to troubleshoot software and device driver errors when using certain
operating system
	 • 
(2) USB connectors. Connects USB devices to the system. The ports are USB 2.0 compliant
	 • 
Video connector
	 • 
LCD menu buttons. Allows you to navigate the control panel LCD menu
	 • 
LCD panel. Provides system ID, status information, and system error messages
	 • 
System identification button
	 • 
Optical drive (optional)
	 • 
Hard drives
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
9
D. Back Panel View and Features
The following components are located on the rear panel of the PowerEdge R610 enclosure:
	 • 
(1) 15-pin VGA connector
	 • 
(1) 9-pin serial port connector
	 • 
(4) Integrated 10/100/1000 Ethernet RJ-45 connectors
	 • 
(1) Rear system ID button
	 • 
(1) Active ID Cable Management Arm external LED jack
	 • 
(2) USB ports
	 • 
(1) (Optional) iDRAC6 Enterprise RJ-45 port
	 • 
(1) (Optional) iDRAC6 Express VFlash media slot
	 • 
(2) PCIe slots
E. Power Supply Indicators
The PSUs on the PowerEdge R610 have one status bi-color LED: green for AC power present and
amber for a fault.
F. NIC Indicators
led Power Supply status
AC power is not present
AC power is present
Fault of any kind is detected
DC power is applied to the system
PSU mismatch (when hot-added/swapped)
indicator indicator code
Link and activity indicators are off The NIC is not connected to the network
Link indicator is green The NIC is connected to a valid network link at 1000 Mbps
Link indicator is amber The NIC is connected to a valid network link at 1000 Mbps
Activity indicator is green blinking Network data is being sent or received
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
10
G. Side Views and Features
Rack installation components such as rails are provided with the PowerEdge R610 Rack Kit. The rack
installation components are as follows: sliding rack mount with latest generation Cable Management
Arm (CMA). The PowerEdge R610 will feature slam latches to offer easier removal from the rack. When
the system is installed in a rack, please observe the following guideline:
When the system is installed in a rack, only Dell-approved CMAs should be installed behind the chassis.
Rails
	 • 
Enable the replacement of thumbscrews with slam latches on the chassis for easier stowing in
the rack.
	 • 
Include the new, simple, and intuitive ReadyRail™ tool-less rack interface for square-hole and
round-hole racks.
	 • 
Provide significantly improved compatibility with non-Dell racks.
	 • 
Static rails for the R610 & R710 fit in all types of four-post and two-post racks available in the
industry including four-post threaded hole racks.
CMAs
	 • 
Provide much larger vent pattern for improved airflow through the CMA.
	 • 
Include a common support tray for eliminating CMA sag.
	 • 
Replaced tie wraps with hook and loop straps to eliminate risk of cable damage during cycling.
	 • 
Maintain key feature of being fully reversible with no conversion required.
H. Rails and Cable Management
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
11
I. Fans
Six dual-rotor 40mm fans are mounted in a fan assembly that is located in the chassis between the
hard drive bay and the processors. Only five fans will be populated in systems with a single processor
configuration. Each fan has a connector that plugs directly into the planar. (The PowerEdge R610 fans
cannot be hot-swapped. There are six fan zones in the R610, with one zone for each system fan.)
System fan speed is pulse-width modulated. Redundant cooling is supported with only one rotor failing
at a time. The Embedded Server Management logic in the system will control and monitor the speed of
the fans. A fan failure or over-temperature in the system will result in a notification from iDRAC6.
The PowerEdge R610 Power Supply Units do not have any integrated fans; they are cooled by the
system fans in front of them. The system requires a PSU Close Out (metal cover) in place of the empty
power supply slot. To provide cooling when the system is off, both rotors in FAN_MOD1 will run off of
Vaux power at a low speed setting when the ambient air temperature in the PSU passes a pre-defined
threshold. The iDRAC controls the fan in AutoCool mode.
J. Control Panel / LCD
The system control panel is located on the front of the system chassis to provide user access to buttons,
display, and I/O interfaces. Features of the system control panel include:
	 • 
ACPI-compliant power button with an integrated green power LED (controlled by iDRAC6)
	 • 
128x20 pixel LCD panel with controls
	 	 • 
Two navigation buttons
	 	 • 
One select button
	 	 • 
One system ID button
	 • 
Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI) button (recessed)
	 • 
Ambient temperature sensor
	 • 
Two external USB 2.0 connectors (with an internal USB connector and Internal SD Module)
	 • 
15-pin VGA connector
The LCD panel is a graphics display controlled by iDRAC6, unlike the 9G panel which had its own CPLD.
Error codes can be sent to the display by either iDRAC6 or BIOS.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
12
The LCD panel is a graphics display controlled by the BMC/ESM. Both ESM and BIOS can send error
codes and messages to the display.
The system's LCD panel provides system information and status messages to signify when the system is
operating correctly or when the system needs attention.
The LCD backlight lights blue during normal operating conditions and lights amber to indicate an error
condition. When the system is in standby mode, the LCD backlight is off and can be turned on by
pressing the Select button on the LCD panel. The LCD backlight will remain off if the "No Message"
option is selected through the iDRAC6, the LCD panel, or other tools.
BIOS has the ability to enter a “Secure Mode” through Setup, which locks the power and NMI buttons.
When in this mode, pressing either button has no effect but does not mask other sources of NMI and
power control.
K. Security
I. Cover Latch
A tooled entry latch is provided on the top of the unit to secure the top cover to the chassis.
II. Bezel
A metal bezel is mounted to the chassis front to provide the Dell ID. A lock on the bezel is used to
protect un-authorized access to system peripherals and the control panel. System status via the LCD is
viewable even when the bezel is installed.
III. Hard Drive
The optional front bezel of the system contains a lock. A locked bezel secures the system hard drives.
IV. TPM
The TPM is used to generate/store keys, protect/authenticate passwords, and create/store digital
certificates. TPM can also be used to enable the BitLocker™ hard drive encryption feature in Windows
Server®
2008. TPM is enabled through a BIOS option and uses HMAC-SHA1-160 for binding. There will be
different planar PWA part numbers to accommodate the different TPM solutions. The “Rest of World”
(ROW) version will have the TPM soldered onto the planar. The other version of the planar (post RTS
and primarily for use by China) will have a connector for a plug-in module.
V. Power Off Security
The control panel is designed such that the power switch cannot be accidentally activated. The lock on
the bezel secures the switch behind the bezel. In addition, there is a setting in the CMOS setup that
disables the power button function.
VI. Intrusion Alert
A switch mounted on the left riser board is used to detect chassis intrusion. When the cover is opened,
the switch circuit closes to indicate intrusion to ESM. When enabled, the software can provide
notification to the customer that the cover has been opened.
VII. Secure Mode
BIOS has the ability to enter a secure boot mode via Setup. This mode includes the option to lock out
the power and NMI switches on the Control Panel or set up a system password. See the Whoville BIOS
Specification for details
Page: 12
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
13
L. USB Key
The port on the control panel is for an optional USB key and is located inside the chassis. Some of the
possible applications of the USB key are:
	 • 
User custom boot and pre-boot OS for ease of deployment or diskless environments
	 • 
USB license keys for software applications like eToken™ or Sentinel Hardware Keys
	 • 
Storage of custom logs or scratch pad for portable user-defined information (not hot-swappable)
M. Battery
A replaceable coin cell CR2032 3V battery is mounted on the planar to provide backup power for the
Real-Time Clock and CMOS RAM on the ICH9.
N. Field Replaceable Units (FRU)
The planar contains a serial EEPROM to contain FRU information including Dell part number, part
revision level, and serial number. iDRAC6 Enterprise (previously referred to as Advanced Management
Enablement Adapter - AMEA) also contains a FRU EEPROM. The backplane’s SEP and the power
supplies’ microcontroller are also used to store FRU data.
Section 3. Electrical
A. Volatility
See Appendix A of this Technical Guidebook.
B. ePPID (Electronic Piece Part Identification)
ePPID is an electronic repository for information from the PPID label that is stored in non-volatile RAM.
The BIOS reports the ePPID information using SMBIOS data structures. ePPID includes the following
information:
	 • 
Dell part number
	 • 
Part revision level
	 • 
Country of origin
	 • 
Supplier ID code
	 • 
Date code (date of manufacture)
	 • 
Unique sequence number
COMPOnent description storage location
BOARDS
Planar PWA,PLN,SV,DELL,R610 iDRAC FRU
2.5" Backplane PWA,BKPLN,SV,R610,2.5SASX6 SEP
Power supplies
717W High Output PSU
PWR SPLY,717W,RDNT,ASTEC PSU Microcontroller
PWR SPLY,717W,RDNT,DELTA PSU Microcontroller
502W Energy Smart PSU
PWR SPLY,502W,RDNT,ASTEC PSU Microcontroller
PWR SPLY,502W,RDNT,COLDWATT PSU Microcontroller
storage cards
PERC 6/i Integrated ASSY, CRD, PERC6I-INT, SAS, NOSLED FRU
PERC 6/E External PWA, CTL, PCIE, SAS, PERC6/E,ADPT FRU
SAS 6/iR Integrated PWA, CTL, SAS, SAS6/IR, INTG FRU
Table: ePPID Support list
Page: 13
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
14
Section 4. Power, Thermal, Acoustic
A. Power Efficiencies
One of the main features of the 11th generation of PowerEdge servers is enhanced power efficiency. The
R610 achieves higher power efficiency by implementing the following features:
	 • 
User-selectable power cap (subsystems will throttle to maintain the specified power cap)
	 • 
Improved power budgeting
	 • 
Accurate inlet temperature
	 • 
PSU / VR efficiency improvements
	 • 
Switching regulators instead of linear regulators
	 • 
Closed loop thermal throttling
	 • 
PWM fans with an increased number of fan zones and configuration-dependent fan speeds
	 • 
Increased rear venting / 3D venting
	 • 
Use of DDR3 memory (lower voltage compared to DDR2, UDIMM support)
	 • 
CPU VR dynamic phase shedding
	 • 
Memory VR static phase shedding
	 • 
Random time interval for system start
	 • 
Allows an entire rack to power on without exceeding the available power
	 • BIOS Power/Performance options page
	 • 
Active Power Controller (BIOS-based CPU P-state manager)
	 • 
Ability to power down or throttle memory
	 • 
Ability to disable a CPU core
	 • 
Ability to turn off LOMs or PCIe lanes when not being used
	 • 
Option to run PCIe at Gen1 speeds instead of Gen2
B. Power Supplies
I. Main Power Supply
The base redundant system consists of two hot-swap 502W Energy Smart power supplies in a 1+1
configuration. A 717W high-output power supply is also available. The power supplies connect directly
to the planar. There is a power cable to connect between the planar and the backplane. The R610 power
supplies do not have embedded cooling fans; the PSUs are cooled only by the system cooling fans. The
three status LEDs on the PSU have been replaced with a single bi-color LED starting with the PT build.
