Brother DS-140 manual

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  • Brand: Brother
  • Product: Sewing Machine
  • Model/name: DS-140
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: English, Dutch, French, German

Table of Contents

Page: 0
English
885-V60/V61/V62/V63/V64/V65
XE8755-001
Printed in China
APPENDIX
UTILITY STITCHES
SEWING BASICS
KNOWING YOUR
SEWING MACHINE
Operation
Manual
Computerized Sewing Machine
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and
answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).
Product Code:
885-V60/V61/V62/V63/V64/V65
Operation
Manual
885-V60/V61/V62/V63/V64/V65
CP4_brother_cover_Eng PANTONE 285C K
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these safety instructions before attempting to use the machine.
DANGER - To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using, when cleaning,
when making any user servicing adjustments mentioned in this manual, or if you are leaving the
machine unattended.
WARNING - To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
2Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when making any adjustments mentioned
in the instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off, then grasp
the plug and pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet. Do not use an extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the power is cut.
3 Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or water is spilled on the unit. Return the machine to the nearest
authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
• While the machine is stored or in use if you notice anything unusual, such as an odor, heat,
discoloration or deformation, stop using the machine and immediately unplug the power cord.
• When transporting the machine, be sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting the machine by any other
part may damage the machine or result in the machine falling, which could cause injuries.
• When lifting the machine, be careful not to make any sudden or careless movements, otherwise
you may injure your back or knees.
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4 Always keep your work area clear:
• Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
machine and foot control free from the build up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
• Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat source, such as a stove or iron; otherwise, the machine,
power cord or garment being sewn may ignite, resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this machine on an unstable surface, such as an unsteady or slanted table, otherwise
the machine may fall, resulting in injuries.
5 Special care is required when sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the needle. Do not use bent or damaged needles.
• Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
• Switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off when making any adjustments in the
needle area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect needle plate, as it could cause the needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when sewing, and follow careful instruction when freehand stitching
so that you do not deflect the needle and cause it to break.
6 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.
• The plastic bag that this machine was supplied in should be kept out of the reach of children or
disposed of. Never allow children to play with the bag due to the danger of suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
7 For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet,
needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
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8 For repair or adjustment:
• If the Light unit (light-emitting diode) is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized dealer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table
in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem
persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer.
Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information, visit our web site at www.brother.com
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This machine is intended for household use.
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND
CYPRUS ONLY
IMPORTANT
• In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the
mark, rating as marked on plug.
• Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted.
• If the available electrical outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, you
should contact your authorized dealer to obtain the correct lead.
FOR USERS IN AC INPUT 220-240V
COUNTRIES AND MEXICO
This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced physical, sensory
or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given
supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person responsible for their safety.
Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
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CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ...............................................................................1
1. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ..........................................................6
ACCESSORIES .....................................................................................................................6
Included accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 6
Optional accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Accessory compartment ................................................................................................................................... 7
NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ....................................................8
The main parts ................................................................................................................................................. 8
Needle and presser foot section ...................................................................................................................... 9
Operation buttons ............................................................................................................................................. 9
Operation panel .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Spool pin ........................................................................................................................................................ 10
USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ...................................................................................12
Power supply precautions .............................................................................................................................. 12
Power supply .................................................................................................................................................. 12
Foot controller ................................................................................................................................................ 13
Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the start/stop button) ..................................................... 13
Changing the needle stop position ................................................................................................................. 13
THREADING THE MACHINE ............................................................................................14
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 14
Lower threading ............................................................................................................................................. 19
Upper threading ............................................................................................................................................. 22
Drawing up the lower thread .......................................................................................................................... 27
REPLACING THE NEEDLE .................................................................................................28
Needle precautions ........................................................................................................................................ 28
Needle types and their uses ........................................................................................................................... 28
Checking the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 29
Replacing the needle ..................................................................................................................................... 29
Sewing with the twin needle ........................................................................................................................... 31
REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ......................................................................................33
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................. 33
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................. 34
2. SEWING BASICS ...........................................................................................36
SEWING ............................................................................................................................36
General sewing procedure ............................................................................................................................. 36
Selecting stitching .......................................................................................................................................... 37
Adjusting the stitch length and width .............................................................................................................. 38
Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................... 39
Thread tension ............................................................................................................................................... 41
USEFUL SEWING TIPS ......................................................................................................42
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 42
Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................... 42
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................ 42
Sewing thick fabrics ....................................................................................................................................... 42
Sewing hook-and-loop fastener ..................................................................................................................... 43
Sewing thin fabrics ......................................................................................................................................... 44
Sewing stretch fabrics .................................................................................................................................... 44
Stitching cylindrical pieces ............................................................................................................................. 44
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3. UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................45
OVERCASTING STITCHES ................................................................................................45
Using zigzag foot ............................................................................................................................................ 45
Using overcasting foot .................................................................................................................................... 46
BASIC STITCHING ............................................................................................................47
Basic stitching ................................................................................................................................................ 47
BLIND HEM STITCHING ..................................................................................................48
BUTTONHOLE SEWING ...................................................................................................51
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 55
ZIPPER INSERTION ...........................................................................................................57
SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE ............................................................59
Stretch stitching .............................................................................................................................................. 59
Elastic attaching ............................................................................................................................................. 59
APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING ........................................................61
Appliqués ....................................................................................................................................................... 62
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 62
Piecing ........................................................................................................................................................... 62
Quilting ........................................................................................................................................................... 63
Free-motion quilting ....................................................................................................................................... 64
REINFORCEMENT STITCHING .........................................................................................66
Triple stretch stitching .................................................................................................................................... 66
Bar tack stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 66
DECORATIVE STITCHING ................................................................................................68
Fagoting ......................................................................................................................................................... 69
Scallop stitching ............................................................................................................................................. 70
Smocking ....................................................................................................................................................... 70
Shell tuck stitching ......................................................................................................................................... 71
Joining ............................................................................................................................................................ 71
Heirloom stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 72
4. APPENDIX .....................................................................................................73
STITCH SETTINGS .............................................................................................................73
Utility stitches ................................................................................................................................................. 73
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................78
Cleaning the machine surface ........................................................................................................................ 78
Cleaning the race ........................................................................................................................................... 78
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................................81
Frequent troubleshooting topics ..................................................................................................................... 81
Upper thread tightened up ............................................................................................................................. 81
Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric .......................................................................................................... 82
Incorrect thread tension ................................................................................................................................. 85
Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed ............................................................................... 86
List of symptoms ............................................................................................................................................ 90
ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................................................95
Operation beep (for models equipped with the operation beep) .................................................................... 95
INDEX ...............................................................................................................................96
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KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
ACCESSORIES
Included accessories
After opening the box, check that the following accessories are included. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your dealer.
