BMW K 1600 GTL (2010) manual

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  • Brand: BMW
  • Product: Motorcycle
  • Model/name: K 1600 GTL (2010)
  • Filetype: PDF
  • Available languages: German, English, Dutch, French, Swedish, Russian, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Romanian, Finnish, Slovene, Czech, Slovak

Table of Contents

Page: 0
BMW Motorrad
Rider's Manual
K 1600 GTL
The Ultimate
Riding Machine
Page: 1
Motorcycle data/dealership details
Motorcycle data
Model
Vehicle identification number
Colour code
Date of first registration
Registration number
Dealership details
Person to contact in Service department
Ms/Mr
Phone number
Dealership address/phone number (com-
pany stamp)
Page: 2
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarise yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have questions concerning
your motorcycle, your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
provide advice and assistance.
We hope that you will enjoy rid-
ing your BMW and that all your
journeys will be pleasant and
safe.
BMW Motorrad.
Page: 3
Table of Contents
You can also consult the index at
the end of this Rider's Manual if
you want to find a particular topic
or item of information.
1 General instructions .... 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and
symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 General views ............ 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . 13
Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . 14
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . 16
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3 Status indicators ....... 19
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . 20
Meaning of symbols. . . . . . . . . 21
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Ambient temperature. . . . . . . . 22
Tyre pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Service-due indicator. . . . . . . . 23
Warning and telltale
lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4 Operation................ 41
Ignition switch/steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Electronic immobiliser
EWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . 43
On-board computer . . . . . . . . . 48
Odometer and
tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . 52
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Grip heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Seat heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Dynamic Traction Control
DTC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Ride mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
slipstream deflector . . . . . . . . . 59
Cruise-control system . . . . . . . 59
Stowage compartments . . . . . 61
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Shift mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Electronic Suspension Ad-
justment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Central locking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Anti-theft alarm (DWA) . . . . . . 70
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
5 Riding.................... 75
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . 76
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Parking your motorcycle . . . . 82
Page: 4
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Securing motorcycle for
transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
6 Engineering details..... 87
Ride mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Brake system with BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . . 89
Electronic engine manage-
ment with BMW Motorrad
DTC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Electronic Suspension Ad-
justment ESA II . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
7 Accessories ............. 97
General instructions . . . . . . . . . 98
Power sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Navigation device . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Topcase. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
8 Maintenance .......... 109
General instructions . . . . . . . 110
Standard toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Coolant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Rims and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . 125
Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
9 Care .................... 135
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Washing motorcycle. . . . . . . 136
Cleaning easily damaged
components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Protective wax coating . . . . 138
Laying up motorcycle . . . . . 138
Restoring motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
10 Technical data ...... 139
troubleshooting chart. . . . . . 140
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . 141
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . 145
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Wheels and tyres. . . . . . . . . . 147
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Anti-theft alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Riding specifications . . . . . . 152
11 Service ............... 153
BMW Motorrad service. . . . 154
BMW Motorrad service
quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
BMW Motorrad mobility
services - roadside assist-
ance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
BMW Motorrad service
network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Maintenance work. . . . . . . . . 155
Confirmation of mainten-
ance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Confirmation of service . . . . 161
Page: 5
12 Index ................. 163
Page: 6
General instructions
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1
5
z
General
instructions
Page: 7
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual
will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work on
the motorcycle is documented in
Chapter 11. This record of the
maintenance work you have had
performed on your motorcycle is
a precondition for generous treat-
ment of goodwill claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual;
it is an important part of the mo-
torcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reas-
ons of your safety and the safety
of others, and to protect your
motorcycle against damage.
Specific instructions on
how to operate, control, ad-
just or look after items of equip-
ment on the motorcycle.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed informa-
tion.
Indicates the end of a
passage relating to spe-
cific accessories or items
of equipment.
Tightening torque.
Item of technical data.
OE Optional extra
The motorcycles are as-
sembled complete with
all the BMW optional ex-
tras originally ordered.
OA Optional accessory
You can obtain optional
accessories through your
authorised BMW Motor-
rad dealer; optional ac-
cessories have to be
retrofitted to the motor-
cycle.
EWS Electronic immobiliser.
DWA Anti-theft alarm (Dieb-
stahlwarnanlage)
ABS Anti-lock brake system
DTC Dynamic Traction Con-
trol.
1
6
z
General
instructions
Page: 8
ESA Electronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment.
RDC Tyre pressure monitoring
(ReifenDruck-Control)
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment.
