Canon Speedlite 600 EX RT manual

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  • Brand: Canon
  • Product: Flash unit
  • Model/name: Speedlite 600 EX RT
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: English, French, Spanish

Table of Contents

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English
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INSTRUCTION MANUAL
MODE D’EMPLOI
MANUAL DE INSTRUCCIONES
CANON INC. 30-2, Shimomaruko 3-chome, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 146-8501, Japan
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English
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2
The Canon Speedlite 600EX-RT/600EX is a high-output, multi-feature
flash unit for Canon EOS cameras, compatible with E-TTL II, E-TTL and
TTL autoflash and external flash metering systems. The Speedlite can
be used as an on-camera flash that attaches to the hot shoe of the
camera (normal shooting), and as a master unit or slave unit during
wireless shooting. In addition to these three functions, the Speedlite
also has dust and water resistance equivalent to EOS-1D series
cameras.
Note that the 600EX-RT is equipped with a wireless flash shooting
function that uses either radio transmission or optical transmission. The
600EX is equipped with a wireless flash shooting function that uses
optical transmission only.
Read this instruction manual while also referring to your
camera’s instruction manual.
Before using the Speedlite, read this instruction manual and your
camera’s instruction manual to familiarize yourself with the Speedlite
operations.
Using with an EOS digital camera (Type-A camera)
• You can use the Speedlite for easy autoflash shooting in the same
way as a camera’s built-in flash.
Using with an EOS film camera
• When using with an EOS film camera compatible with E-TTL II
and E-TTL autoflash systems (Type-A camera), you can use the
Speedlite for easy autoflash shooting in the same way as a
camera’s built-in flash.
• When using the Speedlite with an EOS film camera compatible
with TTL autoflash system (Type-B camera), see page 116.
* This instruction manual assumes that the Speedlite is used with an
Type-A camera.
Introduction
Using the Speedlite with a Camera
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Chapters
When using a Speedlite 600EX, which does not have a radio
transmission function, wireless shooting described in Chapter 4 is not
available. To shoot with wireless flash, see Chapter 5.
Introduction 2
Getting Started and Basic Operations
Flash preparations and basic flash shooting
13
Advanced Flash Shooting
Advanced shooting using the flash shooting functions
21
Setting Flash Functions with Camera Operations
Setting the flash functions from the camera’s menu screen
41
Wireless Flash Shooting: Radio Transmission
Wireless flash shooting with radio transmission
47
Wireless Flash Shooting: Optical Transmission
Wireless flash shooting with optical transmission
75
Customizing the Speedlite
Customizing with Custom Functions and Personal Functions
91
Reference
System map, FAQ, use with a type-B camera
103
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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4
1
2
3
4
Introduction 2
Chapters ...................................................................................................3
Nomenclature............................................................................................6
Conventions Used in this Manual ...........................................................12
Getting Started and Basic Operations 13
Installing the Batteries.............................................................................14
Attaching and Detaching the Flash .........................................................15
Turning on the Power..............................................................................16
Fully Automatic Flash Shooting ..............................................................18
Using E-TTL II and E-TTL Autoflash in the Shooting Modes ..................19
Advanced Flash Shooting 21
f Flash Exposure Compensation..........................................................22
g FEB...................................................................................................23
7: FE Lock...........................................................................................24
c High-speed Sync................................................................................25
r Second-curtain Sync ........................................................................26
Bounce....................................................................................................27
e: Flash Coverage Setting ..............................................................29
q: Manual Flash.....................................................................................31
?: Stroboscopic Flash....................................................................33
//.: Flash External Metering...............................................36
Modeling Flash........................................................................................38
Clearing Speedlite Settings.....................................................................38
o Color Filter........................................................................................39
Setting Flash Functions with Camera Operations 41
Flash Control from Camera’s Menu Screen............................................42
Wireless Flash Shooting: Radio Transmission 47
' Radio Transmission Wireless Flash Shooting....................................48
Wireless Settings ....................................................................................52
a: Fully Automatic Wireless Flash Shooting...................................57
Contents
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5
Contents
5
6
7
a: Wireless Multiple Flash Shooting with Flash Ratio ................... 61
q: Wireless Multiple Flash Shooting with Manual Flash Output ........... 64
[: Shooting with a Different Flash Mode for Each Group .................... 65
Test Flash and Modeling Flash from a Slave Unit ................................. 67
Remote Release from a Slave Unit........................................................ 68
Linked Shooting with Radio Transmission ............................................. 70
Wireless Flash Shooting: Optical Transmission 75
:Optical Transmission Wireless Flash Shooting................................ 76
Wireless Settings ................................................................................... 78
a: Fully Automatic Wireless Flash Shooting.................................. 81
a: Wireless Multiple Flash Shooting with Flash Ratio ................... 85
q: Wireless Multiple Flash Shooting with Manual Flash Output ........... 88
Manual Flash/Stroboscopic Flash Setting on a Slave Unit .................... 89
Customizing the Speedlite 91
C / >: Setting Custom and Personal Functions............................ 92
C: Setting Custom Functions ............................................................ 95
>: Setting Personal Functions......................................................... 101
Reference 103
600EX-RT/600EX System.................................................................... 104
Flash Firing Restriction due to Temperature Increase ......................... 106
Troubleshooting Guide......................................................................... 107
Specifications....................................................................................... 112
Using with a Type-B Camera ............................................................... 116
Index .................................................................................................... 120
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* Not provided on Speedlite 600EX. (Do not function.)