Note
● Foot controller: Model T
This foot controller can be used on the machine with product code 885-V60/V61/V62/V63/V64/V65. The
product code is mentioned on the machine rating plate.
● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. (Part code: 132730-122)
Memo
● About zigzag foot “J”;
Press the black button on the left side of the foot when it is difficult for thick seams
to be fed, for example, at the beginning of sewing thick fabrics. (page 43)
aBlack button
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
9. 10.
75/11 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
100/16 1 needle
11. 12.
90/14 1 needle
13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19.
No. Part Name
Part Code
U.S.A.
/ Canada Others
1 Buttonhole foot “A” XC2691-033
2 Overcasting foot “G” XE6305-101
3 Monogramming foot “N” XD0810-031
4 Zipper foot “I” X59370-021
5 Zigzag foot “J” (on machine) XC3021-031
6 Blind stitch foot “R” XC4051-031
7 Button fitting foot “M” XE2137-001
8 Seam ripper X54243-051
9
Bobbin (4)
(One is on machine.)
SA156 SFB
10 Needle set XC8834-021
11 Twin needle 131096-121
12
Ball point needle
(gold colored)
XD0360-021
13 Cleaning brush X59476-021
14 Disc-shaped screwdriver XC1074-051
15 Spool cap (large) 130012-024
16
Spool cap (medium)
(on machine)
XE1372-001
17 Spool cap (small) 130013-124
18 Extra spool pin XE2241-001
Foot controller XD0501-021 (EU area)
XC8816-021 (Other areas)
19
No. Part Name
Part Code
U.S.A.
/ Canada Others
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Optional accessories
Accessory compartment
The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. Slide the flat bed attachment to the
left to open it.
a Flat bed attachment
b Storage compartment
Note
● Put the accessories in the bag, and then
store the bag inside the compartment. If the
accessories are not in a bag, they may fall
out, and be lost or damaged.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
No. Part Name
Part Code
U.S.A.
/ Canada
Others
1 Walking Foot SA140 F033N
2 Quilting Foot SA129 F005N
3 1/4-Inch Quilting Foot SA125 F001N
4 Quilting guide SA132 F016N
5 Eyelet punch XZ5051-001
No. Part Name
Part Code
U.S.A.
/ Canada
Others
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KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
The illustrations in this operation manual may differ from the actual machine.
The main parts
a Bobbin winder (page 14)
This winds the thread onto the bobbin for use as the
lower thread.
b Upper tension-control dial (page 41)
This controls the tension of the upper thread.
c Bobbin-winding thread guide and pretension disc
(page 14)
Pass the thread under this thread guide and around the
pretension disc when winding the bobbin thread.
d Thread take-up lever (page 24)
e Thread cutter (page 40)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
f Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment
(pages 7 and 44)
g Operation buttons (page 9)
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing
machine model.
h Operation panel (page 10)
This is used to select the stitch and specify the various
settings. Design and position of the operation panel
differs depending on the sewing machine model.
i Spool pin (pages 10, 14 and 22)
This holds the spool of thread.
j Handwheel
This is used to manually raise and lower the needle.
k Air vent
This vent allows the air surrounding the motor to
circulate. Do not cover the air vent while the sewing
machine is being used.
l Main power and sewing light switch (page 12)
You can turn the main power and sewing light switch
on and off.
m Jack/socket connector (page 12)
Insert the plug on the power supply cord into the jack/
socket connector.
n Foot controller (page 13)
You can use this to control the sewing speed, and to
start and stop sewing.
o Foot controller jack/socket (page 13)
Plug in the foot controller plug.
p Feed dog position lever (page 55 and 65)
Use the feed dog position lever to lower the feed dogs.
q Presser foot lever (page 22)
This is used to raise and lower the presser foot.
r Thread guide (pages 15 and 24)
This is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin
and then threading the machine.
s Thread guide cover (pages 16 and 22)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
t Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle when
transporting the machine.
Page: 10
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Needle and presser foot section
a Needle threader (for models equipped with the needle
threader) (page 25)
b Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
c Presser foot holder
The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder.
d Presser foot holder screw
Use the presser foot holder screw to hold the presser
foot holder in place.
e Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the
fabric as the sewing takes place. Attach the appropriate
presser foot for the selected stitching.
f Needle plate cover release
Use when removing the needle plate cover.
g Needle plate cover
Remove the needle plate cover to clean the race.
h Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction.
i Quick-set bobbin (for models equipped with the quick-
set bobbin)
You can start sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread.
j Bobbin cover
Open the bobbin cover to set the bobbin.
k Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing
straight seams.
l Needle bar thread guide
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread guide.
m Presser foot lever
Raise and lower the presser foot lever to raise and lower
the presser foot.
n Needle clamp screw
Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing machine model.
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches. Reverse stitches are sewn by keeping
the button pressed down to sew in the opposite
direction. For details, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 40).