This Rider's Manual describes
optional extras (OE) offered by
BMW and selected optional ac-
cessories (OA). This explains why
the manual may also contain de-
scriptions of equipment which
you have not ordered. Please
note, too, that your motorcycle
might not be exactly as illus-
trated in this manual on account
of country-specific differences.
If your BMW was supplied with
equipment not described in
this Rider's Manual, you will
find these features described in
separate manuals.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and
power ratings stated in the
Rider's Manual are quoted to the
standards and comply with the
tolerance requirements of the
Deutsches Institut für Normung
e.V. (DIN). Versions for individual
countries may differ.
Currency
The high safety and quality
standards of BMW motorcycles
are maintained by constant
development work on designs,
equipment and accessories.
Because of this, your motorcycle
may differ from the information
supplied in the Rider's Manual.
Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely
rule out errors and omissions.
We hope you will appreciate that
no claims can be entertained on
the basis of the data, illustrations
or descriptions in this manual. 1
7
z
General
instructions
Page: 9
1
8
z
General
instructions
Page: 10
General views
General views
General view, left side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2
9
z
General
views
Page: 12
General view, left side
1 Clutch-fluid reservoir
( 117)
2 Fuel filler neck ( 83)
3 Operating panel for the
audio system (see separate
user guide)
4 Seat lock ( 57)
5 Control for rear-seat heat-
ing (on the seat) ( 55)
6 Payload table
Table of tyre pressures
7 Adjuster, spring preload
( 64)
8 Adjuster for damping char-
acteristic ( 65)
9 Storage compartment
( 61)
10 adjustable shift lever
( 63)
11 slipstream deflector
( 59)
2
11
z
General
views
Page: 14
General view, right side
1 Vehicle Identification Num-
ber (above engine oil filler
neck)
2 Power socket ( 98)
3 Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 114)
4 Coolant level indicator (be-
hind side panel) ( 116)
5 Type plate (on front sus-
pension)
6 slipstream deflector
( 59)
7 Engine-oil filler neck and
oil dipstick ( 110)
8 Stowage compartment of
the audio system ( 61)
9 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 115)
2
13
z
General
views
Page: 15
Handlebar fitting, left
1 High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher ( 50)
2 with LED auxiliary head-
lightsOE
Operation of the auxiliary
headlights ( 51)
3 Cruise control system con-
trol ( 59)
4 Hazard warning flashers
( 52)
5 Windscreen control
( 58)
6 Operation of the flashing
turn indicators ( 52)
7 Horn
2
14
z
General
views
Page: 16
8 Multi-controller and MENU
button
Operation of the multifunc-
tion display ( 43)
Operation of the audio sys-
tem (see the appropriate
instructions for use)
with Dynamic Traction
Control (DTC) OE
Control for DTC ( 56)
with Electronic Suspen-
sion Adjustment (ESA)OE
Operating ESA ( 65)
9 Select the favourite menu.
( 47).
2
15
z
General
views
Page: 17
Handlebar fitting, right
1 with central lockingOE
Operation of the central
locking system ( 67)
2 Selection of the ride mode
( 56)
3 Emergency off switch (kill
switch) ( 53)
4 Starting engine ( 78)
2
16
z
General
views
Page: 18
Underneath the seat
1 Rider's Manual
2 Fuses ( 133)
3 Battery ( 130)
4 Standard toolkit ( 110)
2
17
z
General
views
Page: 19
Instrument panel
1 Speedometer
2 Release for navigation slot
3 Warning and telltale lights
( 25)
4 with navigation systemOA
Navigation device ( 99)
5 Ambient-light brightness
sensor (for adapting the
brightness of the instru-
ment lighting)
6 Rev. counter
7 Control for tripmeters
( 49)
8 Multifunction display
( 20)
The brightness of the warn-
ing lights and telltale lights,
the display and the instrument
needle and gauge lighting is ad-
apted automatically to suit ambi-
ent brightness.
