Brother BC-2100 manual

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  • Brand: Brother
  • Product: Sewing Machine
  • Model/name: BC-2100
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English

Table of Contents

Page: 0
ncbc_brother_cover_Eng PANTONE 285 K
English
885-S33/S34/S36/S37
XC8835-6218
Printed in China
Operation Manual
Computerized Sewing Machine
APPENDIX
UTILITY STITCHES
SEWING BASICS
KNOWING YOUR
SEWING MACHINE
Page: 1
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
When using this machine, basic safety precautions should always be taken, including the following:
Read all instructions before using.
DANGER - To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The machine should never be left unattended while plugged in. Always unplug the machine
from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning.
WARNING - To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons:
1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the machine is
used by or near children.
2. Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories
recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
3. Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the machine to the nearest authorized
dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
4. Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
machine and foot control free from the accumulation of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
5. Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
6. Do not use outdoors.
7. Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “{” position which represents off, then
remove plug from outlet.
9. Do not unplug by pulling on cord. To unplug, grasp the plug, not the cord.
10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break.
12. Do not use bent needles.
13. Do not pull or push fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break.
14. Switch the machine to the symbol “{” position when making any adjustments in the needle
area, such as threading needle, changing needle, threading bobbin, or changing presser foot, and
the like.
15. Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or
when making any other user servicing adjustments mentioned in the instruction manual.
16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or infirm persons without
supervision. (For Australia and New Zealand only)
17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this machine.
18. If the Light unit is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized dealer.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This machine is intended for household use.
2000_cover2-3.fm Page 1 Friday, November 12, 2004 3:43 PM
Page: 2
1
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.
IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut
off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in
the plug.
NOTE
The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is
hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse
approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug.
Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted.
WARNING
DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE
LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW.
The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code:
Blue Neutral
Brown Live
As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured
markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows.
The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter
‘N’ or coloured black or blue.
The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter
‘L’ or coloured red or brown.
Page: 3
2
CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
Your machine is one of the most advanced computerized household sewing machines. To fully
enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.
PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation
1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the hand wheel, thread take-
up lever, needle, or other moving parts.
2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when:
• Operation is completed
• Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts
• A power failure occurs during use
• Maintaining the machine
• Leaving the machine unattended
3. Do not store anything on the foot controller.
4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords.
For a longer service life
1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or
store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
3. Do not drop or hit the machine.
4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser
feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
For repair or adjustment
In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in
the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists,
please consult your local authorized Brother dealer.
For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
Page: 4
3
CONTENTS
1. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ..........................................................5
NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ....................................................5
The main parts ................................................................................................................................................. 5
Needle and presser foot section ...................................................................................................................... 6
Operation buttons ............................................................................................................................................. 6
Operation panel ................................................................................................................................................ 7
Flat bed attachment ......................................................................................................................................... 7
ACCESSORIES .....................................................................................................................8
Optional accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 8
USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .....................................................................................9
Power supply precautions ................................................................................................................................ 9
Power supply .................................................................................................................................................... 9
Foot controller ................................................................................................................................................ 10
Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the start/stop button) ..................................................... 10
Changing the needle stop position ................................................................................................................. 10
THREADING THE MACHINE ............................................................................................11
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 11
Lower threading ............................................................................................................................................. 14
Upper threading ............................................................................................................................................. 16
Drawing up the lower thread .......................................................................................................................... 19
REPLACING THE NEEDLE .................................................................................................20
Needle precautions ........................................................................................................................................ 20
Needle types and their uses ........................................................................................................................... 20
Checking the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 21
Replacing the needle ..................................................................................................................................... 21
Sewing with a twin needle .............................................................................................................................. 23
REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ......................................................................................24
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................. 24
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................. 25
2. SEWING BASICS ...........................................................................................26
SEWING ............................................................................................................................26
General sewing procedure ............................................................................................................................. 26
Selecting stitching .......................................................................................................................................... 27
Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................... 28
Thread tension ............................................................................................................................................... 29
USEFUL SEWING TIPS ......................................................................................................30
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 30
Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................... 30
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................ 30
Sewing thick fabrics ....................................................................................................................................... 30
Sewing thin fabrics ......................................................................................................................................... 31
Sewing stretch fabrics .................................................................................................................................... 31
Using a free-arm style .................................................................................................................................... 31
Page: 5
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
4
3. UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................32
OVERCASTING STITCHES ................................................................................................32
BASIC STITCHING ............................................................................................................33
Basic stitching ................................................................................................................................................ 33
BLIND HEM STITCHING ..................................................................................................34
BUTTONHOLE SEWING ...................................................................................................35
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 38
ZIPPER INSERTION ...........................................................................................................40
SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE ............................................................41
Stretch stitching .............................................................................................................................................. 41
Elastic attaching ............................................................................................................................................. 41
APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING ........................................................42
Appliqués ....................................................................................................................................................... 42
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 43
Piecing ........................................................................................................................................................... 43
Quilting ........................................................................................................................................................... 44
Free-motion quilting ....................................................................................................................................... 45
REINFORCEMENT STITCHING .........................................................................................46
Triple stretch stitching .................................................................................................................................... 46
Bar tack stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 46
DECORATIVE STITCHING ................................................................................................48
Fagoting ......................................................................................................................................................... 49
Scallop stitching ............................................................................................................................................. 49
Smocking ....................................................................................................................................................... 50
Shell tuck stitching ......................................................................................................................................... 50
Joining ............................................................................................................................................................ 51
Heirloom stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 51
4. APPENDIX .....................................................................................................52
STITCH SETTINGS .............................................................................................................52
Utility stitches ................................................................................................................................................. 52
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................57
Cleaning the machine surface ........................................................................................................................ 57
Cleaning the bobbin case ............................................................................................................................... 57
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................................59
ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................................................62
Operation beep (for models equipped with the operation beep) .................................................................... 62
INDEX ...............................................................................................................................63
Page: 6
5
1
1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
The main parts
a Bobbin winder (page 11)
This winds the thread onto the bobbin for use as the
lower thread.
b Spool pin (pages 11 and 16)
This holds the spool of thread.
c Hole for extra spool pin (page 23)
This holds a second spool of thread for sewing with two
needles.
d Upper tension-control dial (page 29)
This controls the tension of the upper thread.
e Thread guide (pages 11 and 16)
This is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin
and then threading the machine.
f Thread take-up lever (page 17)
g Thread cutter (page 29)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
h Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment
(pages 7 and 31)
i Operation buttons (page 6)
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing
machine model.
j Operation panel (page 7)
This is used to select the stitch and specify the various
settings.
k Handwheel
Used to manually raise and lower the needle.
l Main power and sewing light switch (page 9)
You can turn the main power and sewing light switch
on and off.
m Jack/socket connector (page 9)
Insert the plug on the power supply cord into the jack/
socket connector.
n Foot controller jack/socket (page 10)
Plug in the foot controller plug.
o Feed dog position lever (pages 38 and 45)
Use the feed dog position lever to lower the feed dogs.
p Presser foot lever (page 16)
Used to raise and lower the presser foot.
q Foot controller (page 10)
You can use this to control the sewing speed, and to
start and stop sewing.