■ Buttons provided on some models
b Start/stop button (for models equipped with the
start/stop button)
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a slow speed at the beginning of
sewing while the button is depressed. When sewing is
stopped, the needle is lowered in the fabric. For details,
refer to “Starting to sew” (page 39).
c Needle position button (for models equipped with
the needle position button)
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Be sure to raise the needle before threading the
needle. Use this button to change the sewing direction
or for detailed sewing in small areas. Pressing the button
twice sews one stitch.
d Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the
sewing speed controller)
Slide the sewing speed controller to adjust the sewing
speed.
Page: 11
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Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front of the
sewing machine, allows you to select a stitch and
specify how the stitch will be sewn.
a LCD (liquid crystal display)
The number of the selected stitch (1), the presser foot
type to be used (2), the stitch length (mm) (3), and the
stitch width (mm) (4) are displayed here.
The display location (2) of the presser foot type differs
depending on the model.
This manual shows, as an example, the LCD (illustration
above) of models where the presser foot type appears
above the number of the selected stitch.
b Stitch selection keys
Press the stitch selection keys, and then select the
number for the stitch that you wish to use. For details,
refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
c Stitch length adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch length. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch length; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch length.)
d Stitch width adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch width. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch width; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch width.)
Spool pin
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever with
your finger to raise the spool pin.
■ Storing the spool cap
The enclosed spool cap (large, medium, small)
can be stored by attaching it to the spool pin as
shown in the illustration. When attaching the
spool cap, position it with the rounded side
toward the spool pin.
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
CAUTION
Page: 12
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■ Storing the spool pin
When placing the cover on the sewing machine
before storing or if the spool pin will not be used,
return the spool pin to its storage position.
Remove the spool from the spool pin, and then
fold up the spool pin, as shown in the illustration,
until it snaps into place to secure it.
■ Installing the spool pin
a
If the spool pin has been removed from the
machine, insert the tab on the spool pin into
the hole on the back of the machine, as
shown.
a Hole
b Tab
b
Push the spool pin down until it locks into
place.
Page: 13
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USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
Power supply precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
Power supply
a
Insert the plug into a wall outlet.
a Main power switch
b Jack/socket connector
b
Set the main power switch to “I”.
X The sewing lamp comes on when the
machine is turned on.
c
To turn off the machine, set the main power
switch to “{”.
X The sewing lamp goes off when the
machine is turned off.
Note
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
supply cord. When restarting the sewing
machine, follow the necessary procedure to
correctly operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electric shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If
the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug.
If it still does not fit, contact a qualified
electrician to install the proper outlet. Do
not modify the plug in any way.
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may result in
fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and the power
supply jack on the machine.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
• When you are away from the machine
• After using the machine
• When the power fails during use
• When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
• During electrical storms
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Fire
or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to remove it from
the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted, or bundled.
Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These things may damage the
cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged, take the machine to your
authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may result.
WARNING
CAUTION
1 2
Page: 14
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Foot controller
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack/socket on
the rear side of the sewing machine.
a Foot controller jack/socket
When you press the foot controller down lightly, the
machine will run at a low speed. When you press
harder, the machine’s speed will increase. When you
take your foot off the foot controller, the machine
will stop.
You should make sure that nothing is placed on the
foot controller when the machine is not in use.
Note
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
Sewing speed controller
(for models equipped with
the start/stop button)
a
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
a Sewing speed controller
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller is the foot controller’s maximum
sewing speed.
Changing the needle stop position
Normally, the sewing machine is set to leave the needle in
the fabric when sewing is stopped. Instead, the machine can
be set to leave the needle raised when sewing is stopped.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b
Hold down the “–” side of (stitch selection
key) on the left and turn on the sewing machine.
After turning on the sewing machine, release
the “–” side of (stitch selection key).
X The needle stop position changes to the
raised position.
Memo
• Perform the same operation to change the
needle stop position to the lowered position.
● When connecting the foot controller, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build
up on the foot controller. Doing so could
cause a fire or an electric shock.
CAUTION
Slower
Faster
CAUTION
Page: 15
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THREADING THE MACHINE
Winding the bobbin
This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin.
• For details on the fast bobbin winding, see page 17.
a
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever
with your finger.
X The spool pin swings up.
b
Remove the spool cap.
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156, SFB) that have been designed for this sewing machine. Using other
bobbins may cause damage to the machine.
● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models, the
machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the
same type (part code: SA156, SFB).
a Bobbin-winding
thread guide
b Bobbin winder shaft
c Bobbin
CAUTION
Actual size
This model Other models
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
CAUTION ● Be sure to raise the spool pin when winding
the bobbin. The thread may become tangled if
the bobbin winder is used without raising the
spool pin.
CAUTION
Page: 16
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c
Fully insert the spool of thread for the bobbin
onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
d
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
e
While holding the spool with your right hand,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide.
a Thread guide
f
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Thread guide cover
● If the spool or the spool cap is not positioned
correctly, the thread may become tangled
around the spool pin or the machine may be
damaged.
● Three spool cap sizes are available, allowing
you to choose a spool cap that best fits the
size of spool being used. If the spool cap is too
small for the spool being used, the thread may
catch on the slit in the spool or the machine
may be damaged.
CAUTION
a
c b
Page: 17
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g
Pull the thread to the right, pass it under the
hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide, and
then wind the thread counterclockwise
between the discs, pulling it in as far as
possible.
a Bobbin-winding thread guide
Make sure that the thread passes under the
pretension disk.
b Hook
c Pretension disk
d Pull it in as far as possible.
Note
● Make sure that the thread is pulled as far as
possible into the pretension disk, otherwise
the bobbin may not be wound cleanly.
h
Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft
and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
Turn the bobbin clockwise, by hand, until the
spring on the shaft slides into the notch in the
bobbin.