Nomenclature
Catchlight panel (retracted) (p.28)
Built-in wide panel
(retracted) (p.30)
Terminal cover
Remote release
terminal* (p.68, 70)
Terminal cover
External power
source socket
PC terminal
Bracket
mounting hole
Flash head/
Optical
transmission
wireless
transmitter
Optical transmission
wireless sensor
External metering sensor (p.36)
AF-assist beam emitter (p.20)
Color filter sensor
Mounting foot (p.15)
Locking pin Contacts
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Nomenclature
test flash button
<8> Select/Set button
<9> Select Dial
Color filter holder
attachment (p.39)
Bounce angle index
(p.27, 28)
<z > Bounce lock
release button (p.27, 29)
Function button 3
Function button 4
Battery compartment
cover (p.14)
Battery compartment
cover lock lever (p.14)
Power switch (p.16)
<K > : Power on
<a> : Button/dial lock
(Power on)
<J > : Power off
<D>
Radio transmission
confirmation lamp*
(p.53, 55, 58, 60, 72)
LCD panel
Function button 2
Function button 1
Mounting foot lock lever
(p.15)
Lock-release button (p.15)
Dust- and water-resistant
adapter
<I>
Wireless button/
Linked shooting button
(p.52, 78/71)
<E>
Flash mode button
(p.18, 31, 33, 36, 37,
58, 64, 65, 82, 88, 89)
<Q>
Flash-ready lamp/
Test flash button
(p.16, 58, 82, 95)
Flash exposure confirmation lamp
(p.18, 58, 82)
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Nomenclature
LCD panel
E-TTL II/E-TTL/TTL autoflash (p.19)
a : E-TTL II/E-TTL
autoflash
b : TTL autoflash
f : Flash exposure
compensation (p.22, 44)
Flash exposure compensation
amount
Flash exposure level
FEB sequence (p.96)
g : FEB (p.23, 44)
e : Zoom display (p.29)
N : Wide panel + bounce warning
O : Outside of flash coverage
warning c : High-speed sync
(p.25, 44)
r : Second-curtain
sync (p.26, 44)
S : Auto zoom for
sensor size
(p.20, 98)
u : Custom
Functions (p.95)
T : Personal
Functions
(p.101)
v : Aperture (p.37)
Distance indicator
display (p.95)
R : Meters
@ : Feet
j : Standard
k : Guide number
priority (p.100)
l : Even coverage
(p.100)
m: Bounce (p.27)
n: 7° down bounce
(p.29)
o: Color filter holder attached
(p.39)
l : Use of commercially-available
color filters warning (p.40)
t : Temperature increase (flash
restriction/p.106) Effective flash range
(p.18)
L : Automatic
d : Manual (p.29)
Focal length
(flash coverage/p.29)
0 : Beep (p.99)
The display will show only the settings currently applied.
The functions displayed above function buttons 1 to 4, such as <[>
and <@>, change according to settings’ status.
When a button or dial is operated, the LCD panel illuminates (p.17).
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Nomenclature
Manual flash (p.31)
Stroboscopic flash (p.33)
Auto/manual external flash metering (p.36/37)
Manual flash output
q : Manual flash
Flash frequency
Number of flashes
? : Multi (Stroboscopic)
flash
ISO speed
- : ISO display
/ : Auto external
flash metering
. : Manual external
flash metering
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Nomenclature
Radio transmission wireless shooting/optical transmission
wireless shooting (p.47/75)
Master unit
Slave unit
Linked shooting (p.70)
' : Radio transmission
wireless shooting
: : Optical transmission
wireless shooting
Flash mode
[ : Group flash
(radio
transmission)
k : Sync speed warning
(radio transmission)
Firing group
g: Master flash
firing ON
d : Master flash
firing OFF
* : Channel
) : Channel automatic
setting (radio
transmission)
M : Master
Q : Slave flash ready
(radio transmission)
Flash ratio
, : Flash ratio
x : Slave
h : Slave icon
:
Individual slave (optical
transmission)
x : Slave
M : Master
:
Linked shooting
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Nomenclature
Accessories provided
Mini stand pocket
Speedlite case Mini stand
(p.48, 76)
Shoe
Slits
Filter attachment
pins
Reflection
area
Color filter holder
SCH-E1
(p.39)
Color filter holder case
Color filter set
SCF-E1
(2 types/p.39)
Color filter case
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Icons in this Manual
9 : Indicates the selection dial.
8 : Indicates the select/set button.
3/1/2 : Indicates that the respective function remains active
for 4 sec., 6 sec. or 16 sec. after you let go of the
button.
(p.**) : Reference page numbers for more information.
: Warning to prevent shooting problems.
: Supplemental information.
Basic Assumptions
The operation procedures assume that both the camera and the
Speedlite’s power switches are already set to <K>.
The icons used for buttons, dials and symbols in the text match the
icons found on the camera and the Speedlite.
The operation procedures assume that the menu and Custom
Functions of the camera and the Custom Functions and Personal
Functions of the Speedlite are at their default settings.
All figures are based on the use of four AA/LR6 alkaline batteries
and Canon’s testing standards.
For explanatory purposes, the illustrations show the Speedlite
600EX-RT.
Conventions Used in this Manual
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1
Getting Started and
Basic Operations
This chapter describes the preparations before starting
flash shooting and the basic shooting operations.
To avoid degrading and damaging the flash head
due to overheating, do not fire more than 20
continuous flashes. After 20 continuous flashes,
allow a rest time of at least 10 min.
If you fire more than 20 continuous flashes, and
then fire the flash again repeatedly in short
intervals, the safety function may activate and
restrict flash firing. While flash firing is restricted,
the recycling time is automatically set to an interval
between approx. 8 and 20 sec. If this happens,
allow a rest time of at least 15 min.
For details, see “Flash Firing Restriction due to
Temperature Increase” on page 106.
Cautions for firing continuous flashes
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Install four AA/LR6 batteries.
1 Open the cover.
Slide the lock lever to the left as
shown in ", slide the cover down,
and open the battery compartment
cover.
2 Install the batteries.
Make sure the + and – battery
contacts are correctly oriented as
shown in the battery compartment.
The grooves on the side surfaces of
the battery compartment indicate –.
This is convenient when replacing the
batteries in a dark place.
3 Close the cover.
Close the battery compartment cover
and slide it up.
X When it clicks in place, the battery
compartment cover is locked.
Based on new AA/LR6 alkaline batteries and Canon’s testing standards.
The Quick Flash function enables flash shooting before the flash is fully
charged (p.16).