Page: 7
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
6
Needle and presser foot section
a Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
b Needle threader (for models equipped with the needle
threader) (page 17)
c Presser foot holder
The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder.
d Presser foot holder screw
Use the presser foot holder screw to hold the presser
foot holder in place.
e Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the
fabric as the sewing takes place. Attach the appropriate
presser foot for the selected stitching.
f Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction.
g Quick-set bobbin (for models equipped with the quick-
set bobbin)
You can start sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread.
h Bobbin cover
Open the bobbin cover to set the bobbin.
i Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing
straight seams.
j Needle bar thread guide
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread guide.
k Needle clamp screw
Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing machine model.
a Presser foot lever
Raise and lower the presser foot lever to raise and lower
the presser foot.
b Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches. Reverse stitches are sewn by keeping
the button pressed down to sew in the opposite
direction. For details, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 29).
■ Buttons provided on some models
c Start/stop button (for models equipped with the
start/stop button)
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a slow speed at the beginning of
sewing while the button is depressed. When sewing is
stopped, the needle is lowered in the fabric. For details,
refer to “Starting to sew” (page 28).
d Needle position button (for models equipped with
the needle position button)
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Pressing the button twice sews one stitch.
e Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the
sewing speed controller)
Slide the sewing speed controller to adjust the sewing
speed.
Page: 8
7
1
Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front of the
sewing machine, allows you to select a stitch and
specify how the stitch will be sewn.
a LCD (Liquid crystal display)
The selected stitch (1), presser foot that should be used
(2), stitch length in millimeters (3), and stitch width in
millimeters (4) are displayed.
b Stitch selection keys
Press the stitch selection keys, and then select the
number for the stitch that you wish to use. For details,
refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 27).
c Stitch length adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch length. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch length; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch length.)
d Stitch width adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch width. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch width; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch width.)
Flat bed attachment
The accessories are stored in a compartment inside
the flat bed attachment.
a
Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to
open it.
a Flat bed attachment
b Storage compartment
Note
● Put the accessories in the bag, and then
store the bag inside the compartment. If the
accessories are not in a bag, they may fall
out, and be lost or damaged.
Page: 9
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ——————————————————————————————————————————————
8
K PANTONE 285
ACCESSORIES
The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. We have designed these accessories to help you
be able to carry out most sewing tasks.
Note
(For U.S.A. only)
● Foot controller: Model T
This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: CS-100, CS-6000, CS-6000i, CS-4000,
ES-2400, ES-2000, EX-660, CE-4000, BC-1000, HS-1000, XR-7700, CE-5000PRW, SM-6500PRW, CS-770
● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. (Part code: 132730-122)
Optional accessories
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
9. 10.
75/11 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
100/16 1 needle
11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
No. Part Name
Part Code
No. Part Name
Part Code
U.S.A. / Canada Others U.S.A. / Canada Others
1 Buttonhole foot “A” XC2691-031 9 Bobbin (4) SA156 XA5539-151
2 Overcasting foot “G” XC3098-031 10 Needle set XC8834-021
3 Monogramming foot “N” X53840-331 11 Twin needle 131096-121
4 Zipper foot “I” X59370-021 12 Cleaning brush X59476-021
5 Zigzag foot “J” (on machine) XC3021-031 13 Screwdriver X55467-021
6 Blind stitch foot “R” XC4051-031 14 Extra spool pin 130920-021
7 Button fitting foot “M” X59375-121
15 Foot controller
XD0501-021 (EU area)
XC8816-021 (Other areas)
8 Seam ripper X54243-001
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
No. Part Name
Part Code
No. Part Name
Part Code
U.S.A. / Canada Others U.S.A. / Canada Others
1 Walking Foot SA140 F033N:
XC2214-002
4 Quilting guide SA132 F016N:
XC2215-002
2 Quilting Foot SA129
F005N:
XC1948-002 5 Eyelet punch 135793-001
3
1/4-Inch Quilting
Foot
SA125
F001N:
XC1944-002
2000_01.fm Page 8 Thursday, April 10, 2008 11:13 AM
Page: 10
9
1
USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
Power supply precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
Power supply
a
Insert the plug into a wall outlet.
a Main power switch
b Jack/socket connector
b
Set the main power switch to “I”.
X The sewing lamp comes on when the
machine is turned on.
c
To turn off the machine, set the main power
switch to “{”.
X The sewing lamp goes off when the
machine is turned off.
Note
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
supply cord. When restarting the sewing
machine, follow the necessary procedure to
correctly operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electric shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If
the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug.
If it still does not fit, contact a qualified
electrician to install the proper outlet. Do
not modify the plug in any way.
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may result in
fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
• When you are away from the machine
• After using the machine
• When the power fails during use
• When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
• During electrical storms
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Fire
or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to remove it from
the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted, or bundled.
Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These things may damage the
cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged, take the machine to your
authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may
result.
WARNING
CAUTION
Page: 11
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
10
Foot controller
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack/socket on
the rear side of the sewing machine.
a Foot controller jack/socket
When you press the foot controller down lightly, the
machine will run at a low speed. When you press
harder, the machine’s speed will increase. When you
take your foot off the foot controller, the machine
will stop.
You should make sure that nothing is placed on the
foot controller when the machine is not in use.
Note
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start or
stop sewing (only for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
Sewing speed controller
(for models equipped with
the start/stop button)
a
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
a Sewing speed controller
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller is the foot controller’s maximum
sewing speed.
Changing the needle stop position
Normally, the sewing machine is set to leave the needle in
the fabric when sewing is stopped. Instead, the machine can
be set to leave the needle raised when sewing is stopped.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b
Hold down the “–” side of (stitch selection
key) on the left and turn on the sewing machine.
After turning on the sewing machine, release
the “–” side of (stitch selection key).
X The needle stop position changes to the
raised position.
Memo
• Perform the same operation to change the
needle stop position to the lowered position.
● When connecting the foot controller, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build
up on the foot controller. Doing so could
cause a fire or an electric shock.
CAUTION
Slower
Faster
CAUTION
Page: 12
11
1
THREADING THE MACHINE
Winding the bobbin
This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin.