Starting with the 11th generation of PowerEdge servers (R710, R610, T610, M610, and M710), the
power supplies no longer have a FRU EEPROM. FRU data is now stored in the memory of the PSU
Microcontroller. Additionally, the PSU Firmware can now be updated by the BMC over the PMBus.
Power is “soft-switched,” allowing power cycling via a switch on the front of the system enclosure, or
via software control (through server
management functions).
If using only one power supply, the single PSU should be installed in the PS1 bay and a PSU Close Out
(metal cover) will be installed in the PS2 bay. The use of the PS1 bay for the single PSU configuration is
done for consistency only – there is nothing that prevents the use of the PS2 bay in a single PSU
configuration.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
15
C. Power Supply Specifications
AC Power supply (per power supply)
Wattage
717 Watt (High Output)
570 Watt (Energy Smart)
Voltage 90-264 VAC, autoranging, 47-63Hz
Heat Dissipation
2446.5 BTU/hr maximum (High Output)
1712.9 BTU/hr maximum (Energy Smart)
Maximum Inrush Current
Under typical line conditions and over the entire system ambient
operating range, the inrush current may reach 55A per power supply
for 10ms or less.
D. Environmental Specifications
temperature
Operating
10° to 35°C (50° to 95°F) with a maximum temperature gradation of
10°C per hour Note: For altitudes above 2950 feet, the maximum
operating temperature is de-rated 1°F/550 ft
Storage
-40° to 65°C (-40° to 149°F) with a maximum temperature gradation of
20°C per hour
Relative humidity
Operating
20% to 80% (non-condensing) with a maximum humidity gradation of
10% per hour
Storage
5% to 95% (non-condensing) with a maximum humidity gradation of
10% per hour
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
16
Maximum vibration
Operating 0.26 Grms at 5 – 350Hz for 5 minutes in operational orientations
Storage 1.54 Grms at 10 – 250Hz for 10 minutes in all orientations
Maximum shock
Operating
Half sine shock in all operational orientations of 31G 5% with a pulse
duration of 2.6 ms 10%
Storage
Half sine shock on all six sides of 71G 5% with a pulse duration of 2 ms
10% Square wave shock on all six sides of 27G with velocity change @
235 in/sec or greater
Altitude
Operating
-16 to 3048 m (-50 to 10,000 ft) Note: For altitudes above 2950 feet, the
maximum operating temperature is de-rated 1°F/550 ft
Storage -16 to 10,600 m (-50 to 35,000 ft)
E. Power Consumption Testing
Feature Energy Smart PSU High Output PSU
Dimensions L-249 mm1
x W-65.5 mm x H-38.2 mm
Status Indicators 1 x bi-color Light Emitting Diode
Integrated Fans None
Fixed Input Plug IEC-C14
AC Cord Rating 15 Amps @ 120 VAC, 10 Amps @ 240 VAC
Input Voltage 90 – 264 VAC
Auto-ranging Yes
Line Frequency 47 – 63 Hertz
Maximum Inrush Current 55 Amps per supply for 10 ms or less
Hot-Swap Capability Yes
Output Power 502 Watts 717 Watts
Maximum Heat Dissipation 1712.9 BTU per hour 2446.5 BTU per hour
Efficiency (20% - 100% Load)
86.5 - 90% @ 115 VAC
88 - 92% @ 230 VAC
85 – 88.5% @ 115 VAC
86.5 – 90.5% @ 230 VAC
F. Maximum Input Amps
Max input current (High Output): 10.5A @ 90 VAC, 5.3A @ 180 VAC
Max input current (EnergySmart): 7.0A @ 90 VAC, 3.5A @ 180 VAC
Page: 16
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
17
G. EnergySMART Enablement
The 11G family implements aspects of Dell’s new Energy Smart strategy.
Major differences include:
	 • 
Discontinuing Energy Smart-branded servers with limited configurations and instead offering
Energy Smart components on a portfolio level, such as high capacity and Energy Smart power
supplies
	 • 
Allowing customers to order either a lowest power footprint configuration or a best
performance-per-watt configuration
	 • 
Offering Energy Smart selected components such as DIMMs or hard drives, but not “cherry
picking" or screening individual manufacturers' components based on energy consumption.
H. Acoustics
The acoustical design of the PowerEdge R610 reflects the following:
	 • 
Adherence to Dell’s high sound-quality standards. Sound quality is different from sound power
level and sound pressure level in that it describes how humans respond to annoyances in sound,
like whistles, hums, etc. One of the sound quality metrics in the Dell specification is prominence
ratio of a tone, and this is listed in the table below.
	 • 
Office environment acoustics. Compare the values for LpA in the table below and note that
they are lower than ambient noise levels of typical office environments.
	 • 
Hardware configurations affect system noise levels. Dell’s advanced thermal control provides
for optimized cooling with varying hardware configurations. Most typical configurations will
perform as listed in the table below. However some less typical configurations and components
can result in higher noise levels, for example, a system configured with a PERC6/E card (noted
in table below). (Please note that dBA values are not additive.)
	 • 
Noise ramp and descent at bootup.
	 • 
Fan speeds, hence noise levels, ramp during the boot process in order to add a
layer of protection for component cooling in the case that the system were not to
boot properly.
	 • 
The power supplies are passive in the R610, that is, they contain no internal fans.
After power is connected to the power supplies, initialization of power supply
communication with the server’s fan control firmware takes place and assesses if
cooling is required in standby mode. It is therefore normal for chassis fan #1 to
operate at full speed for approximately 30 seconds after power is connected to
the system. The fan will ramp down to a full stop after this time period in <
_ 25° C
ambient conditions.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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PowerEdge R610 with GY134 fans (quantity below), 2x 502-W KY091 Power Supplies, 2.40 GHz Quad-Core E5530
CPUs (quantity below), 2-GB DIMMs (quantity below), 1x DVD Drive, Perc 6i card, and 4x XK112 Hard Disk Drives
2x CPUs, 6x fans, 8x DIMMs
Condition in 23±2° C ambient LwA-UL, bels LpA, dBA Tones
Standby 1.8 16 No prominent tones
Idle 5.3 35 No prominent tones
Active Hard Disk Drives 5.4 37 No prominent tones
Stressed Processor 5.3 35 No prominent tones
1x CPU, 5x fans, 4x DIMMs
Idle 5.2 34 No prominent tones
Active Hard Disk Drives 5.4 37 No prominent tones
Stressed Processor 5.2 34 No prominent tones
2x CPU plus a PERC6/E external
RAID controller
6.0 44 No prominent tones
Definitions
Standby: AC Power is connected to power supply units but system is not turned on.
Idle: Reference ISO7779 (1999) definition 3.1.7; system is running in its OS but no other specific activity.
Active Hard Drives: An operating mode per ISO7779 (1999) definition 3.1.6; Section C.9 of ECMA-74
9th ed. (2005) is followed in exercising the hard disk drives.
Stressed Processor: An operating mode per ISO7779 (1999) definition 3.1.6; SPECPower set to 50%
loading is used.
LwA-UL: The upper limit sound power level (LwA) calculated per section 4.4.2 of ISO 9296 (1988) and
measured in accordance with ISO7779 (1999).
LpA: The average bystander position A-weighted sound pressure level calculated per section 4.3 of
ISO9296 (1988) and measured in accordance with ISO7779 (1999). The system is placed in a rack with
its bottom at 25 cm from the floor.
Tones: Criteria of D.5 and D.8 of ECMA-74 9th ed. (2005) are followed to determine if discrete tones are
prominent. The system is placed in a rack with its bottom at 75 cm from the floor. The acoustic trans-
ducer is at front bystander position, ref ISO7779 (1999), Section 8.6.2.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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Section 5. Block Diagram
The PowerEdge R610 electrical system consists of the planar subsystem with TPM, iDRAC6 Enterprise,
iSCSI key, PCIe risers, power supply subsystem, system control panel, backplane, and storage (PERC 6/i
or SAS 6/iR) card. The features and functions of these electrical subsystems are detailed below.
The R610 motherboard is an internal Dell-designed board that contains the processor electronics,
memory, and most key processor functions on a single planar.
Page: 19
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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1 2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1. Embedded Network Interface Ports (4)
2. iDRAC6 Enterprise (Optional)
3. 