2
18
z
General
views
Page: 20
Status indicators
Status indicators
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Meaning of symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Tyre pressures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Service-due indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Warning and telltale lights. . . . . . . . . . . 25
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3
19
z
Status
indicators
Page: 21
Multifunction display
1 Ride mode ( 56)
2 Coolant temperature
3 Area for warnings ( 26)
4 Menu area ( 43)
Area for messages relating
to the audio system
5 Status-indicator panel of
the on-board computer
( 48)
with tyre pressure monit-
oring (RDC)OE
RDC readings
6 Status indicators for seat
heating ( 54)
Status indicators for
handlebar grip heating
( 53)
with Electronic Suspen-
sion Adjustment (ESA)OE
ESA settings
7 Tripmeter ( 49)
8 Total distance covered
9 Clock ( 47)
10 Fuel level
3
20
z
Status
indicators
Page: 22
11 Gear indicator; "N" indic-
ates neutral
Meaning of symbols
Meanings of the symbols at posi-
tion 1:
Average consumption
1 and 2 since last reset
( 48)
Range with fuel now on
board ( 22)
Average speed since last
reset ( 48)
Ambient temperature
( 22)
Tyre pressures ( 22)
Stopwatch ( 48)
Travel times ( 49)
Date (display mode de-
pends on the time format
selected) ( 47)
Oil level ( 23)
2 Rear-seat heating ON
3 Handlebar grip heating ON
4 Front-seat heating ON
3
21
z
Status
indicators
Page: 23
with Electronic Suspension Ad-
justment (ESA)OE
5 Damping
6 Vehicle load
Range
The range readout indic-
ates how far you can ride
with the fuel remaining in the
tank. The figure for average con-
sumption used to calculate range
is not shown and might not be
the same as the average-con-
sumption reading that appears on
the display.
You must put at least five litres of
fuel into the fuel tank for the new
level to be registered correctly.
If the sensor cannot register the
new level the range readout can-
not be updated.
When the motorcycle is propped
on its side stand the slight angle
of inclination means that the
sensor cannot register the fuel
level correctly. This is the reason
why the range is calculated only
when the side stand is in the re-
tracted position.
The calculated range is only
an approximate reading.
Consequently, BMW Motorrad
recommends that you should not
try to use the full range before
refuelling.
Ambient temperature
When the motorcycle is at
a standstill the heat of the
engine can falsify the ambient-
temperature reading. If the effect
of the engine's heat becomes ex-
cessive, -- temporarily appears
on the display.
If ambient temperature
drops below 3 °C this
warning appears, drawing
your attention to the risk of
black ice forming. The display
automatically switches from any
other mode to the temperature
reading when the temperature
drops below this threshold for
the first time.
Tyre pressures
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC)OE
3
22
z
Status
indicators
Page: 24
The tyre-pressure readings are
based on a reference tyre tem-
perature of 20 °C. The front
tyre pressure is on the left 1
; the reading on the right 2 is
the rear tyre pressure. "-- --"
appears directly after the igni-
tion is switched on, because
the sensors do not transmit tyre
pressures until the first time the
motorcycle accelerates to more
than 30 km/h.
If the pressure in a tyre drops to
a critical level the corresponding
status indicator shows red.
The tyre warning symbol
also appears on the display.
The "General" warning light
flashes red.
The detailed description of BMW
Motorrad RDC starts on page
( 93).
Oil level
The oil-level indicator gives
you an indication of the en-
gine oil level.
The preconditions for the oil level
check are as follows:
Engine at operating temperat-
ure.
Engine idling for at least ten
seconds.
Side stand retracted.
Make sure the motorcycle is
upright.
The readings mean:
OK: Oil level is correct
CHECK!: Check the oil level
the next time you stop for fuel.
– – –: Oil level cannot be
measured (conditions as stated
above not satisfied).
Service-due indicator
If a service is due, for a
brief period after the pre-
ride check the service symbol
appears on the display and the
service-due date shows instead
of the odometer reading.
If the service is overdue the
General warning light briefly
shows yellow and the service
symbol lights up continuously.
3
23
z
Status
indicators
Page: 25
If the countdown to the next
service is less than one month,
service-due date 1 appears on
the display.
If the motorcycle covers long dis-
tances in the course of the year,
under certain circumstances it
might be necessary to have it
serviced at a date in advance
of the forecast due date. If the
countdown distance to the early
service is less than 1000 km,
countdown distance 2 appears
on the display.
If the service-due indic-
ator appears more than a
month before the service date,
the date saved in the instrument
cluster must be adjusted. This
situation can occur if the battery
was disconnected.
3
24
z
Status
indicators
Page: 26
Warning and telltale
lights
1 ABS warning light ( 34)
2 with Dynamic Traction
Control (DTC) OE
DTC warning light ( 35)
3 Telltale light of the left turn
indicators
4 Warning light for fuel down
to reserve ( 31)
5 Telltale light for neutral
6 High-beam headlight tell-
tale light
7 Telltale light of the right
turn indicators
8 Warning light for engine
electronics
9 with anti-theft alarm
(DWA)OE
Anti-theft alarm telltale light
( 70)
10 with LED auxiliary head-
lightsOE
Telltale light for the auxili-
ary headlights ( 51)
3
25
z
Status
indicators
Page: 27
11 Telltale light of cruise con-
trol ( 59)
12 General warning light, in
combination with warnings
in the display ( 26)
Warnings
Mode of presentation
Warnings are indicated by the
corresponding warning lights.