• For details on the fast bobbin winding, see page 13.
a Pre-tension disk
b Bobbin winder shaft
c Bobbin
a
Pull up the spool pin as far as possible, and
then put a spool of thread on this pin.
b
Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk.
c
Pass the end of the thread through the hole on
the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin.
d
Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft
and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
Turn the bobbin clockwise, by hand, until the
spring on the shaft slides into the groove of
the bobbin.
a Spring on the shaft
b Groove of the bobbin
e
Turn on the sewing machine.
● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156, SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing
machine. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine.
● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models, the
machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the
same type (part code: SA156, SFB: XA5539-151).
CAUTION
Actual size
This model Other models
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
● If the spool of thread is not in the right place,
the thread may tangle on the spool pin.
CAUTION
1 2
Page: 13
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
12
f
While holding the end of the thread, gently
press the foot controller or press (start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to wind the thread around
the bobbin a few times. Then stop the
machine.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start or
stop sewing (only for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
g
Trim the excess thread above the bobbin.
h
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
(to set the speed to fast). (For models
equipped with the sewing speed controller.)
a Sewing speed controller
i
Press the foot controller or press (start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to start.
j
When the bobbin seems full and begins
spinning slowly, take your foot off the foot
controller or press (start/stop button) (for
models equipped with the start/stop button).
k
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
to the left and remove the bobbin.
l
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
● Make sure you follow the instructions
carefully. If you do not cut the thread
completely, and the bobbin is wound, when
the thread runs low it may tangle around the
bobbin and cause the needle to break.
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, and may break
the needle.
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
CAUTION
1 2
Page: 14
13
1
■ For models equipped with the fast bobbin
winding system
a
Follow steps 1 through 2 of the procedure in
“Winding the bobbin” to pass the thread
around the pre-tension disk (page 11).
b
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
notch in the bobbin.
a Notch
b Bobbin winder shaft spring
c
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
d
While holding the thread that wraps around the
pre-tension disk with your left hand, use your
right hand to wind the free end of the thread
clockwise around the bobbin five or six times.
e
Pull the thread to the right and pass it through
the slit in the bobbin winder seat.
a Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in cutter)
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
f
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
(to set the speed to fast) (for models equipped
with the sewing speed controller).
a Sewing speed controller
g
Turn on the sewing machine.
h
Press the foot controller or press (start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to start.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start or
stop sewing (only for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
i
When the bobbin begins spinning slowly, take
your foot off the foot controller or press
(start/stop button) (for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
j
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
to the left and remove the bobbin.
k
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If the bobbin is
wound without cutting the thread using the cutter built
into the slit in the bobbin winder seat, the thread may
become tangled in the bobbin or the needle may bend
or break when the bobbin thread starts to run out.
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause the
thread tension to loosen, and may break the needle.
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
CAUTION
1 2
Page: 15
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
14
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
Lower threading
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
• For more details on quick-set bobbin, see page 15.
a
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
press (needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
b
Slide the button and open the cover.
a Cover
b Slide button
c
Put the bobbin in so the thread comes out in
the direction shown by the arrow.
• Only use bobbins that were designed to be
used with this machine.
d
Hold the end of the thread, push the bobbin
down with your finger, and then pass the
thread through the slit, as shown.
• Make sure that the thread is correctly
inserted through the tension-adjusting spring
of the bobbin case. If it is not inserted, re-
insert the thread.
a Tension-adjusting spring
e
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, breaking the
needle and resulting in injury.
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
● The bobbin was designed specifically for this
sewing machine. If bobbins from other
models are used, the machine will not operate
correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156,
SFB: XA5539-151).
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine. If you accidentally
step on the foot controller and the machine
starts to sew, you could be injured.
CAUTION
1 2
Actual size
This model Other models
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
1 2
CAUTION
1
Page: 16
15
1
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
• Replace the cover so that the end of the
thread comes out from the left side of the
cover (as shown by the line in the diagram).
■ For models equipped with the quick-set bobbin
a
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
press (needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
b
Slide the button and open the cover.
a Cover
b Slide button
c
Put the bobbin in, feed the end of the thread
through the slit, and then pull the thread to cut it.
• Only use bobbins that were designed to be
used with this machine.
a Cutter
• Make sure that the thread is correctly
inserted through the tension-adjusting spring
of the bobbin case. If it is not inserted, re-
insert the thread.
a Tension-adjusting spring
Memo
● The order that the bobbin thread should be
passed through the bobbin case is indicated
by marks around the bobbin case. Be sure
to thread the machine as indicated.
d
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
Memo
● You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. If you want
to draw up the bobbin thread before you
start to sew, follow to the procedure in
“Drawing up the lower thread” (page 19).
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
1 2
CAUTION
1
1
Page: 17
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
16
Upper threading
Set the upper thread and thread the needle.
• For details on the needle threader, see page 17.
a Spool pin
b Thread guide
c Mark on the handwheel
a
Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
lever.
a Presser foot lever
b
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up, or press
(needle position button) (for models equipped
with the needle position button) once or twice
to raise the needle.
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine can not be threaded. Be
sure to turn the handwheel so that the mark
on the wheel points up before threading the
sewing machine.
● Make sure you thread the machine properly. Otherwise, the thread could tangle and break the needle.
CAUTION
a Mark b Needle position button
or
Page: 18
17
1
c
Pull up the spool pin as far as possible, and
then put a spool of thread on this pin.
d
Feed the upper thread as shown in the figure
on the previous page.
e
Make sure you guide the thread through the
thread take-up lever from right to left.
a Thread take-up lever
f
Put the thread behind the needle bar thread
guide above the needle.
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
a Needle bar thread guide
g
Thread the needle from front to back and pull
out about 5 cm (2 inch) of thread.
a 5 cm (2 inch)
Note
● If the thread take-up lever is lowered, the
upper thread cannot be wrapped around the
thread take-up lever. Make sure you raise
the presser foot lever and the thread take-up
lever before you feed the upper thread.
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
■ Using the needle threader (for models
equipped with the needle threader)
a
Follow steps 1 through 6 of the procedure in
“Upper threading” to thread the machine to
the needle bar thread guide.
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
c
While lowering the needle threader lever,
hook the thread onto the guide.
a Needle holder
b Needle threader lever
c Guide
● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place, or
is set incorrectly, the thread may tangle on
the spool pin and cause the needle to break.
CAUTION
● The needle threader can only be used with
home sewing machine needles size 75/11-
100/16. Check the table on page 20 for the
appropriate needle and thread combinations.
If you are using transparent nylon mono-
filament thread, you can only use needles in
the range of 90/14-100/16.
● You cannot use the needle threader if you are
using decorative threads or special needles,
such as the twin needle and wing needle.
If you are using those types of threads or
needles, thread the eye of the needle by hand.
Make sure the main power switch is off when
threading the needle by hand.
CAUTION
Page: 19
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
18
d
Fully lower the needle threader lever.