Broadcom 5709c Network Interface controller
(second controller under PCI card)
4. PCIe Gen2 Riser / Slots
5. iDRAC6 Express / Lifecycle Controller
6. DIMM Slots
7. Heat Sink / Processor Socket
8. R610
9. Redundant fans
10. Hard drive bay
11. 
Internal SD Module
(Embedded Hypervisor Optional)
12. DIMM Slots
13. Heat Sink / Processor Socket
14. PCIe Gen2 Riser / Slots
15. Dual Redundant Power Supplies
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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Section 6. Processors
A. Overview / Description
The Intel®
5500 series 2S processor (Nehalem - Efficient Processor (EP)), is the microprocessor
designed specifically for servers and workstation applications. The processor features quad-core
processing to maximize performance and performance/watt for data center infrastructures and highly
dense deployments. The Nehalem-EP 2S processor also features Intel’s Core™ micro-architecture and
Intel 64 architecture for flexibility in 64-bit and 32-bit applications and operating systems.
The 5500 series 2S processor (Nehalem EP) utilizes a 1366-contact Flip-Chip Land Grid Array (FC-LGA)
package that plugs into a surface mount socket. PowerEdge R610 provides support for up to two 5500
series 2S processors (Nehalem EP).
B. Features
Key features of the 5500 series 2S processor (Nehalem EP) include:
	 • 
Four or two cores per processor
	 • 
Two point-to-point QuickPath Interconnect links at up to 6.4 GT/s
	 • 
1366-pin FC-LGA package
	 • 
45 nm process technology
	 • 
No termination required for non-populated CPUs (must populate CPU socket 1 first)
	 • 
Integrated three-channel DDR3 memory controller at up to 1333MHz
	 • 
Compatible with existing x86 code base
	 • 
MMX™ support
	 	 • 
Execute Disable Bit Intel Wide Dynamic Execution
	 • 
Executes up to four instructions per clock cycle
	 • 
Simultaneous Multi-Threading (Hyper-Threading) capability
	 • 
Support for CPU Turbo Mode (on certain SKUs)
	 	 • 
Increases CPU frequency if operating below thermal, power, and current limits
	 • 
Streaming SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) Extensions 2, 3, and 4
	 • 
Intel 64 Tecnology for Virtualization
	 • 
Intel VT-x and VT-d Technology for Virtualization
	 • 
Demand-based switching for active CPU power management as well as support for ACPI
P-States, C-States, and T-States
Nehalem-EP 2S
Processor
Features
Cache Size 32KB instruction, 32KB data, 4 or 8MB (shared)
Multi-processor
Support
1-2 CPUs
Package LGA1366
Table: Nehalem-EP Features
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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model speed power cache cores
X5570 2.93GHz 95W 8M 4
X5560 2.80GHz 95W 8M 4
X5550 2.66GHz 95W 8M 4
E5540 2.53GHz 80W 8M 4
E5530 2.40GHz 80W 8M 4
E5520 2.26GHz 80W 8M 4
L5520 2.26GHz 60W 8M 4
E5506 2.13GHz 80W 4M 4
L5506 2.13GHz 60W 4M 4
E5504 2.00GHz 80W 4M 4
E5502 1.86GHz 80W 4M 2
C. Supported Processors
D. Processor Configurations
Single CPU Configuration
The PowerEdge R610 is designed such that a single processor placed in the CPU1 socket will function
normally, however PowerEdge R610 systems require a CPU blank in the CPU2 socket for thermal
reasons. The system will be held in reset if a single processor is placed in the CPU2 socket.
Performance Enhancements
Intel Xeon®
5500 Series Processor (Nehalem-EP)
Intel®
Turbo Boost
Technology
Increases performance by increasing processor
frequency and enabling faster speeds when
conditions allow
Higher performance
on demand
All cores
operate
at rated
frequency
Normal
Core
1
Core
1
Core
2
Core
3
All cores
operate
at higher
frequency
4C Turbo
Core
0
Core
1
Core
2
Core
3
Fewer cores
may operate
at even higher
frequencies
<4C Turbo
Core
0
Core
1
Frequency
Intel®
Hyper-Threading
Technology
Increases performance for threading applications
delivering greater throughput and responsiveness
Higher performance
for threaded workloads
Page: 22
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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Section 7. Memory
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 utilizes DDR3 memory providing a high performance, high-speed memory
interface capable of low latency response and high throughput. The PowerEdge R610 supports
Registered ECC DDR3 DIMMs (RDIMM) or Unbuffered ECC DDR3 DIMMs (UDIMM).
The system contains 12 memory sockets split into two sets of six sockets, one set per processor. Each
six-socket set is organized into three channels of two memory sockets per channel.
model speed power cache cores
X5570 2.93GHz 95W 8M 4
X5560 2.80GHz 95W 8M 4
X5550 2.66GHz 95W 8M 4
E5540 2.53GHz 80W 8M 4
E5530 2.40GHz 80W 8M 4
E5520 2.26GHz 80W 8M 4
L5520 2.26GHz 60W 8M 4
E5506 2.13GHz 80W 4M 4
L5506 2.13GHz 60W 4M 4
E5504 2.00GHz 80W 4M 4
E5502 1.86GHz 80W 4M 2
CPU Power Voltage Regulation Modules (EVRD 11.1)
Voltage regulation to the 5500 series 2S processor (Nehalem EP) is provided by EVRD (Enterprise
Voltage Regulator-Down). EVRDs are embedded on the planar. CPU core voltage is not shared between
processors. EVRDs support static phase shedding and power management via the PMBus.
Intel®
Turbo Boost Technology
Improves application responsiveness
Delivers higher processor frequency on demand
Cores / Threads
2
(2 socket/HT on)
Core
0
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
Core
0
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
up to 10%
for 2 software
threads
Benefit
up to 6%†
for 16 concurrent
software threads
16
(2 socket/HT on)
BASE Freq
TURBO Freq
2.93 GHz
3.33 GHz
2.93 GHz
3.20 GHz
Core
0
Core
2
Core
1
Core
3
Core
0
Core
2
Core
1
Core
3
OR
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
24
Key features of the PowerEdge R610 memory system include:
	 • 
Registered (RDIMM) and Unbuffered (UDIMM) ECC DDR3 technology
	 • 
Each channel carries 64 data and eight ECC bits
	 • 
Support for up to 96GB of RDIMM memory (with twelve 8GB RDIMMs)
	 • 
Support for up to 24GB of UDIMM memory (with twelve 2GB UDIMMs)
	 • 
Support for 1066/1333MHz single- and dual-rank DIMMs
	 • 
Support for 1066MHz quad-rank DIMMs
	 • 
Single DIMM configuration only with DIMM in socket A1
	 • 
Support ODT (On Die Termination) Clock gating (CKE) to conserve power when DIMMs are not
accessed
	 	 • 
DIMMs enter a low power self-refresh mode
	 • 
I2C access to SPD EEPROM for access to RDIMM thermal sensors
	 • 
Single Bit Error Correction
	 • 
SDDC (Single Device Data Correction – x4 or x8 devices)
	 • 
Support for Closed Loop
	 • 
Thermal Management on RDIMMs and UDIMMs
	 • 
Multi Bit Error Detection Support for Memory Optimized Mode
	 • 
Support for Advanced ECC mode Support for Memory Mirroring
B. DIMMs Supported
The DDR3 memory interface consists of three channels, with up to two RDIMMs or UDIMMs per chan-
nel for single-/dual-rank and up to two RDIMMs per channel for quad rank. The interface uses 2GB, 4GB,
or 8GB RDIMMs. 1GB or 2GB UDIMMs are also supported. The memory mode is dependent on how the
memory is populated in the system:
Three channels per CPU populated identically.
In a dual-processor configuration, the memory configurations for each processor must be identical
	 • 
Typically, the system will be set to run in Memory Optimized (Independent Channel) mode in
this configuration. This mode offers the most DIMM population flexibility and system memory
capacity, but offers the least number of RAS (reliability, availability, service) features.
	 	 • 
Memory modules are installed in numeric order for the sockets beginning with A1 or B1
	 • 
All three channels must be populated identically.
	 • 
The first two channels per CPU populated identically with the third channel unused
	 	 • 
Typically, two channels operate in Advanced ECC (Lockstep) mode with each other by
having the cache line split across both channels. This mode provides improved RAS
features (SDDC support for x8-based memory).
	 	 • 
For Memory Mirroring, two channels operate as mirrors of each other — writes go to
both channels and reads alternate between the two channels.
	 • 
For Memory Mirroring or Advanced ECC Mode, the three sockets furthest from the processor
are unused and memory modules are installed beginning with socket A2 or B2 and proceeding
in the following order: A2, A3, A5, and A6
	 • 
One channel per CPU populated
	 • 
This is a simple Memory Optimized mode. Mirroring is not supported.
The PowerEdge R610 memory interface supports memory demand and patrol scrubbing, single-bit
correction and multi-bit error detection. Correction of a x4 or x8 device failure is also possible with
SDDC in the Advanced ECC mode. Additionally, correction of a x4 device failure is possible in the
Memory Optimized mode.
	 • 
If DIMMs of different speeds are mixed, all channels will operate at the fastest common frequency.
	 • 
RDIMMs and UDIMMs cannot be mixed.
	 • 
If memory mirroring is enabled, identical DIMMs must be installed in the same slots across both
channels. The third channel of each processor is unavailable for memory mirroring.