• Make sure to pull out 7 to 10 cm (2-3/4 to
3-15/16 inches) of thread from the hole on
the bobbin.
a Spring on the shaft
b Notch
c 7-10 cm (2-3/4 – 3-15/16 inches)
i
Turn on the sewing machine.
j
While holding the end of the thread, gently
press the foot controller or press (start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to wind the thread around
the bobbin a few times. Then stop the
machine.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
k
Trim the excess thread above the bobbin.
● Pull the thread taut and hold the end of the
thread straight up. If the thread is too short,
not pulled taut or held at an angle, injuries
may occur when the thread is wound around
the bobbin.
● Make sure you follow the instructions
carefully. If you do not cut the thread
completely, and the bobbin is wound, when
the thread runs low it may tangle around the
bobbin and cause the needle to break.
CAUTION
CAUTION
Page: 18
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l
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
(to set the speed to fast). (For models
equipped with the sewing speed controller.)
a Sewing speed controller
m
Press the foot controller or press (start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to start.
n
When the bobbin seems full and begins
spinning slowly, take your foot off the foot
controller or press (start/stop button) (for
models equipped with the start/stop button).
o
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
to the left and remove the bobbin.
p
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
■ For models equipped with the fast bobbin
winding system
a
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
notch in the bobbin.
a Notch
b Bobbin winder shaft spring
b
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
c
Follow steps a through g of the procedure
in “Winding the bobbin” to pass the thread
around the pre-tension disk (page 14).
d
While holding the thread that wraps around the
pre-tension disk with your left hand, use your
right hand to wind the free end of the thread
clockwise around the bobbin five or six times.
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, and may break
the needle.
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
CAUTION
1 2
Page: 19
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e
Pull the thread to the right and pass it through
the slit in the bobbin winder seat.
a Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in cutter)
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
f
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
(to set the speed to fast) (for models equipped
with the sewing speed controller).
a Sewing speed controller
g
Turn on the sewing machine.
h
Press the foot controller or press (start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to start.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
i
When the bobbin begins spinning slowly, take
your foot off the foot controller or press
(start/stop button) (for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
j
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
to the left, and then remove the bobbin from
the shaft.
k
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If the
bobbin is wound without cutting the thread
using the cutter built into the slit in the
bobbin winder seat, the thread may become
tangled in the bobbin or the needle may bend
or break when the bobbin thread starts to run
out.
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause the
thread tension to loosen, and may break the needle.
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
CAUTION
1 2
Page: 20
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Lower threading
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
• For more details on quick-set bobbin, see page 20.
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread
is indicated by marks on the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
a
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
press (needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Slide the button and open the cover.
a Cover
b Slide button
d
Put the bobbin in so the thread comes out in
the direction shown by the arrow.
● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, breaking the
needle and resulting in injury.
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
● The bobbin was designed specifically for this
sewing machine. If bobbins from other
models are used, the machine will not operate
correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156,
SFB).
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine. If you accidentally
step on the foot controller and the machine
starts to sew, you could be injured.
CAUTION
1 2
Actual size
This model Other models
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
1 2
CAUTION
Page: 21
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e
Hold the end of the thread, push the bobbin
down with your finger, and then pass the
thread through the slit, as shown.
• If the thread is not correctly inserted through
the tension-adjusting spring of the bobbin
case, it may cause incorrect thread tension
(page 41).
a Tension-adjusting spring
f
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
• Replace the cover so that the end of the
thread comes out from the left side of the
cover (as shown by the line in the diagram).
■ For models equipped with the quick-set bobbin
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread
is indicated by marks on the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
a
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
press (needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Slide the button and open the cover.
a Cover
b Slide button
d
Insert the bobbin with your right hand so that the
end of the thread is on the left, and then, after
pulling the thread firmly around the tab with your
left hand as shown, lightly pull the thread to
guide it through the slit.
a Tab
1
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
1 2
CAUTION
Page: 22
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e
While lightly holding down the bobbin with
your right hand as shown, guide the thread
through the slit (a and b). Then, pull the
thread toward you to cut it with the cutter
(c).
• At this time, check that the bobbin easily
rotates counterclockwise.
a Slit
b Cutter (Cut the thread with the cutter.)
Note
● If the thread is not correctly inserted
through the tension-adjusting spring of the
bobbin case, it may cause incorrect thread
tension (page 41).
a Tension-adjusting spring
f
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
Memo
● You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. If you want
to draw up the bobbin thread before you
start to sew, follow to the procedure in
“Drawing up the lower thread” (page 27).
1
Page: 23
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Upper threading
Set the upper thread and thread the needle.
• For details on the needle threader, see page 25.
a Spool pin
b Mark on the handwheel
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
b
Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
lever.
a Presser foot lever
c
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up, or press
(needle position button) (for models equipped
with the needle position button) once or twice
to raise the needle.
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine can not be threaded. Be
sure to turn the handwheel so that the mark
on the wheel points up before threading the
sewing machine.
● When threading the upper thread, carefully follow the instructions. If the upper threading is not correct,
the thread may become tangled or the needle may bend or break.
● Never use a thread weight of 20 or lower.
● Use the needle and the thread in the correct combination. For details on the correct combination of
needles and threads, refer to “Needle types and their uses” (page 28).
CAUTION
● If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
CAUTION
a Mark b Needle position button
or
Page: 24
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d
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever
with your finger.
X The spool pin swings up.
e
Remove the spool cap.
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
f
Fully insert the spool for the upper thread
onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
g
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
● Be sure to raise the spool pin before use. If the
spool of thread is in the wrong place, or is set
incorrectly, the thread may tangle on the
spool pin and cause the needle to break.
CAUTION
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not positioned
correctly, the thread may become tangled
around the spool pin or the needle may break.
● Three spool cap sizes are available, allowing you
to choose a spool cap that best fits the size of
spool being used. If the spool cap is too small for
the spool being used, the thread may catch on
the slit in the spool or the needle may break.