Warnings for which there is no
dedicated warning light are indic-
ated by 'General' warning light 1
showing in combination with a
warning symbol such as, for ex-
ample, 2 appearing in the mul-
tifunction display. The 'General'
warning light shows red or yel-
low, depending on the urgency of
the warning.
Up to four warning symbols can
be displayed at any given time.
The status of the 'General' warn-
ing light matches the most ur-
gent warning.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next pages.
3
26
z
Status
indicators
Page: 28
Warnings, overview
Warning light Status indicators Meaning
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Electronic immobiliser active ( 31)
Lights up Fuel-level reading
turns yellow
Fuel down to reserve ( 31)
Lights up red Temperature read-
ing turns red
Coolant temperature too high ( 31)
Lights up Engine fault ( 31)
Flashes Severe engine fault ( 32)
Appears on the dis-
play
Engine-oil level too low ( 32)
Lights up red Appears on the dis-
play
Insufficient battery charge current
( 32)
Appears on the dis-
play
On-board system voltage low ( 33)
3
27
z
Status
indicators
Page: 29
Warning light Status indicators Meaning
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
On-board system voltage critical ( 33)
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Rear light failure ( 33)
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Front light failure ( 34)
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Light failure ( 34)
Appears on the dis-
play
Ice warning ( 34)
Flashes ABS self-diagnosis not completed
( 34)
Lights up ABS fault ( 34)
Quick-flashes DTC intervention ( 35)
Slow-flashes DTC self-diagnosis not completed
( 35)
3
28
z
Status
indicators
Page: 30
Warning light Status indicators Meaning
Lights up DTC switched off ( 35)
Lights up DTC fault ( 35)
Flashes red + tyre pressure in
red
Tyre pressure outside permitted toler-
ance ( 36)
+ "--" or "--
--" appears on
the display.
Signal transmission disrupted ( 36)
Lights up yellow + "--" or "--
--" appears on
the display.
Sensor defective or system error
( 37)
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak
( 37)
Lights up red Appears on the dis-
play
Light direction of the low-beam headlight
not known ( 38)
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Beam-throw adjustment of the low-beam
headlight restricted ( 38)
3
29
z
Status
indicators
Page: 31
Warning light Status indicators Meaning
Appears on the dis-
play
Headlight aiming changed ( 38)
Appears on the dis-
play
Anti-theft alarm battery weak ( 39)
Lights up yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Anti-theft alarm battery flat ( 39)
Appears on the dis-
play
Central locking locked ( 39)
briefly shows yellow Appears on the dis-
play
Service overdue ( 39)
3
30
z
Status
indicators
Page: 32
Electronic immobiliser
active
General warning light shows
yellow.
Key appears on the display.
Possible cause:
The key being used is not au-
thorised for starting, or commu-
nication between key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove all other vehicle keys
from the same ring as the igni-
tion key.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key re-
placed, preferably by an au-
thorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Fuel down to reserve
Reserve-fuel symbol lights
up
Fuel-level reading turns yellow.
Lack of fuel can result in
the engine misfiring and
cutting out unexpectedly. Mis-
firing can damage the catalytic
converter; a hazardous situation
can result if the engine cuts out
unexpectedly.
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
Possible cause:
The fuel tank contains no more
than the reserve quantity of fuel.
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Refuel ( 83).
Coolant temperature too
high
General warning light shows
red.
The temperature reading turns
red.
Continuing to ride when the
engine is overheated could
result in engine damage.
Compliance with the information
set out below is essential.
Possible cause:
The coolant temperature is too
high.
If possible, ride in the part-load
range to cool down the engine.
In traffic jams, switch off the
engine, but leave the ignition
switched on so that the radi-
ator fan continues to operate.
If the coolant temperature is
frequently too high, have the
fault rectified as soon as pos-
sible by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Engine fault
The engine symbol lights
up.
3
31
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Status
indicators
Page: 33
Possible cause:
The engine control unit has dia-
gnosed a fault.
The engine is running in
emergency operating mode.
Unusual engine response is a
possibility.
Adapt your style of riding accord-
ingly. Avoid accelerating sharply
and overtaking.
If you continue to ride be pre-
pared for unusual engine beha-
viour (low power, poor throttle
response, abrupt stalling, etc.)
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Severe engine fault
The engine symbol flashes.
Possible cause:
The engine control unit has dia-
gnosed a severe fault.