Installing the Batteries
Recycling Time and Number of Flashes
Recycling Time
Number of Flashes
Quick Flash Normal Flash
Approx. 0.1 to 3.3 sec. Approx. 0.1 to 5.5 sec. Approx. 100 to 700 flashes
Using AA/LR6 batteries other than the alkaline type may cause improper
battery contact due to the irregular shape of the battery contacts.
If you change the batteries after firing flashes continuously, be aware that
the batteries might be hot.
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Attaching and Detaching the Flash
1 Attach the Speedlite.
Slip the Speedlite’s mounting foot all
the way into the camera’s hot shoe.
2 Secure the Speedlite.
On the mounting foot, slide the lock
lever to the right.
X When the lock lever clicks in place, it
will be locked.
3 Detach the Speedlite.
While pressing the lock-release
button, slide the lock lever to the left
and detach the Speedlite.
Attaching and Detaching the Flash
When <!> is displayed, replace the batteries with new ones.
Use a new set of four batteries of the same brand. When replacing the
batteries, replace all four at one time.
AA/LR6 rechargeable Ni-MH or lithium batteries can also be used.
Before attaching or detaching the Speedlite, be sure to turn off the
Speedlite.
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1 Set the power switch to <K>.
X The flash recycling starts.
2 Check that the flash is ready.
The flash-ready lamp changes in
order from off to green (Quick Flash
ready) to red (fully charged).
Press the flash-ready lamp (test flash
button) to fire a test flash.
The Quick Flash function enables flash shooting while the flash-ready
lamp is green (before the flash is fully charged).
The guide number is 1/2 to 1/6 of the full output, but it is useful for
shooting with a faster recycling time at a short shooting distance.
Set the drive mode to single shooting. You cannot use Quick Flash
when continuous shooting, FEB, manual flash or stroboscopic flash is
set.
To save battery power, the power will turn off automatically after approx.
90 sec. of idle use. To turn on the Speedlite again, press the camera’s
shutter button halfway, or press the test flash button (flash-ready lamp).
During radio transmission wireless master flash shooting (p.59) or
during linked shooting (p.73), the time until auto power off takes effect is
5 min.
Turning on the Power
About Quick Flash
About Auto Power Off
Quick Flash cannot be used when the flash mode is set to <b>.
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Turning on the Power
By setting the power switch to <a>, you can disable flash’s button
and dial operations. Use this to prevent the flash function settings from
being accidentally changed after you set them.
If you operate a button or dial, <LOCKED> is displayed on the LCD
panel (the functions displayed above function buttons 1 to 4, such as
<[> and <@>, are not displayed).
When a button or dial is operated, the LCD panel illuminates for 12 sec.
When setting a function, the illumination continues until the setting is
complete.
During normal flash shooting, wireless master flash shooting and
master linked shooting, the LCD panel illuminates in green. If the
Speedlite is a slave unit, it illuminates in orange.
About the Lock Function
About the LCD Panel Illumination
You cannot use the test flash while the camera’s 3/1/2 timer is
operating.
The flash settings are stored even when the power is turned off. To retain
the settings when replacing the batteries, replace the batteries within
1 min. of turning off the power switch and removing the batteries.
When the temperature of the flash head has risen due to continuous flash
firing, the time until auto power off takes effect may increase.
You can fire a test flash while the power switch is set to the <a>
position. Also, when a button or dial is operated, the LCD panel
illuminates.
You can set a beep to sound when the Speedlite is fully charged (C.Fn-
20/p.99).
You can enable the (Quick) flash to fire when the flash-ready lamp is lit
green during continuous shooting (C.Fn-06/p.97).
Auto power off can be disabled (C.Fn-01/p.95).
You can change the duration of the LCD panel illumination (C.Fn-22/
p.100).
You can change the color of the LCD panel illumination (P.Fn-02 to 04/
p.101).
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When you set the camera’s shooting mode to <V> (Program AE) or Full
Auto, you can shoot in E-TTL II/E-TTL fully automatic flash mode.
1 Set the flash mode to <a>.
Press the <E> button and set to
<a>.
Check that <M> or
<x> is not displayed.
2 Focus the subject.
Press the shutter button halfway to
focus.
X The shutter speed and aperture are
displayed in the viewfinder.
Check that <Q> is lit in the viewfinder.
3 Take the picture.
Check that the subject is in the
effective flash range.
When you press the shutter button
completely, the flash will fire and the
picture will be taken.
X If a standard flash exposure was
obtained, the flash exposure
confirmation lamp lights for 3 sec.
Fully Automatic Flash Shooting
Even when attached to a camera that supports E-TTL II autoflash
system, <a> is displayed on the LCD panel.
If the flash exposure confirmation lamp does not light or if the subject is
dark (underexposed) when you check the image on the camera’s LCD
monitor, move closer to the subject and shoot again. You can also
increase the ISO speed when using a digital camera.
“Full Auto” refers to <A>, <1>, and <C> shooting modes.
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Just set the camera’s shooting mode to <X> (Shutter-priority AE),
<W> (Aperture-priority AE), or <q> (Manual exposure) and you can
use E-TTL II/E-TTL autoflash.
If you use the <Z> or <Y> shooting mode, the result will be the same as
using the <V> (Program AE) mode.
1/X sec. is the camera’s maximum flash sync speed.
UsingE-TTLIIandE-TTLAutoflashintheShootingModes
X
Select this mode when you want to set the shutter speed manually.
The camera will then automatically set the aperture matching the shutter
speed to obtain a standard exposure.
If the aperture display blinks, it means that the background exposure will
be underexposed or overexposed. Adjust the shutter speed until the
aperture display stops blinking.
W
Select this mode when you want to set the aperture manually.
The camera will then automatically set the shutter speed matching the
aperture to obtain a standard exposure.
If the background is dark, such as in a night scene, a slow sync speed will
be used to obtain a standard exposure of both the main subject and
background. Standard exposure of the main subject is obtained with the
flash, while a standard exposure of the background is obtained with a long
exposure using a slow shutter speed.
Since a slow shutter speed will be used for low-light scenes, using a
tripod is recommended.