CAUTION
Page: 25
24
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Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
h
While holding the spool with your right hand,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide.
a Thread guide
i
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Thread guide cover
j
Feed the upper thread as shown in the
illustration below.
k
Make sure you guide the thread through the
thread take-up lever from right to left as
shown in the illustration below.
a Thread take-up lever
Memo
● If the needle is not raised, the thread take-
up lever cannot be threaded. Be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before threading the thread take-up
lever.
a
c b
Page: 26
25
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l
Put the thread behind the needle bar thread
guide above the needle.
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
a Needle bar thread guide
m
Turn off the sewing machine.
n
Thread the needle from front to back and pull
out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Note
● If the thread take-up lever is lowered, the
upper thread cannot be wrapped around the
thread take-up lever. Make sure you raise
the presser foot lever and the thread take-up
lever before you feed the upper thread.
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
■ Using the needle threader (for models
equipped with the needle threader)
a
Follow steps a through m of the procedure
in “Upper threading” to thread the machine
to the needle bar thread guide.
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
c
While lowering the needle threader lever,
hook the thread onto the guide.
a Needle holder
b Needle threader lever
c Guide
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine without using the
needle threader (for models equipped with
the needle threader). If you accidentally step
on the foot controller and the machine starts
to sew, you could be injured.
CAUTION
● The needle threader can be used with a 75/11
through 100/16 home sewing machine
needle. However, the needle threader cannot
be used with a 65/9 home sewing machine
needle. When using special thread such as
transparent nylon thread or metallic thread,
the needle threader cannot be used.
● Thread with a thickness of 130/120 or thicker
cannot be used with the needle threader.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle or the twin needle.
● If the needle threader cannot be used, refer to
“Upper threading” (page 22).
CAUTION
Page: 27
26
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d
Fully lower the needle threader lever.
X The end of the needle threader rotates
toward you and the hook passes
through the eye of the needle.
e
Catch the thread on the hook as shown below.
a Hook
b Thread
f
While lightly holding the thread, release the
needle threader lever. The hook will pull the
thread through the needle.
g
Pull the loop of the thread passed through the
eye of the needle toward the rear of the
machine.
a Loop of thread
h
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
i
Pass the end of the thread through the presser
foot, and then pull out about 5 cm (2 inches)
of thread toward the rear of the machine.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Note
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
● Be careful not to pull on the thread with force
or it may bend the needle.
● If the thread does not pass through the eye of
the needle, start from step c again.
CAUTION
Page: 28
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Drawing up the lower thread
a
Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.
a Upper thread
b
While holding the end of the upper thread,
raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so
that the mark on the wheel points up or by
pressing (needle position button) (for
models equipped with the needle position
button) once or twice.
c
Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower
thread.
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
d
Pull out about 10 cm (4 inches) of both
threads and pull them toward the back of the
machine under the presser foot.
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
■ For models equipped with the quick-set
bobbin
You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. When sewing
gathers or darts, you can draw up the lower
thread by hand so that some thread will be left
over. Before you draw up the lower thread, put
the bobbin back in.
a
Pass the thread along the slit in the direction
of the arrow, and leave it there without
cutting it.
• The bobbin cover should still be removed.
b
Draw up the lower thread as described in
steps 1 to 4.
c
Replace the bobbin cover.
a Mark b Needle position button
or
Page: 29
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REPLACING THE NEEDLE
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below.
Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Note
● Never use a thread of weight 20 or lower. It may cause malfunctions.
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker the thread; and the larger the needle number, the thicker the
needle.
● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased.
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injury.
Fabric Type/Application
Thread
Size of Needle
Type Size
Medium weight
fabrics
Broadcloth Cotton thread
60–90
75/11–90/14
Taffeta Synthetic thread
Flannel, Gabardine Silk thread 50
Thin fabrics
Lawn Cotton thread
60–90
65/9–75/11
Georgette Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin Silk thread 50
Thick fabrics
Denim Cotton thread
30 100/16
50
90/14–100/16
Corduroy Synthetic thread
50–60
Tweed Silk thread
Stretch fabrics
Jersey
Thread for knits 50–60
Ball point needle
75/11–90/14
(gold colored)
Tricot
Easily frayed fabrics
Cotton thread
50–90
65/9–90/14
Synthetic thread
Silk thread 50
For top-stitching Synthetic thread
Silk thread
30 100/16
50–60 75/11–90/14
CAUTION
Page: 30
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■ Ball point needle
Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch
fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily
occur.
Use the ball point needle for best results when
sewing patterns using monogramming foot “N”.
The factory recommended needle is “HG-4BR”
(Organ). Schmetz needles “JERSEY BALL POINT”
130/705H SUK 90/14 may be used as a substitute.
■ Transparent nylon thread
Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle, regardless of the
fabric or thread.
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
a Flat side
b Needle type marking
■ Correct needle
a Flat surface
■ Incorrect needle
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
a Flat surface
Replacing the needle
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
disc-shaped screwdriver and a needle that has been
determined to be straight according to the
instructions in “Checking the needle”.
a
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with (needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing once or
twice.)
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
● The appropriate fabric, thread and needle
combinations are shown in the table on the
previous page. If the combination of the
fabric, thread and needle is not correct,
particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such
as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to
75/11), the needle may bend or break. In
addition, the stitching may be uneven or
puckered or there may be skipped stitches.
CAUTION
1
2
1
a Mark b Needle position button
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to turn
off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the foot controller or the start/
stop button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
1
or
CAUTION
Page: 31
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c
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
d
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
use a disc-shaped screwdriver to turn the
needle clamp screw counterclockwise to
remove the needle.
Note
● The needle can be removed by simply
loosening the needle clamp screw about
one turn. (If the needle clamp screw is
loosened too much, the needle clamp
(which holds the needle) may fall off.
Therefore, do not loosen the needle clamp
screw too much.)