	 • 
The first DIMM slot in each channel is color-coded with white ejection tabs for ease of installation.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
25
	 • 
The DIMM sockets are placed 450 mils (11.43 mm) apart, center-to-center in order to provide
enough space for sufficient airflow to cool stacked DIMMs.
	 • 
The PowerEdge R610 supports up to 12 DIMMs. DIMMs must be installed in each channel
starting with the DIMM slot farthest from the processor. Population order will be identified by
the silkscreen designator and the System Information Label (SIL) located on the chassis cover.
	 	 • 
Memory Optimized: {1, 2, 3}, {4, 5, 6}
	 	 • 
Advanced ECC or Mirrored: {2, 3}, {5, 6}
	 	 • 
Quad Rank or UDIMM: {1, 2, 3}, {4, 5, 6}
C. Speed
Memory Speed Limitations
The memory frequency is determined by a variety of inputs:
	 • 
Speed of the DIMMs
	 • 
Speed supported by the CPU
	 • 
Configuration of the DIMMs
The memory speed of each channel depends on the memory configuration:
	 • 
For single- or dual-rank memory modules:
	 	 • 
One memory module per channel supports up to 1333MHz
	 	 • 
Two memory modules per channel supports up to 1066MHz
	 	 • 
Three memory modules per channel are limited to 800MHz regardless of the memory
module speed.
	 • 
For quad-rank memory modules:
	 	 • 
One memory module per channel supports up to 1066Mhz
	 	 • 
Two memory modules per channel are limited to 800MHz, regardless of memory
module speed
If memory modules with different speeds are installed, they will operate at the speed of the slowest
installed memory module(s).
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
26
dimm type DImm 0 dimm 1 dimm 2
number
of dimms
800 1066 1333
UDIMM
SR 1
DR 1
SR SR 2
SR DR 2
DR DR 2
RDIMM
SR 1
DR 1
QR 1
SR SR 2
SR DR 2
DR DR 2
QR SR 2
QR DR 2
QR QR 2
SR SR SR 3
SR SR DR 3
SR DR DR 3
DR DR DR 3
Note: For QR mixed with a SR/DR DIMM, the QR needs to be in the white DIMM connector. There is no requirement in the order of SR and DR DIMMs.
NOTE: For Quad Rank DIMMs mixed with single- or dual-rank DIMMs, the QR DIMM needs to be in the slot with the white ejection tabs (the first DIMM slot in each channel).
There is no requirement for the order of SR and DR DIMMs
Supported
Not Supported
The table below shows the memory populations and the maximum frequency achievable for that
configuration.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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NHM-EP Platform Memory Overview
• 
Platform capability (18 DIMMs):
– Up to 3 channels per CPU
– Up to 3 DIMMS per channel
• 
Memory Types Supported:
– DDR 1333, 1066, and 800
– Registered (RDIMM) and unbuffered (UDIMM)
– Single-rank (SR), dual-rank (DR), quad-rank (QR)
• 
System memory Speed (i.e. the speed at which the memory is
actually running) is set by BIOS depending on:
– CPU capability
– DIMM type(s) used (memory speed, U/RDIMM, SR/DR/QR)
– DIMM populated per channel
• 
All channels in a system will run at the fastest common frequency
1
2
3
NHM-EP NHM-EP
Up to 3
channels
per CPU
Up to 3
DIMMs per
Channel
1 2 3
Memory Population Scenarios
CPUs
• 
Maximum B/W:
– DDR3 1333 across 3 channels
– 1 DPC (6 DIMMs)
– Max capacity: 48 GB+ CPU
10.6 GB/s
10.6
10.6
CPU
E5550
and above
• 
Balanced Performance:
– DDR3 1066 across 3 channels
– 
Up to 2 DIMMs per Channel
(DPC) (12 DIMMs)
– Max capacity: 96 GB+
CPU
8.5 GB/s
8.5
8.5
CPU
E5520
and above
• 
Maximum capacity:
– DDR3 800 across 3 channels
– Up to 3 DPC (18 DIMMs total)
– Max capacity: 144 GB+ CPU
6.4 GB/s
6.4
6.4
CPU
All
NHM-EP
SKUs
• 
RAS capabilities:
CPU
Mirroring
Channel
0 & 1
mirror
each other
Channel
2 unused
CPU
Lockstep
Channel
0 & 1
operate in
lockstep
Channel
2 unused
Page: 27
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
28
memory
mode
memory
module
size
memory
sockets
single
processor
dual processor
1 2 3 physical
memory
(GB)
available
memory
(GB)
physical
memory
(GB)
available
memory
(GB)
4 5 6
OPTIMIZER
2GB
x 2
All
4
All
x x 4 8
x x x x 6 12
x x 4 8
x x x x 8 16
x x x x x x 12 24
4GB
x 4
All
8
All
x x 8 16
x x x x 12 24
x x 8 16
x x x x 16 32
x x x x x x 24 48
8GBa
x 8
All
16
All
x x 16 32
x x x x 24 48
x x 16 32
x x x x 32 64
x x x x x x 48 96
Advanced
ECC
b
or
mirroring
2GB None
x x 4 2 8 4
x x x x 8 4 16 8
4GB None
x x 8 4 16 8
x x x x 16 8 32 16
8GB None
x x 16 8 32 16
x x x x 32 16 64 32
a
When available
b
Requires x4- or x8-based memory modules
D. Supported Configurations
Table: RDIMM Memory Configurations (Each Processor)
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
29
memory
mode
memory
module
size
memory
sockets
single
processor
dual processor
1 2 3 physical
memory
(GB)
available
memory
(GB)
physical
memory
(GB)
available
memory
(GB)
4 5 6
OPTIMIZER
1GB
x 1
All
2
All
x x 2 4
x x x 3 6
x x x x 4 8
x x x x x x 6 12
2GB
x 2
All
4
All
x x 4 8
x x x 6 12
x x x x 8 16
x x x x x x 12 24
Advanced
ECC
b
1GB
None x x 2
All All All
x x x x 4
2GB
None x x 4
All All All
x x x x 8
Mirroring
1GB
None x x 2 1 4 2
x x x x 4 2 8 4
2GB
None x x 4 2 8 4
x x x x 8 4 16 8
a
Requires x4- or x8-based memory modules
E. Slots / Risers
PowerEdge R610 has 12 DIMM slots for memory. It does not have any riser cards for DIMM population.
F. Mirroring
PowerEdge R610 supports memory sparing in certain configurations, refer to embedded memory matrix
spreadsheet in section 10-H for supported configurations.
The system supports memory mirroring if identical memory modules are installed in the two channels
closest to the processor (memory is not installed in the farthest channel [channel 2]. Mirroring must be
enabled in the System Setup program. In a mirrored configuration, the total available system memory is
one-half of the total installed physical memory.
G. Advanced ECC (Lockstep) Mode
In this configuration, the two channels closest to the processor are combined to form one 128-bit
channel. This mode supports Single Device Data Correction (SDDC) for both x4- and x8-based memory
modules. Memory modules must be identical in size, speed, and technology in corresponding slots.
Table: UDIMM Memory Configurations (Each Processor)
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H. Optimizer (Independent Channel) Mode
In this mode, all three channels are populated with identical memory modules. This mode permits a
larger total memory capacity but does not support SDDC with x8-based memory modules.
A minimal single-channel configuration of 1GB memory modules per processor is also supported in
this mode.
Section 8. Chipset
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 planar incorporated the Intel 5520 chipset (code named Tylersburg) for I/O and
processor interfacing. Tylersburg is designed to support Intel's 5500 series processors (code named
Nehalem-EP), QPI interconnect, DDR3 memory technology, and PCI Express Generation 2. The
Tylersburg chipset consists of the Tylersburg-36D IOH and ICH9.
The Intel 5520 chipset (code named Tylersburg) I/O Hub (IOH)
The planar uses the The Intel®
5520 chipset (code named Tylersburg) I/O Hub (IOH)-36D IOH to provide
a link between the 5500 series 2S processor (Nehalem EP) and I/O components. The main components
of the IOH consist of two full-width QuickPath Interconnect links (one to each processor), 36 lanes of
PCI Express Gen2, a x4 Direct Media Interface (DMI), and an integrated IOxAPIC.
IOH QuickPath Interconnect (QPI)
The QuickPath Architecture consists of serial point-to-point interconnects for the processors and the
IOH. The PowerEdge R610 has a total of three QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) links: one link connecting
the processors and links connecting both processors with the IOH. Each link consists of 20 lanes
(full-width) in each direction with a link speed of up to 6.4 GT/s. An additional lane is reserved for a
forwarded clock. Data is sent over the QPI links as packets.
The QuickPath Architecture implemented in the IOH and CPUs features four layers. The Physical layer
consists of the actual connection between components. It supports Polarity Inversion and Lane Reversal
for optimizing component placement and routing. The Link layer is responsible for flow control and the
reliable transmission of data. The Routing layer is responsible for the routing of QPI data packets. Finally,
the Protocol layer is responsible for high-level protocol communications, including the implementation of
a MESIF (Modify, Exclusive, Shared, Invalid, Forward) cache coherence protocol.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
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Intel Direct Media Interface (DMI)
The DMI (previously called the Enterprise Southbridge Interface) connects the Tylersburg IOH with the
Intel I/O Controller Hub (ICH). The DMI is equivalent to a x4 PCIe Gen1 link with a transfer rate of 1 Gb/s
in each direction.
PCI Express Generation 2
PCI Express is a serial point-to-point interconnect for I/O devices. PCIe Gen2 doubles the signaling bit
rate of each lane from 2.5 Gb/s to 5 Gb/s. Each of the PCIe Gen2 ports are backwards-compatible with
Gen1 transfer rates.