An engine fault that can
lead to severe consequen-
tial damage has been detected.
Adapt your style of riding accord-
ingly. Ride slowly, avoid acceler-
ating and overtaking.
If possible, have the motorcycle
picked up.
If you continue to ride be pre-
pared for unusual engine beha-
viour (low power, poor throttle
response, abrupt stalling, etc.)
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Engine-oil level too low
The oilcan symbol appears
on the display.
Possible cause:
The electronic oil-level sensor
has registered an excessively low
oil level. Check the engine-oil
level with the dipstick the next
time you stop to refuel:
Check the engine oil level
( 110).
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil ( 112).
Insufficient battery charge
current
General warning light shows
red.
The battery symbol appears
on the display.
A discharged battery can
render various systems un-
available, for example the lights,
the engine or the ABS. This can
result in dangerous situations.
If possible, do not continue your
journey.
3
32
z
Status
indicators
Page: 34
Battery is not being charged. If
you continue to ride the motor-
cycle the on-board electronics
will drain the battery.
Possible cause:
Alternator or alternator drive de-
fective
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
On-board system voltage
low
The split battery symbol
appears on the display.
Generator power is only just suf-
ficient to supply all consumers
and charge the battery.
Possible cause:
Too many consumers switched
on. On-board system voltage
tends to drop particularly at low
engine rpm and when the engine
is idling.
When riding at low engine rpm
switch off consumers that are
not necessary for road safety
(e.g. heated body warmer or
auxiliary headlights).
On-board system voltage
critical
General warning light shows
yellow.
The split battery symbol
appears on the display.
Generator power is no longer
sufficient to supply all consumers
and charge the battery. In order
to ensure that the engine can
be started and the motorcycle
ridden, the on-board electronics
switch off the electricity supply
to the on-board sockets and the
auxiliary headlights. In extreme
cases the seat heating and the
grip heating might also be shut
down.
Possible cause:
Too many consumers switched
on. On-board system voltage
tends to drop particularly at low
engine rpm and when the engine
is idling.
When riding at low engine rpm
switch off consumers that are
not necessary for road safety
(e.g. heated body warmer or
auxiliary headlights).
Rear light failure
General warning light shows
yellow.
Bulb symbol with arrow
pointing to the rear appears
on the display.
Possible cause:
Rear light, brake light or rear
flashing turn indicator defective.
The LED rear light must be
replaced. Consult a specialist
3
33
z
Status
indicators
Page: 35
workshop, preferably an author-
ised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Front light failure
General warning light shows
yellow.
Bulb symbol with arrow
pointing to the front ap-
pears on the display.
Possible cause:
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, parking light or front
flashing turn indicator defective.
Consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer, if the low-
beam headlight or an LED turn
indicator requires replacement.
Replacing high-beam headlight
bulb ( 127).
Light failure
General warning light shows
yellow.
Bulb symbol with two ar-
rows appears on the dis-
play.
Possible cause:
A combination of light failures
has occurred.
Consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Ice warning
The ice-crystal symbol ap-
pears on the display.
Possible cause:
The air temperature measured
at the motorcycle is lower than
3 °C.
The ice warning does not
mean that there is no risk
of black ice forming at measured
temperatures above 3 °C.
Always take extra care when
temperatures are low; remember
that the danger of black ice form-
ing is particularly high on bridges
and where the road is in shade.
Ride carefully and think well
ahead.
ABS self-diagnosis not
completed
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible cause:
Self-diagnosis did not complete,
so the ABS function is not avail-
able. The motorcycle must be
ridden at a speed of at least
5 km/h in order for ABS self-dia-
gnosis to complete.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the ABS function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
ABS fault
ABS warning light shows.
3
34
z
Status
indicators
Page: 36
Possible cause:
The ABS control unit has detec-
ted a fault. The ABS function is
not available.
You can continue to ride the
motorcycle, but make due pro-
vision for the fact that the ABS
function is not available. Bear
in mind the more detailed in-
formation on situations that can
lead to an ABS fault ( 91).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
DTC intervention
with Dynamic Traction Control
(DTC) OE
DTC warning light quick-
flashes.
The DTC has detected a degree
of instability at the rear wheel
and has intervened to reduce
torque. The warning light flashes
for longer than DTC intervention
lasts. This affords the rider visual
feedback on control intervention
even after the critical situation
has been dealt with.
DTC self-diagnosis not
completed
with Dynamic Traction Control
(DTC) OE
DTC warning light slow-
flashes.