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Needle clamp screw
• Do not apply strong force when loosening or
tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise certain parts of the sewing
machine may be damaged.
e
With the flat side of the needle toward the
rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper.
a Needle stopper
f
While holding the needle with your left hand,
use the disc-shaped screwdriver to tighten the
needle clamp screw by turning it clockwise.
Install the twin needle in the same way.
● Before replacing the needle, place fabric or
paper under the presser foot to prevent the
needle from falling into the hole in the needle
plate.
CAUTION
● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches
the needle stopper and securely tighten the
needle clamp screw with the disc-shaped
screwdriver, otherwise the needle may break
or damage may result.
CAUTION
Page: 32
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Sewing with the twin needle
We have designed your machine so you can sew with this needle and two top threads. You can use the same
color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the twin needle, refer to “STITCH SETTINGS” (page 73).
a Twin needle b Extra spool pin
a
Install the twin needle.
• For details on installing a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 29).
b
Thread the upper thread for the left needle.
• For details, refer to steps a through l of
“Upper threading” (page 22).
c
Manually thread the left needle with the
upper thread.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
d
Insert the extra spool pin onto the end of the
bobbin winder shaft.
e
Install the thread spool and thread the upper
thread.
Memo
● When setting the thread spool, set it so that
the thread winds off from the front of the
spool.
● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: 131096-121). Other needles
could break, and damage the machine.
● Do not sew with bent needles. The needle could break and injure you.
● You can not use the needle threader to thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the twin needle by hand,
from front to back. Using the needle threader may damage the machine.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to select an appropriate stitch, otherwise the needle may break or
the machine may be damaged.
● Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less, otherwise the needle may break or the machine may
be damaged.
CAUTION
a Bobbin winder shaft
b Extra spool pin
c Thread spool
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f
Thread the upper thread for the right side in
the same way that the upper thread for the
left side was threaded.
a Thread guide cover
• For details, refer to step a through l of
“Upper threading” (page 22).
g
Without passing the thread through the
needle bar thread guide, manually thread the
right needle.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
h
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
• For details on changing the presser foot, refer
to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 33).
Note
Models equipped with a needle threader
● You cannot use the needle threader to
thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the
twin needle by hand, from front to back.
Using the needle threader may damage the
machine.
i
Turn on the sewing machine.
j
Select a stitch.
• For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 37).
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “STITCH
SETTINGS” (page 73).
k
Start sewing.
For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting
to sew” (page 39).
X Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel
to each other.
Note
● When using the twin needle, the stitches
may become bunched together, depending
on the types of thread and fabric that are
used. If this occurs, increase the stitch
length. For details on adjusting the stitch
length, refer to “Adjusting the stitch length
and width” (page 38).
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach
zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may
break or the machine may be damaged.
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
● When changing the sewing direction, be sure
to raise the needle from the fabric, and then
raise the presser foot lever and turn the
fabric. Otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● Do not try turning the fabric with the twin
needle left down in the fabric, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
CAUTION
CAUTION
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REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT
Replacing the presser foot
Replace the presser foot as described below.
a
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with (needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing once or twice.)
b
If the sewing machine has been turned on,
turn it off.
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
d
Press the black button at the back of the
presser foot holder to release the presser foot.
a Black button
b Presser foot holder
e
Place a different presser foot below the holder
so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the
shank in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (J, A, etc.) is positioned to
be read.
a Presser foot holder
b Shank
c Pin
Note
● The presser foot to be used with each stitch
appears in the LCD. To select a stitch, refer
to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. If you leave the power on and step on the
controller, the machine will start and you may be injured.
● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. If you use the wrong presser
foot, the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break, and may cause injury.
● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. Using other any presser feet
may cause an accident or injury.
CAUTION
a Mark b Needle position button
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to
turn off the sewing machine, otherwise
injuries may occur if the foot controller or the
start/stop button is accidentally pressed and
the machine starts sewing.
or
CAUTION
Page: 35
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f
Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the
presser foot holder.
a Presser foot lever
b Presser foot holder
c Shank
d Pin
X The presser foot is attached.
g
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
presser foot is securely attached.
Removing the presser foot
holder
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that
does not use the presser foot holder, such as the
quilting foot. Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to
remove the presser foot holder.
a
Remove the presser foot.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 33).
b
Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to loosen the
presser foot holder screw.
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
a
Align the presser foot holder with the lower-
left side of the presser bar.
a Presser foot holder
b Presser bar
Page: 36
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b
Hold the presser foot holder in place with
your right hand, and then tighten the screw
using the disc-shaped screwdriver in your left
hand.
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
Note
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be
incorrect.
● Be sure to securely tighten the presser foot
holder screw, otherwise the presser foot
holder may fall off and the needle may strike
it, causing the needle to bend or break.
CAUTION
Page: 37
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2 SEWING BASICS
SEWING
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
General sewing procedure
Follow the basic procedures below to sew.
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle location. In addition, keep your
hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel, otherwise injuries may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may
break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or bend.
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details on turning on the machine, refer to “Power supply” (page 12).
↓
2 Select the stitch. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn.
For details on selecting a stitch, refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
↓
3 Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch.
For details on replacing the presser foot, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 33).
↓
4 Start sewing.
Position the fabric, and then start sewing. When sewing is finished, cut the
threads.
For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 39).
CAUTION
Page: 38
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Selecting stitching
Using the stitch selection keys, select the desired
stitch.
When the sewing machine is turned on, the straight
stitch ( left needle position) is selected.
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
b
Press (stitch selection keys). The
number of the selected stitch is displayed.
Press the “+” or “–” side of to increase or
reduce the number by one. Pressing on the
right changes the digit on the right and pressing
on the left changes the digit on the left.
X The stitch is selected.
c
Attach the presser foot indicated in the LCD.
The display location of the presser foot type
differs depending on the model.
This manual shows, as an example, the LCD
(illustration above) of models where the presser
foot type appears above the number of the
selected stitch.
a Presser foot type
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 33).