X The end of the needle threader rotates
toward you and the hook passes
through the eye of the needle.
e
Catch the thread on the hook as shown below.
a Hook
b Thread
f
While lightly holding the thread, release the
needle threader lever. The hook will pull the
thread through the needle.
g
Pull out about 5 cm (2 inch) of thread through
the needle toward the back of the sewing
machine.
a 5 cm (2 inch)
Note
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
Page: 20
19
1
Drawing up the lower thread
a
Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.
a Upper thread
b
While holding the end of the upper thread,
raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so
that the mark on the wheel points up or by
pressing (needle position button) (for
models equipped with the needle position
button) once or twice.
c
Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower
thread.
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
d
Pull out about 10 cm (4 inch) of both threads
and pull them toward the back of the machine
under the presser foot.
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
■ For models equipped with the quick-set
bobbin
You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. When sewing
gathers or darts, you can draw up the lower
thread by hand so that some thread will be left
over. Before you draw up the lower thread, put
the bobbin back in.
a
Pass the thread along the slit in the direction
of the arrow, and leave it there without
cutting it.
• The bobbin cover should still be removed.
b
Draw up the lower thread as described in
steps 1 to 4.
c
Replace the bobbin cover.
a Mark b Needle position button
or
Page: 21
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
20
REPLACING THE NEEDLE
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below.
Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker the thread; and the larger the needle number, the thicker the
needle.
● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur.
● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads, regardless of the fabric being sewn.
● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased.
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injury.
CAUTION
Fabric Type/Application
Thread
Size of Needle
Type Size
Medium
weight
fabrics
Broadcloth Cotton thread
60–80
75/11–90/14
Taffeta Synthetic thread
Flannel,
Gabardine
Silk thread 50–80
Thin
fabrics
Lawn Cotton thread
60–80
65/9–75/11
Georgette Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin Silk thread 50–80
Thick
fabrics
Denim Cotton thread 30–50
90/14–100/16
Corduroy Synthetic thread
50
Tweed Silk thread
Stretch
fabrics
Jersey
Thread for knits 50–60
Ball point needle
(golden colored)
75/11–90/14
Tricot
Easily frayed fabrics
Cotton thread
50–80 65/9–90/14
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
For top-stitching
Synthetic thread
30 90/14–100/16
Silk thread
Page: 22
21
1
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
a Flat side
b Needle type marking
■ Correct needle
a Flat surface
■ Incorrect needle
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
a Flat surface
Replacing the needle
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
screwdriver and a needle that has been determined
to be straight according to the instructions in
“Checking the needle” .
a
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with (needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing once or
twice.)
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
● The appropriate fabric, thread and needle
combinations are shown in the table on the
previous page. If the combination of the
fabric, thread and needle is not correct,
particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such
as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to
75/11), the needle may bend or break. In
addition, the stitching may be uneven or
puckered or there may be skipped stitches.
CAUTION
1
2
1
1
a Mark b Needle position button
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to turn
off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the foot controller or the start/
stop button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
or
CAUTION
Page: 23
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
22
d
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp
screw counterclockwise to remove the
needle.
Note
● The needle can be removed by simply
loosening the needle clamp screw about
one turn. (If the needle clamp screw is
loosened too much, the needle clamp
(which holds the needle) may fall off.
Therefore, do not loosen the needle clamp
screw too much.)
a Screwdriver
b Needle clamp screw
• Do not apply strong force when loosening or
tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise certain parts of the sewing
machine may be damaged.
e
With the flat side of the needle toward the
rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper.
a Needle stopper
f
While holding the needle with your left hand,
use the screwdriver to tighten the needle
clamp screw by turning it clockwise.
Install the twin needle in the same way.
■ Installing the needle clamp
If the needle clamp is removed, follow the
procedure below to attach it to the needle bar.
a
As seen from the front of the machine, slide
the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that
the needle clamp screw is on the right side
and the needle bar thread guide is at the
bottom.
a Needle clamp screw
b Needle bar thread guide
c Needle bar
b
Align the bottom edge of the needle holder
with the end of the needle bar, and then
tighten the needle clamp screw.
a Needle bar
b Needle holder
c Needle clamp screw
d Align
● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches
the needle stopper and securely tighten the
needle clamp screw with the screwdriver,
otherwise the needle may break or damage
may result.
CAUTION
Page: 24
23
1
Sewing with a twin needle
We have designed your machine so you can sew with this needle and two top threads. You can use the same
color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the twin needle, refer to “Stitch settings” (page 52).
■ Twin needle threading
a
Attach the twin needle.
Attach the twin needle in the same way as a
single needle (page 21).
b
Attach the extra spool pin.
Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of
the machine. Put the second spool of thread
onto the extra spool pin.
a First spool
b Second spool
c
Use the thread from the first spool to thread
the machine to the needle bar thread guide.
The path for threading the machine to the
needle bar thread guide is the same as for
normally threading the machine (for a single
needle). See page 17 for more details.
d
Thread the left needle from front to back.
e
Use the thread from the second spool to thread
the machine to the thread take-up lever.
The path for threading the machine to the
thread take-up lever is the same as for normally
threading the machine (for a single needle).
See page 17 for more details.
f
Thread the right needle from front to back.
Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar
thread guide.
a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar
thread guide.
b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle
bar thread guide.
c Needle bar thread guide
Note
Models equipped with a needle threader
● You cannot use the needle threader to
thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the
twin needle by hand, from front to back.
Using the needle threader may damage the
machine.
● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: 131096-121). Other needles
could break, and damage the machine.
● Do not sew with bent needles. The needle could break and injure you.
● You can not use the needle threader to thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the twin needle by hand,
from front to back. Using the needle threader may damage the machine.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to select an appropriate stitch, otherwise the needle may break or
the machine may be damaged.
● Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less, otherwise the needle may break or the machine may
be damaged.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that
the needle does not touch the presser foot. If the needle hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or break.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● When changing the sewing direction, be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. If the fabric is
turned while the needle is lowered, the needle may bend or break.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach
zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may
break or the machine may be damaged.
CAUTION
Page: 25
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —————————————————————————————————————————
24
REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT
Replacing the presser foot
Replace the presser foot as described below.
a
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with (needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing once or twice.)
b
If the sewing machine has been turned on,
turn it off.
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
d
Press the black button at the back of the
presser foot holder to release the presser foot.
a Black button
b Presser foot holder
e
Place a different presser foot below the holder
so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the
shank in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (J, A, etc.) is positioned to
be read.
a Presser foot holder
b Shank
c Pin
Note
● The presser foot to be used with each stitch
appears in the LCD. To select a stitch, refer
to “Selecting stitching” (page 27).
● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. If you leave the power on and step on the
controller, the machine will start and you may be injured.
● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. If you use the wrong presser
foot, the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break, and may cause injury.
● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. Using other any presser feet
may cause an accident or injury.