Possible cause:
Self-diagnosis did not complete,
so the DTC function is not avail-
able. The engine must be run-
ning and the motorcycle must
reach a speed of at least 5 km/h
in order for DTC self-diagnosis to
complete.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the DTC function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
DTC switched off
with Dynamic Traction Control
(DTC) OE
DTC warning light shows.
Possible cause:
The rider has switched off the
DTC system.
Switch on DTC.
DTC fault
with Dynamic Traction Control
(DTC) OE
DTC warning light shows.
Possible cause:
The DTC control unit has detec-
ted a fault. The DTC function is
not available.
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the DTC function
is not available. Bear in mind
the more detailed information
3
35
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Status
indicators
Page: 37
on situations that can lead to a
DTC fault ( 92).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Tyre pressure outside
permitted tolerance
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC)OE
General warning light
flashes red.
+ the critical tyre pressure
shows red.
Possible cause:
Measured tyre pressure is out-
side permitted tolerance.
Check the tyre for damage and
to ascertain whether the mo-
torcycle can be ridden with the
tyre in its present condition.
If the motorcycle can be ridden
with the tyre in its present condi-
tion:
Incorrect tyre pressures im-
pair the motorcycle's hand-
ling characteristics.
If tyre pressure is incorrect it is
essential to adapt your style of
riding accordingly.
Correct the tyre pressure at the
earliest possible opportunity.
Before you adjust tyre pres-
sure, read the information
on temperature compensation
and adjusting pressure in the
section entitled "Engineering
details".
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
If you are unsure whether the
motorcycle can be ridden with
the tyre in its present condition:
Do not continue your journey.
Notify the breakdown service.
Signal transmission
disrupted
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC)OE
+ "--" or "-- --" ap-
pears on the display.
Possible cause:
The motorcycle has not yet ac-
celerated past the threshold of
approximately 30 km/h. The
RDC sensors do not start trans-
mitting signals until the motor-
cycle reaches a speed above
this threshold for the first time
( 93).
Increase speed above this
threshold and observe the RDC
readings. Assume that a per-
manent fault has not occurred
unless the 'General' warning
light comes on to accompany
3
36
z
Status
indicators
Page: 38
the symptoms. Under these
circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Possible cause:
Wireless communication with the
RDC sensors has been disrupted.
Possible causes include radio-
communication systems operat-
ing in the vicinity and interfering
with the link between the RDC
control unit and the sensors.
Move to another location and
observe the RDC readings. As-
sume that a permanent fault
has not occurred unless the
'General' warning light comes
on to accompany the symp-
toms. Under these circum-
stances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Sensor defective or
system error
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC)OE
General warning light shows
yellow.
+ "--" or "-- --" ap-
pears on the display.
Possible cause:
Motorcycle is fitted with wheels
not equipped with RDC sensors.
Fit wheels and tyres equipped
with RDC sensors.
Possible cause:
One or two RDC sensors have
failed.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Possible cause:
A system error has occurred.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Battery of tyre-pressure
sensor weak
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC)OE
General warning light shows
yellow.
The RDC battery symbol
appears on the display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the pre-
ride check completes.
3
37
z
Status
indicators
Page: 39
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the tyre-
pressure sensor has lost a sig-
nificant proportion of its original
capacity. There is no assurance
of how long the tyre pressure
control system can remain opera-
tional.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an author-
ised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Light direction of the low-
beam headlight not known
General warning light shows
red.
Headlight with question
mark appears on the dis-
play.
Illumination of the road ahead
is no longer optimum; there is a
possibility of dazzling oncoming
traffic.
Possible cause:
Light direction and range of the
low-beam headlight are unknown,
adjustment is no longer possible.
If it is dark leave the motor-
cycle where it is or have it
picked up, if possible.
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a spe-
cialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Beam-throw adjustment
of the low-beam headlight
restricted
General warning light shows
yellow.
Headlight with zero appears
on the display.
Illumination of the road ahead is
no longer optimum.
Possible cause:
Only restricted adjustment of
light direction and range of the
low-beam headlight possible.
Have the defect rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Headlight aiming changed
with Adaptive Headlight OE
appears on the display.
Corning light control for the
low-beam headlight is switched
off.
Possible cause:
Headlight alignment has been
changed from the as-delivered
condition.
Adjust for traffic driving on right
or driving on left ( 50).
3
38
z
Status
indicators
Page: 40
Anti-theft alarm battery
weak
with anti-theft alarm (DWA)OE
The anti-theft alarm bat-
tery symbol appears on the
display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the pre-
ride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the anti-
theft alarm has lost a significant
proportion of its original capa-
city. There is no assurance of
how long the anti-theft alarm can
remain operational if the motor-
cycle's battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an author-
ised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
flat
with anti-theft alarm (DWA)OE
General warning light shows
yellow.