If the shutter speed display blinks, it means that the background
exposure will be underexposed or overexposed. Adjust the aperture until
the shutter speed display stops blinking.
q
Select this mode if you want to set both the shutter speed and aperture
manually.
Standard exposure of the main subject is obtained with the flash. The
exposure of the background is obtained with the shutter speed and aperture
combination you set.
Flash Sync Speeds and Apertures Used
Shutter Speed Aperture
V Set automatically (1/X sec. - 1/60 sec.) Automatic
X Set manually (1/X sec. - 30 sec.) Automatic
W Set automatically (1/X sec. - 30 sec.) Manual
q Set manually (1/X sec. - 30 sec., Bulb) Manual
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Using E-TTL II and E-TTL Autoflash in the Shooting Modes
EOS digital cameras have three sizes of image sensors, and the effective
focal length of the mounted lens varies depending on the model. This
flash automatically recognizes the image sensor size of each EOS digital
camera, and automatically adjusts the optimum flash coverage for the
effective focal length of the lens in a range of 20 to 200 mm.
When mounted on a supported camera, <S> is displayed on the LCD panel.
This function optimizes the white balance during flash shooting by
transmitting the color temperature information to the EOS digital
camera when the flash fires. When you set the camera’s white balance
to <A> or <Q>, the function is enabled automatically.
See the Specifications in your camera’s instruction manual to find out if
it is compatible with this function.
When autofocus cannot achieve focus on the subject in low-light or when
contrast is low, the built-in AF-assist beam activates automatically to help
autofocus.The AF-assist beam in 600EX-RT/600EX is compatible with all
EOS cameras’ AF points. The AF-assist beam is compatible with 28mm
and longer focal lengths and its effective range is shown in the table below.
About Auto Zoom Adjustment to Image Sensor Size
About Color Temperature Information Transmission
About AF-Assist Beam
Position Effective Range (Approx. m/ft.)
Center 0.6 / 2.0 to 10 / 32.8
Periphery 0.6 / 2.0 to 5 / 16.4
Auto zoom adjustment for image sensor size can be disabled (C.Fn-09/p.98).
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2
Advanced Flash
Shooting
This chapter describes advanced shooting operations
using the flash functions.
When the camera’s shooting mode is set to a fully automatic
mode or an Image Zone mode, the operations other than
“Bounce” (p.27, 29), “Wide Panel” (p.30) and “Color Filters”
(p.39) in this chapter are not available. Set the camera’s
shooting mode to V/X/W/q/
5
(Creative Zone mode) to
enable all the operations in this chapter.
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In the same way as normal exposure compensation, you can set
exposure compensation for flash. The flash exposure compensation
amount can be set up to ±3 stops in 1/3-stop increments.
1 Press the <@> button.
Press function button 2 <@>.
X <f> is displayed and the flash
exposure compensation amount is
highlighted.
2 Set the flash exposure
compensation amount.
Turn <9> to set the flash exposure
compensation amount, and press
<8>.
X The flash exposure compensation
amount is set.
“0.3” indicates 1/3 stops and “0.7”
indicates 2/3 stops.
To cancel flash exposure
compensation, return the
compensation amount to “±0”.
f Flash Exposure Compensation
Generally, set an increased exposure compensation for bright subjects
and set a decreased exposure compensation for dark subjects.
If the camera’s exposure compensation is set to 1/2-stop increments, flash
exposure compensation will be up to ±3 stops in 1/2-stop increments.
When the flash exposure compensation is set on both the flash and the
camera, the flash setting is given priority.
The flash exposure compensation amount can be set directly with <9>
without pressing the button (C.Fn-13/p.99).
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You can take three shots while automatically changing the flash output.
This is called FEB (Flash Exposure Bracketing). The settable range is
up to ±3 stops in 1/3-stop increments.
1 Press the <E> button.
Press function button 3 <E>.
X <g> is displayed and the FEB level
display is highlighted.
2 Set the FEB level.
Turn <9> to set the FEB level, and
press <8>.
X The FEB level is set.
“0.3” indicates 1/3 stops and “0.7”
indicates 2/3 stops.
When used together with flash
exposure compensation, FEB
shooting is performed based on the
flash exposure compensation
amount. When the FEB range
exceeds ±3 stops, the end of the flash
exposure level shows <I> or <J>.
g FEB
After the three shots are taken, FEB is canceled automatically.
Before shooting with FEB, it is recommended to set the camera’s drive
mode to single shooting and check that the flash is recycled.
You can use FEB together with flash exposure compensation or FE lock.
If the camera’s exposure compensation is set to 1/2-stop increments, flash
exposure compensation will be up to ±3 stops in 1/2-stop increments.
You can set FEB to remain enabled after shooting the three shots (C.Fn-
03/p.96).
You can change the FEB shooting sequence (C.Fn-04/p.96).
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FE (Flash Exposure) lock locks the correct flash exposure setting for
any part of the scene.
While <a> is displayed on the LCD panel, press the camera’s
<B> button. On cameras without a <B> button, press the <7>
or <P> (AE lock) button.
1 Focus the subject.
2 Press the <B> button. (2)
Aim the center of the viewfinder over
the subject and press the <B>
button.
X The Speedlite fires a preflash, and
the flash output required for the
subject is retained in the memory.
X “FEL” will be displayed in the
viewfinder for 0.5 sec.
Each time you press the <B>
button, a preflash will be fired and the
new flash output required at that time
is retained in the memory.
7: FE Lock
If a correct exposure cannot be obtained when FE lock is performed, <Q>
blinks in the viewfinder. Move closer to the subject, open the aperture,
and perform FE lock again. You can also increase the ISO speed and
perform FE lock again when using a digital camera.
If the target subject is too small in the viewfinder, FE lock might not be
very effective.
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With high-speed sync, the flash can synchronize with all shutter
speeds. This is convenient when you want to use aperture-priority AE
for fill-flash portraits of a subject.
Display <c>.
Press function button 4 <Y> to
display <c>.