CAUTION
a Mark b Needle position button
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to
turn off the sewing machine, otherwise
injuries may occur if the foot controller or the
start/stop button is accidentally pressed and
the machine starts sewing.
or
CAUTION
Page: 26
25
1
f
Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the
presser foot holder.
a Presser foot lever
X The presser foot is attached.
g
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
presser foot is securely attached.
Removing the presser foot
holder
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that
does not use the presser foot holder, such as the
quilting foot. Use the screwdriver to remove the
presser foot holder.
■ Removing the presser foot holder
a
Remove the presser foot.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 24).
b
Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot
holder screw.
a Screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
a
Align the presser foot holder with the lower-
left side of the presser bar.
a Presser foot holder
b Presser bar
b
Hold the presser foot holder in place with
your right hand, and then tighten the screw
using the screwdriver in your left hand.
a Screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
Note
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be
incorrect.
Page: 27
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
26
2 SEWING BASICS
SEWING
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
General sewing procedure
Follow the basic procedures below to sew.
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle location. In addition, keep your
hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel, otherwise injuries may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may
break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or bend.
CAUTION
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details on turning on the machine, refer to “Power supply” (page 9).
↓
2 Select the stitch.
Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn.
For details on selecting a stitch, refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 27).
↓
3
Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch.
For details on replacing the presser foot, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 24).
↓
4 Start sewing.
Position the fabric, and then start sewing. When sewing is finished, cut the
threads.
For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 28).
Page: 28
27
2
Selecting stitching
Using the stitch selection keys, select the desired
stitch.
When the sewing machine is turned on, the straight
stitch ( left needle position) is selected.
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
b
Press (stitch selection keys). The
number of the selected stitch is displayed.
Press the “+” or “–” side of to increase or
reduce the number by one. Pressing on the
right changes the digit on the right and pressing
on the left changes the digit on the left.
X The stitch is selected.
c
Attach the presser foot.
Note
● The presser foot to be used is indicated by
the letter (G, A, J, N, or R) below to
the right of the stitch number.
d
If necessary, adjust the stitch length and
width.
• For details on sewing with each of the utility
stitches, refer to the following example.
■ [Example] Selecting stitch .
a
Press the stitch selection keys to select stitch 04.
With on the right, select “4”, and with
on the left, select “0”.
b
Press the “+” or “–” side of (stitch
length adjustment key) to increase or reduce
the stitch length.
a Stitch length adjustment key
b Short
c Long
c
Press the “+” or “–” side of (stitch width
adjustment key) to increase or reduce the
stitch width.
a Stitch width adjustment key
b Narrow
c Wide
Note
● When the stitch length or stitch width is
changed from the standard setting,
around or disappears from the LCD.
When the stitch length or stitch width is
reset back to the standard setting,
reappears around or in the LCD.
● If the stitch width of the selected stitch
cannot be adjusted, “--” appears to the right
of in the LCD.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise)
and check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser foot,
the needle may bend or break.
● If the stitches are bunched together, increase
the stitch length. Continuing to sew with the
stitches bunched together may result in the
needle bending or breaking.
CAUTION
Page: 29
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
28
Starting to sew
a
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up. (With models equipped
with (needle position button), raise the
needle by pressing once or twice.)
b
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
c
Place the fabric under the presser foot, pass
the thread under the presser foot, and then
pull out about 5 cm (2 inch) of thread toward
the rear of the machine.
a 5 cm (2 inch)
d
While holding the end of the thread and the
fabric with your left hand, turn the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) with your
right hand to lower the needle to the starting
point of the stitching.
e
Lower the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
f
On models equipped with a sewing speed
controller, slide the sewing speed controller
to the left or right to adjust the sewing speed.
Refer to “Sewing speed controller” (page 10).
a Sewing speed controller
g
Slowly press down on the foot controller.
(With models equipped with (start/stop
button), if the foot controller is not connected,
press once.)
a Start/stop button
X The machine starts sewing.
h
Take your foot off the foot controller, or press
(start/stop button) once (if the machine
was started by pressing (start/stop button))
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
X The machine stops sewing.
i
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with (needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing once or
twice.)
j
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Mark b Needle position button
or
or
Page: 30
29
2
k
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
and then pass the threads through the thread
cutter to cut them.
a Thread cutter
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in,
(start/stop button) cannot be used to start or
stop sewing.
● When sewing is stopped, the needle remains
lowered (in the fabric). The machine can be
set so that the needle will stay up when
sewing is stopped. For details on setting the
machine so that the needles stay up when
sewing is stopped, refer to “Changing the
needle stop position” (page 10).
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing (reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches on top
of each other.
a Reverse stitching
b Reinforcement stitching
Memo
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “Stitch
settings” (page 52).
Thread tension
The thread tension will affect the quality of your
stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change
fabric or thread.
Memo
● We recommend that you do a test sample
on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew.
■ Correct tension
Correct tension is important as too much or too
little tension will weaken your seams or cause
puckers on your fabric.
■ Upper tension is too tight
Loops will appear on the surface of the fabric.
Solution
Reduce the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a lower number.
■ Upper tension is too loose
Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric.
Solution
Increase the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a higher number.
1 2
1
2
3
4
a Wrong side
b Surface
c Upper thread
d Lower thread
1
2
3
4
5
a Wrong side
b Surface
c Upper thread
d Lower thread
e Loops appear on
surface of fabric
4 3
5
1
2
3
4
5
a Wrong side
b Surface
c Upper thread
d Lower thread
e Loops appear on
wrong side of
fabric
4 3
5
Page: 31
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
30
USEFUL SEWING TIPS
Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. Refer to these tips when
sewing your project.
Trial sewing
After you select a stitch, the machine automatically
sets the stitch width and length for the stitch that is
selected.
However, a trial piece of fabric should be sewn since,
depending on the type of fabric and stitching being
sewn, the desired results may not be achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Changing the sewing
direction
a
When the stitching reaches a corner, stop the
sewing machine.
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle was raised, lower the needle either by
turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) or by pressing (needle
position button) once (for models equipped
with the needle position button).
b
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
fabric.
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
c
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
sewing.
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve.
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
Sewing thick fabrics
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot
If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser
foot, raise the presser foot lever even higher to
bring the presser foot to its highest position.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to raise
the needle before changing the sewing
direction. If the fabric is turned while the
needle is lowered, the needle may bend or
break.
CAUTION
Page: 32
31
2
■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric does
not feed at the beginning of stitching
Zigzag foot “J” is equipped with a feature that
keeps the presser foot level.
a Sewing direction
a
When you encounter a seam that is too thick
to feed under the foot, raise the presser foot
lever.
b
Press the black button on the left side of the
foot. Keep the button held in and lower the
presser foot.
a Black button
c
Release the button. The foot will lock in place
level with the seam, allowing the fabric to
feed.