Memo
● The presser foot to be used is indicated by
the letter (J, A, etc.) that appears above or
beside the stitch number.
d
If necessary, adjust the stitch length and
width.
• For details on sewing with each of the utility
stitches, refer to the following example.
Page: 39
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Adjusting the stitch length
and width
■ [Example] Selecting stitch .
a
Press the stitch selection keys to select stitch 04.
With on the right, select “4”, and with
on the left, select “0”.
b
Press the “+” or “–” side of (stitch
length adjustment key) to increase or reduce
the stitch length.
a Stitch length
b Stitch length adjustment key
c Short
d Long
c
Press the “+” or “–” side of (stitch width
adjustment key) to increase or reduce the
stitch width.
a Stitch width
b Stitch width adjustment key
c Narrow
d Wide
Note
● When the stitch length or stitch width is
changed from the standard setting,
around or disappears from the LCD.
When the stitch length or stitch width is
reset back to the standard setting,
reappears around or in the LCD.
● If the stitch width of the selected stitch
cannot be adjusted, “–. –” appears to the
right of in the LCD.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
● If the stitches are bunched together, increase
the stitch length. Continuing to sew with the
stitches bunched together may result in the
needle bending or breaking.
CAUTION
Page: 40
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Starting to sew
a
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up. (With models equipped
with (needle position button), raise the
needle by pressing once or twice.)
b
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
c
Place the fabric under the presser foot, pass
the thread under the presser foot, and then
pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread
toward the rear of the machine.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
d
While holding the end of the thread and the
fabric with your left hand, turn the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) with your
right hand to lower the needle to the starting
point of the stitching.
e
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
f
On models equipped with a sewing speed
controller, slide the sewing speed controller
to the left or right to adjust the sewing speed.
Refer to “Sewing speed controller (for models
equipped with the start/stop button)”
(page 13).
a Sewing speed controller
g
Slowly press down on the foot controller.
(With models equipped with (start/stop
button), if the foot controller is not connected,
press once.)
aStart/stop button
X The machine starts sewing.
a Mark b Needle position button
or
or
Page: 41
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h
Take your foot off the foot controller, or press
(start/stop button) once (if the machine
was started by pressing (start/stop button))
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
X The machine stops sewing.
i
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with (needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing once or
twice.)
This procedure is not necessary if the
needle stop position has been set to the
raised position (page 13).
j
Raise the presser foot lever.
k
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
and then pass the threads upward from below
through the thread cutter to cut them.
a Thread cutter
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in, start/
stop button cannot be used to start sewing
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
● When sewing is stopped, the needle remains
lowered (in the fabric). The machine can be
set so that the needle will stay up when
sewing is stopped. For details on setting the
machine so that the needles stay up when
sewing is stopped, refer to “Changing the
needle stop position” (page 13).
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing (reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches on top
of each other.
a Reverse stitching
b Reinforcement stitching
Memo
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “STITCH
SETTINGS” (page 73).
1
Page: 42
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Thread tension
The thread tension will affect the quality of your
stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change
fabric or thread.
Memo
● We recommend that you do a test sample
on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew.
■ Correct tension
Correct tension is important as too much or too
little tension will weaken your seams or cause
puckers on your fabric.
■ Upper tension is too tight
Loops will appear on the surface of the fabric.
Note
● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too tight.
In this case, refer to “Lower threading”
(page 19) and rethread the bobbin thread.
Solution
Reduce the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a lower number.
Memo
● When you finish sewing, remove the
bobbin cover and then make sure that the
thread is shown as below. If the thread is
not shown as below, the thread is not
inserted through the tension-adjusting
spring of the bobbin case correctly. Reinsert
the thread correctly. For details, refer to
page 19, 20.
■ Upper tension is too loose
Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric.
Note
● If the upper thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too
loose. In this case, refer to “Upper
threading” (page 22) and rethread the upper
thread.
Solution
Increase the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a higher number.
1
2
3
4
a Wrong side
b Surface
c Upper thread
d Lower thread
1
2
3
4
5
a Wrong side
b Surface
c Upper thread
d Lower thread
e Loops appear on
surface of fabric
4 3
5
1
2
3
4
5
a Wrong side
b Surface
c Upper thread
d Lower thread
e Loops appear on
wrong side of
fabric
4 3
5
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USEFUL SEWING TIPS
Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. Refer to these tips when
sewing your project.
Trial sewing
After you select a stitch, the machine automatically
sets the stitch width and length for the stitch that is
selected.
However, a trial piece of fabric should be sewn since,
depending on the type of fabric and stitching being
sewn, the desired results may not be achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Changing the sewing
direction
a
When the stitching reaches a corner, stop the
sewing machine.
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle was raised, lower the needle either by
turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) or by pressing (needle
position button) once (for models equipped
with the needle position button).
b
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
fabric.
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
c
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
sewing.
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve.
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
Sewing thick fabrics
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot
If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser
foot, raise the presser foot lever even higher to
bring the presser foot to its highest position.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to raise
the needle before changing the sewing
direction. If the fabric is turned while the
needle is lowered, the needle may bend or
break.
CAUTION
Page: 44
43
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■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric does
not feed at the beginning of stitching
The fabric may not feed when thick seams are
being sewn and the presser foot is not level, as
shown below. In this case, use the presser foot
locking pin (black button on the left side of zigzag
foot “J”) so that the presser foot remains level
while sewing, allowing the fabric to be fed
smoothly.
a Sewing direction
a
Raise the presser foot lever.
b
Align the beginning of stitching, and then
position the fabric.
c
While holding zigzag foot “J” level, hold the
presser foot locking pin (black button on the
left side) pressed in, and lower the presser
foot lever.
a Presser foot locking pin (black button)
d
Release the presser foot locking pin (black
button).
X The presser foot remains level, allowing
the fabric to be fed.