Check that <F> is lit in the
viewfinder.
c High-speed Sync
If you set a shutter speed that is equal to or slower than the camera’s
maximum flash sync speed, <F> will not be displayed in the viewfinder.
To return to normal flash shooting, press function button 4 <Y> to
turn off <c>.
High-speed sync is not available during stroboscopic flash.
When using the flash with EOS cameras compatible with E-TTL and
released up to 2011, high-speed sync is not possible with radio
transmission wireless flash shooting (p.51).
With high-speed sync, the faster the shutter speed, the shorter the
effective flash range will be. Check the effective flash range on the LCD
panel.
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Shooting with a slow shutter speed and second-curtain sync captures
the trajectory of moving light sources, such as car lights, in a natural
way. The flash fires right before the exposure finishes (shutter closes).
Display <r>.
Press function button 4 <Y> to
display <r>.
r Second-curtain Sync
Second-curtain sync works well when the camera’s shooting mode is set
to “buLb”.
To return to normal flash shooting, press function button 4 <Y> to
turn off <r>.
When the flash mode is set to <a>, the flash fires twice. This first
flash is a preflash to determine the flash output. It is not a malfunction.
Second-curtain sync is not available during wireless flash shooting.
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By pointing the flash head toward a wall or ceiling, the flash will bounce
off the surface before illuminating the subject. This can soften shadows
behind the subject for a more natural-looking shot. This is called bounce
flash.
Set the Bounce Direction
You can turn (bounce) the flash head while pressing the <z>
button as shown. During bounce shooting, the flash icon on the LCD
panel changes to <m>.
When the flash head is turned while the flash coverage is set to <L>
(automatic) (p.29), the flash coverage is fixed at 50 mm and <---> is
displayed on the LCD panel.
You can also set the flash coverage manually (p.29).
Bounce
If the wall or ceiling is too far away, the bounced flash might be too weak
and result in underexposure.
If the picture appears dark or the flash exposure confirmation lamp does
not light, use a larger aperture opening (smaller f/number) and try again.
You can also increase the ISO speed when using a digital camera.
The wall or ceiling should be plain white for high reflectance. If the
bounce surface is not white, a color cast may result in the picture.
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Bounce
Using the catchlight panel enables you to reflect light in a person’s eyes
and create a more vivid expression.
1 Turn the flash head 90° up.
2 Pull out the wide panel.
Pull up the wide panel.
X The catchlight panel is also pulled up
at the same time.
3 Push back the wide panel.
Push back the wide panel.
Shoot using the same method as
bounce shooting.
Catchlight Panel
Position the flash head towards the front and 90° up. When the flash
head is rotated to the left or right, the catchlight is not very effective.
To effectively obtain the catchlight in a person’s eyes, shoot within 1.5 m
(4.9 ft.) of the subject.
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e: Flash Coverage Setting
When you position the flash head down
by 7° while pressing the <z>
button, you can shoot subjects at a short
distance in a range of approx. 0.5 to 2 m
(1.6 to 6.6 ft.).
When the flash head is positioned down
by 7°, the flash icon on the LCD panel
changes to <n>.
“Automatic” and “Manual” settings are available as the flash coverage
settings. In the auto setting, the flash coverage is automatically adjusted
according to the focal length of the shooting lens. With the manual
setting, you can set any flash coverage in a range of 20 to 200 mm.
1 Press the <[> button.
Press function button 1 <[>.
X The flash coverage value is
highlighted.
2 Set the flash coverage.
Turn <9> to set the flash coverage,
and press <8>.
<L> indicates the automatic setting
and <d> indicates the manual
setting.
n Short Distance Flash Shooting
e: Flash Coverage Setting
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e: Flash Coverage Setting
When you use the flash’s built-in wide panel together, you can perform
flash shooting with ultra-wide angle lenses up to 14 mm.
1 Pull out the wide panel.
Pull out the wide panel.
2 Push back the catchlight panel.
Wide Panel
When the flash coverage is set to manual, set a flash coverage that is
wider than the angle of view you are shooting, to prevent the periphery of
the picture from being darker.
When a lens with a focal length inferior to 20 mm is mounted, the
<O> warning is displayed on the LCD panel. When using a camera
with a smaller image sensor size than full-frame, the <O> warning
is displayed when the actual shooting angle of view is wider than the
angle of view of the 20 mm lens.
When shooting with the camera and Speedlite’s PC terminal connected
by a commercially-available sync cord, set the flash coverage manually.
EF15mm f/2.8 Fisheye and EF8-15mm f/4L Fisheye USM angles of view
are not supported.
You cannot set the flash coverage while using the wide panel.
Since underexposure may occur, the <N> warning is displayed on
the LCD panel when using the wide panel with bounce shooting.
Pull out the wide panel gently. Using excessive force may detach the
wide panel.
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You can set the flash output from 1/128 power to 1/1 full output in 1/3-
stop increments.
Use a hand-held flash meter to determine the required flash output to
obtain a correct flash exposure. Setting the camera’s shooting mode to
<W> or <q> is recommended.
1 Set the flash mode to <q>.
Press the <E> button and set to
<q>.
2 Set the flash output.
Press function button 2 <@>.
X The flash output level is highlighted.
Turn <9> to set the flash output,
and press the <8> button.
When you press the camera’s shutter
button halfway, the indication of
shooting distance and the aperture
setting are displayed.
q: Manual Flash
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q: Manual Flash
When the Speedlite is used with the EOS-1D series, you can also set
the flash exposure level manually. This is convenient for shooting at a
short distance from the subject. Use a commercially available 18% gray
card and shoot as follows.
1 Set the camera and Speedlite settings.
Set the camera’s shooting mode to <q> or <W>.
Set the Speedlite’s flash mode to <q>.
2 Focus the subject.
Focus manually.
3 Set up an 18% gray card.
Place the gray card at the subject’s position.
In the viewfinder, the entire spot metering circle at the center
should cover the gray card.
4 Press the <B> or <7> button. (2)
X The Speedlite will fire a preflash and the required flash output for
the correct flash exposure is retained in memory.