In the Tylersburg-36D IOH, there are two x2 PCIe Gen2 ports (1Gb/s) and eight x4 PCIe Gen2 ports (2
Gb/s). The x2 ports can be combined as a x4 link; however, this x4 link cannot be combined with any of
the other x4 ports. Two neighboring x4 ports can be combined as a x8 link, and both resulting x8 links
can combine to form a x16 link.
Intel I/O Controller Hub 9 (ICH9)
ICH9 is a highly integrated I/O controller, supporting the following functions:
	 • 
Six x1 PCIe Gen1 ports, with the capability of combining ports 1-4 as a x4 link
	 	 • 
These ports are unused on the PowerEdge R610
	 • 
PCI Bus 32-bit Interface Rev 2.3 running at 33MHz
	 • 
Up to six Serial ATA (SATA) ports with transfer rates up to 300 MB/s
	 	 • 
The PowerEdge R610 features two SATA port for optional internal optical drive or
tape backup
	 • 
Six UHCI and two EHCI (High-Speed 2.0) USB host controllers, with up to twelve USB ports
	 	 • 
The PowerEdge R610 has eight external USB ports and two internal ports dedicated for
UIPS. Refer to the Whoville Hardware/BIOS Specification for the USB assignments for
each platform
	 • 
Power management interface (ACPI 3.0b compliant)
	 • 
Platform Environmental Control Interface (PECI)
	 • 
Intel Dynamic Power Mode Manager
	 • 
I/O interrupt controller
	 • 
SMBus 2.0 controller
	 • 
Low Pin Count (LPC) interface to Super I/O, Trusted Platform Module (TPM), and SuperVU
	 • 
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) support for up to two devices
	 	 • 
The PowerEdge R610’s BIOS is connected to the ICH using SPI
Section 9. BIOS
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 BIOS is based on the Dell BIOS core, and supports the following features:
	 • 
Nehalem-EP 2S Support
	 • 
Simultaneous Multi-Threading (SMT) support
	 • 
CPU Turbo Mode support
	 • 
PCI 2.3 compliant
	 • 
Plug n’ Play 1.0a compliant
	 • 
MP (Multiprocessor) 1.4 compliant
	 • 
Boot from hard drive, optical drive, iSCSI drive, USB key, and SD card
	 • 
ACPI support
	 • 
Direct Media Interface (DMI) support
	 • 
PXE and WOL support for on-board NICs
	 • 
Memory mirroring and spare bank support
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
32
	 • 
SETUP access through <F2> key at end of POST
	 • 
USB 2.0 (USB boot code is 1.1 compliant)
	 • 
F1/F2 error logging in CMOS
	 • 
Virtual KVM, CD, and floppy support
	 • 
Unified Server Configurator (UEFI 2.1) support
	 • 
Power management support including DBS, Power Inventory and multiple Power Profiles
The R610 BIOS does not support the following:
	 • 
Embedded Diagnostics (embedded in MASER)
	 • 
BIOS language localization
	 • 
BIOS recovery after bad flash (but can be recovered from iDRAC6 Express)
B. Supported ACPI States
(Advanced Configuration and Power Interface. A standard interface for enabling the operating system to
direct configuration and power management).
The Nehalem processor supports the following C-States: C0, C1, C1E, C3, and C6. R610 will support all of
the available C-States.
The PowerEdge R610 will support the available P-States as supported by the specific Nehalem processors:
proc
number
qdF # frequency
standard
tdp
lfm tdp p-state notes
1.60 Pmin+0
1.73 Pmin+1
E5502 Q1G8 1.86 80 75 Pmin+2 D-0
E5504 Q1GM 2.00 80 75 Pmin+3 D-0
L5506 Q1HG 2.13 60 52 Pmin+4 D-0
E5506 Q1GL 2.13 80 75 Pmin+4 D-0
L5520 Q1GN 2.26 60 52 Pmin+5 D-0
E5520 Q1GR 2.26 80 75 Pmin+5 D-0
E5530 Q1GK 2.40 80 75 Pmin+6 D-0
E5540 Q1G2 2.53 80 75 Pmin+7 D-0
X5550 Q1GJ 2.67 95 75 Pmin+8 D-0
X5560 Q1GF 2.80 95 75 Pmin+9 D-0
X5570 Q1G9 2.93 95 75 Pmin+10 D-0
W5580 Q1G6 3.20 130 98 Pmin+12 D-0
Table: Nehalem P-State Projections
Page: 32
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
33
C. I2
C (Inter-Integrated Circuit)
What is I2
C? A simple bi-directional 2-wire bus for efficient inter-integrated circuit control. All I2
C-bus
compatible devices incorporate an on-chip interface that allows them to communicate directly with each
other via the I2
C-bus. This design concept solves the many interfacing problems encountered when
designing digital control circuits. These I2
C devices perform communication functions between
intelligent control devices (e.g., microcontrollers), general-purpose circuits (e.g., LCD drivers, remote I/O
ports, memories), and application-oriented circuits.
The PowerEdge R610, BIOS accesses the I2
C through the ICH9 (Intel I/O Controller Hub 9). There are two
MUXes on ICH9’s I2C bus.
	 • 
One MUX (U_ICH_SPD) controls the DIMM SPDs through four split segments
	 • 
The other MUX (U_ICH_MAIN) controls the clock buffers, TOE, USB Hub through four split
segments.
BIOS controls both the MUXes through the two select lines using GPIO pins.
Clock chip, USB hub, and the front panel EEPROM device addresses are located on the IOH I2
C bus.
Section 10. Embedded NICs / LAN on Motherboard (LOM)
A. Overview / Description
Embedded Gigabit Ethernet Controllers with TCP Offload Engine (TOE) support. Two Broadcom
5709C dual-port Gigabit Ethernet controllers and support circuitry are installed on the system board as
independent Ethernet interface devices. From a board perspective, the LOM refers to one of these
controllers. From a system perspective, the terms LOM and embedded NIC are interchangeable. LOM1
on the board has two ports: embedded NIC1 and embedded NIC2. These ports could also be called LOM1
and LOM2.
	 • 
x4 PCI Express Gen2 capable interface
	 	 • 
The R610 operates this controller at Gen1 speed
	 • 
Integrated MAC and PHY 3072x18 Byte context memory
	 • 
64KB receive buffer
	 • 
TOE (TCP Offload Engine)
	 • 
iSCSI controller (enabled through an optional hardware key)
	 • 
RDMA controller (RNIC) (enabled post-RTS through an optional hardware key)
	 • 
NC-SI (Network Controller-Sideband Interface) connection for manageability
	 • 
Wake-On-LAN (WOL)
	 • 
PXE 2.0 remote boot
	 • 
iSCSI boot
	 • 
IPv4 and IPv6 support
	 • 
Bare metal deployment support
Section 11. I/O Slots
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 requires two PCI Express risers:
	 • 
Two PCIe risers (left and center) provide two PCI Express expansion slots, as follows:
	 • 
Two x8 PCIe Gen2 slots, connected to the IOH
	 • 
One x4 PCIe Gen1 slot for storage on the center riser, connected to the ICH9
	 • 
Support for full-height / half-length (6.6" max length) PCIe cards
	 • 
System supports 25W maximum power for the first PCIe card and 15W for the second
PCIe card
Page: 33
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
34
	 	 • 
The lower power support on the second card is due to thermal limitations
	 • 
The R610 does not support hot-swapping of PCIe cards
card priority card type slot priority max allowed 25W card
1 PERC 5/E controller 1, 2 1 Y
2 PERC 6/E 1, 2 1 Y
3 10Gb NIC 2, 1 1 Y
4
All other Dell storage
cards
1, 2 1 Y
5 All other NICs 2, 1 2 N*
6 Non-Dell storage cards 1, 2 2 N*
*Refer to the expansion card’s documentation to determine if the maximum power exceeds 15W.  Any cards that exceed 15W will be affected by the restriction of one
25W card
Poweredge R610
PCI Express Gen2 Slots
Slot 1: Half-Length (6.6" Factory Installation) / Full-Height (x8 connector), x8 link width
Slot 2: Half-Length (6.6" Factory Installation) / Full-Height (x8 connector), x8 link width
Category
Card
Priority
Description Dell PN
PCIe Link
Width
Slot
Priority
Max
Cards
Internal Storage
(Integrated Slot)
1
Dell™ PERC 6/i Integrated
(Sled)
T954J Gen1 x8 Integrated 1
Internal Storage
(Integrated Slot)
2
Dell SAS 6/iR Integrated
(Sled)
YK838 Gen1 x8 Integrated 1
External Storage
Controller
3
* Dell PERC 5/E Adapter
(Test only – no factory install)
GP297 Gen1 x8 Slot 1, 2 1
External Storage
Controller
4
*Dell PERC 6/E Adapter
(512MB)
J155F Gen1 x8 Slot 1, 2 1
External Storage
Controller
5
*Dell PERC 6/E Adapter
(256MB)
F989F Gen1 x8 Slot 1, 2 1
10Gb NIC 6
*Intel 10GBase-T Copper
Single Port NIC
XR997 Gen1 x8 Slot 2, 1 1
10Gb NIC 7
*Broadcom BCM57710
10GBase-T Copper
Single Port NIC
RK375 Gen1 x8 Slot 2, 1 1
10Gb NIC 8
Intel®
10GBase-SR
Optical Single Port NIC
RN219 Gen1 x8 Slot 2, 1 1
External Storage
Controller
9 *Dell SAS 5/E Adapter M778G Gen1 x8 Slot 1, 2 1
Page: 34
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
35
Category
Card
Priority
Description Dell PN
PCIe Link
Width
Slot
Priority
Max
Cards
1Gb NIC 10
Intel Gigabit VT Copper
Quad Port NIC
YT674 Gen1 x4 Slot 2, 1 2
1Gb NIC 11
Intel PRO/1000PT Gigabit
Copper Dual Port NIC
X3959 Gen1 x4 Slot 2, 1 2
1Gb NIC 12
Broadcom BCM5709C IPV6
Gigabit Copper Dual Port
NIC with TOE and
iSCSI Offload
F169G Gen1 x4 Slot 2, 1 2
1Gb NIC 13
Broadcom BCM5709C IPv6
Gigabit Copper Dual Port
NIC with TOE
G218C Gen1 x4 Slot 2, 1 2
Fibre Channel
8 HBA
14
Emulex LPe12002 FC8 Dual
Channel HBA
C856M Gen2 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
8 HBA
15
Emulex LPe12000 FC8 Single
Channel HBA
C855M Gen2 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
4 HBA
16
Emulex LPe11002 FC4 Dual
Channel HBA
KN139 Gen1 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
4 HBA
17
Emulex LPe1150 FC4 Single
Channel HBA
ND407 Gen1 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
4 HBA
18
QLogic QLE2462 FC4 Dual
Channel HBA
DH226 Gen1 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
4 HBA
19
QLogic QLE2460 FC4 Single
Channel HBA
PF323 Gen1 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
SCSI HBA 20 LSI Logic LSI2032 SCSI HBA NU947 Gen1 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
8 HBA
21
QLogic QLE2562 FC8 Dual
Channel HBA
G444C Gen2 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
8 HBA
22
QLogic QLE2560 FC8 Single
Channel HBA
G425C Gen2 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
Fibre Channel
4 HBA
23
QLogic QLE220 FC4 Single
Channel HBA
YY004 Gen1 x4 Slot 1, 2 2
This list was generated based on thermal, mechanical, and performance inputs. Generally speaking,
thermal requirements were a priority for any card over 15W (PERC and most 10G NIC cards). For the
rest of the cards, thermal requirements were the priority except where there were conflicts with strict
mechanical requirements. Performance considerations were not a factor since both slots were Gen2
with 8x link width.