• Once the trouble spot has been passed, the
foot will return to its normal position.
Sewing thin fabrics
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If
this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
a Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
a Basting
Using a free-arm style
Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular
and hard-to-reach areas. To change your machine to
the free-arm style, lift out the flat bed attachment.
a
Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to
release it.
a Flat bed attachment
● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inch) thick is
sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much
force, the needle may bend or break.
CAUTION
Page: 33
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
32
3 UTILITY STITCHES
OVERCASTING STITCHES
You can use the overcasting stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. They are also
useful for sewing stretch materials.
*Rev.: Reverse **Rfc.: Reinforcement ***Do not use reverse stitching.
a
Attach overcasting foot “G” or zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 27).
c
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
against the guide of the presser foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
a Guide
d
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
presser foot guide.
a Needle drop point
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Zigzag stitch J 04 04 04 04
Overcasting and attach-
ing appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Yes
( J )
Yes Rev.
3-point zig-
zag stitch
J 05 05 05 05
Overcasting on medium
weight or stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic, darn-
ing, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
Overcasting
stitch
G 06 06 06 06
Overcasting on thin or
medium weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16) No No Rfc.
G 07 07 07 07
Overcasting on thick fab-
rics
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16) No No Rfc.
J 08 08 08 08
Overcasting on stretch
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
1
CAUTION
*
**
***
**
**
**
Page: 34
33
3
BASIC STITCHING
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Three stitches are available for basic stitching.
*Rev.: Reverse **Rfc.: Reinforcement ***Do not use reverse stitching.
Basic stitching
a
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 27).
d
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
beginning of the stitching.
e
Start sewing.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 28).
• For details on sewing reverse/reinforcement
stitches, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 29).
f
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 28).
■ Changing the needle position
With the straight stitch (left needle position) and
the triple stretch stitch, the needle position can be
adjusted. Pressing the “+” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the right;
pressing the “–” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the left.
a Stitch width adjustment key
b Left needle position
c Right needle position
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Straight
Left J 00 00 00 00
Basic stitching, sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No Yes Rev.
Center J 01 01 01 01
Attaching zippers, basic
stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
– – 2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
Yes Rev.
Triple
stretch stitch J 02 02 02 02
Attaching sleeves, sew-
ing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and deco-
rative stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16) No No Rfc.
*
**
***
*** *
Page: 35
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
34
BLIND HEM STITCHING
You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project, like the hem of a pair of trousers, without the stitch showing.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
a
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
hem, and then baste it about 5 mm (3/16 inch)
from the edge of the fabric. Fold back the fabric
along the basting, and then position the fabric
with the wrong side facing up.
b
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
c
Select a stitch.
d
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
then lower the presser foot lever.
Check that the needle slightly catches the fold
of the hem.
■ If the needle catches too much of the hem fold
If the needle catches too much of the hem fold,
adjust the stitch width so that the needle slightly
catches the fold by pressing the “+” side of the
stitch width adjustment key.
■ If the needle does not catch the hem fold
If the needle does not catch the hem fold, adjust
the stitch width so that the needle slightly catches
the fold by pressing the “-” side of the stitch width
adjustment key.
• For details on changing the stitch width,
refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 27).
e
Sew with the fold of the hem against the
presser foot guide.
f
Remove the basting stitching and turn the
fabric right side up.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Blind hem
stitch
R 09 09 09 09
Blind hem stitching on
medium weight fabrics
0
(0)
3 – –3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No No Rfc.
R 10 10 10 10
Blind hem stitching on
stretch fabrics
0
(0)
3 – –3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No No Rfc.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Basting
c Desired edge of hem
d 5 mm (3/16 inch)
a Needle
b Needle drop point
c Fold of hem
d Wrong side of fabric
e Guide
R
a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric
a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric
a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric
*
*
Page: 36
35
3
BUTTONHOLE SEWING
Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on.
*Auto Rfc.: Automatic Reinforcement **Rfc.: Reinforcement
The maximum buttonhole length is about 28 mm (1-1/8 inch) (diameter + thickness of the button).
Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back, as shown below.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Buttonhole
stitch
A 29 29 29 25
Horizontal buttonholes
on thin and medium
weight fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.4
(1/64)
0.2-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No No
Auto
Rfc.
A 30 30 30 26
Secured buttoholes for
fabrics that have back-
ings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.4
(1/64)
0.2–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No No
Auto
Rfc.
A 31 31 31 27
Buttonholes for stretch or
knit fabrics
6.0
(15/64)
3.0–6.0
(1/8-15/64)
1.0
(1/16)
0.5–2.0
(1/32-1/16) No No
Auto
Rfc.
A 32 32 32 28
Buttonholes for stretch
fabrics
6.0
(15/64)
3.0–6.0
(1/8-15/64)
1.5
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8) No No
Auto
Rfc.
A 33 33 33 29
Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No No
Auto
Rfc.
A 34 34 – –
Keyhole buttonholes for
medium weight and thick
fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No No
Auto
Rfc.
A 35 35 – –
Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16) No No
Auto
Rfc.
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting) J 40 40 – –
Appliqué quilting, free-
motion quilting, satin
stitching, button sewing
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0-4.0
(0-3/16) No Yes Rfc.
a Reinforcement stitching
*
**
*
*
*
*
*
*
Page: 37
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
36
The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”, which is
used for sewing buttonholes, are indicated below.
a Button guide plate
b Presser foot scale
c Pin
d Marks on buttonhole foot
e 5 mm (3/16 inch)
a
Use chalk to mark the position and length of
the buttonhole on the fabric.
a Marks on fabric
b
Pull out the button guide plate of buttonhole
foot “A”, and then insert the button that will
be put through the buttonhole.
X The size of the buttonhole is set.
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide
plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of
the button, and then set the button guide
plate to the calculated length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot
scale is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
a Presser foot scale
b Length of buttonhole
(Diameter + thickness of button)
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm
(9/16 inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch),
the button guide plate should be set to 25 mm
(1 inch) on the scale.
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
b 15 mm (9/16 inch)
c
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
d
Select a stitch.
e
Position the fabric with the front end of the
buttonhole mark aligned with the red marks
on the sides of the buttonhole foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
a Mark on fabric
b Red marks on buttonhole foot
A
1
2
5
3
4
1
A
1
3
2
1
2
A
1
2
2
Page: 38
37
3
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
buttonhole will not be sewn with the correct
size.
a Do not reduce the gap.
f
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
possible.
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
g
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
your left hand, and then start sewing.