X On the right side of the viewfinder, the exposure level indicator
will show the flash exposure level for the standard exposure.
5 Set the flash exposure level.
Adjust the Speedlite’s manual flash level and the
aperture so that the flash exposure level aligns with
the standard exposure index.
6 Take the picture.
Remove the gray card and take the picture.
Metered Manual Flash Exposures
Metered manual flash exposure is only available with EOS-1D series
cameras.
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When using stroboscopic flash with a slow shutter speed, you can shoot
multiple successive movements within a single picture, similar to stop-
motion pictures.
In stroboscopic flash, set the flash output, number of flashes, and flash
frequency (number of flashes per second = Hz). For the maximum
number of continuous flashes, see page 35.
1 Set the flash mode to <?>.
Press the <E> button and set to
<?>.
2 Select an item.
Press the <@> function button
for the flash output, press <Q>
for the number of flashes, and press
<G> for the flash frequency.
X You can set the item of the button you
pressed.
3 Set the value.
Turn <9> to set the value, and
press the <8> button.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 to set the flash
output, number of flashes and flash
frequency.
?: Stroboscopic Flash
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?: Stroboscopic Flash
In stroboscopic flash, to ensure that the shutter stays open until the end
of the continuous flashes, set the camera with a shutter speed
calculated with the following equation.
Number of flashes ÷ flash frequency = shutter speed
For example, if the number of flashes is set to 10 (times) and flash
frequency to 5 (Hz), set the shutter speed to 2 sec. or longer.
Calculating the Shutter Speed
To avoid degrading and damaging the flash head due to overheating, do
not shoot repeatedly with stroboscopic flash more than 10 times. After
shooting 10 times, allow a rest time of at least 15 min.
If you shoot repeatedly more than 10 times, the safety function may
activate and restrict the flash firing. If this happens, allow a rest time of at
least 15 min.
Stroboscopic flash is most effective when combining a highly reflective
subject with a dark background.
Using a tripod, remote switch and external power source is
recommended.
Stroboscopic flash is not possible with 1/1 power or 1/2 power flash.
Stroboscopic flash is also possible when the camera’s shooting mode is
set to “buLb”.
When the number of flashes is displayed as “---”, flashes are fired
continuously until the shutter closes or the charge runs out. The
maximum number of continuous flashes is shown in the table on the
following page.
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?: Stroboscopic Flash
When the number of flashes is displayed as “---” (bar display), the maximum
number of flashes is as shown in the tables.
1 to 199 Hz
250 to 500 Hz
Maximum Number of Continuous Flashes
Hz
Flash
Output
1 2 3 4 5 6 - 7 8 - 9
1/4 7 6 5 4 4 3 3
1/8 14 14 12 10 8 6 5
1/16 30 30 30 20 20 20 10
1/32 60 60 60 50 50 40 30
1/64 90 90 90 80 80 70 60
1/128 100 100 100 100 100 90 80
Hz
Flash
Output
10 11 12 - 14 15 - 19 20 - 50 60 - 199 250 - 500
1/4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1/8 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
1/16 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
1/32 20 20 20 18 16 12 10
1/64 50 40 40 35 30 20 15
1/128 70 70 60 50 40 40 30
Flash
Output
1/4 1/8 1/16 1/32 1/64 1/128
Number of
Flashes
2 4 8 12 20 40
Flash
Output
1/4 1/8 1/16 1/32 1/64 1/128
Number of
Flashes
2 4 8 10 15 30
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The Speedlite’s built-in external metering sensor measures the flash
reflected from the subject in real time, and stops the flash when the
standard exposure is reached.
“Auto external flash metering” can be used with the EOS digital
cameras released since 2007. “Manual external flash metering” can be
used with all EOS cameras.
This enables you to perform automatic flash shooting. The flash output
is automatically adjusted according to the ISO speed and aperture set
in the camera.
Set the flash mode to </>.
Press the <E> button and set to
</>.
If </> is not displayed, set the
flash Custom Function to C.Fn-05-2
(p.96).
When you press the camera’s shutter
button halfway, the effective flash
range is displayed.
//.: Flash External Metering
/: Auto External Flash Metering
Flash exposure compensation (p.22) and FEB (p.23) are available during
auto external flash metering.
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//.: Flash External Metering
You can manually set the Speedlite with the ISO speed and aperture set
in the camera. The flash output is automatically adjusted according to
the ISO speed and aperture that you set.
1 Set the flash mode to <.>.
Press the <E> button and set to
<.>.
If <.> is not displayed, set the
flash Custom Function to C.Fn-05-3
(p.96).
2 Set the same ISO speed as on the
camera.
Press function button 3 <I>.
X The ISO speed value is highlighted.
Turn <9> to set the ISO speed, and
press the <8> button.
ISO speed can be set within a
maximum range of ISO 25 to 51200,
in 1/3 increments.
3 Set the same aperture as on the
camera.
Press function button 4 <D>.
X The aperture is highlighted.
Turn <9> to set the aperture, and
press the <8> button.
.: Manual External Flash Metering
You can check the effective flash range on the Speedlite’s LCD panel.
When using manual external flash metering and shooting with the camera
and Speedlite’s PC terminal connected by a commercially-available sync
cord, you can shoot with the flash off the camera.
If you connect a different Speedlite to the Speedlite’s PC terminal with a
sync cord, it will not fire.
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When the camera’s depth-of-field preview button is pressed, the flash
fires continuously for 1 sec. This is called the modeling flash. It enables
you to see the shadow effects on the subject, and the lighting balance
during wireless flash shooting (p.47, 75).
Press the depth-of-field preview button on the camera.
X The flash fires continuously for 1 sec.
You can return the settings of the Speedlite shooting functions and
wireless shooting settings to their default settings.
Press function buttons 2 and 3
simultaneously for 2 seconds or
longer.
X The Speedlite settings are cleared
and the settings return to normal
shooting and <a> flash mode.
Modeling Flash
Clearing Speedlite Settings
To avoid degrading and damaging the flash head due to overheating, do
not fire the modeling flash more than 10 times continuously. After firing it
10 times continuously, allow a rest time of at least 10 min.