The anti-theft alarm bat-
tery symbol appears on the
display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the pre-
ride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the anti-
theft alarm has lost its entire ori-
ginal capacity. There is no assur-
ance that the anti-theft alarm will
be operational if the motorcycle's
battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an author-
ised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Central locking locked
with central lockingOE
The locked symbol appears
on the display.
All locks in the central locking
system are locked.
Service overdue
appears on the display.
General warning light briefly
shows yellow after the pre-
ride check.
Possible cause:
A necessary service has not
been carried out.
Have servicing carried out as
quickly as possible by a spe-
cialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW-Motorrad
dealer.
3
39
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Status
indicators
Page: 41
3
40
z
Status
indicators
Page: 42
Operation
Operation
Ignition switch/steering lock . . . . . . . . . 42
Electronic immobiliser EWS. . . . . . . . . 43
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
On-board computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Turn indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Hazard warning flashers. . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Grip heating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Seat heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Dynamic Traction Control DTC . . . . . 56
Ride mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
slipstream deflector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Cruise-control system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Stowage compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Shift mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Central locking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Anti-theft alarm (DWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
4
41
z
Operation
Page: 43
Ignition switch/steering
lock
Keys
You receive two master keys and
one spare key. Please consult
the information on the electronic
immobiliser (EWS) if a key is lost
or mislaid ( 43).
Ignition switch/steering lock, tank
filler cap lock, stowage compart-
ments, seat lock and cases are
all operated with the same key.
Switching on ignition
Turn the key to position 1.
Parking lights and all function
circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 78)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 79)
with Dynamic Traction Control
(DTC) OE
DTC self-diagnosis is per-
formed. ( 79)
Switching off ignition
Turn the key to position 2.
Lights switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
The windscreen automatically
moves to the bottom limit posi-
tion.
Locking handlebars
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Turn the handlebars to the full
left or right lock position.
4
42
z
Operation
Page: 44
Turn the key to position 3,
while moving the handlebars
slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobiliser
EWS
The on-board electronics access
the data saved in the ignition key
via a ring aerial in the ignition
lock. The ignition is not enabled
for starting until the engine con-
trol unit has recognised the key
as "authorised" for your motor-
cycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ig-
nition key used to start the en-
gine could "irritate" the electron-
ics, in which case the enabling
signal for starting is not issued.
The EWS warning appears in the
multifunction display.
Always keep the spare key sep-
arately from the ignition key.
If you mislay a key you can have
the key in question barred by
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer. In order to have a key
barred you must bring along all
the other keys belonging to the
motorcycle.
The engine cannot be started by
a barred key, but a key that has
been barred can subsequently be
reactivated.
You can obtain replacement/extra
keys only through an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys
are part of an integrated security
system, so the dealer is under an
obligation to check the legitimacy
of all applications for replace-
ment/extra keys.
Multifunction display
Selecting menu
Press button 2 to step through
the sequence of menus, starting
with the Info menu. Each time
you press button 2 you call up
the next menu in the sequence;
the number of menus depends
4
43
z
Operation
Page: 45
on the options fitted to the mo-
torcycle.
You also have the option of
pressing button 3 for direct
access to a favourite menu of
your choice.
The type of menu shows at po-
sition 1; cursor 2 indicates the
current selection. Each line 3
indicates a menu that can be se-
lected. The line representing the
menu you are currently viewing
is greyed to show you where you
are in the sequence of menus.
See the separate Quick
Reference Guide for an
overview of all menus.
Selecting menu item
Use multi-controller 1 to move
the cursor in a menu.
An arrow 1 at the top or bottom
of the display indicates that there
are other items in this menu
that you can view by turning
the multi-controller in the cor-
responding direction. If arrow 2
appears in the cursor, you can
call up a submenu by pressing
the multi-controller to the right
(for information on the different
meaning in relation to average
values and list selections, see
( 45)).
4
44
z
Operation
Page: 46
Setting parameters
Direct selection:
If you move the cursor to a menu
item that requires no other set-
tings, your selection goes active
right away.
Resetting values:
You can reset average values
marked with an arrow 1 by long-
pressing the multi-controller to
the right.
Selecting from a list:
A circle 2 beside each selectable
item means that the items are
part of a selection list. A circle
with a dot indicates the item that
is currently selected.
If you want to change the selec-
tion move the cursor to some
other item in the list and press
the multi-controller to the right to
either activate or deactivate the
parameter you selected.