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
h
Raise the presser foot lever, remove the
fabric, and cut the thread.
i
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
position.
j
Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole
stitching to prevent the stitching from being
cut, and then use a seam ripper to cut towards
the pin and open the buttonhole.
a Seam ripper
b Pin
For keyhole buttonholes, use a commercial
eyelet punch to make a hole in the rounded
end of the buttonhole, and then use the seam
ripper to cut open the buttonhole.
a Eyelet punch
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
Memo
● Before sewing buttonholes, check the stitch
length and width by sewing a trial
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric.
● When opening the buttonhole with the seam
ripper, do not place your hands in the cutting
direction, otherwise injuries may result if the
seam ripper slips.
1
2
1
CAUTION
Page: 39
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
38
■ Sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics
When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics, use a
gimp thread.
a
Hook the gimp thread onto the part of
buttonhole foot “A” shown in the illustration
so that it fits into the grooves, and then
loosely tie it.
b
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
c
Select a stitch or .
d
Adjust the stitch width to the thickness of the
gimp thread.
e
Lower the presser foot lever and the
buttonhole lever, and then start sewing.
f
When sewing is finished, gently pull the gimp
thread to remove any slack.
g
Use a handsewing needle to pull the gimp
thread to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it.
h
With a seam ripper, cut the middle part of the
gimp thread remaining at the top end of the
buttonhole.
Trim off any excess of the gimp thread.
Button sewing
Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.
Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.
a
Measure the distance between the holes in the
button to be attached.
b
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide the
feed dog position lever, located at the rear of
the machine on the base, to (to the right
as seen from the front of the machine).
a Feed dog position lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
X The feed dogs are lowered.
c
Attach presser foot “M”.
a Button fitting foot “M”
1
Page: 40
39
3
d
Place a button between the presser foot and
the fabric.
• When attaching four-hole buttons, first sew
the two holes closest to you. Then, slide the
button so that the needle goes into the two
holes toward the rear of the sewing machine,
and then sew them in the same way.
e
Select a stitch . (With models not provided
with stitch , select stitch .)
f
Adjust the stitch width so that it is the same as
the distance between the holes in the button.
g
Set the stitch length to the shortest setting by
pressing the stitch length adjustment key.
h
Turn the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) to check that the needle
correctly goes into the two holes of the
button.
Adjust the stitch width to the distance between
the button holes.
i
Start sewing.
• After sewing for about 10 seconds at low
speed, press (reverse/reinforcement stitch
button) to sew reinforcement stitches.
j
Pull the upper thread at the end of the
stitching to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it with the bobbin thread.
Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the
bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching.
k
When you are finished attaching the button,
slide the feed dog position lever to (to
the left as seen from the front of the machine)
to raise the feed dogs.
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the button, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
CAUTION
Page: 41
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
40
ZIPPER INSERTION
You can use the zipper foot to sew different types of zippers, and can easily position it to the right or left side of
the needle.
When sewing the right side of the zipper, attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. When sewing the left
side of the zipper, attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot.
*Rev.: Reverse **Do not use reverse stitching.
a Zipper foot
b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper
c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper
a
Select stitch .
b
Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the
left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the
shank.
c
Fold the edge of the material 2 cm (3/4 inch)
and place the zipper under the folded section.
Lower the needle into the notch located either
on the left or right side of the zipper foot.
d
Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the
top on both sides. The needle should be
positioned on the zipper side of the foot for
best results.
e
To sew the opposite side of the zipper, release
the foot by pressing the button located at the
back of the presser foot, fit the zipper foot on
the other side of the zipper and continue
sewing using the other side notch.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model Auto Manual Auto Manual
Straight
stitch
(center)
I 01 01 01 01
Attaching zippers, basic
stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
– – 2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
Yes Rev.
● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the
needle does not hit the presser foot before
you start sewing. If you choose a different
stitch, the needle will hit the presser foot and
break the needle. You may also be injured.
1 2
3
CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper
during sewing. If the needle hits the zipper,
the needle may break and you may be injured.
CAUTION
*
**
Page: 42
41
3
SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE
Stretch fabrics can be sewn and elastic tape can be attached.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
Observe the corresponding precautions when performing each of the following stitching operations.
Stretch stitching
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch .
c
Sew the fabric without stretching it.
Elastic attaching
When elastic tape is attached to the cuff or waist of a
piece of clothing, the finished dimensions will be that
of the stretched elastic tape. Therefore, it is necessary
that a suitable length of the elastic tape be used.
a
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of the
fabric.
Pin the elastic tape to the fabric at a few points to make
sure that the tape is uniformly positioned on the fabric.
a Elastic tape
b Pin
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch .
d
Sew the elastic tape to the fabric while
stretching the tape so that it is the same length
as the fabric.
While pulling the fabric behind the presser foot
with your left hand, pull the fabric at the pin nearest
the front of the presser foot with your right hand.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Stretch stitch J 03 03 03 03
Sewing stretch fabrics
and decorative stitching
1.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
3-point
zigzag stitch
J 05 05 05 05
Overcasting on medium
weight or stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic, darn-
ing, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
1
2
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch any pins, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
CAUTION
*
*
Page: 43
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
42
APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING
The stitches that can be used for sewing appliqués, patchwork and quilts are described below.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement **Do not use reverse stitching.
Appliqués
You can create an appliqué by cutting a different
piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a
decoration.
a
Baste the cut design to the fabric.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch .
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Zigzag stitch J 04 04 04 04
Overcasting and attach-
ing appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Yes
( J )
Yes Rfc.
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
J 40 40 - -
Appliqué quilting, free-
motion quilting, satin
stitching
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
No Yes Rfc.
Appliqué
stitch J 11 11 11 11 Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.6–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
Appliqué
stitch
(for quilting)
J 41 41 - - Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
(1/16)
0.5–5.0
(1/32–3/16)
1.2
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No No Rfc.
J 42 42 - - Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
(1/16)
0.5–5.0
(1/32–3/16)
1.2
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No No Rfc.
Piecing
straight
stitch
J 37 37 - -
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the right
edge of the presser foot)
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No Yes Rfc.
J 38 38 - -
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the right
edge of the presser foot)
1.5
(1/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No Yes Rfc.
Joining stitch
J 14 14 14 14
Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
J 15 15 15 15
Patchwork stitching, dec-
orative stitching and sew-
ing overcasting on both
pieces of fabrics, such as
with tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
J 16 16 16 16 Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
Hand-look
quilting
J 39 39 35 31
Straight stitch quilting
that looks hand-sewn
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No No Rfc.
Quilting
stippling
J 43 43 - -
Quilting background
stitching (stippling)
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No No Rfc.
*
**
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Page: 44
43
3
d
Carefully sew around the edge of the design.
e
Cut away any fabric that is left outside the stitching.
f
Remove the basting, if necessary.
Memo
● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the
beginning and the end of stitching.
Patchwork (crazy quilt)
stitching
a
Fold the edge of the top piece of fabric and
place it over the lower piece.
b
Sew the two pieces of fabric together so the
pattern spans both pieces.