If the modeling flash is fired more than 10 times continuously, the safety
function may activate and restrict flash firing. If this happens, allow a rest
time of at least 15 min.
Modeling flash is not possible when using the flash with EOS REBEL
2000/QD, EOS 300/QD or a Type-B camera.
During normal flash shooting, or when using the flash as the master unit in
wireless shooting, you can fire the modeling flash with the test flash button
(C.Fn-02/p.95).
Even when the settings have been cleared, the transmission channel and
wireless radio ID during wireless shooting as well as the C.Fn and P.Fn
settings (p.92) will not be canceled.
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When the color temperature of the Speedlite and the color temperature
of the light illuminating the subject are different, unnatural colors may
result for the subject background where the flash does not reach.
By using a supplied color filter suitable for the color temperature of the
illuminating light while firing the flash, you can shoot the subject and
background colors with an appropriate white balance. You can also use
commercially-available color filters.
1 Attach the filter to the holder.
Attach the supplied filter to the holder
as shown in the illustration.
2 Attach the holder to the Speedlite.
Attach the holder to the flash head as
shown.
The flash icon on the LCD panel
changes to <o>.
To remove the holder, follow the
procedure in reverse order. Raise the
lower filter attachment pins and
remove the holder from the flash
head.
3 Take the picture.
To compensate for the color
temperature of the light source, set
the camera’s white balance to <Q>
and take the picture.
o Color Filter
Supplied Color Filters
Filter Density
Compensation
Effect
Application
Tungsten light
(orange)
Low Low Compensates for the
effect of a tungsten light
bulb
High High
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o Color Filter
With EOS digital cameras released
since 2012, you can also set the white
balance to <A> for shooting.
Check the resulting image, and
perform WB compensation as required.
When using a commercially-available 75 x 75 mm filter (3 in. x 3 in.), disable the
automatic filter detection function (P.Fn-05-1/p.102). If you use a commercially-
available color filter with P.Fn-05-0 set, <l> may be displayed. Shoot a
picture with the filter attached in the actual shooting environment and set it for
manual white balance. Take the picture with the white balance set to <c>.
Commercially-available Color Filters
The flash guide number decreases when you use a color filter. When
performing manual flash or stroboscopic flash with one of the supplied
color filters, set flash exposure compensation according to the following
guidelines.
[Low] Orange:+1/3 stop, [High] Orange: +1 stop
When P.Fn-05-0 is set, if you use a commercially-available color filter
whose color is close to the supplied color filters, <l> may not be
displayed.
As shown in step 1 on the preceding page, attach the filter all the way to
the position of the filter attachment pins on the holder. If the filter is not
attached correctly, it may not be detected.
When using a filter, the use of full power or continuous flashes is not
recommended. The filter may deform due to the heat of the flash.
The denser the color of the filter, the more likely it is to deform due to the
heat of the flash.
With cameras that are not compatible with color temperature information
transmission (p.20), set the white balance to <c> and shoot in the
same way as described in “Commercially-available Color Filters”.
When using a commercially-available coloring filter, you do not need to
set the white balance to <c>.
Attaching the holder does not affect the flash coverage.
Even if the filter deforms due to the heat of the flash, it does not affect its
compensation effect.
Filters are consumable parts. When the supplied filters have worn out or
degraded, purchase new genuine filters.
If dirt or dust adheres to a filter, wipe it off with a soft, dry cloth.
If the color filter sensor (p.6) or the holder reflection area (p.11) is dirty or
dusty, clean it with a blower or similar tool.
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3
Setting Flash Functions
with Camera Operations
This chapter describes how to set the flash functions
from the camera’s menu screen.
When the camera’s shooting mode is set to a fully automatic
mode or an Image Zone mode, the operations in this chapter
are not available. Set the camera’s shooting mode to V/X/
W/q/
5
(Creative Zone mode).
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When using EOS digital cameras released since 2007, you can set
flash functions or Custom Functions from the camera’s menu screen.
For the camera operations, see the camera’s instruction manual.
1 Select [External Speedlite
control].
Select [External Speedlite control]
or [Flash control].
2 Select [Flash function settings].
Select [Flash function settings] or
[External flash func. setting].
X The screen changes to the (external)
flash function settings screen.
3 Set the function.
The setting screen varies
depending on the camera.
Select an item and set the function.
Flash Control from Camera’s Menu Screen
Flash Function Setting
Example of
EOS-1D X screen
Example of
EOS 60D screen
The cameras released from 2007 to 2011 are as follows.
EOS-1Ds Mark III, EOS-1D Mark IV/III, EOS 5D Mark II, EOS 7D/60D/50D/
40D, EOS REBEL T3i/600D, EOS REBEL T2i/550D, EOS REBEL T1i/500D,
EOS REBEL XSi/450D, EOS REBEL T3/1100D, EOS REBEL XS/1000D
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Flash Control from Camera’s Menu Screen
EOS digital cameras released since 2012
When using the flash with cameras such as EOS-1D X, you can set the
functions for “Normal shooting”, “Radio transmission wireless shooting”
or “Optical transmission wireless shooting” in the [Flash function
settings] screen.
EOS digital cameras released from 2007 to 2011
You can set the functions for “Normal shooting” or “Optical transmission
wireless shooting” in the [Flash function setting] screen. To use
“Radio transmission wireless shooting”, set the functions by operating
the flash.
The settable functions are as follows. The available settings vary
depending on the flash mode or wireless function setting.
Settings Available in [Flash function settings]
Function Reference Page
Flash firing Enable / Disable
p.44
E-TTL II flash metering Evaluative / Average
Flash synchronization speed in Av mode
Flash mode
E-TTL II (autoflash) / Manual flash /
MULTI flash / Auto external flash
metering / Manual external flash
metering / TTL (autoflash)
Shutter
synchronization
1st curtain / 2nd curtain / Hi-speed
Flash exposure compensation
FEB
Zoom (flash coverage)
p.45
Wireless functions
(setting)
Radio transmission wireless /
Optical transmission wireless
Clear Speedlite function settings
[Flash firing] and [E-TTL II flash metering] are displayed in step 2 or
step 3 on the preceding page (depending on the camera).