• After the seam is sewn, the presser foot will
return to its original angle.
Sewing hook-and-loop
fastener
Note
● Before start sewing, baste together the fabric
and the hook-and-loop fastener.
Make sure that the needle passes through the hook-
and-loop fastener by turning the handwheel and
lower the needle into the hook-and-loop fastener
before sewing. And then, sew the edge of the hook-
and-loop fastener at a slow speed.
If the needle does not pass through the hook-and-
loop fastener, replace the needle with the needle for
thick fabrics (page 28).
a Edge of the hook-and-loop fastener
● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inch) thick is
sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much
force, the needle may bend or break.
● Use only the ungummed hook-and-loop
fastener which is for sewing. If the glue is
attached to the needle or the bobbin hook
race, it may cause malfunction.
● If the hook-and-loop fastener is sewn with the
thin needle (65/9-75/11), the needle may
bend or break.
CAUTION
CAUTION
Page: 45
44
SEWING BASICS—
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Sewing thin fabrics
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If
this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
a Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
a Basting
Stitching cylindrical pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to
sew cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs, or
hard-to-reach areas.
a
Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to
release it.
a Flat bed attachment
X With the flat bed attachment removed,
free-arm sewing is possible.
• When sewing cylindrical pieces, follow the
next step.
Note
● When you are finished with free-arm
sewing, install the flat bed attachment back
in its original position.
b
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
arm, and then sew from the top.
Page: 46
45
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3 UTILITY STITCHES
OVERCASTING STITCHES
You can use the overcasting stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. They are also
useful for sewing stretch materials.
*Rev.: Reverse **Rfc.: Reinforcement ***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
Using zigzag foot
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch , or .
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
c
Sew with the edge of the fabric.
a Needle drop point
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
30
stitches
model
20
stitches
model Auto Manual Auto Manual
Zigzag stitch J 04 04 04 04 04 04
Overcasting and attach-
ing appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
****
Yes
( J )
***
Yes
*
Rev.
3-point
zigzag stitch J 05 05 05 05 05 05
Overcasting on medium
weight or stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic, darn-
ing, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
( J )
No
**
Rfc.
Overcasting
stitch
G 06 06 06 06 06 06
Overcasting on thin or
medium weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No No
**
Rfc.
G 07 07 07 07 07 07
Overcasting on thick fab-
rics
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No No
**
Rfc.
J 08 08 08 08 08 08 Overcasting on stretch
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
****
Yes
( J )
No **
Rfc.
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or (start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
CAUTION
Page: 47
46
UTILITY STITCHES —
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Using overcasting foot
a
Attach overcasting foot “G”.
b
Select stitch or .
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
c
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
against the guide of the presser foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
a Guide
d
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot.
e
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
presser foot guide.
a Needle drop point
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
a Check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot.
1
CAUTION
Page: 48
47
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BASIC STITCHING
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Three stitches are available for basic stitching.
*Rev.: Reverse **Rfc.: Reinforcement ***Do not use reverse stitching.
Basic stitching
a
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
d
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
beginning of the stitching.
e
Start sewing.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 39).
• For details on sewing reverse/reinforcement
stitches, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 40).
f
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 39).
■ Changing the needle position
With the straight stitch (left needle position) and
the triple stretch stitch, the needle position can be
adjusted. Pressing the “+” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the right;
pressing the “–” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the left.
a Stitch width
b Stitch width adjustment key
c Left needle position
d Right needle position
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
30
stitches
model
20
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Straight
Left J 00 00 00 00 00 00
Basic stitching, sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
***
Yes
*
Rev.
Center J 01 01 01 01 01 01
Attaching zippers, basic
stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
– –
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
***
Yes
*
Rev.
Triple
stretch stitch J 02 02 02 02 02 02
Attaching sleeves, sew-
ing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and deco-
rative stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16) No No
**
Rfc.
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or (start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
CAUTION
Page: 49
48
UTILITY STITCHES —
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BLIND HEM STITCHING
You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project, like the hem of a pair of trousers, without the stitch showing.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
Memo
● When selecting stitch or . Stitch numbers “0”, “-1”, “-2” or “-3” may be displayed on the LCD by
pressing “-” side of the stitch width adjustment key, then the needle drop point will be changed to the
left. Stitch numbers “0”, “1”, “2” or “3” may be displayed on the LCD by pressing “+” side of the stitch
width adjustment key, then the needle drop point will be changed to the right.
● When the size of cylindrical pieces is too small to slide onto the arm or the length is too short, the
fabric will not feed and desired results may not be achieved.
a
Reverse the skirt or pants.
a Right side of fabric
b Bottom side
b
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
hem, and press.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
30
stitches
model
20
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Blind hem
stitch
R 09 09 09 09 09 09
Blind hem stitching on
medium weight fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No No
*
Rfc.
R 10 10 10 10 10 10
Blind hem stitching on
stretch fabrics
0
(0) –3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8) No No
*
Rfc.
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or (start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
CAUTION
a
b
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
1 2
1 2
1 2
Page: 50
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c
Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm
(3/16 inch) from the edge of the fabric, and
then baste it.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
c Edge of fabric
d Basting stitching
e 5 mm (3/16 inch)
d
Fold back the fabric inside along the basting.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Edge of fabric
c Basting
d 5 mm (3/16 inch)
e
Unfold the edge of fabric, and position the
fabric with the wrong side facing up.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
c Basting
d Edge of fabric
f
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
g
Select a stitch.
h
Remove the flat bed attachment and make
free-arm sewing possible.
• For details on free-arm sewing, refer to
“Stitching cylindrical pieces” (page 44).
i
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
arm, make sure that the fabric feeds correctly,
and then start sewing.
a Arm
j
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
then lower the presser foot lever.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Fold of hem
c Guide
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
1 2
1 2
3
5 4
1 2
1
2
3
4
1
1
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
R

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