Piecing
Sewing together two pieces of fabric is called
“piecing”. The fabric pieces should be cut with a
6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance.
Sew a piecing straight stitch 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) from
either the right side or the left side of the presser foot.
a
Baste or pin along the seam allowance of the
fabric that you wish to piece together.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch or .
d
Sew with the side of the presser foot aligned
with the edge of the fabric.
■ For a seam allowance on the right side
Align the right side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch .
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
■ For a seam allowance on the left side
Align the left side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch .
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
Memo
● To change the width of the seam allowance
(the needle position), adjust the stitch width.
For details, refer to “Changing the needle
position” (page 33).
● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin
during sewing, as the needle can break. You
may also be injured.
CAUTION
1
1
Page: 45
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
44
Quilting
Sandwiching batting between the top and bottom
layers of fabric is called “quilting”. Quilts can easily
be sewn using the optional walking foot and the
optional quilting guide.
Note
● Only use the walking foot with straight or
zigzag stitches. Do not use other patterns.
Reverse stitches cannot be sewn with the
walking foot.
a
Baste the fabric to be quilted.
b
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
holder.
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 25).
c
Hook the connecting fork of the walking foot
onto the needle clamp screw, lower the
presser foot lever, and then use the presser
foot holder screw to attach the walking foot
to the presser bar.
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
c Presser foot holder screw
d
Select stitch , or .
e
Place one hand on each side of the presser
foot, and then evenly guide the fabric while
sewing.
Note
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
■ Using the optional quilting guide
Use the quilting guide to sew parallel stitches that
are equally spaced.
a
Insert the stem of the quilter into the hole at
the rear of the walking foot or presser foot
holder.
† Walking foot
† Presser foot holder
b
Adjust the stem of the quilter so that the quilt
guide aligns with the seam that has already
been sewn.
● Use the screwdriver to tighten the screw
securely. If the screw is loose, the needle may
strike the presser foot and cause injury.
● Be sure to turn the handwheel toward the
front of the machine to check that the needle
does not strike the presser foot. If the needle
strikes the presser foot, injury may result.
CAUTION
Page: 46
45
3
Free-motion quilting
With free-motion quilting, the feed dogs can be
lowered (using the feed dog position lever) so that
the fabric can be moved freely in any direction.
The optional quilting foot is needed for free-motion
quilting.
a
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
holder.
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 25).
b
Align the quilting foot with the lower-left side
of the presser bar.
The pin on the quilting foot should be
positioned over the needle clamp screw.
a Pin on quilting foot
b Presser foot holder screw
c Needle clamp screw
c
Hold the quilting foot in place with your right
hand, and then tighten the presser foot holder
screw using the screwdriver in your left hand.
a Presser foot holder screw
d
Slide the feed dog position lever, located at the
rear of the machine on the base, to (to
the right as seen from the front of the machine).
a Feed dog position lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
X The feed dogs are lowered.
e
Turn on the sewing machine, and then select a
stitch.
f
Use both hands to hold the fabric taut, then
move the fabric to follow the pattern.
Reinforcement stitches are sewn at the
beginning and end of sewing.
a Pattern
g
After sewing is finished, slide the feed dog
position lever to (to the left as seen from
the front of the machine) to raise the feed dogs.
• Normally, the feed dog position lever is
positioned at .
● Be sure to securely tighten the screws with
the screwdriver, otherwise the needle may
touch the presser foot, causing it to bend or
break.
CAUTION
Page: 47
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
46
REINFORCEMENT STITCHING
Reinforce points that will be subject to strain, such as sleeve holes, inseams and pocket corners.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement **Auto Rfc.: Automatic Reinforcement
Triple stretch stitching
Use triple stretch stitching to reinforce sleeve holes
and inseams.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch .
c
Start sewing.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 28).
Bar tack stitching
Bar tacks are used to reinforce points subject to
strain, such as pocket corners and openings.
As an example, the procedure for sewing bar tacks at
pocket corners is described below.
a
Determine the desired length of the bar tack.
Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
a Presser foot scale
b Length of bar tack
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
• A bar tack with a maximum length of about
28 mm (1-1/8 inch) can be sewn.
b
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot
Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Triple
stretch stitch
J 02 02 02 02
Attaching sleeves, sew-
ing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and deco-
rative stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No No Rfc.
Bar tack
stitch A 36 36 34 30
Reinforcing openings
and areas where the
seam easily comes loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0-3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4
(1/64)
0.3-1.0
(1/64-1/16) No No
Auto
Rfc.
1
2
3
**
*
Page: 48
47
3
c
Select stitch .
d
Position the fabric so that the opening of the
pocket faces toward you, and then lower the
presser foot lever so that the needle drops
2 mm (1/16 inch) in front of the pocket
opening.
a 2 mm (1/16 inch)
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
bar tack will not be sewn with the correct
size.
a Do not reduce the gap.
e
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
possible.
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
f
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
your left hand, and then start sewing.
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
g
Raise the presser foot lever, remove the
fabric, and cut the thread.
h
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
position.
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Selecting
stitching” (page 27).
1
Page: 49
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
48
DECORATIVE STITCHING
Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
Stitch Name
Pattern
Presser
Foot Pattern No.
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin
Needle
Walking
Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
70
stitches
model
60
stitches
model
50
stitches
model
40
stitches
model
Auto Manual Auto Manual
Fagoting
stitch
J 17 17 17 17
Fagoting, smocking and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
J 18 18 18 18 Fagoting, smocking and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
Joining stitch
J 14 14 14 14
Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
J 15 15 15 15
Patchwork stitching, deco-
rative stitching and sewing
overcasting on both pieces
of fabrics, such as with tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
J 16 16 16 16
Patchwork stitching and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
Shell tuck
stitch J 12 12 12 12 Sell tuck stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
Satin scallop
stitch N 13 13 13 13 Scallop stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.1-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
Yes
( J ) No Rfc.
Decorative
stitch
J 19 19 19 19 Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
2.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No No Rfc.
J 20 20 20 20 Decorative stitching 4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
J 21 21 21 – Decorative stitching
5.5
(7/32)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
N 22 22 22 21
Decorative stitching and
elastic-attaching
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/64-1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
N 23 23 23 22
Lace sewing, decorative
hemming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4
2.5
(3/32)
1.6-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No No Rfc.
N 24 24 24 23
Decorative hemming,
heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No No Rfc.
N 25 25 25 –
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heir-
loom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No No Rfc.
N 26 26 26 24
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heir-
loom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
4.0
(3/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
N 27 27 27 –
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heir-
loom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
N 28 28 28 –
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heir-
loom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
Yes
( J )
No Rfc.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Question & answers

hello, its possible send to me the manual in portuguese. thank you. sonia dias

Published on 6 months ago by SONIA DIAS

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