NOTE: The PowerEdge R610 supports a maximum of one 25W card regardless of which slot is populated
(does not apply to the Internal Storage Slot). This restriction applies to any PCIe cards that have a
maximum power over 15W. PCIe cards that are affected by this restriction are noted by an asterisk.
Page: 35
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
36
B. Boot Order
Refer to the Whoville BIOS Specification for the most up-to-date lane assignments and scan order
PCIe scan order (from the BIOS HW spec v1.0)
IOH port 1,2 (PCI Express Gen1 x4) – Broadcom BCM5709C Gigabit LOM #1
IOH port 3 (PCI Express Gen1 x4) – Broadcom BCM5709C Gigabit LOM #2
ICH9 port 1-4 (PCI Express Gen1 x4) – Integrated PERC6i or SAS6i on the Center riser
IOH port 7/8 (PCI Express Gen2 x8) – Slot 1 on the “center” riser
IOH port 9/10 (PCI Express Gen2 x8) – Slot 2 on the “left” riser
Section 12. Storage
A. Overview / Description
I. 2.5" SAS Backplane Subsystem
The PowerEdge R610 has a single six-drive backplane for 2.5" drives. There are six hot-swap capable
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) or Serial ATA (SATA) slots with two LED indicators per slot, two Mini-SAS
cable connectors for connecting the backplane to the integrated SAS 6/iR or PERC 6/i, and a 14-pin
power connector. For SATA/SAS mixing, up to four SATA drives are supported with the 2.5" backplane.
In this configuration, one pair of drives will be SAS and the remaining drives will be SATA.
II. Cabling
Two Mini-SAS cables are used to connect both channels of the integrated storage card to the six-drive
backplane. The Mini-SAS A connector connects drives 0 through 3 and the Mini-SAS B connector
connects drives 4 and 5 to the storage card.
B. Drives
I. Internal Hard Disk Drives
The PowerEdge R610 system supports up to six 2.5" hard disk drives.
	 • Support for 10,000 and 15,000 rpm SAS drives
	 • Support for 7,200 rpm Enterprise SATA and SATAu drives
	 • Hard drives must use the Hannibal drive carrier
	 • Up to six SAS or up to six SATA drives are supported
	 	 • 
For SAS/SATA mixing, two SAS and up to four SATA drives are possible
	 • A pair of SAS drives must be installed in slots 0 and 1
	 • Support for Solid State Drives (SSD)
	 	 • 
SSDs require the PERC 6/i Integrated storage controller and cannot be mixed with any
other type of hard drive
2.5 HDDs
2.5" Enterprise SATA 7.2K HDs: 160GB, 250GB, and 500GB
2.5" SAS 10K HDs 73GB, 146GB, and 300GB
2.5" entry 10K SAS in Boss Hogg 3.5" HDD carrier
2.5" SAS 15K HDs 73GB, 146GB
2.5" Enterprise SATA SSD 25GB, 50GB, 100GB
2.5" SSD 25GB, 50GB
Page: 36
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
37
Poweredge
R610
Platforms 4
All 2.5" HDD SAS (or) SATA 4
All 2.5" SSD*** 4
Mixed SSD/SAS** N/A
All 3.5" HDD SAT (or) SATA N/A
Mixed SAS/SATA* 4
2.5" SAS in 3.5" HDD Carrier (RTS+) N/A
2.5" SAS HDD in 3.5" HDD Carrier + 3.5" SATA HDDs (Mixed SAS) N/A
2.5" SAS HDD in 3.5" HDD Carrier + 3.5" SATA HDDs (Mixed SAS/SATA)* N/A
	 • 
SAS HDDs should be in slots 0 & 1 and min/max number of SAS HDDs is 2, the rest will be SATA
HDDs and min/max number of SATA HDDs depends on the configuration.
	 • 
**No maximum for SAS HDD’s combined with SSD
	 • 
***SSD Support requires PERC 6/i
20GB and 50GB solid state drives (SSD) support will be supported at RTS
I. Hard Disk Drive Carriers
Hard drives must use the Dell drive carrier for 2.5" drives (legacy drive carriers are not
supported).
II. Empty Drive Bays
For the slots that are not occupied by drives, a carrier blank is provided to maintain proper cooling,
maintain a uniform appearance to the unit, and provide EMI shielding.
III. Diskless Configuration Support
The system supports diskless configuration with no storage controller (SAS 6/iR or PERC 6i) installed in
the system. A 2.5" HDD backplane is still installed in this configuration.
IV. Hard Drive LED Indicators
Each disk drive carrier has two LED indicators visible from the front of the system. One is a green LED
for disk activity and the other is a bicolor (green/amber) LED for status information. The activity LED is
driven by the disk drive during normal operation. The bicolor LED is controlled by the SEP device on the
backplane. Both LEDs are used to indicate certain conditions under direction of a storage controller.
Page: 37
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
38
C. RAID Configurations
Table: RDIMM Memory Configurations (Each Processor)
config
type
configs description
non-mixed
drives, all
sata or
all sas
Mixed SAS/ SATA
Min 2xSAS+1xSATA
Max 2xSAS + 4xSATA attach
rate
Min
HDD
Max
HDD
Min
HDD
MAX
HDD
NoHDD 0 NZC
No controller/
No hard drive
2.5"=
0
2.5"=
0
N/A 3%
1 MSS
Motherboard
SAS/SATA: SAS
6/iR, No RAID,
(Integrated ports
SAS/SATA
controller)
2.5"=
1
2.5"=
6
6%
2 MSSR0
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID 0
(PERC 6/i, SAS
6/iR)
2.5"=
1
2.5"=
6
N/A 7%
3 MSSR1
Integrated SAS/SATA
RAID 1 (PERC 6/i, SAS
6/iR)
2.5"=
2
2.5"=
2
N/A 17%
4 MSSR5
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID 5
(PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
3
2.5"=
6
N/A 22%
5 MSSR10
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID 10
(PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
4
2.5"=
6
N/A 7%
6
MSSR0/
R0
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID
0/RAID 0 (PERC 6/i,
SAS6/iR)
2.5"=
1+1*
2.5"=
6
5%
7
MSSR1/
R1
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID
1/RAID 1 (PERC
6/i, SAS 6/iR)
2.5"=
2+2
2.5"=
2+2
6%
8
MSSR1/
R5
Integrated SAS/SATA
RAID 1/RAID
5 (PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
2+3
2.5"=
2+4
15%
9
MSSR1/
R10
Integrated SAS/
SATA RAID 1/RAID 10
(PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
2+4
2.5"=
2+4
5%
10 MSSR6
Integrated SAS/SATA
RAID 6
(PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
4
2.5"=
6
N/A 7%
SAS/SATA
(RAID)
SAS/SATA
(No RAID)
Page: 38
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
39
config
type
configs description
non-mixed
drives, all
sata or
all sas
Mixed SAS/ SATA
Min 2xSAS+1xSATA
Max 2xSAS + 4xSATA attach
rate
Min
HDD
Max
HDD
Min
HDD
MAX
HDD
SAS/SATA
(No RAID)
11 Mss-X
Motherboard
SAS/SATA: SAS
6/iR, No RAID,
(Integrated ports
SAS/SATA controller)
2.5"=
3
2.5"=
6
SAS/SATA
(RAID)
12
MSSR0/
R0-X
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID
0/RAID 0 (PERC 6/i,
SAS6/iR)
2.5"=
2+1
2.5"=
2+4
13
MSSR1/
R1-X
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID
1/RAID 1 (PERC 6/i,
SAS 6/iR)
2.5"=
2+2
2.5"=
2+2
14
MSSR1/
R5-X
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID
1/RAID 5 (PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
2+3
2.5"=
2+4
15
MSSR1/
R10-X
Integrated
SAS/SATA RAID
1/RAID 10
(PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
2+4
2.5"=
2+4
16 MSSR1
Integrated SSD
RAID 1 (PERC 6/i,
SAS 6/iR)
2.5"=
2
2.5"=
2
N/A
17 MSSR5
Integrated SSD
RAID 5 ( PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
3
2.5"=
6
N/A
18 MSSR10
Integrated SSD
RAID 10 ( PERC 6/i)
2.5"=
4
2.5"=
6
N/A
Page: 39
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
40
D. Storage Controllers
I. SAS 6/iR
The PowerEdge R610 internal SAS 6/iR HBA is an expansion card that plugs into a dedicated PCI Express
x8 slot (only four lanes wired). It incorporates two four-channel SAS IOCs for connection to SAS/SATA
hard disk drives. It is designed in a form factor that allows the same card to be used in R610 and T610.