4
45
z
Operation
Page: 47
Setting numerical values:
If there are one or more numer-
ical values between the arrows 3,
you can increase the values by
turning the multi-controller up or
reduce the values by turning the
multi-controller down. You can
toggle between the values by
pressing the multi-controller to
the right or left.
Setting relative values:
A bar indicator enables you to
set a value in a range between
two limits. Turn the multi-con-
troller up to increase the setting
or down to reduce the setting.
Exiting menu
Arrow 3 appears when you are in
a submenu.
4
46
z
Operation
Page: 48
Press multi-controller 1 to the
left to return to the next highest
menu; press MENU button 2 to
return to the main menu.
If you want to hide the menus,
press multi-controller 1 to the left
in a main menu.
Selecting favourite menu
Select the main menu of your
choice.
Press and hold down button 3.
The lozenge appears to the
right of the menu designa-
tion.
The menu you have selected
will subsequently be called up
whenever you press button 3.
Adapting mode of
presentation
Switch on the ignition.
Call up the Settings menu
and select User.
The settings you can choose are
as follows:
Language: Display lan-
guage (German, English, Span-
ish, Italian, French, Dutch, Por-
tuguese)
Time format -
Time format: Clock in 12-
hour format (12 h) or in 24-
hour format (24 h)
Time format -
Date format: Date in
day . month . year format
(dd . mm . yy) or in
month / day / year format
(mm / dd / yy)
Time format -
GPS time: Accept GPS time
and GPS date from the built-in
navigation system (On), (Off)
Brightness: Brightness
of the display and the instru-
ments
Start logo: Show start
logo after the ignition is
switched on (On), (Off)
Initial state: Re-
store factory defaults (when
4
47
z
Operation
Page: 49
Reset! appears on the dis-
play press the multi-controller
to the right and hold in this po-
sition)
Use the multi-controller to se-
lect your preferred settings.
On-board computer
Selecting readings
Call up the Info menu and
select the item of information
of your choice.
The following items of informa-
tion can be displayed in panel 3:
ØConsump.1: Average
consumption 1
ØConsump.2: Average
consumption 2
Range: Range with fuel re-
maining in fuel tank
ØSpeed: Average speed
Temperature: Ambient
temperature
Tire pressure: Tyre
pressures
Stopwatch: Stopwatch
Travel times: Travel
times
Date: Current date
Oil level: Engine-oil level
Off: No reading
Resetting average values
Call up the Info menu and
select the average value you
want to reset.
Push the multi-controller to the
right and hold it in this position
until the average value is reset.
Operating stopwatch
Call up the Info menu and
select Stopwatch.
With the stopwatch stopped,
push multi-controller 1 to the
right to start the stopwatch.
The stopwatch continues tim-
ing even if you select some
other reading or switch off the
ignition.
With the stopwatch running,
push multi-controller 1 to the
right to stop the stopwatch.
4
48
z
Operation
Page: 50
Push multi-controller 1 to the
right and hold it in this position
to reset the stopwatch.
Measuring travel times
Call up the Info menu and
select Travel times.
Push multi-controller 1 to the
right and hold it in this position
to reset the travel time.
Timing continues even if you
select some other reading or
switch off the ignition.
Time during which the mo-
torcycle was on the move
since the last reset.
Time during which the mo-
torcycle was at a standstill
since the last reset.
Odometer and
tripmeters
Selecting odometer
Switch on the ignition.
Press button 1 to select trip-
meter 2 of your choice.
The following counters can be
displayed:
Tripmeter 1 (Trip 1)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip 2)
Automatic trip meter (Trip A,
resets automatically eight hours
after ignition OFF)
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Select the desired tripmeter.
Press and hold down button 1
until the tripmeter reading is
reset.
4
49
z
Operation
Page: 51
Lights
Side light
The side lights switch on auto-
matically when the ignition is
switched on.
The side lights place
a strain on the battery.
Do not switch the ignition
on for longer than absolutely
necessary.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
High-beam headlight
Push switch 1 forward to
switch on the high-beam
headlight.
Pull switch 1 back to operate
the headlight flasher.
The high-beam headlight
can also be switched on
when the engine is not running.
Parking light
Switch off the ignition.
Immediately after switching off
the ignition, push button 1 to
the left and hold it in this po-
sition until the parking lights
come on.
Switch the ignition on and off
again to switch off the parking
lights.
Adjusting for traffic
driving on right or driving
on left
with Adaptive Headlight OE
Switch on the ignition.
4
50
z
Operation

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