When [Flash sync. speed in Av mode] is not displayed, it can be set
with the camera’s Custom Function.
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Flash Control from Camera’s Menu Screen
Flash firing
To perform flash shooting, set to [Enable]. To use the flash’s AF-
assist beam only, set to [Disable].
E-TTL II flash metering
For normal exposures, set it to [Evaluative].
If [Average] is set, the flash exposure will be averaged for the entire
scene metered by the camera. Flash exposure compensation may
be necessary depending on the scene. This setting is for advanced
users.
Flash synchronization speed in Av mode
You can set the flash sync speed when shooting in aperture-priority
AE (Av) mode with flash.
Flash mode
You can select the flash mode from [E-TTL II], [Manual flash],
[MULTI flash], [AutoExtFlash] and [Man.ExtFlash] to suit your
desired flash shooting.
When the flash’s Custom Function C.Fn-05 is set to [1:TTL] (p.96),
[TTL] can be selected. When performing autoflash shooting with an
EOS digital camera, set to [0:E-TTL II/E-TTL].
Shutter synchronization
You can select the flash firing timing/method from [1st curtain], [2nd
curtain] and [High-speed synchronization]. To perform normal
flash shooting, set [1st curtain].
Flash exposure compensation
In the same way as normal exposure compensation, you can set
exposure compensation for flash. The flash exposure compensation
amount can be set up to ±3 stops in 1/3-stop increments.
FEB
You can take three shots while automatically changing the flash
output. The settable range is up to ±3 stops in 1/3-stop increments.
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Flash Control from Camera’s Menu Screen
Zoom (flash coverage)
You can set the flash coverage for the Speedlite. When [Auto] is
selected, the flash coverage is set automatically according to the
focal length of the lens.
Wireless flash functions (setting)
You can perform wireless flash shooting. Two wireless flash shooting
methods are available; radio transmission and optical transmission.
For details, see Chapter 4 and Chapter 5.
Clear Speedlite (function) settings
You can return the flash settings to their default settings.
When flash exposure compensation is set on the flash, you cannot set flash
exposure compensation in the camera’s menu screen. Note that if both are
set at the same time, the setting on the flash is given priority.
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Flash Control from Camera’s Menu Screen
The displayed contents vary depending on the camera. When C.Fn-20
to 23 are not displayed, set them by operating the flash unit. For the
Custom Functions, see pages 95 to 100.
1 Select [Flash C.Fn settings].
Select [Flash C.Fn settings] or
[External flash C.Fn setting].
X The screen changes to the (external)
flash Custom Function settings
screen.
2 Set the Custom Function.
Select the Custom Function number
and set the function.
To clear all the Custom Function
settings, select [Clear all Speedlite
C.Fn’s] or [Clear ext. flash C.Fn
set.] in step 1.
Flash Custom Function Settings
When using a camera released up to 2011, the C.Fn-20 to 23 settings are
not cleared even if [Clear all Speedlite C.Fn’s] is selected. When
following the “Clearing All the Custom Functions” operation on page 94,
all the Custom Functions (except C.Fn-00) are cleared.
When using the flash with EOS digital cameras released since 2012, as
auto external metering and manual external metering can be
automatically selected with the flash’s <E> button, C.Fn-05-2, 3 are
not displayed.
You cannot set or clear all Personal Functions (P.Fn/p.101) from the
camera’s menu screen. Set them by operating the flash unit.
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4
Wireless Flash Shooting:
Radio Transmission
This chapter describes wireless flash shooting using
radio transmission.
For the accessories required for radio transmission
wireless shooting, see the system map (p.104). For
the regions of use, restrictions, and precautions
related to radio transmission, refer to the separate
leaflet.
When using a Speedlite 600EX (without radio
transmission function), the shooting in this chapter is not
available. To shoot with optical transmission wireless
flash, see Chapter 5 (p.75).
When the camera’s shooting mode is set to a fully
automatic mode or an Image Zone mode, the operations
in this chapter are not available. Set the camera’s
shooting mode to V/X/W/q/
5
(Creative Zone mode).
The 600EX-RT attached to the camera is called the master
unit, and a 600EX-RT that is wirelessly controlled is called the
slave unit.
You can also wirelessly control the 600EX-RT set as the slave
unit with the Speedlite Transmitter ST-E3-RT (sold
separately). For details on setting the master unit functions,
see the transmitter’s instructions.
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Using a Canon Speedlite (master/slave) with a radio transmission
wireless shooting function makes it easy to shoot with advanced
wireless multiple flash lighting, in the same way as normal E-TTL II/
E-TTL autoflash shooting.
The system is designed so that the settings of the 600EX-RT attached
to the camera (master) are automatically reflected on the 600EX-RT
that is wirelessly controlled (slave). Therefore, you do not need to
operate the slave unit while shooting.
The basic relative positions and operating range are as shown in the
figure. You can then perform wireless E-TTL II/E-TTL autoflash
shooting just by setting the master unit to <a>.
Autoflash Shooting Using One Slave Unit (p.57)
' Radio Transmission Wireless Flash Shooting
Positioning and Operation Range (Example of wireless flash shooting)
M
x
Transmission
distance
Approx. 30 m
(98.4 ft.)
Position the slave unit using the supplied mini stand (p.11).
Before shooting, perform a test flash (p.16) and test shooting.
The transmission distance may be shorter depending on the conditions
such as the positioning of slave units, the surrounding environment and
weather conditions.
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' Radio Transmission Wireless Flash Shooting
You can divide the slave units into two or three groups and perform
E-TTL II/E-TTL autoflash shooting while changing the flash ratio
(factor). In addition, you can set and shoot with a different flash mode
for each firing group, for up to 5 groups.
Autoflash Shooting with Two Slave Groups (p.61)
Autoflash Shooting with Three Slave Groups (p.62)
Wireless Multiple Flash Shooting
A
B
A
B
C
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