II. PERC 6i
For customers who want a hardware RAID solution, the PERC 6i is an option. The PERC 6i uses the LSI
1078 ROC (RAID on Chip) processor with a PCI Express host interface and DDR2 memory. A battery is
also available for backup.
product Usage
R610
Support
Slot
PCIe
CON
PCIe
bracket
I/O
CON
RAID BBU
PERC
SAS/SATA
PERC 6/i
Integrated
Internal
Backplane
Storage
(HDD, SSD)
Yes, Max 1
Storage
slot
x8 No
x4 int
x4 int
0, 1, 5,
6, 10,
50,
and 60
Yes
PERC 6/E
Adapter
External
SAS/SATA
Storage
Yes, Max 1
(MD1000
Pompano
& MD1020
Ridgeback)
PCIe
slot
x8 Yes
x4 ext
x4 ext
0, 1, 5,
6, 10,
50,
and 60
TBBU
PERC 5/E
Adapter
External
Legacy
Storage
Yes, Max 1
(MD1020
and
Ridgeback)
PCIe
slot
x8 Yes
x4 ext
x4 ext
0, 1, 5,
10, 50
TBBU
SAS
HBA
SAS/SATA
SAS 6/iR
Integrated
Internal
Backplane
Storage
(No tape
or SSD
support)
Yes, Max 1
Storage
slot
x8 No
x4 int
x4 int
0, 1 No
SAS 5/E
Adapter
External
SAS (DAS,
Tape)
Yes, Max 1
PCIe
slot
x8 Yes
x4 ext
x4 ext
none No
ICH9
On Planar
via chipset
Internal
slim-line
SATA
Optical
and/or
TBU Only
(no HDD)
Yes, 1 port
for optical
n/a n/a n/a 1x int n/a n/a
LSI
2032
SCSI
LSI 2032
Adapter
External
SCSI Tape/
Legacy
External
storage
Yes, Max 2
PCIe
slot
x8 Yes
1x int
1x ext
n/a n/a
Page: 40
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
41
E. LED Indicators
Each disk drive carrier has two LED indicators visible from the front of the system. One is a green LED
for disk activity and the other is a bicolor (green/amber) LED for status information. The activity LED is
driven by the disk drive during normal operation. The bicolor LED is controlled by the SEP device on the
backplane. Both LEDs are used to indicate certain conditions under direction of a storage controller.
F. Optical Drives
SATA optical drives are optional in all PowerEdge R610 systems and connect to the planar. IDE drives are
no longer supported. The following slimline drives are available on Thidwick: DVD-ROM and DVD+RW. If
the drive is not ordered with the system, a blank should be installed in its place.
G. Tape Drives
The R610 does not support an internal tape drive. The PowerEdge R610 only supports external tape
drives; see the SDL for more information about specific external TBU support.
Section 13. Video
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 system Integrated Dell Remote Access Controller 6 (iDRAC6) incorporates an
integrated video subsystem, connected to the 32-bit PCI interface of the ICH9. This logic is based on
the Matrox G200. The device only supports 2D graphics. The video device outputs are multiplexed
between the front and rear video ports. If a monitor is connected to the front video connector, it will
take precedence over the rear connection, thereby removing the display from the rear connection. The
integrated video core shares its video memory with the iDRAC6’s 128MB DDR2 application space
memory. This memory is also used for the KVM buffer.
The Thidwick system supports the following 2D graphics video modes:
resolution refresh rate (Hz) Color Depth (bit)
640 x 480 60, 72, 75, 85 8, 16, 32
800 x 600 56, 60, 72, 75, 85 8, 16, 32
1024 x 768 60, 72, 75, 85 8, 16, 32
1152 x 864 75 8, 16, 32
1280 x 1024 60, 75, 85 8, 16
1280 x 1024 60 32
Section 14. Audio
A. Overview / Description
No speakers supported
Page: 41
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
42
Section 15. Rack Information
A. Overview / Description
Rack installation components such as rails are provided with the PowerEdge R610 Rack Kit. The rack
installation components are as follows: sliding rack mount with latest generation Cable Management
Arm (CMA). The PowerEdge R610 will feature slam latches to offer easier removal from the rack. When
the system is installed in a rack, please observe the following guidelines:
Nothing should be located within 12” of the front of the unit that would restrict the airflow into the
system.
Nothing should be mounted or placed behind the chassis that would restrict airflow from exiting the
system. Only Dell-approved CMAs can be placed behind the chassis. All other objects should be located
at least 24” away from the rear of the chassis.
When two systems are placed back to back, the separation between the units should be at least 24” if
the exit airflow is equivalent for the two chassis. This will allow the exit air to escape without creating an
extreme back pressure at the rear of one of the chassis.
B. Cable Management Arm (CMA)
Notes: 	• 
CMA supports for the maximum number of cables supported by system
	 • 
The numbers in this matrix represent the number and types of external cables required to be
supported by the CMA solution.
	 • 
This matrix is built on the practical worst case configuration in each platform based on prior
and projected take rates. Note that other combinations of adapters and associated cables exist,
but are assumed to fall within these guidelines from the standpoint of bend radius and
flexibility, cable bundling, cable volume, etc.
	 • 
PCI NIC cables are assumed to be Ethernet.
	 • 
KVM cable dongle may be used for mouse/keyboard/video.
Cable Type Number of cables
Mouse – USB 1
Keyboard – USB 1
Video – VGA 1
Power Cords 2
LOMs – Ethernet 1
PCI NICs 1
Total 7
Page: 42
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
43
C. Rails
Support for Dell 4210 & 2410 racks
Support for Dell 4200 & 2400 racks without CMA
Support for HP/Compaq 10XXX series racks
Support for HP/Compaq 9XXX & 7XXX series racks without CMA
Support for tool-less installation in CEA-310-E compliant square hole 4-post racks including:
Support for Dell 2410 24U Rack
Support for Dell 4210 Rack
Support for HP/Compaq 10xxx series
Support for tooled or tool-less installation in CEA-310-E compliant round hole 4-post racks (tool-less
preferred)
Support for flush and center mount installation in CEA-310-E compliant 2-post racks (1U & 2U only)
The R610 rail supports the following racks:
Section 16. Operating Systems
A. Overview / Description
The PowerEdge R610 supports both Windows and Linux Operating Systems.
B. Operating Systems Supported
Windows®
support:
x86
or
x64
INSTALLATION
Factory
INSTALLATION
logo
certification
schedule
Test/
Validate
support
Windows®
Small Business Server 2008 and Essential Business Server 2008
x64
Standard/
Premium
Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Shipping Yes Yes
Windows Server®
2008 (x64 includes Hyper-V™)
x64
Standard
Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Shipping Yes Yes
Enterprise
Datacenter
Windows Server® 2008
x86
Standard
Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Shipping Yes Yes
Enterprise
Page: 43
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
44
Windows®
Web Server 2008
x86
and
x64
Web Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Shipping Yes Yes
Windows Server®
2008, SP2 (x64 includes Hyper-V™)
x64
Standard
Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Available in
August -
October
2009
Yes Yes
Enterprise
Datacenter
Windows Server®
2008, SP2
x86
Standard
Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Available in
August -
October
2009
Yes Yes
Enterprise
Windows®
Web Server 2008, SP2
x86
and
x64
Web Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Available in
August -
October
2009
Yes Yes
Windows Server®
2008, R2, (x64 includes Hyper-V™)
x64
Standard
Yes
Windows
Hardware
Quality Labs -
Windows 2008
Release 2
Available in
November
2009 -
January
2010
Yes Yes
Enterprise
Datacenter
Page: 44
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
45
Section 17. Virtualization
A. Overview / Description
Supported embedded hypervisors:
	 • Microsoft®
Windows Server®
2008 Hyper-V
	 • VMware®
ESXi Version 4.0 and 3.5 update 4
	 • Citrix®
XenServer 5.0 with Hotfix 1 or later
Section 18. Systems Management
A. Overview / Description
Dell is focused on delivering open, flexible, and integrated solutions the help our customers reduce the
complexity of managing disparate IT assets. We build comprehensive IT management solutions.
Combining Dell PowerEdge Servers with a wide selection of Dell-developed management solutions, we
provide customers choice and flexibility – so you can simplify and save in environments of any size.
To help you meet your server performance demands, Dell offers Dell OpenManage™ systems
management solutions for:
Red Hat®
Enterprise Linux 4.7
x86
and
x64
ES/AS
Available in
June 2009
n/A
Available in
June 2009
Yes Yes
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.2
x86
and
x64
Standard/AP Yes n/A Shipping Yes Yes
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.3
x86
and
x64
Standard/AP
Available in
June 2009
n/A
Available in
June 2009
Yes Yes
Novell®
SUSE®
Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2
x64 Enterprise Yes n/A Shipping Yes Yes
Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11
x64 Enterprise
Available in
June 2009
n/A
Available in
June 2009
Yes Yes
Solaris™ 10 05/09
x64 Enterprise Drop in the box n/A
Available in
June 2009
Yes Yes
Linux support:
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
46
	 • Deployment of one or many servers from a single console
	 • Monitoring of server and storage health and maintenance
	 • Update of system, operating system, and application software
We offer IT management solutions for organizations of all sizes – priced right, sized right, and
supported right.
B. Server Management
A Dell Systems Management and Documentation DVD and a Dell Management Console DVD are included
with the product. ISO images are also available. The following sections briefly describe the content.
Dell Systems Build and Update Utility: Dell Systems Build and Update Utility assists in OS install and
pre-OS hardware configuration and updates.
OpenManage Server Administrator: The OpenManage Server Administrator (OMSA) tool provides a
comprehensive, one-to-one systems management solution, designed for system administrators to
manage systems locally and remotely on a network. OMSA allows system administrators to focus on
managing their entire network by providing comprehensive one-to-one systems management.
Management Console: Our legacy IT Assistant console is also included, as well as tools to allow access
to our remote management products. These tools include: Remote Access Service, for iDRAC, and the
BMC Management Utility.
Active Directory Snap-in Utility: The Active Directory Snap-in Utility provides an extension snap-in to
the Microsoft Active Directory. This allows you to manage Dell specific Active Directory objects. The
Dell-specific schema class definitions and their installation are also included on the DVD.
Dell Systems Service Diagnostics Tools: Dell Systems Service and Diagnostics tools deliver the latest
Dell optimized drivers, utilities, and operating system-based diagnostics that you can use to update
your system.
eDocs: The section includes Acrobat files for PowerEdge systems, storage peripheral and
OpenManage software.
Dell Management Console DVD: The Dell Management Console is a Web-based systems management
software that enables you to discover and inventory devices on your network. It also provides advanced
functions, such as health and performance monitoring of networked devices and patch management
capabilities for Dell systems.
Server Update Utility: In addition to the Systems Management Tools and Documentation and Dell
Management Console DVDs, customers have the option to obtain Server Update Utility DVD. This
DVD has an inventory tool for managing updates to firmware, BIOS and drivers for either Linux or
Windows varieties.
C. Embedded Server Management
The PowerEdge R610 implements circuitry for the next generation of Embedded Server Management. It
is Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) v2.0 compliant. The iDRAC6 (Integrated Dell Remote
Access Controller) is responsible for acting as an interface between the host system and its management
software and the periphery devices. These periphery devices consist of the PSUs, the storage backplane,
integrated SAS HBA or PERC 6/i and control panel with semi-intelligent display.
The iDRAC6 provides features for managing the server remotely or in data center lights-out environments.
Advanced iDRAC features require the installation of the iDRAC6 Enterprise card.
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
47
I. Unmanaged Persistent Storage
The unmanaged persistent storage consists of two ports:
	 • one located on the control panel board
	 • one located on the Internal SD Module.
The port on the control panel is for an optional USB key and is located inside the chassis. Some of the
possible applications of the USB key are:
	 • User custom boot and pre-boot OS for ease of deployment or diskless environments
	 • USB license keys for software applications like eToken™ or Sentinel Hardware Keys
	 • 
Storage of custom logs or scratch pad for portable user-defined information (not hot-pluggable)
The Internal SD Module is dedicated for an SD Flash Card with embedded Hypervisor for virtualization.
The SD Flash Card contains a bootable OS image for virtualized platforms.
II. Lifecycle Controller/Unified Server Configurator
Embedded management is comprised of several pieces which are very interdependent.
	 • 
Lifecycle Controller
	 • 
Unified Server Configurator
	 • 
iDRAC6
	 • 
vFLASH
Lifecycle controller is the hardware component that powers the embedded management features. It is
integrated and tamperproof storage for system-management tools and enablement utilities (firmware,
drivers, etc.). It is flash partitioned to support multiple, future use cases
Dell Unified Server Configurator is a 1:1 user interface exposing utilities from Lifecycle Controller. Customers
will use this interface to configure hardware, update server, run diagnostics, or deploy the operating
system. This utility resides on Lifecycle Controller. To access the Unified Server Configurator, press <F10>
key within 10 seconds of the Dell logo display during the system boot process. Current functionality
enabled by the Unified Server Configurator includes:
feature description
Faster O/S
Installation
Drivers and the installation utility are embedded on system, so no need to
scour DELL.COM
Faster System Updates
Integration with Dell support automatically directed to latest versions of
the Unified Server Configurator
More Comprehensive
Diagnostics
Diagnostic utilities are embedded on system
Simplified Hardware
Configuration
Detects RAID controller and allows user to configure virtual disk and
choose virtual disk as boot device, eliminating the need to launch a
separate utility
III. iDRAC6 Express
The iDRAC6 Express is the first tier of iDRAC6 upgrades. In addition to upgrading the system with a
Lifecycle Controller, the iDRAC6 Express offers the following key features:
	 • 
Graphical web interface
	 • 
Standard-based interfaces
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Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
48
	 • 
Server Sensor monitoring and fault alerting
	 • 
Secure operation of remote access functions including authentication, authorization,
and encryption
	 • 
Power control and management with the ability to limit server power consumption and
remotely control server power states
	 • 
Advanced troubleshooting capabilities
For more information on iDRAC6 Express features see the table below.
IV. iDRAC6 Enterprise
The optional iDRAC6 Enterprise card provides access to advanced iDRAC6 features. The iDRAC6
Enterprise connects directly to the R610 planar and is mounted parallel to the planar with stand-offs.
Key features for the iDRAC6 Enterprise include:
	 • 
Scripting capability with Dell’s Racadm command-line
	 • 
Remote video, keyboard, and mouse control with Virtual Console
	 • 
Remote media access with Virtual Media
	 • 
Dedicated network interface
Additionally, the iDRAC6 Enterprise can be upgraded by adding the vFlash Media card. This is a 1GB
Dell branded SD card that enabled a persistent 256MB virtual flash partition. In the future, vFlash will be
expanded to include additional features.
A more detailed feature list for iDRAC6 Enterprise and vFlash is included in the table below.
Feature BMC
iDRAC6
Express
iDRAC6
Enterprise
VFlash
Media
Interface and Standards Support
IPMI 2.0 4 4 4 4
Web-based GUI 4 4 4
SNMP 4 4 4
WSMAN 4 4 4
SMASH-CLP 4 4 4
Racadm command-line 4 4
Conductivity
Shared/Failover Network Modes 4 4 4 4
IPv4 4 4 4 4
VLAN tagging 4 4 4 4
IPv6 4 4 4
Dynamic DNS 4 4 4
Dedicated NIC 4 4
Security & Authentication
Role-based Authority 4 4 4 4
Page: 48
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
49
Feature BMC
iDRAC6
Express
iDRAC6
Enterprise
VFlash
Media
Virtual console sharing 4 4
Virtual flash 4
Monitoring
Sensor Monitoring and Alerting 4 1
4 4 4
Real-time Power Monitoring 4 4 4
Real-time Power Graphing 4 4 4
Historical Power Counters 4 4 4
Logging Features
System Event Log 4 4 4 4
RAC Log 4 4 4
Trace Log 4 4 4
Feature BMC
iDRAC6
Express
iDRAC6
Enterprise
VFlash
Media
Local Users 4 4 4 4
Active Directory 4 4 4
SSL Encryption 4 4 4
Remote Management & Remediation
Remote Firmware Update 4 1
4 4 4
Server power control 4 1
4 4 4
Serial-over-LAN (with proxy) 4 4 4 4
Serial-over-LAN (no proxy) 4 4 4
Power capping 4 4 4
Last crash screen capture 4 4 4
Boot capture 4 4 4
Serial-over-LAN 4 4 4
Virtual media 4 4
Virtual console 4 4
Page: 49
Dell™ PowerEdge™ R610 Technical Guidebook
50
Section 19. Peripherals
A. USB Peripherals
The R610 supports the following USB devices:
	 • 
DVD (bootable; requires two USB ports)
	 • 
USB Key (bootable)
	 • 
Keyboard (only one USB keyboard is supported)
	 • 
Mouse (only one USB mouse is supported
B. External Storage
external storage
SAN Support
EMC's AX Arrays (SCSI, FC, and iSCSI)
EMC's CX Arrays (SCSI, FC, and iSCSI)
EqualLogic's PS5XXX Arrays (iSCSI)
SAS Management
SW for xBOD
OMSS X.X for MD1000
OMSS X.X for MD1020
X.X for MD3000
for MD3000i
PV NAS
Attachment to Lightning (PV NX1950) including iSCSI and
clustering support
Attachment to Warrior (Win Storage Server on PE)
Attachment to EMC NS500G
PV DAS
MD1000 JBOD
MD3000 RBOD
MD1120 2.5 SAS/SATA JBOD
MD1100 3.5 SAS/SATA JBOD
PV SAN MD3000i iSCSI RAID array
EqualLogic™
PS5000 family
PS5500 family
SAS xBOD SW OpenManage Storage Manager

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